彌迦書 7

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1 先知哀歎義人絕跡我有禍了!因為我好像夏天採摘的果子,又像摘剩的葡萄,沒有一掛可的,也沒有我心所想望早熟的無花果。

2 虔敬的從地上滅絕了,間也沒有正直的都埋伏著要流的血,各都用網羅獵取自己的兄弟

3 他們雙手善於作惡,官長和審判官都要求報酬;達官貴人說出心裡的慾望;他們歪曲了一切。

4 他們中最的,也不過像荊棘,最正直的,也不過是有刺的籬笆。你的守望者所預言的日子,和你被鑒察的時候,已經到;現在他們必要慌亂不安。

5 不可信靠鄰舍,也不可信任朋友,要守住你的嘴唇,不可向躺在你中的妻子透露。

6 兒子藐視父親女兒抗拒母親,媳婦與婆婆作對;的仇敵就是自己的家

7 倚靠至於我,我卻要仰望耶和華,我要等候那拯我的;我的必應允我。

8 我的仇敵啊!不要因我的遭遇而高興;我雖然跌倒了,卻必起來;我雖然黑暗裡,耶和華卻必作我的

9 我要擔當耶和華的忿怒,因為我得罪了他,直到他審斷我的案件,為我持公道;他必把我領出來,到明中去,我就得見他的公

10 我的仇敵見了,就必蒙羞,就是那曾經對我:“耶和華你的在哪裡”的人,我必親眼見他遭報;那時,他必被人踐踏,好像街上的泥土。

11 歸向與復興必有一天,你要重建你的城;到那日,你的地界必擴展到遠方。

12 那日,必有人歸你,從亞述到埃及,從埃及到大,從這到那,從這到那,必有人歸你。

13 然而,大地因其中居民的緣故,又因他們行為的惡果,必一片荒涼。

14 主樂意施恩求你用你的杖牧放你的子民,就是你產業的羊群,他們安然獨居在樹林裡,在佳美的田園中;願他們在巴珊和基列得著牧養,像古時一樣。

15 就像你從埃及地出來的時候一樣,把奇事顯給我們

16 願萬國見,就為自己的一切勢力而慚愧;願他們用,耳朵變聾。

17 願他們舔土像,又像在地上腹行的動物。願他們戰戰兢兢地從他們的要塞出來,帶著驚慌的心來到耶和華我們的那裡,因你的緣故而懼怕。

18 主赦免罪孽有何神像你,赦免罪孽,不追究產業之餘民的過犯呢?他不永遠懷怒,因為他喜愛憐憫

19 他必再憐愛我們,把我們孽都踐踏在腳,又把我們的一切罪惡都投在裡。

20 你必向雅各顯誠實,向亞伯拉罕施慈愛,就是古時,你起誓應許我們列祖的。



Exploring the Meaning of 彌迦書 7      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this last chapter of his book, in Micah 7:1-4, the prophet is discouraged about the evil that he sees in the land. The cluster (of grapes ) that he doesn’t see means that there is no love of the neighbor there. 1 The firstfruits that his soul longs for mean the upright kind of ordinary life 2 , which he can’t find: “the faithful man has perished from the earth”.

The net in verse 2 is the twisting of truth into falsity and the other way round, to deceive. Those who should be faithful leaders are diving into evil, and take bribes. All this hellish behavior will in the end lead to punishment.

In Micah 7:5, 6, these two verses are really not talking about other people; friends, companions, wives or husbands, or in-laws. When Micah refers to a “man’s household” he is talking about the evil loves that live in our own will. That’s where the evil is that we must fear and stamp out. 3

Micah 7:7-9 shows the path away from evil. God will hear us. But we must see that we have sinned and admit it to the Lord 4 , and ask for His help in stopping. He will be a light in our “darkness”. Micah admits his own weakness and admits that only the Lord’s power can "bring him forth to the light".

In Micah 7:10, "She" represents the affection for doing some kind of evil. Everyone has some sort of affections that way. 5 Those affections will try to persuade us that Jehovah can’t help, but if we persist in calling on Him for help, those affections can be shamed and eventually be trampled into the mud.

Micah 7:11, 12 says that when the Lord comes to found a new church, it will spread. Assyria here means reasoning, and Egypt means natural science. Cities mean doctrine from truth, and mountains mean goods, so the picture is of the spreading of both truth and good from one boundary to the other, all the way from natural truths to reasoning about spiritual things -- our whole mind. 6

But the old church will be desolate, according to Micah 7:13.

In Micah 7:14,15, to pasture means to feed the flock as a shepherd 7 , or to teach the truths that the Lord provides. The forest means the church as to truth, and Carmel means the church as to good. 8 Bashan and Gilead mean the same ideas from the stories of the Word, the literal sense.

Nations, in Micah 7:16, 17, mean people outside who don’t know, and don’t want to hear. They will stay focused on physical and sensory things, and will be in dread about knowledge of God.

Then, in Micah 7:18-20, Micah ends on a positive note: God will continue to have compassion on everyone and try to bring them to walk in His ways. Although we are all in freedom to be evil, He will never stop trying to lead us out of it if we will listen.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See Arcana Coelestia 5117.
2. See Arcana Coelestia 1071.
3. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
4. See Arcana Coelestia 3539.
5. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
6. See Apocalypse Explained 510, Arcana Coelestia 4967, Apocalypse Revealed 455.
7. See John 21:15-17
8. See Arcana Coelestia 9011, 1971

-----

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Exploring the Meaning of Micah 7      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this last chapter of his book, in Micah 7:1-4, the prophet is discouraged about the evil that he sees in the land. The cluster (of grapes ) that he doesn’t see means that there is no love of the neighbor there. 1 The firstfruits that his soul longs for mean the upright kind of ordinary life 2 , which he can’t find: “the faithful man has perished from the earth”.

The net in verse 2 is the twisting of truth into falsity and the other way round, to deceive. Those who should be faithful leaders are diving into evil, and take bribes. All this hellish behavior will in the end lead to punishment.

In Micah 7:5, 6, these two verses are really not talking about other people; friends, companions, wives or husbands, or in-laws. When Micah refers to a “man’s household” he is talking about the evil loves that live in our own will. That’s where the evil is that we must fear and stamp out. 3

Micah 7:7-9 shows the path away from evil. God will hear us. But we must see that we have sinned and admit it to the Lord 4 , and ask for His help in stopping. He will be a light in our “darkness”. Micah admits his own weakness and admits that only the Lord’s power can "bring him forth to the light".

In Micah 7:10, "She" represents the affection for doing some kind of evil. Everyone has some sort of affections that way. 5 Those affections will try to persuade us that Jehovah can’t help, but if we persist in calling on Him for help, those affections can be shamed and eventually be trampled into the mud.

Micah 7:11, 12 says that when the Lord comes to found a new church, it will spread. Assyria here means reasoning, and Egypt means natural science. Cities mean doctrine from truth, and mountains mean goods, so the picture is of the spreading of both truth and good from one boundary to the other, all the way from natural truths to reasoning about spiritual things -- our whole mind. 6

But the old church will be desolate, according to Micah 7:13.

In Micah 7:14,15, to pasture means to feed the flock as a shepherd 7 , or to teach the truths that the Lord provides. The forest means the church as to truth, and Carmel means the church as to good. 8 Bashan and Gilead mean the same ideas from the stories of the Word, the literal sense.

Nations, in Micah 7:16, 17, mean people outside who don’t know, and don’t want to hear. They will stay focused on physical and sensory things, and will be in dread about knowledge of God.

Then, in Micah 7:18-20, Micah ends on a positive note: God will continue to have compassion on everyone and try to bring them to walk in His ways. Although we are all in freedom to be evil, He will never stop trying to lead us out of it if we will listen.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See Arcana Coelestia 5117.
2. See Arcana Coelestia 1071.
3. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
4. See Arcana Coelestia 3539.
5. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
6. See Apocalypse Explained 510, Arcana Coelestia 4967, Apocalypse Revealed 455.
7. See John 21:15-17
8. See Arcana Coelestia 9011, 1971

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 221


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 120, 249, 348, 1071, 1165, 1178, 1186, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 383, 413, 444, 455, 485, 501, 503, ...

Doctrine of the Lord 4

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 85

真实的基督教 51


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 482, 526, 538, 569, 581, 632, 652, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

Marriage 51

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 57, 76

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耶和華的
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The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


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埃及
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我們
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罪惡
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雅各
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

亞伯拉罕
亚伯拉罕(或称亚伯兰,在故事的开头就有他的名字)是圣经故事中的主要人物之一。他是所有以色列子孙的祖先,通过他的儿子以撒,是所有以色列人的祖先,通过他的儿子以实玛利,是阿拉伯人的祖先。他的一生可分为三个时期。第一个时期包括从他在乌尔出生的不为人知的早年,以及后来随父亲他的父亲他拉搬到哈兰。第二部分从亚伯兰被耶和华呼召去迦南开始。它包括他在那里的冒险经历,一直到创世记第17章的事件,据说他已经99岁了,有钱有势--但他的妻子撒莱没有儿子。耶和华再一次向他显现,应许他的子孙要成为大国,举行割礼,并将他的名字改成亚伯拉罕,加上耶和华的 "啊 "声。在他生命中的第三个时期,也是最后一个时期,以撒的出生,撒拉的死(他的名字也被改了),以及从亚伯拉罕在美索不达米亚的亲戚中为以撒找到了妻子。 据说亚伯拉罕死的时候已经175岁了,正如创世记第25章所记载的那样。 但是,我们在这里感兴趣的是亚伯拉罕的深层代表,因为他预言或预示了耶稣在亚伯拉罕在地上生活了几个世纪之后,他为马利亚所生后的生命的最深处。亚伯拉罕代表了神的善或爱。道的内在意义告诉我们,神亲自将生命提供给马利亚体内的卵子,使她能提供一个自然的身体和犹太教的自然遗传,而耶稣的灵魂则作为神性生命的直接拥有者被保留下来。在耶稣的早期生活中,大概到青少年时期,耶稣在他的思想和精神的内心深处,活出了亚伯拉罕的那些有代表性的行为。亚伯拉罕在放牧羊群和管理他的大户人家时,根本不知道这是真的,在耶稣的生命早期,他也没有意识到这一点。随着耶稣的成长,一定有一些感悟,见证他12岁时去圣殿,但直到他完全长大后才完全明白。 再进一步说,不只是亚伯拉罕。 当亚伯拉罕死后,代表的是以撒,他代表着理性的心灵层面,然后是雅各和以扫,他们分别代表着自然的心灵,在心灵中的真和善。 然后,十二支派的试炼,诸王的试炼,以及所有先知的话语,都成为同样的代表。因此,耶稣可以对他在去以马忤斯路上遇到的两个门徒说:"愚昧的人啊,心思迟钝的人啊..........从摩西和所有的先知开始,他在所有的经文中向他们阐述了所有关于他自己的事。" 此外,我们每一个人的精神和属灵生活的进步,都是亚伯拉罕生命中所代表的微弱而有限的形象,如果我们努力遵守主的律法和戒律,彼此相爱的话。我们的内心深处也有前往迦南地的旅程,有在埃及勤劳的安居乐业,有在旷野的挣扎,也有扫罗、大卫和亚哈。 我们有自家的亚玛力人,也有非利士人。整个旧约圣经中,都是我们属灵生活的写照。 (以下是按时间顺序,随着亚伯兰/亚伯拉罕年龄的增长,按圣经的顺序排列)。...


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