利未記 11

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1 潔淨與不潔淨之動物(申14:3~21)耶和華摩西亞倫

2 “你們要告訴以色列人:地上所有的走中,你們可以動物,就是這些:

3 有趾而且反芻的走,你們都可以

4 但你們不可下列反芻,或分的走獸動物:駱駝,因為牠反芻卻不分,你們應以為不潔淨。

5 石獾(本章動物名字多不能確定。“石獾”傳統翻譯作“沙番”或“山鼠”),因為牠反芻卻不分,你們應以為不潔淨。

6 兔子,因為牠反芻卻不分,你們應以為不潔淨。

7 豬,因為牠分有趾卻不反芻,你們應以為不潔淨。

8 這些走獸的你們不可,牠們的屍體你們不可摸,你們應視為不潔淨。

9 中所有的活物你們可以的,就是這些:凡是在中,有翅有鱗的,不論是在裡或是裡的,你們都可以

10 中游動或生存在中的活物,無論是在裡或是裡,若是沒有翅和鱗的,你們都要當作可憎之物。

11 牠們是你們憎惡之物;牠們的,你們不可;牠們的屍體,你們要憎惡。

12 所有在裡沒有翅和鱗的活物,你們都要當作可憎之物。

13 “在鳥類中,你們要憎惡,也不可這些雀:兀(雀的名字中文翻譯還未統一,牠們的學名多不能確定)、鵰、鷲、

14 鳶、獵鷹等隼類,

15 所有烏鴉類,

16 鴕鳥、貓頭、海鷗、蒼鷺等類。

17 鴟鶚、鸕鶿、大鴟梟、

18 白鷺、塘鵝、鴇、

19 鸛、紅鶴等鷺鷥類,戴勝和蝙蝠。

20 “凡有翅膀、足爬行的生物,你們都要當作可憎之物。

21 但在所有有翅膀、足爬行的生物中,如果有足有,能在地上蹦跳的,你們都可以

22 在昆蟲中,你們可以這些:蝗蟲類、螞蚱類、蟋蟀類和蚱蜢類。

23 但是其他所有有翅膀足的生物,你們都要當作可憎之物。

24 “以下事物,會使你們成為不潔:觸摸動物屍體的,就不潔淨到晚上

25 拾起牠們的屍體的,就要洗淨自己的衣服,並且不潔淨到晚上

26 所有分卻無趾的、不反芻的走,你們應以為不潔淨,觸摸牠們的,就不潔淨。

27 所有用足行走的動物中,用腳掌行走的,你們應以為不潔淨,觸摸牠們屍體的,都不潔淨到晚上

28 拾起牠們屍體的,就要洗淨自己的衣服,並且不潔淨到晚上。以上這些你們應以為不潔淨。

29 “在地上爬行的生物中,你們應以為不潔淨的是這些:鼬鼠、鼫鼠、蜥蜴這一類,

30 以及虎、龍子、守宮、蛇醫、變色龍。

31 在所有爬行的生物中,你們應以這些為不潔淨;牠們死了以後,觸摸牠們的,都不潔淨到晚上

32 牠們當中死了的,掉在甚麼東西上,無論是器或是衣服子或是布等任何器具,都成為不潔淨,要放在中。但仍不潔淨到晚上,以後就真潔淨了。

33 牠們當中死了的,掉在甚麼瓦器裡,其中不論是甚麼,都成為不潔淨,你們要把瓦器打碎。

34 瓦器的若是滴在任何食物上,食物就成了不潔淨,若是滴在裝了飲料的器皿裡,飲料也成為不潔淨。

35 牠們屍體的任何部分掉在甚麼東西上,那東西就不潔淨,無論是爐或是鍋,都成為不潔淨,應該打碎;你們應以這些為不潔淨。

36 但是源和儲池仍算是潔淨的。只有觸摸屍體的,才是不潔淨。

37 牠們屍體的一部分掉在要播種的種子上,種子還是潔淨的;

38 但是,如果種子已經澆了,牠們屍體的一部分才掉在種子上面,你們應以這種子為不潔淨。

39 “一隻你們可以吃的走死了,誰摸了牠的屍體,就不潔淨到晚上

40 吃了牠的屍體,就要洗淨自己的衣服,並且不潔淨到晚上;誰拾起這屍體,也要洗淨自己的衣服,並且不潔淨到晚上

41 “所有在地上爬行的動物,都是可憎之物,都不可

42 凡是用肚子,或用足或是多足在地上爬行的動物,你們都不可,因為牠們是可憎之物。

43 你們不可因任何爬行的動物使自己成為可憎的,也不可因牠們玷污自己,以致不潔淨。

44 因為我是耶和華你們的,所以你們要使自己成為潔。你們要分別為,因為我是潔的。你們不可因在地上爬行的任何動物玷污自己,

45 因為我是耶和華,曾把你們從埃及地領上來,為要作你們的;你們要分別為聖,因為我是聖潔的。”

46 以上就是有關走、飛禽、所有在中游行的動物,和所有在地上爬行的動物的律例,

47 為要把不潔淨的和潔淨的,可的生物和不可的生物,分別出來。

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Explanation of Leviticus 11      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-8. Instruction concerning good affections that may be appropriated by the man of the church, and evil affections that may not be appropriated on account of their impurity

Verses 9-12. Also concerning the truths of the Word in the memory that may be appropriated or not

Verses 13-19. The evil thoughts that ought not to be appropriated are next particularized

Verses 20-23. Then the appropriation of sensual and corporeal things is considered

Verses 24-28. Certain other causes of spiritual impurity are specified which ought to be avoided

Verses 29-38 and 41-43. And sensual and corporeal affections of the lowest kind, which are causes of impurity, ought not to be appropriated

Verses 39-40. Also every affection which, in its orderly state, may be appropriated, becomes impure if it be vastated of good and truth, and contact therewith produces impurity which must be removed by a change of state

Verses 44-45. For the Lord is holiness and purity in themselves, and by delivering mankind has made it possible for every one who chooses to become holy and pure

Verses 46-47. These are the laws of Divine Order relating to purity and impurity in the feeling's and thoughts; and also to the appropriation or non-appropriation of good or evil.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 617


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 944, 994, 3147, 5954, 7643, 10130, 10296

Apocalypse Revealed 166, 378, 417

True Christian Religion 288, 506, 670


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 79, 195, 388, 475, 543, 622, 650, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

創世記 7:2, 3

出埃及記 19:6, 20:2, 22:30

利未記 5:2, 6:21, 7:21, 10:10, 14:46, 15:5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 15, 21, 22, 23, 27, 16:26, 28, 17:15, 18:2, 19:2, 3, 4, 10, 36, 20:7, 26, 22:5, 6, 33, 25:38, 26:45

民數記 15:40, 19:7, 8, 10, 15

如申命记 14:4, 21

約書亞記 24:19

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箴言 30:26, 28

以賽亞書 65:4, 66:17

以西結書 4:14

馬太福音 3:4

帖撒罗尼迦前书 4:3, 7

希伯來書 9:10

彼得前书 1:15, 16

Významy biblických slov

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

亞倫
亚伦是摩西的兄弟。他象征着两件事,一是在出埃及记的前半部分,他是摩西的代言人,二是在大帐幕建成后,他被任命为大祭司之后。 在故事的第一部分中,摩西代表了道的真实面目,就像在天上所理解的那样,而亚伦则代表了道的外在意义,就像人在世上所理解的那样。这就是为什么他为摩西说话,耶和华对他说:"他要为你们作口,你们也要对他作神。"(出埃及记 4:16). 后来,当亚伦穿上他的礼服时(见利未记各章 8, 9他被任命为以色列的大祭司。在这个角色中,亚伦代表耶和华,代表神的善,而摩西代表耶和华,代表神的真理。


Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

動物
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...


'A hoof' signifies truth in the ultimate degree, or sensory truth. 'The hooves of horses' signify the lowest intellectual principles. 'The hooves of the horses,'...

駱駝
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)


Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

屍體
A carcass (Matt. 24:28) signifies the church void of the life of charity and faith.


The body (Matt. 6:22), signifies the man (homo). "His body shall not remain all night upon the tree" (Deut. 21:23), signifies lest it should be...


Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...


A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

鳥類
Fowl signify spiritual truth; a bird, natural truth; and a winged thing, sensual truth. Fowl signify intellectual things. Fowl signify thoughts, and all that creeps...


Fowl signify spiritual truth; a bird, natural truth; and a winged thing, sensual truth. Fowl signify intellectual things. Fowl signify thoughts, and all that creeps...


Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.

烏鴉
'A raven,' as in Genesis 8:7, signifies falsities. The spiritual self only knows general truths from the Word, and forms its conscience from these, and...


The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...


'Legs' signify the exteriors of the natural man.

蝗蟲
Grasshoppers signify the same as locusts: the false which vastates the extremes of the natural part of the mind.

觸摸
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

晚上
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

衣服
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...


'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

死了
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.


'Wood' signifies good, as well the good of love to the Lord as the good of charity towards our neighbor.


'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...


'A sack' in Genesis 42:25, means a receptacle, and here 'a receptacle' on the natural level, because it is a story about the truths and...

飲料
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

種子
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

吃了
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。


'To sanctify' denotes being led by the Lord. 'To sanctify' denotes being incapable of being violated.

埃及
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...


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