士師記 4

Studovat vnitřní smysl

新中文版(繁体)         

← 士師記 3   士師記 5 →

1 底波拉和巴拉以笏後,以色列人又行了耶和華看為惡的事。

2 因此耶和華把他們交在迦南耶賓中,耶賓那時在夏瑣作;他的軍長西西拉,在夏羅設歌印。

3 耶賓王有輛,他極力欺壓以色列人二十年,以色列人就哀求耶和華

4 有一位女先知底波拉,是拉比多的妻子,那時正治理以色列人

5 她常坐在以法蓮地,拉瑪伯特利之間那棵底波拉棕樹以色列人都上到她那裡去聽判斷

6 底波拉派去從拿弗他利的基低斯,把亞比挪菴的兒子巴拉召了來,對他:“耶和華以色列的不是曾吩咐你:‘你去向他泊進軍,從拿弗他利和西布倫中率領一萬與你同去嗎?

7 我必引耶賓的軍長西西拉,和他的車輛與全軍,到基順往你那裡去;我必把他們交在你裡。’”

8 巴拉對她:“如果你與我同去,我就去;如果你不與我同去,我就不去。”

9 底波拉回答:“我必與你同去,只是你這次行程就沒有光榮;因為耶和華要把西西拉交在一個婦人裡。”於是底波拉起來,與巴拉一同到基低斯去了。

10 巴拉就召集西布倫和拿弗他利到基低斯;與他一同步行上去的有一萬,底波拉也與他一同上去。

11 摩西的岳父何巴的子孫基尼人希伯,曾經離開基尼族人,到靠近基低斯的撒拿音的橡樹旁,支搭帳棚居住。

12 有人告訴西西拉,亞比挪菴的兒子巴拉已經上了他泊

13 西西拉就召集他所有的車輛,就是車,和與他在一起的眾人,都從夏羅設歌印出來,到基順那裡。

14 底波拉對巴拉:“你起來吧,因為今日就是耶和華把西西拉交在你裡的日子;耶和華不是在你前面出戰嗎?”於是巴拉和跟隨他的一萬從他泊來。

15 耶和華用刀使西西拉和所有的車輛與全軍,都在巴拉面前潰亂;西西拉了車,步行逃跑

16 巴拉追趕西西拉的車輛和軍隊,直到夏羅設歌印;西西拉的全軍都倒在刀下,連個也沒有留下。

17 雅億殺西西拉只有西西拉步行逃跑,到了基尼人希伯的妻子雅億的帳棚那裡;因為夏瑣耶賓與基尼人希伯的家友好。

18 雅億出來迎接西西拉,對他:“請我過來,到我這裡,不要懼怕。”西西拉就到她那裡去,就是到她的帳棚裡去;雅億就用毛氈遮蓋他。

19 西西拉對雅億:“請給我一點喝,因為我渴了。”雅億就打開盛奶的皮袋,給他喝了,再把他蓋著。

20 西西拉又對雅億:“請你站在帳棚口,如果有問你:‘這裡有嗎?’你就要回答:‘沒有。’”

21 希伯的妻子雅億取了一根帳棚的橛子,裡拿著鎚子,靜悄悄地走到西西拉那裡,把橛子在他的太陽穴裡,直入地裡;因為西西拉疲乏熟睡,就這樣死了

22 那時,巴拉追趕西西拉,雅億出迎接他,對他:“吧,我給你尋找。”他就進到她那裡去;見西西拉已經仆倒,死了;橛子還在他的太陽穴裡。

23 這樣,就在那一天,在以色列人面前,制伏了迦南耶賓。

24 以色列人的勢力日漸強盛,勝過迦南耶賓,終於把迦南耶賓除滅。

← 士師記 3   士師記 5 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 4: Deborah

Yet again, the children of Israel had disobeyed the Lord. At this point in time, they had been under the yoke of Jabin, a Canaanite king, for twenty years. He had nine hundred chariots of iron, and was apparently very powerful.

The Lord raised up Deborah, a prophetess, to free the Israelites from oppression under Jabin. The text says that she would pass judgements for the children of Israel while she sat under the palm tree of Deborah.

Deborah summoned Barak, an army officer, and told him to go with ten thousand men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun to fight King Jabin’s armies. Barak said he would only go if Deborah went as well, so she agreed to join him. Deborah then prophesied that Sisera, the enemy commander, would be defeated by a woman.

The two armies clashed at by the River Kishon, and all of Sisera’s men were killed. Sisera then fled to the tent of Heber, an Israelite who was on peaceful terms with King Jabin. Jael, Heber’s wife, invited Sisera to come in with the comforting words, “fear not”. She covered him with a blanket, gave him milk to drink, and let him sleep there.

Then Jael quietly took a tent peg and drove it into Sisera’s temple using a hammer, so that the peg stuck in the earth. When Barak came to the tent, pursuing Sisera, Jael went out to tell him, “come, and I will show you the man you seek.” And she showed him Sisera, dead, with a peg through his temple.

So Jabin’s army was defeated that day, and Israel grew stronger until their oppression under Jabin came to an end.

*****

Deborah is an especially significant character in the Bible, because she was the only female judge of Israel. It was very unusual for a woman in those times to rise to power, yet she truly earned the respect of her people. Deborah, as a woman, stands for the nurturing power of the Word to strengthen us during regeneration. Her name means ‘a bee’, but this comes from a word meaning ‘to speak’ – here, to speak the Word. Bees make honey; honey is nutritious; God’s word is our nourishment (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 3424[2]).

The fact that Deborah judged from under a palm tree may seem like a passing detail, but even this contributes to the spiritual meaning of the story. Palm trees stand for the divine truths of the Word, which means that Deborah was judging the people from her understanding of the Lord’s truths.

King Jabin’s nine hundred iron chariots represent the apparent power of false beliefs, thoughts and persuasions over us. The number ‘nine’ stands for something which is complete, and ‘iron’ here stands for either natural truths or falsities. A ‘chariot’, being pulled by a horse, always stands for a set of teachings or doctrine. These three symbols add to the picture of a very powerful enemy: false ideas and views that can weaken and overwhelm us (Arcana Caelestia 4720[2]).

The spiritual meaning of the complex arrangement between Barak and Deborah is that we can only deal with our spiritual conflicts if we take the Word’s power (Deborah) with us. Barak, a man, represents the power of truth, but Deborah says a woman will gain victory over Sisera. The feminine stands for the power of love: our charity, our affection for good, and our wish to be useful. These qualities are always essential in our spiritual life (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1120[2]).

The story about Jael and Sisera is really about actively resisting the temptations of evil in our lives. Jael, a woman, stands for the power of good to overcome what is false in our mind. Driving the tent peg through Sisera’s head stands for the complete destruction of what is false. Driving it right through and into the ground stands for the power of good in our life and in our regeneration, because the ground represents our actions (Arcana Caelestia 268).

When Barak and Jael meet, it stands for the unity between good (Jael, a woman) and truth (Barak, a man). This unity of good and truth appears again at the start of the next chapter, in which Deborah and Barak sing of Israel’s victory.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 447, 811

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

出埃及記 2:23, 14:4, 8, 17, 15:20

民數記 10:29

如申命记 9:3

約書亞記 10:8, 10, 11:1, 19:22, 33, 35, 37, 21:32

士師記 1:16, 19, 2:11, 14, 19, 3:9, 15, 5:1, 24, 6:6, 35, 7:9, 8:18, 9:53, 54, 10:10

撒母耳記上 1:1, 7:10, 17, 12:9, 11

撒母耳記下 5:24

列王纪上 18:40

詩篇 68:8, 28, 83:10, 89:13, 106:42

以賽亞書 43:17

耶利米書 46:18

何西阿書 5:1

希伯來書 11:16, 32

Významy biblických slov


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

迦南
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...


'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...


'Nine' signifies conjunction.


It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

二十
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

妻子
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

以法蓮
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...


The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

拉瑪
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

伯特利
当雅各做了一个著名的梦,梦见一个通向天堂的楼梯,他给这个地方起了个名字叫 "贝瑟尔",希伯来语的意思是 "上帝的家" 这个字面的意义反映在属灵的意义上。书中告诉我们,"贝瑟尔 "代表了我们对主神圣的爱的认识和理解,那是他对我们所有人的完美的爱,那是他的本质。当我们知道了主的爱,对主的爱有了一定的了解,那就使它在我们里面有了一个 "房子",让它在我们里面生长,影响我们自己的爱。 在旧约中,"贝瑟尔 "在后来的《旧约》中有相反的含义,在耶罗波安在那里设立金牛犊,使之成为偶像崇拜的中心之后。然后,它代表了从邪爱中产生的崇拜。


Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

判斷
'Ordinances' in the prophets, signify changes relative to spiritual and celestial things, both in general and particular, which are also compared to the changes of...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

兒子
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。


A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

起來
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

摩西的
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

跟隨
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

逃跑
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...


In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...


Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...


Food in the Bible generally relates to the desire for good, and drink generally relates to ideas of what is true. It makes sense then,...

渴了
Food in the Bible generally relates to the desire for good, and drink generally relates to ideas of what is true. It makes sense then,...

打開
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.


In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...


A nail,' as in Zechariah 10:4, signifies truth supporting.

死了
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

尋找
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

一天
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...


"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Canaanite Chariots
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Chariots in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Complete a crossword on chariots in the Word by looking up references to stories in the Old ad New Testaments.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Deborah and Barak
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Go with Me
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Jael Hides Sisera in Her Tent
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Palms in the Word Crossword Puzzle
A crossword puzzle about palms in the Word. Complete the puzzle using reference clues.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


Přeložit: