士師記 3

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1 耶和華留下的民族這些國的人是耶和華留下的,為要藉著他們來試驗以色列人,就是所有沒有經驗過迦南任何戰爭的人;

2 好使以色列人的後,那些以前沒有經驗過這些戰爭的人,知道學習爭戰。

3 他留下的就是非利士人個首領,和所有迦南人、西頓人,以及黎巴嫩上的希未人,從巴力.黑門直到哈馬口。

4 他們留在那裡,為要藉著他們試驗以色列人,要知道他們是否耶和華摩西吩咐他們列祖的誡命

5 以色列人在迦南人、赫人、亞摩利人、比利洗人、希未人、耶布斯人中間;

6 他們娶他們的女兒妻子,也把自己的女兒他們的兒子,並且事奉他們的

7 俄陀聶以色列人行了耶和華看為惡的事,忘記了耶和華他們的,去事奉眾巴力和亞舍拉。

8 因此,耶和華的怒氣向以色列人發作,把他們完全交在兩河之間的亞蘭古珊.利薩田的中;以色列人服事了古珊.利薩田年。

9 以色列人耶和華哀求的時候,耶和華就為以色列人興起一位拯者拯他們,就是迦勒的弟弟基納斯的兒子俄陀聶。

10 耶和華的靈臨到他身上,他就治理以色列人;他出去作戰,耶和華把亞蘭古珊.利薩田交在他中,他的能力就勝過了古珊.利薩田。

11 於是國中太平了四十年。後來基納斯的兒子俄陀聶死了

12 以笏以色列人又行了耶和華看為惡的事,耶和華就使摩押伊磯倫強盛起來,欺壓以色列人,因為他們行了耶和華看為惡的事。

13 伊磯倫集合了亞捫人和亞瑪力人,前來擊敗了以色列人,佔領了棕樹城。

14 於是以色列人服事了摩押伊磯倫十年。

15 以色列人耶和華哀求的時候,耶和華就為他們興起一位拯者,就是便雅憫基拉的兒子以笏,是一個用左以色列人派他把貢物送給摩押伊磯倫。

16 以笏做了一把兩刃的半公尺,縛在右上,在衣服底

17 他把貢物呈獻給摩押伊磯倫;伊磯倫原是個非常肥胖

18 以笏獻完了貢物,就把抬貢物的眾人打發走了。

19 自己卻從靠近吉甲的眾雕像那裡回來:“啊,我有一件機密的事要對你。”:“暫不要。”侍立左右的人都離開他出去了。

20 以笏到王那裡;王獨自一人在涼樓上。以笏:“我有要告訴你。”王就從座位上站起來

21 以笏就伸出左,從右上拔出來,刺入王的腹中;

22 柄與身都刺進去了,肥肉把身夾住,因此他沒有把從王的肚腹裡拔出;接著他就從窗戶爬了出去。

23 以笏出到走廊,把涼樓上的起來,上了鎖。

24 以笏出以後,王的僕人到;他們見涼樓上的鎖著,就:“王一定是在涼樓上大解。”

25 他們等到發慌了,見他還不打開涼樓的,就拿鑰匙來開;不料,看見他們的人早已倒在地上死了

26 他們耽延的時候,以笏已經逃跑了;他經過眾雕像那裡,逃到西伊拉去。

27 他去到以後,就在以法蓮地吹角;以色列人與他一同從地上,他走在他們前頭,

28 對他們:“你們跟隨我,因為耶和華已經把你們的仇敵摩押人交在你們中。”他們就跟隨去,攻取約旦河的渡口,攔截摩押人,不讓一個過去。

29 那時他們擊殺了約有一萬摩押人,都是強壯的、勇猛的,沒有一逃脫。

30 這樣,從那起,摩押就在以色列人被制伏了,於是國中太平了八十年。

31 珊迦以笏之,有亞拿的兒子珊迦;他用趕牛棒擊殺了非利士人;他也拯以色列人

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 3: In which we hear about the nations who remain in the land; and about the judges Othniel, Ehud, and Shamgar.

This chapter begins with a very important set of statements about the nations still undefeated in the land. First, it says that the Lord would test Israel by means of these nations; secondly, that this test would “teach [the new generations] war”; and finally, that this would reveal whether or not Israel would obey the Lord. The text goes on to say that Israel now took the daughters of other nations to be wives, and also gave their own daughters to the sons of other nations.

Being ‘tested’ by the Lord refers to the temptations and spiritual conflicts we must experience during regeneration. The Lord does not test in order to make us falter, or to see how much we can endure. Rather, the testing is to make us stronger and more steadfast in our intention to follow the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 126).

The new generations who would not have known war stand for those future states, in which we might begin to let go, and forget what the Lord has done for us. While all external wars should cease, we will always need to quell the spiritual wars within us. The key to victory is in our willingness to obey the Lord’s commandments. This wish to obey the Lord must be imprinted in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Faith 50).

‘Taking the daughters of other nations as wives’ describes the ways in which the spiritual marriage of good and truth in us becomes perverted. When our evil desires harm truths, and false ideas harm genuine loves, our sense of what is right becomes so distorted that we have no principles left to follow.

Because Israel kept forgetting the Lord and worshipping other gods, the Lord raised judges to deliver Israel. This chapter tells the stories of three judges, and we will examine the spiritual meaning of each.

The first judge discussed in this chapter was Othniel (see Judges 1). Israel was taken by Chushan-Rishathaim, the king of Mesopotamia, for eight years. His name means ‘the blackness of injustice”. Othniel delivered Israel from captivity, and there was peace for forty years. Spiritually, this describes our power, given to us by the Lord, to break free from evil wishes and thoughts. The number ‘forty’ describes the temptations we must overcome in doing this (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8098).

The next judge, Ehud, ruled at the time when Eglon, a Moabite king, took Israel captive for eighteen years. Ehud made a long, double-edged dagger and went to the king to pay tribute. When those with him were leaving, he stayed and said to King Eglon, “I have a gift for you from God”, and plunged the dagger into the king’s belly so that his fat covered the blade. Then he left, locking the doors behind him, and Eglon’s servants eventually found their king dead. Ehud then attacked, and freed Israel from the Moabites.

The meaning of this graphic event is to show the power of the truth when it is used to combat evil. Eglon was fat, representing the seemingly large and imposing nature of evils. The double-edged dagger stands for the power of the Word. It went straight into the king’s fat belly, which stands for the absolute power of the Word to tear down evils and falsities. This then allows us to reassert our leading intentions, and return to our service for the Lord (see Apocalypse Revealed 52).

The third and final judge mentioned in this chapter was Shamgar, who killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad and delivered Israel. The Philistines – who later became a major enemy of Israel – stand for the belief that faith alone will save us, without any need for good actions in life. This can have an insidious influence on us and needs constant attention, represented by the number six hundred. The ox goad (prodder) indicates that we need to keep pushing ourselves to do good, just as an ox is prodded to work strenuously (Arcana Caelestia 1198).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 1444, 2722, 6858, 8301

揭秘启示录 367


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 811

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Významy biblických slov

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

迦南
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

戰爭
道上的战争代表着试探性的战斗,当善的东西被恶的或假的东西攻击时。攻击的邪恶来自于地狱的众多社会中的一个,它的运作方式是唤起我们心中的自私的爱,而这种爱是与我们所知道的正确的东西相反的。然后,我们自私的爱攻击滋养着希望成为一个好人的爱,于是我们的心中就有了战争。这以以色列人的子民在迦南地及其周围的战争为代表,在旧约圣经中有很长的历史。自私的爱从我们的遗传中在我们的心中泛滥成灾,而善良的爱随着我们的良知的发展而长久地伴随着我们的良心而来。如果我们没有良知,我们就不可能受诱惑,我们会立刻顺着私心的意愿而屈服。但最终的结果是,我们会被地狱所奴役,为所欲为。


To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

非利士人
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...


Five also signifies all things of one part.


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

黎巴嫩
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.


'Hills' signify the good of charity.


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

誡命
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

女兒
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

妻子
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

兒子
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

忘記
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

忘記了
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

耶和華的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...


To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

四十
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

死了
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

摩押
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...


A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...


'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.


In Revelation 19:16, 'the Lord’s thigh' signifies the Word regarding its divine good. 'The thigh and loins' signify conjugial love, and because this is the...


Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

肥胖
Fat signifies the celestial principle. Fat things, full of marrow, signify goodnesses. Fat and blood signify interior goods and truths, and hence the Israelites, prior...

吉甲
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

回來
在《圣经》中,有很多描述人回头看、回头看或回去的例子。在大多数情况下,这是一种消极的,有时是毁灭性的(就像罗得的妻子,当她回望所多玛的毁灭时,变成了一根盐柱子)。一般情况下,这代表着我们的状态,当我们进入到一个新的精神境界,发现自己希望得到旧的安逸和轻松时,回去代表着回到更早的低级阶段。 当 "回 "与物联系在一起的时候,"回 "的意义更多的是字面意义。当有人拿东西回来或给东西时,其精神意义大多是以物与行为人为中心。


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...


If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...


'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

座位
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

起來
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...


In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...


There are only a couple of references in the Writings to "close" used as a verb, and both stem from Amos 9:11, which talks about...

僕人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

打開
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.


In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

以法蓮
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

跟隨
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

摩押人
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

約旦
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

約旦河
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...


The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

八十
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...


按照瑞典博格的说法,时间和空间不存在于精神现实中,它们是纯粹的自然事物,只存在于物质层面。这就意味着,一个精神性的东西不可能在时间上的另一个精神性的东西 "之后 "发生,因为没有时间。而一个精神性的东西也不可能在空间上 "追随 "另一个精神性的东西,因为没有空间。 相反,灵性的现实是建立在灵性状态的基础上,或天使的爱和思想。这些爱和思想以因果链的方式连接在一起,天使们的体验就像我们体验时间一样;一个思想在精神层面上流向另一个思想,而天使们感觉到这种进步,就像我们感觉到一个时刻流向另一个时刻的进步一样。当天使有类似的思想和感觉时,他们体验到的亲近感和我们对肉体亲近感的体验是非常相同的;他们对 "空间 "的概念是整个精神世界中的灵魂所拥有的思想和情感的变化。 当《圣经》将某件事情描述为 "后边 "的东西时,那么,属灵的意义就与属灵状态的递进有关;它是在前边的东西基础上产生的新的属灵状态。由于较高的状态会流入较低的状态,所以 "之后 "的东西往往是较低的、较外在的状态。例如,内心深处对他人的善的渴望,会自动地流向具体的想法,即我们可以做的具体的善事。那么,这些具体的想法,就会 "在 "善的欲望之后。


Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...


It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

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 Ehud and Eglon
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Three Judges of Israel Complete the Chart
Learn the cycle of the Judges by completing information about the first three judges of Israel.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The First Three Judges Review Questions
Read Judges 3 to find answers to fill in the blanks. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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