士師記 21

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1 為便雅憫娶妻以色列人在米斯巴曾經起誓說:“我們中間不可有把自己的女兒便雅憫妻子。”

2 眾人伯特利,在那裡面前直到晚上,放聲哭,

3 :“耶和華以色列的啊,今日以色列中缺少了個支派,為甚麼在以色列中發生這事呢?”

4 次日,眾人清起來,在那裡築了一座祭壇,獻上燔祭和平安祭。

5 以色列人彼此:“以色列各支派中,誰沒有與會眾上到耶和華面前來呢?”因為他們曾經起過很嚴厲的誓,:“不上米斯巴到耶和華面前的,必把他處。”

6 以色列人為他們的兄弟便雅憫難過,:“今天以色列中有個支派被剪除了。

7 我們曾經指著耶和華起過誓,必不把我們的女兒便雅憫人作妻子,那麼現在我們當怎樣辦理,使他們下的人有妻子呢?”

8 他們又彼此問:“以色列各支派中,有誰沒有上米斯巴到耶和華面前的呢?”他們就發現基列.雅比中沒有人去到會眾那裡。

9 被數點的時候,就發現基列.雅比的居民中沒有一在那裡。

10 因此會眾從勇士中差派一萬到那裡去,吩咐他們說:“你們去用刀擊殺基列.雅比的居民,連婦女與孩子要殺。

11 你們要這樣行,你們要把所有的男子,和所有與男子同過房的女子,完全毀滅。”

12 他們在基列.雅比的居民中,到了個未曾與同房,也未曾與子同寢的年輕少女,就把她們迦南地的示羅那裡。

13 全體會眾又派人到臨門的磐石那裡,對便雅憫人說話,向他們宣告和平。

14 那時便雅憫人回來了,以色列人就把他們保留的基列.雅比的女子他們作妻子,但還是不夠。

15 眾人為便雅憫人難過,因為耶和華使以色列眾支派中有了缺口。

16 會眾中的長老:“便雅憫的女子既然都被除滅了,我們應怎樣行,使那些下的人有妻子呢?”

17 :“便雅憫逃脫的人應有地業,免得有個支派從以色列中被消滅。

18 但是我們不能把我們自己的女兒他們作妻子。”因為以色列人曾經起誓:“把女兒便雅憫人作妻子的,是可咒詛的。”

19 他們又:“看哪,每年在示羅都舉行耶和華的節期;示羅就是在伯特利面,從伯特利示劍的的東面,在利波拿的面。”

20 於是他們吩咐便雅憫人:“你們去在葡萄園中設下埋伏;

21 在那裡觀,示羅的女子出來跳舞的時候,你們就從葡萄園出來,從示羅的女子中,各搶一個作妻子,然後回便雅憫地去。

22 如果她們的父親或是兄弟我們爭論,我們就對他們:‘求你們恩待他們吧,因為我們在戰場上沒有他們留下女子作妻子,而且這又不是你們把女兒他們;若是你們的,你們就有罪了。’”

23 於是便雅憫人照樣行了:按著他們的數目,從跳舞的女子中強搶她們作妻子,然後離開那裡,回到自己的地業去,重建城市在其中。

24 那時,以色列人離開那裡,各回到自己的支派和自己的家族去;他們離開那裡,各回到自己的地業去。

25 在那些日子,以色列中沒有,各都行自己看為對的事。

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Wives Provided for the Men of Benjamin

This final chapter of the book of Judges deals with the wish of Israel to provide the remaining men of Benjamin with wives so that the tribe would not die out, since it was one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Yet the men of Israel had made a vow at Mizpah not to give their daughters to any men of Benjamin.

Providing wives means to add either truth or good to a situation. “In the Word, when ‘husband’ is mentioned, then ‘wife’ stands for truth. But when the husband is called ‘the man’, then ‘wife’ stands for good. This is the way it gets continually used in the Word.” (Arcana Caelestia 1468) In this chapter the men are called ‘the men of Benjamin’ or the Benjamites, so wives stand for good being joined to truth.

The men of Israel wondered who had not come to the gathering at Mizpah and recalled that no one from Jabesh Gilead had come. This meant that they were not under the obligation of the vow. The men of Israel told men to go and kill every man in that city and also any woman who was not a virgin. They found four hundred young virgins and brought them up to the camp at Shiloh.

The name Jabesh-Gilead means ‘arid’ and its spiritual meaning is in this city’s non-participation in dealing with the problem of the tribe of Benjamin. It stands for our refusal and disinclination to act to progress the spiritual life of the Word and our obedience to it.
But in it are four hundred young virgins who are not part of this non-participation and they can be taken to be wives for the men of Benjamin, to provide a future and an offspring.

“Virgins stand for the Lord’s kingdom, for everyone who is a kingdom of the Lord or a ‘church’, those who love the Lord, those who are in the affection for good, in charity to their neighbour, and those who love what is true. All of this is from the conjugial love which is there in chaste virgins.” (Arcana Caelestia 3081)

But even so, this is not enough to provide sufficient wives for the men of Benjamin. They recall that there is a yearly feast at Shiloh at which the young daughters of Shiloh dance. They tell the men of Benjamin to go there at the time of the feast and when the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance, to each seize a girl and take her away to Benjamin. And if anyone complains about breaking the vow made at Mizpah, it will be told them that this does not apply to the men of Benjamin and to be kind to this taking of wives.

The spiritual meaning of this is that it is essential that the tribe of Benjamin who stand for the link or connection between internal and external states, should have a full complement of wives so that truth and good can be together in producing and preserving this connection for our spiritual wholeness and its life. (Arcana Caelestia 5411)

The final verse of the book of Judges, “In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in their own eyes”, very much describes the sequence of the stories in Judges to the point where good and truth, love for the Lord and obedience to the Word, are marginalised, and replaced by one wrong action after another, through to the very end.

The spiritual meaning in these wrong doings can be seen to show their purpose in terms of our spiritual life and regeneration. This is the purpose of them being included in the Word, and while the text is at times harrowing, it contains the basis for giving us the truths which lead to eternal life and the Lord.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 9422


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608, 687

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

民數記 31:17

約書亞記 18:1

士師記 5:23, 6:24, 11:34, 17:6, 20:23, 26, 45, 47, 48

撒母耳記上 11:1, 7, 9, 14:24, 30:4

撒母耳記下 24:25

以賽亞書 53:6, 66:3

羅馬書 3:12

Významy biblických slov


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

我們
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

女兒
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

妻子
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

伯特利
当雅各做了一个著名的梦,梦见一个通向天堂的楼梯,他给这个地方起了个名字叫 "贝瑟尔",希伯来语的意思是 "上帝的家" 这个字面的意义反映在属灵的意义上。书中告诉我们,"贝瑟尔 "代表了我们对主神圣的爱的认识和理解,那是他对我们所有人的完美的爱,那是他的本质。当我们知道了主的爱,对主的爱有了一定的了解,那就使它在我们里面有了一个 "房子",让它在我们里面生长,影响我们自己的爱。 在旧约中,"贝瑟尔 "在后来的《旧约》中有相反的含义,在耶罗波安在那里设立金牛犊,使之成为偶像崇拜的中心之后。然后,它代表了从邪爱中产生的崇拜。


If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

晚上
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...


The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...


Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

起來
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

祭壇
圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。

會眾
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

兄弟
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

今天
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The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...


In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...


Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...


As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...


To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.


The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...


It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

少女
The damsels of Rebecca, in Genesis 24:61, signify subservient affections. See Daughter.


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

迦南
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

說話
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

回來
在《圣经》中,有很多描述人回头看、回头看或回去的例子。在大多数情况下,这是一种消极的,有时是毁灭性的(就像罗得的妻子,当她回望所多玛的毁灭时,变成了一根盐柱子)。一般情况下,这代表着我们的状态,当我们进入到一个新的精神境界,发现自己希望得到旧的安逸和轻松时,回去代表着回到更早的低级阶段。 当 "回 "与物联系在一起的时候,"回 "的意义更多的是字面意义。当有人拿东西回来或给东西时,其精神意义大多是以物与行为人为中心。

長老
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...


In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

妻子的
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

耶和華的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

示劍
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

示劍的
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....


'South' denotes truth in light.

葡萄園
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

跳舞
Dances (Exod. 15:20) relate to the affection of spiritual good, or the good of truth, and signify its pleasantness and joy.

父親
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...


Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

城市
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.


Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

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 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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