士師記 18

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← 士師記 17   士師記 19 →         

1 但支派尋找可居之地在那些日子,以色列中沒有。那時,但支派還在尋找可居住的地業,因為直到那一天,在以色列的眾支派中,但支派仍沒有得著地業。

2 於是但人從瑣拉和以實陶,差派他們家族中的個勇士,去窺探查察那地,對他們:“你們去查察那地吧。”他們以法蓮地,進了米迦的家,就在那裡住宿。

3 他們在米迦的家附近,認出那青年利未人的口音,就過去他那裡問他:“誰你到這裡?你在這裡作甚麼?你在這裡有甚麼?”

4 他回答他們:“米迦如此這般待我;他雇了我,我就作了他的祭司。”

5 他們對他:“請你求問,使我們知道我們要走的道路是否順利。”

6 祭司對他們:“你們平安地去吧,你們要走的道路是蒙耶和華悅納的。”

7 於是那個人離開了,到拉億,見那裡的人民安然居住,好像西頓人一樣,生活平靜安穩;在那地又沒有人掌權,使他們受屈辱;他們離西頓人也很遠,也沒有與別人往。

8 他們回到瑣拉和以實陶自己的族人那裡去;族人問他們:“你們有甚麼話?”

9 他們回答:“起來我們上去攻擊他們吧。因為我們已經看過那地,見那地十分美,你們還靜坐不動嗎?不可再遲延,要趕快去取得那地。

10 你們到了那裡的時候,你們必遇見安然居住的人民;那地的兩邊寬闊,已經把那地交在你們裡;那地百物俱全,一無所缺。”

11 於是但的家族中有,帶著兵器從那裡出發,就是從瑣拉和以實陶出發。

12 他們上去,在猶大的基列.耶琳安營;因此人把那地方作瑪哈尼.但(“瑪哈尼.但”意即“但的軍營”),直到現在;這地方是在基列.耶琳的西邊。

13 他們從那裡經過,往以法蓮地去,到米迦的家。

14 但支派取去神像和祭司從前去窺探拉億地的個人,對他們的族人:“這些子裡有以弗得、神像、雕像和鑄像,你們知道嗎?現在你們要考慮一下應該怎樣行。”

15 於是他們五人轉身進入米迦的家,到那青年利未人的裡,向他問安。

16 ,帶著兵器,都站在門口

17 從前去窺探那地的上前,進入裡面,把雕像、以弗得、神像和鑄像都拿去了;祭司著兵器的都站在門口

18 當那五個人進了米迦的家,拿走雕像、以弗得、神像和鑄像的時候,祭司就問他們:“你們作甚麼呢?”

19 他們回答他:“不要出聲,用掩著你的嘴,跟我們走吧,我們的師父和祭司。你作家的祭司呢?還是作以色列個支派個家族的祭司呢?”

20 祭司裡高興,就拿著以弗得、神像和雕像,到眾人中間。

21 他們就轉身離去,把婦孺和牲畜,以及財物,都放在前面。

22 他們離開米迦的家很遠的時候,在米迦的家附近各家的人,都被召集出來,去追趕但人。

23 他們呼叫但人;但人過臉來,問米迦:“你召集了這麼多人出來作甚麼?”

24 米迦回答:“你們把我所做的像和我的祭司都帶走了,我還有甚麼呢?你們怎麼還問我:‘你作甚麼’呢?”

25 但人對米迦:“不要再讓我們見你的聲音,恐怕有暴躁的人攻擊你們,以致你和你全家盡都喪失性命。”

26 但人繼續走他們的;米迦見他們比自己強,就轉身回自己的家去了。

27 但支派攻取拉億改名為但但人把米迦所做的神像和他的祭司走,他們到拉億,去到平靜安居的人民那裡,就用刀擊殺了他們,又用燒了那城。

28 沒有人搭,因為離西頓很遠,他們又與別人沒有來往。這城位於靠近伯.利合的山谷中。但人重建那城,在其中。

29 按著他們的祖宗,以色列所生的兒子但的名字,給那城起名但;其實那城原先的名字拉億。

30 但人就為自己把那雕像立起來;摩西的孫子、革順的兒子約拿單和他的子孫,都作了但支派的祭司,直到那地遭受擄掠的日子。

31 的殿在示羅有多少日子,但人為自己設立米迦所做的雕像也有多少日子。

← 士師記 17   士師記 19 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Tribe of Dan Adopts Micah’s Idolatry

This chapter shows the way in which one person’s distortion of truth, turning it into a falsity, can have severe consequences on a larger scale.

The tribe of Dan – one of the twelve tribes of Israel – was given land to the west, by the coast, but they found it hard to hold on to. The name of the tribe of Dan means ‘to judge’, but if judgment isn't based on the Word there will be chaos. (Arcana Caelestia 842)

Faced with competition for their homeland, the tribal leaders of Dan went looking for a place for themselves elsewhere. They sent five men of valour to spy out the land. These men came to Micah’s house, and they recognised the voice of the young Levite there. They questioned him about his situation, and he told them that Micah had hired him to be a priest to his household. The men of Dan asked the Levite to ask the Lord if their search would be prosperous, and he told them that it would be.

The spiritual meaning of this part of the chapter is to do with an intensifying wrongness. At the textual level, there is reference to the Lord, and an apparent normality in what takes place. But underlying it, there's a wrongness, which will become apparent later in the chapter. The pointers to it here are the five men from Dan, them coming straight to Micah’s house, and the hiring of a priest.

The number ‘five’ has a good meaning in many parts of the Word, but it can also have a bad meaning, as it does here. In this context, it stands for only a little, for disunion and the destruction of the Word (Apocalypse Revealed 738).

Coming directly to Micah’s house and recognising the Levite brings together two evil intentions: Micah’s idol and the men of Dan’s search to take a home for themselves. An example for us could be where two people plot to seek the harm of a third person. (Arcana Caelestia 4724)

The hiring of a priest is something disallowed, for priests are there to serve the Lord and they are provided for by the people, not to be hired. Hiring, spiritually, stands for seeking reward for what you do, whereas the true reward is heaven for those who serve without expecting a reward. (Arcana Caelestia 8002)

The five men leave Micah's house, and go on to Laish in the far north, where there are people who dwell securely in peace and without rulers, far from others and with no ties. Laish means ‘fearless and kneaded together’. It is a picture of perfection, of heaven. (Divine Love and Wisdom 200)

The five men then return to their tribe of Dan and report about Laish. They say that it is ideal for the taking because it has plenty of land and its people are secure. They say that “God has given it into your hands”.

Six hundred men of the tribe of Dan set out and they too, come to the house of Micah. The five spies tell them about the idols and they meet and greet the young Levite. Then the five spies go in and take all the idols in the house. The Levite joins up with the men from Dan and they go on together.

One spiritual meaning in the story is that evil (Dan, gone bad) loves to destroy peace and innocence (Laish).

The complete loss to Micah of all his idols and his hired priest, shows, too, that in fully turning to evil, there is the final loss of everything that might bring a person back. (Arcana Caelestia 9039)

People living near Micah go and accost the men of Dan about what they have taken -- but Micah is told to stop complaining or his household will be killed.

The Danites leave, and go and capture Laish, killing and burning, and re-naming the city Dan. There they set up the images and appoint priests. These images remain in Dan all the time that the house of God is in Shiloh.

The spiritual meaning of one evil or falsity becoming greater or more numerous is in the way that we might hold a negative emotion or a distorted view in our mind where it then spreads to other emotions and views we have and brings them into greater evil and falsity. This is the intention of evil and also of hell’s influence, to extend it to be as widespread as possible.

This is the outcome of everything that has developed through this and the previous chapter. It describes the spread of evil to become a terrible force for destruction and spiritually, for an individual person, for self-destruction. In the context of the decline of Israel to where ‘everyone did what was right in their own eyes’ this progression presents the pathway and process of that spiritual loss. (Divine Providence 19)

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 2598, 6396


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 2799, 3704, 3923, 4111, 8301

天堂与地狱 324


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2411

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

創世記 14:14, 31:30, 34

出埃及記 4:18

利未記 26:1

民數記 13:21, 14:7

如申命记 8:7, 9, 33:22, 34:1

約書亞記 2:2, 23, 24, 15:9, 18:1, 3, 19:28, 47

士師記 1:34, 13:25, 17:1, 4, 6, 10, 12, 13, 18:7, 29

撒母耳記上 6:21, 9:9, 17:18, 22

撒母耳記下 10:6

列王纪上 12:29, 15:20, 22:3

列王纪下 15:29, 17:18, 20, 22, 23

历代志上 4:40

历代志下 25:15

以賽亞書 56:11

何西阿書 4:12

羅馬書 16:18

Významy biblických slov

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

居住
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

一天
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...


"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


Five also signifies all things of one part.


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

以法蓮
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...


The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

青年
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

祭司
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

我們
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

道路
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

平靜
When something is described as quiet, still or calm in the Bible, it represents the state of peace that comes with being aligned with the...

起來
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

看過
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...


It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...


Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...


It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

猶大
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...


'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.


A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

轉身
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...


Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

進入
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...


"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

門口
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...


The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

呼叫
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...


Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...


A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...


Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


The Lord from the essential divine, through the divine human, is the savior. The Lord became the savior by His spiritual temptations, or combats.

山谷
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...


Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

名字
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

兒子
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages


Přeložit: