士師記 17

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1 米迦的神像以法蓮地有一個,名叫米迦。

2 他對自己的母親:“你那十二公斤子被人拿去了,關於這事你曾了咒詛的話,我也親自聽見了。看哪!那些子在我這裡,是我拿去了。”他母親:“願我兒蒙耶和華賜福。”

3 米迦就把那十二公斤子歸還給他母親;他母親:“我把這些子從我中分別為,為我的兒子歸給耶和華,好做一個雕像,一個鑄像;現在,我要還給你。”

4 米迦把子還母親以後,他母親取出二千三子交匠,製造一個雕像和一個鑄像,都放在米迦的家裡。

5 米迦這廟,又製造以弗得和家中的像,並且立了他的兒子祭司

6 在那些日子,以色列中沒有,各都行自己看為對的事。

7 米迦派一利未少年為祭司有一個猶大伯利恆青年人,是屬猶大家族的;他本是個利未人,在那裡寄居。

8 離開猶大伯利恆城,要一個可以寄居的地方;途中,他到了以法蓮地,米迦的家那裡。

9 米迦問他:“你是從哪裡的?”他回答米迦:“我是個利未人,是從猶大伯利恆的,我一個可以寄居的地方。”

10 米迦對他:“你與我在一起吧,作我的師父和祭司;我每年你一百一四克子、一套衣服和食用。”利未人就進了米迦的

11 他同意與那;那看待這青年好像自己的兒子樣。

12 米迦立了這利未青年作他的祭司,住在米迦的家裡。

13 米迦:“現在我知道耶和華必善待我,因為有一個利未人作我的祭司。”


Exploring the Meaning of 士師記 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Story of Micah’s Idols

In this chapter, the story moves from the various judges of Israel to an anecdote that illustrates the overall worsening spiritual situation in the land. The people turn from the Lord and do more and more wrong among themselves. The last verse of the book of Judges is very telling, “In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in their own eyes.” The same words come in the present chapter, in Judges 17:6.

In this story, a man named Micah (not to be confused with the prophet Micah) took a lot of silver money from his mother. He confesses that he did this, and returns the money to her. She says, “May you be blessed by the Lord, my son!” She finds a silversmith to melt down the silver money to make an idol which gets set up in their house. One of Micah’s sons is then appointed as the priest to serve this idol.

The spiritual meaning of this is that an idol of any kind is a falsifying of our own worship and sense of the Lord. An idol is a ‘thing’ in a ‘place’, vested with power, whereas our worship and sense of the Lord is that he is fully everywhere and in everything. (Arcana Caelestia 3479, 3732) The essence of idolatry is that it emphasises external forms with no attention to the place and purpose of internal forms and realities. Our ‘idols’ can be whatever we love or desire or feel is important to us, over and above the Lord.

The story then shifts to a wandering Levite, a priest of Israel, who came from Bethlehem in Judah, and is looking for any place to stay. Israel had appointed six cities for Levites to live in, but this Levite is a wanderer. He eventually meets Micah, who takes him into his house and makes him a paid priest. Micah feels important because of this development.

This part of the story depicts the decline of Israel from its worship of the Lord to a state of allowing anything to be done if it seems right in someone’s eyes. The Levite is a trained priest, trained in the law of Moses, someone who should know the commandments of the Lord and also their prohibitions. This Levite is ‘looking for a place to go to’ which describes his apparent falling away from true priesthood. (See the description in Apocalypse Explained 444, about the Levites, and in Doctrine of Life 39 about priests.)

As well as indicating the extent of the spiritual fall of Israel into idolatry and wrong practices, this chapter representatively describes our own scope for moving away from a genuine worship of the Lord into a worship of ourselves and of the world, and the change that comes within us in doing this. It often changes very gradually and inexorably so that it is imperceptible even to ourselves. This is a danger, and the reason for our self-examination and vigilant care.

The name Micah means, “Who is like Jehovah God?” which is an ironical name for someone who turns away from God to substitute an idol made from silver money, in a completely false worship. In genuine repentance, we may ask, “Who is like Jehovah God?” implying that no one is like God, including ourselves, because we are all involved in wrong feelings, thinking and actions, and we know our need of and dependence on the Lord. (Apocalypse Revealed 531)

It is important to note the mother’s first words, “May you be blessed by the Lord, my son!” saying this for his confession and return of the money. She begins her part in the story with the truest of statements, i.e. that the Lord wants to bless us, even while she may just be glad to have all her money back.

“Silver” in the Word can mean truths, truths of faith and truth of good, but in an opposite sense, when used dishonestly, it means falsities. (Arcana Caelestia 1551)

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