士師記 15

Study

           

1 參孫火燒非利士人的禾稼過了些日子,到收割麥子的時候,參孫著一隻山羊羔去看他的妻子;他心裡:“我要進內室去見我的妻子。”但是他妻子的父親不讓他進去。

2 父親:“我以為你非常恨她,所以我把她了你的一個同伴;她的妹妹不是比她更美麗嗎?你可以娶來代替她啊。”

3 參孫對他們:“這次如果我加害非利士人,就可以不必負責了。”

4 於是參孫去捉了狐狸,又拿了火把來,把狐狸尾巴尾巴縛在起,又把枝火把插在兩條尾巴中間

5 他點著了把,就放狐狸進入非利士人的禾田裡,把堆積的禾捆,和未割的禾稼,以及橄欖園都燒了。

6 非利士人問:“這是誰作的呢?”有人回答:“是亭拿人的女婿參孫作的,因為他岳父把他的妻子了他的同伴。”於是非利士人上去,放燒了那女子和她的父親

7 參孫對他們:“你們既然這樣行,我必在你們身上報仇,然才肯罷休。”

8 參孫擊打他們,連帶腰都砍斷了,那是一場極的殺戮;然後他去,在以坦磐石的穴中。

9 參孫用驢腮骨擊殺千人非利士人上去,在猶大安營,在利希散開。

10 猶大:“你們為甚麼上來攻打我們呢?”他們:“我們上來是要捆綁參孫,要報復他向我們所行的。”

11 於是有猶大到以坦磐石的穴中去,對參孫:“非利士人統治我們,你不知道嗎?你為甚麼向我們行這事呢?”參孫對他們:“他們怎樣待我,我也怎樣待他們。”

12 猶大人對他:“我們來要捆綁你,把你交在非利士人裡。”參孫對他們:“你們要向我發誓,你們不親自殺害我。”

13 他們告訴他:“我們不會殺害你,我們只要把你捆綁住,交在非利士人裡,我們決不殺你。”於是他們用兩條新繩子把參孫捆綁起來,從磐石的穴裡把他帶上來。

14 參孫到利希,非利士人就吶著出迎接他,耶和華的靈大大臨到參孫身上,他上的繩子就像被燒的麻一樣,他的捆綁都從他的上落下

15 著一塊新鮮的腮骨,就伸拾起來,擊殺了一

16 參孫:“我用腮骨殺成堆;我用腮骨擊殺了一。”

17 完了,就把那腮骨從裡拋出去,因此那地方拉末.利希(“拉末.利希”意即“腮骨的山”)。

18 參孫非常口渴,就呼求耶和華:“你既然藉著你僕人的施行這麼的拯救,現在我怎可以,落在未受割禮的人中呢?”

19 於是在利希使一窪地裂開,就有從那裡湧出來;參孫了,就恢復,活力充足;因此那泉名隱.哈歌利(“隱.哈歌利”意即“呼求者之泉”),那泉直到今日還在利希。

20 非利士人統治的日子,參孫治理以色列人二十年。


Exploring the Meaning of 士師記 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 15: Samson defeats the Philistines.

At the beginning of this chapter, we learn that the one who gave Samson’s wife to another man was his father-in-law, who thought that Samson truly hated her. He then offered Samson her younger sister instead, saying, “Is she not better? Take her.”

Samson, enraged, took three-hundred foxes and tied them tail-to-tail in pairs, with a lit torch between them. He then released them in the Philistines’ standing grain, vineyards and olive groves to burn up their crops, as revenge for the loss of his wife. In retaliation, the Philistines went and burned her and her father. In a final act of vengeance, Samson killed very many of the Philistines, then went to dwell in the cleft of the rock of Etam.

The Philistines went to Judah, stating their intent to arrest Samson, and the men of Judah passed on the message to him. Samson made the Judeans promise not to kill him themselves, but only to bind him with two new ropes before giving him to the Philistines as a prisoner.

When the Philistines came, Samson broke apart the ropes, and killed a thousand of them with the jawbone of a donkey. Then he threw the jawbone away, and complained to the Lord that he was thirsty. The Lord answered his cry for help by splitting the ground where the jawbone fell, so that Samson could drink the water that flowed from it.

The final verse of this chapter tells us that Samson judged Israel twenty years.

*****

Samson’s marriage to a Philistine woman speaks to the appealing, or even enticing, nature of ‘faith alone’ spirituality, represented by the Philistines. We must stay on our guard, to ensure that we are not caught up in thinking that faith alone will save us. The father offers Samson his wife’s younger sister, saying she is even better, but Samson had already learned to be wary by that point.

The foxes, tied together with their tails lit on fire, vividly describes the twisted and destructive nature of faith alone, and the way it consumes our potential to lead a fruitful life. The Word often depicts the state of a nation or religion through a story illustrating its true nature (True Christian Religion 130)

The cycle of revenge between Samson and the Philistines represents our personal struggles during temptation and our wish to regenerate. Our whole effort during regeneration is to resist sins that might lure us in, and to maintain our intention to live the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 83[6]). The men of Judah who bind Samson represent our love for the Lord and for everything of the Lord, although this seems contradictory on a surface level. In this case, being ‘bound up’ means to be bound in our commitment to the Lord, so that we are restrained from doing evil (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 577[4]).

Samson stands for the power of the Word acting in our lives to assert what is true, to protect what must be upheld, and to defend against evils. He uses the jawbone of a donkey because a jawbone allows us to eat food (spiritually, nourishment from the Word), and also to proclaim the Lord’s truths. This gives us the power to expose and reject the belief that spirituality consists of faith alone (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 9049[6]).

    Studovat vnitřní smysl

Přeložit: