約書亞記 9

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1 迦南諸聯盟對抗以色列人在約旦河西,住在上、高原和對著黎巴嫩沿岸所有的,就是赫人、亞摩利人、迦南人、比利洗人、希未人、耶布斯人的見了這些事的時候,

2 聚集起來,同心協力地要與約書亞和以色列人交戰。

3 基遍人計騙約書亞基遍居民見了約書亞向耶利哥和艾城所行的事,

4 就施詭計,假冒使者而來,把舊的布和破裂又修補過的舊皮酒馱在上,

5 上穿著補過的舊鞋,身穿舊衣服,所帶的食物又乾又碎。

6 他們去到吉甲中約書亞那裡,對約書亞和以色列人:“我們是從遠地的,現在求你們和我們立約。”

7 以色列人對這些希未:“你們也許是這地的居民,若是這樣,我們怎樣和你們立約呢?”

8 他們對約書亞:“我們是你的僕人。”約書亞問他們:“你們是甚麼人?是從哪裡的?”

9 他們回答約書亞:“你的僕人為了耶和華的名從很遠的地方而,因為我們見了他的名聲和他在埃及所行的一切事,

10 以及他對約旦河東亞摩利人的兩個,就是希實本西宏和在亞斯他錄的巴珊噩,所行的一切事。

11 所以我們長老我們本國所有的居民我們:‘你們裡要帶著旅途用的乾糧,去迎見以色列人,對他們我們是你們的僕人,現在求你們和我們立約。’

12 我們出門到你們這裡來的時候,從家裡帶出來作乾糧的這餅還是熱的;看哪,現在都又乾又碎了。

13 這些皮酒袋,我們盛酒的時候,還是新的;你看,現在都破裂了。我們這些衣服和鞋因途遙遠,都穿舊了。”

14 以色列人取了他們一些食物,卻沒有求問耶和華的旨意。

15 於是約書亞與他們議和,和他們立約,容他們存活;會眾的首領也向他們起了誓。

16 以色列人奴役基遍人以色列人和他們立約之,過了,才見他們是自己的近鄰,是在這地的居民

17 於是,以色列人起程,第三日就到了他們的城市;他們的城市就是基遍、基非拉、比錄、基列.耶琳。

18 以色列人沒有擊殺他們,因為會眾的首領曾經指著耶和華以色列的向他們起了誓,全體會眾就都向首領發怨言。

19 眾首領對全體會眾:“我們曾經指著耶和華以色列的向他們起了誓,現在我們不能傷害他們。

20 我們要這樣待他們,就是容他們存活,免得神的忿怒因我們向他們所起的誓,臨到我們身上。”

21 眾首領又對會眾:“要讓他們存活。”於是他們就給全體會眾作了劈柴打的人,這是按照眾首領對他們的吩咐。

22 約書亞把他們召了來,質問他們:“你們為甚麼欺騙我們:‘我們離你們很遠’,其實你們卻是在這地的?

23 現在你們要受到咒詛,你們中間必不斷有人作奴僕,為我的聖所作劈柴打的人。”

24 他們回答約書亞,:“因為你的僕人確實地聽見,耶和華你的曾經吩咐他的僕人摩西,要把這整片土地你們,並且要在你們面前把這地上所有的居民都消滅,因此,我們因你們的緣故,很怕喪命,才行了這事。

25 現在,你看,我們都在你的裡,你看怎樣處置我們算為、算為對,就怎樣行吧。”

26 約書亞就這樣處置他們,救了他們脫離以色列人以色列人就沒有他們。

27 在那一天,約書亞指派他們在耶和華選擇的地方,為會眾和耶和華的祭壇作劈柴打的人,直到今日。

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1110, 2842, 3058, 4431, 6860


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608

Spiritual Experiences 151, 271, 273, 330, 363, 377

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回答
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摩西
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土地
圣经中的“地球”可以表示一个人或一群志同道合的人,就像在教堂里一样。但是它专门指的是人的思想外部或群体的一般思想。如果天堂和大地同时被提及,那么心灵的内在和外在都是有意思的-阅读创作故事时要注意的事情。 “地球”是一个通用词,可以看作是其他特定词(如地面,田野或花园)的容器。当他们从圣经中学习真理,思考问题并试图将其应用于生活中时,这些都意味着一个升序的人。该系列作品代表了成为美好和明智的方式。 “地球”和“地面”是可以双向使用的术语,例如在撒种的寓言中(马太福音13:4-8)既有好的地面又有坏的地面,但是“田野”和“花园”是指头脑正在向美好的方向再生。 在《启示录》中,“地球”一词既被用作地面,因为我们以其自然意义使用它,也被用作群体的意义。本书中的动作发生在精神世界的中部地区,人们首先去过那里,他们被整理了出来。那里既有邪恶的人,也有善良的人,有时在教堂的尽头,邪恶会在做出伟大的判断之前产生巨大的影响。这种精神境界的水平被称为“地球”,巨龙被降落在该“地球”上(启12:9),而星辰掉落在其上(启12:4)。吞没巨龙洪水的“地球”是指教会中那些仍然诚恳的人,他们轻视巨龙的虚假洪水(启12:15)。


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...


It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...


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一天
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

祭壇
圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。

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 Israel's Treaty with Gibeon Review Questions
Read Joshua 9 to complete sentences about Israel's treaty with the Gibeonites.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Fate of the Gibeonites
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Five Kings Captured
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Gibeonites
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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