約書亞記 22

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1 兩個支派返回河東那時,約書亞把流本人、迦得人和瑪拿西個支派的人召了來,

2 對他們:“耶和華的僕人摩西吩咐你們的一切,你們都遵守了;我吩咐你們的一切,你們也都從了。

3 許多日子以來,你們一直沒有撇棄你們的兄弟,直到今日;耶和華你們的吩咐你們的命令,你們也遵守了。

4 現在耶和華你們的,照著他應許的,已經使你們兄弟得享平安;現在你們可以返回自己家裡,回到耶和華的僕人摩西約旦河東賜你們作產業的地方去。

5 只是你們要謹慎遵守耶和華的僕人摩西吩咐你們的誡命和律耶和華你們的,遵行他的一切道路,謹守他的誡命,緊緊倚靠他,一心一意事奉他。”

6 於是約書亞給他們祝福,打發他們回去,他們就回自己的家裡去了。

7 摩西在巴珊已經把產業分瑪拿西個支派;至於另外個支派,約書亞在約旦河西他們的兄弟中間,也把產業分了他們。約書亞打發他們回家去的時候,他們祝福

8 對他們:“你們帶著許多財物,許多牲畜和、銅、,以及許多衣服,回自己的家去吧;也要把你們從仇敵奪得的戰利品與你們的兄弟同分。”

9 於是流本人、迦得人和瑪拿西個支派的人,從迦南地的示羅起程,離開以色列人,回到他們所得的產業基列地去,就是照著耶和華藉著摩西所吩咐,賜給他們的產業。

10 兩個支派在河畔築流本人、迦得人和瑪拿西個支派的人,迦南地靠近約旦河的地區,就在約旦河邊那裡築了一座祭壇,那十分壯觀。

11 以色列人見了這事,就:“看哪,流本人、迦得人和瑪拿西個支派的人,在迦南地邊境,靠近約旦河的地區,以色列人境內,築了一座。”

12 以色列人見了這事,以色列全體會眾就聚集在示羅,要上去討伐他們。

13 其他支派產生疑惑以色列人派以利亞撒祭司兒子非尼哈,到基列地去見流本人、迦得人和瑪拿西個支派的人;

14 又派個首領與非尼哈同去,每個都代表以色列的支派家族;他們是全體以色列各家族的領袖。

15 他們去到基列地,流本人、迦得人和瑪拿西個支派的人那裡,對他們

16 耶和華的全體會眾這樣:‘你們作的是甚麼事?竟對以色列的不忠,今日離不跟從耶和華,為自己築了一座,背叛了耶和華

17 從前拜毗珥的罪孽,我們還以為是小事嗎?雖然有災疫臨到耶和華的會眾,直到今日我們還沒有洗淨這罪呢。

18 你們今日竟離不跟從耶和華嗎?今日你們既然背叛耶和華,明日他必向以色列全體會眾發怒了。

19 如果你們認為所得的地業不潔淨,你們可以過到耶和華的地業,就是耶和華的帳幕居住的地方,在我們中間得地業;只是不可背叛耶和華,也不可背叛我們,在耶和華我們以外,為自己築另一座

20 從前謝拉的曾孫亞干,不是在當毀滅的物上犯了不忠的罪,以致神的忿怒臨到以色列全體會眾嗎?因他的罪孽而死的,還不只他呢!’”

21 釋疑於是流本人、迦得人瑪拿西個支派的人回答以色列的統領

22 “大能者耶和華!大能者耶和華,他是知道的,願以色列知道;如果我們存心背叛,或是對耶和華不忠,今日就不要放過我們

23 我們若是為自己築離不跟從耶和華,或是把燔祭、素祭和平安祭獻在上,願耶和華親自追究我們

24 我們作這事,實在是有理由的,因為顧慮將來你們的子孫對我們的子孫:‘你們與耶和華以色列的有甚麼關係呢?

25 流本人和迦得人啊,耶和華定了約旦河我們和你們中間的疆界;你們與耶和華無分了。’這樣,你們的子孫就使我們的子孫不再敬畏耶和華了。

26 “因此我們:‘我們築一座吧,不是為了獻燔祭,也不是為了獻別的祭,

27 而是為了在你們和我們中間,也在我們中間作證據,使我們也可以在耶和華面前用燔祭、別的祭和平安祭事奉耶和華,免得你們的子孫將來對我們的子孫:你們與耶和華無分了。’

28 因此我們:‘將來有人對我們,或是對我們的後這樣我們就可以回答:你們我們列祖所築的,是耶和華的祭壇的模式,這並不是用來獻燔祭,也不是用來獻別的祭,而是在我們和你們中間作證據。’

29 我們決沒有背叛耶和華的意思,今日要離不跟從耶和華,在耶和華我們的帳幕前的祭壇以外,另築一座,為了獻燔祭、素祭和別的祭。”

30 彼此諒解非尼哈祭司會眾的領袖,以及與祭司同來的以色列的統領,了流本人、迦得人瑪拿西,都很滿意。

31 以利亞撒祭司兒子非尼哈對流本人、迦得人和瑪拿西:“今天我們知道耶和華是在我們中間的,因為你們並沒有對耶和華不忠;現在你們已經救了以色列人脫離耶和華的。”

32 以利亞撒祭司兒子非尼哈和眾領袖離開了流本人和迦得人,從基列地回到迦南以色列人那裡,把這事向他們報告。

33 以色列人對這事都很滿意,就稱頌,不再要上去討伐流本人和迦得人,毀滅他們所的地方了。

34 流本人和迦得人給那起名,因為他們:“這我們中間證明耶和華。”

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 22      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 22: The tribes of Reuben, Gad and half Manasseh return.

With the land of Canaan now settled by Israel, the time had come for the men of Reuben, Gad, and one half of Manasseh to return to the other side of the Jordan, where their wives, children, cattle and sheep were left. The men of these two and a half tribes had been ordered to fight alongside the other tribes of Israel, and only then to return home.

They left, and when they came to the banks of the River Jordan, they built a large altar to the Lord. When the rest of Israel caught word of this, they wanted to go to war with these tribes, because they felt the altar was a sacrilege - Israel had the tabernacle for its worship of the Lord. They sent Phineas the priest to ask why they had built the altar. These tribes across the Jordan replied that in the future, the people of Israel may move against them, and reject them. They said the altar would serve as a witness to their worship of the Lord, just as the Israelites in Canaan worshiped. This answer pleased the priest, and when he told the leaders of Israel, it pleased them too.

The spiritual meaning of this episode is a very important one for us. The tribes living on the other side of the River Jordan stand for the worldly activities of our outward life, which in themselves are a very important part of our spiritual life. These actions make up the external part of spiritual life, in which we are able to do good (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 9824[2]).

The tribes building an altar to God portrays our understanding that all the good we do, and all the use we provide, is possible because of the Lord. He is the giver of all good, which is why we must serve the Lord. Without use, spiritual thoughts and beliefs do not have a foundation (Arcana Caelestia 9473[3]).

Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh said that the people of Israel might cut them off in the future. In spiritual terms, this would be to separate spiritual life and external life in daily living. This would result in such things as hypocrisy, and faith without charity, both of which are a threat to our spiritual well-being (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The altar, which was built on Canaan’s side of the Jordan before these tribes crossed over, was to stand as a witness to the union between the tribes within Canaan and the tribes across the Jordan, as one nation before the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 9714).

This unity means that we must be equally present in three areas of life: in the depths of our heart, in our worship and adoration of the Lord; in our mind, in our understanding and delight in the Lord’s Word with all its truth; and in our outward actions, where our acknowledgement of the Lord as our God leads us to be sincere, just, moral, fair, compassionate and dedicated to the service of God.

The answer from the three tribes pleased the priest and, in turn, the leaders of Israel. This reception represents our affirmation that ‘being spiritual’ does not take the place of helping others, but really demands that we serve the Lord in our daily actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 325[4]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 1298, 3875, 4192, 4197, 8301, 8623


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 434

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Významy biblických slov


Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

瑪拿西
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

耶和華的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

僕人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

許多
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

兄弟
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

命令
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

約旦
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

約旦河
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

誡命
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...


All laws, even civil and judicial laws, which are in the Word, correspond to the laws of good and truth, which are in heaven.


To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

道路
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

祝福
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...


'Money' relates to truth.


'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...


'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

迦南
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

祭壇
圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。

祭司
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

兒子
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....


Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

我們
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

中間
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...


To 'take the sum of the sons of Israel,' as in Exodus 30:12, signifies the whole church.

回答
一般来说,"回答 "是指一种属灵的接受状态。归根结底,这意味着接受主,主不断地试图将真正的想法和美好的愿望灌输到我们的心灵和思想中。它也可以是在我们的外在部分接受自己的内在部分的引导--承诺使我们的行动跟随我们更深的信仰。 在圣经中,"回答 "经常与 "说 "搭配在一起。在这些情况下,一般来说,它表示的是一种感知的程度加上接受的程度。这意味着你不仅能接受从主那里临到你的东西,而且还能看到它,认识到其中的真理,并认识到这里面的真理,这将使你的生活更加美好。

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...


按照瑞典博格的说法,时间和空间不存在于精神现实中,它们是纯粹的自然事物,只存在于物质层面。这就意味着,一个精神性的东西不可能在时间上的另一个精神性的东西 "之后 "发生,因为没有时间。而一个精神性的东西也不可能在空间上 "追随 "另一个精神性的东西,因为没有空间。 相反,灵性的现实是建立在灵性状态的基础上,或天使的爱和思想。这些爱和思想以因果链的方式连接在一起,天使们的体验就像我们体验时间一样;一个思想在精神层面上流向另一个思想,而天使们感觉到这种进步,就像我们感觉到一个时刻流向另一个时刻的进步一样。当天使有类似的思想和感觉时,他们体验到的亲近感和我们对肉体亲近感的体验是非常相同的;他们对 "空间 "的概念是整个精神世界中的灵魂所拥有的思想和情感的变化。 当《圣经》将某件事情描述为 "后边 "的东西时,那么,属灵的意义就与属灵状态的递进有关;它是在前边的东西基础上产生的新的属灵状态。由于较高的状态会流入较低的状态,所以 "之后 "的东西往往是较低的、较外在的状态。例如,内心深处对他人的善的渴望,会自动地流向具体的想法,即我们可以做的具体的善事。那么,这些具体的想法,就会 "在 "善的欲望之后。


To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...


'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

今天
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...


The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...


To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 The Eastern Tribes Return Home Review Questions
Read Joshua 22 to answer questions about the eastern tribes returning home across the Jordan river.
Activity | All Ages


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