約書亞記 22

Study

           

1 兩個支派返回河東那時,約書亞把流本人、迦得人和瑪拿西個支派的人召了來,

2 對他們:“耶和華的僕人摩西吩咐你們的一切,你們都遵守了;我吩咐你們的一切,你們也都從了。

3 許多日子以來,你們一直沒有撇棄你們的兄弟,直到今日;耶和華你們的吩咐你們的命令,你們也遵守了。

4 現在耶和華你們的,照著他應許的,已經使你們兄弟得享平安;現在你們可以返回自己家裡,回到耶和華的僕人摩西約旦河東賜你們作產業的地方去。

5 只是你們要謹慎遵守耶和華的僕人摩西吩咐你們的誡命和律耶和華你們的,遵行他的一切道路,謹守他的誡命,緊緊倚靠他,一心一意事奉他。”

6 於是約書亞給他們祝福,打發他們回去,他們就回自己的家裡去了。

7 摩西在巴珊已經把產業分瑪拿西個支派;至於另外個支派,約書亞在約旦河西他們的兄弟中間,也把產業分了他們。約書亞打發他們回家去的時候,他們祝福

8 對他們:“你們帶著許多財物,許多牲畜和、銅、,以及許多衣服,回自己的家去吧;也要把你們從仇敵奪得的戰利品與你們的兄弟同分。”

9 於是流本人、迦得人和瑪拿西個支派的人,從迦南地的示羅起程,離開以色列人,回到他們所得的產業基列地去,就是照著耶和華藉著摩西所吩咐,賜給他們的產業。

10 兩個支派在河畔築流本人、迦得人和瑪拿西個支派的人,迦南地靠近約旦河的地區,就在約旦河邊那裡築了一座祭壇,那十分壯觀。

11 以色列人見了這事,就:“看哪,流本人、迦得人和瑪拿西個支派的人,在迦南地邊境,靠近約旦河的地區,以色列人境內,築了一座。”

12 以色列人見了這事,以色列全體會眾就聚集在示羅,要上去討伐他們。

13 其他支派產生疑惑以色列人派以利亞撒祭司兒子非尼哈,到基列地去見流本人、迦得人和瑪拿西個支派的人;

14 又派個首領與非尼哈同去,每個都代表以色列的支派家族;他們是全體以色列各家族的領袖。

15 他們去到基列地,流本人、迦得人和瑪拿西個支派的人那裡,對他們

16 耶和華的全體會眾這樣:‘你們作的是甚麼事?竟對以色列的不忠,今日離不跟從耶和華,為自己築了一座,背叛了耶和華

17 從前拜毗珥的罪孽,我們還以為是小事嗎?雖然有災疫臨到耶和華的會眾,直到今日我們還沒有洗淨這罪呢。

18 你們今日竟離不跟從耶和華嗎?今日你們既然背叛耶和華,明日他必向以色列全體會眾發怒了。

19 如果你們認為所得的地業不潔淨,你們可以過到耶和華的地業,就是耶和華的帳幕居住的地方,在我們中間得地業;只是不可背叛耶和華,也不可背叛我們,在耶和華我們以外,為自己築另一座

20 從前謝拉的曾孫亞干,不是在當毀滅的物上犯了不忠的罪,以致神的忿怒臨到以色列全體會眾嗎?因他的罪孽而死的,還不只他呢!’”

21 釋疑於是流本人、迦得人瑪拿西個支派的人回答以色列的統領

22 “大能者耶和華!大能者耶和華,他是知道的,願以色列知道;如果我們存心背叛,或是對耶和華不忠,今日就不要放過我們

23 我們若是為自己築離不跟從耶和華,或是把燔祭、素祭和平安祭獻在上,願耶和華親自追究我們

24 我們作這事,實在是有理由的,因為顧慮將來你們的子孫對我們的子孫:‘你們與耶和華以色列的有甚麼關係呢?

25 流本人和迦得人啊,耶和華定了約旦河我們和你們中間的疆界;你們與耶和華無分了。’這樣,你們的子孫就使我們的子孫不再敬畏耶和華了。

26 “因此我們:‘我們築一座吧,不是為了獻燔祭,也不是為了獻別的祭,

27 而是為了在你們和我們中間,也在我們中間作證據,使我們也可以在耶和華面前用燔祭、別的祭和平安祭事奉耶和華,免得你們的子孫將來對我們的子孫:你們與耶和華無分了。’

28 因此我們:‘將來有人對我們,或是對我們的後這樣我們就可以回答:你們我們列祖所築的,是耶和華的祭壇的模式,這並不是用來獻燔祭,也不是用來獻別的祭,而是在我們和你們中間作證據。’

29 我們決沒有背叛耶和華的意思,今日要離不跟從耶和華,在耶和華我們的帳幕前的祭壇以外,另築一座,為了獻燔祭、素祭和別的祭。”

30 彼此諒解非尼哈祭司會眾的領袖,以及與祭司同來的以色列的統領,了流本人、迦得人瑪拿西,都很滿意。

31 以利亞撒祭司兒子非尼哈對流本人、迦得人和瑪拿西:“今天我們知道耶和華是在我們中間的,因為你們並沒有對耶和華不忠;現在你們已經救了以色列人脫離耶和華的。”

32 以利亞撒祭司兒子非尼哈和眾領袖離開了流本人和迦得人,從基列地回到迦南以色列人那裡,把這事向他們報告。

33 以色列人對這事都很滿意,就稱頌,不再要上去討伐流本人和迦得人,毀滅他們所的地方了。

34 流本人和迦得人給那起名,因為他們:“這我們中間證明耶和華。”

  

Exploring the Meaning of 約書亞記 22      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 22: The tribes of Reuben, Gad and half Manasseh return.

With the land of Canaan now settled by Israel, the time had come for the men of Reuben, Gad, and one half of Manasseh to return to the other side of the Jordan, where their wives, children, cattle and sheep were left. The men of these two and a half tribes had been ordered to fight alongside the other tribes of Israel, and only then to return home.

They left, and when they came to the banks of the River Jordan, they built a large altar to the Lord. When the rest of Israel caught word of this, they wanted to go to war with these tribes, because they felt the altar was a sacrilege - Israel had the tabernacle for its worship of the Lord. They sent Phineas the priest to ask why they had built the altar. These tribes across the Jordan replied that in the future, the people of Israel may move against them, and reject them. They said the altar would serve as a witness to their worship of the Lord, just as the Israelites in Canaan worshiped. This answer pleased the priest, and when he told the leaders of Israel, it pleased them too.

The spiritual meaning of this episode is a very important one for us. The tribes living on the other side of the River Jordan stand for the worldly activities of our outward life, which in themselves are a very important part of our spiritual life. These actions make up the external part of spiritual life, in which we are able to do good (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 9824[2]).

The tribes building an altar to God portrays our understanding that all the good we do, and all the use we provide, is possible because of the Lord. He is the giver of all good, which is why we must serve the Lord. Without use, spiritual thoughts and beliefs do not have a foundation (Arcana Caelestia 9473[3]).

Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh said that the people of Israel might cut them off in the future. In spiritual terms, this would be to separate spiritual life and external life in daily living. This would result in such things as hypocrisy, and faith without charity, both of which are a threat to our spiritual well-being (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The altar, which was built on Canaan’s side of the Jordan before these tribes crossed over, was to stand as a witness to the union between the tribes within Canaan and the tribes across the Jordan, as one nation before the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 9714).

This unity means that we must be equally present in three areas of life: in the depths of our heart, in our worship and adoration of the Lord; in our mind, in our understanding and delight in the Lord’s Word with all its truth; and in our outward actions, where our acknowledgement of the Lord as our God leads us to be sincere, just, moral, fair, compassionate and dedicated to the service of God.

The answer from the three tribes pleased the priest and, in turn, the leaders of Israel. This reception represents our affirmation that ‘being spiritual’ does not take the place of helping others, but really demands that we serve the Lord in our daily actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 325[4]).

    Studovat vnitřní smysl

Přeložit: