約書亞記 21

Study

           

1 利未人所得的城鎮那時,利未人的眾族長來到以利亞撒祭司嫩的兒子約書亞,以及以色列眾支派的族長那裡,

2 迦南地的示羅對他們:“耶和華曾經藉著摩西吩咐要我們城市居住,和城的郊野可以牧放我們的牲畜。”

3 於是以色列人照著耶和華所吩咐的,從自己的產業中,把以下這些城市和城的郊野,了利未人。

4 首先為哥轄家族抽出籤來:利未支派亞倫祭司的子孫,從猶大支派、西緬支派和便雅憫支派,抽籤得了十三座城。

5 哥轄其的子孫,從以法蓮支派的家族、但支派和瑪拿西個支派,抽籤得了座城。

6 革順的子孫,從以薩迦支派的家族、亞設支派、拿弗他利支派和在巴珊的瑪拿西個支派,抽籤得了十三座城。

7 米拉利的子孫,按著家族,從流本支派、迦得支派和西布倫支派,得了十座城。

8 以色列人照著耶和華吩咐摩西的,藉著抽籤,把這些城市和城的郊野分利未人。

9 他們從猶大支派和西緬支派中,把以下這些有提名的城分了

10 給利未支派、哥轄家族中亞倫的子孫,因為第一籤是他們的。

11 以色列人把猶大地的基列.亞巴,和它四圍的郊野,了他們;亞巴是亞衲族的祖宗,基列.亞巴就是希伯崙。

12 屬於那城的田地和村莊,他們卻了耶孚尼的兒子迦勒作產業。

13 以色列人把誤殺人者的避難城希伯崙,和希伯崙的郊野,又把立拿和立拿的郊野亞倫祭司的子孫,

14 還有雅提珥和雅提珥的郊野,以實提莫和以實提莫的郊野,

15 何崙和何崙的郊野,底璧和底璧的郊野,

16 亞因和亞因的郊野,淤他和淤他的郊野,伯.示麥和伯.示麥的郊野,共座城,是從這兩個支派分出來的。

17 又從便雅憫支派中,分給他們基遍基遍的郊野,迦巴和迦巴的郊野,

18 亞拿突和亞拿突的郊野,亞勒們和亞勒們的郊野,共座城。

19 亞倫子孫眾祭司所有的城,共十三座,還有這些城的郊野。

20 利未支派哥轄子孫的家族,就是哥轄其的子孫,抽籤所得的城是從以法蓮支派中分出來的。

21 以色列人把誤殺人者的避難城,就是在以法蓮地的示劍示劍的郊野,了他們;又把基色和基色的郊野,了他們;

22 又有基伯先和基伯先的郊野,伯.和崙和伯.和崙的郊野,共座城。

23 又從但支派中,給了他們伊利提基和伊利提基的郊野,基比頓和基比頓的郊野,

24 亞雅崙和亞雅崙的郊野,迦特.臨門和迦特.臨門的郊野,共座城。

25 又從瑪拿西半個支派中,給了他們他納和他納的郊野,迦特.臨門和迦特.臨門的郊野,共兩座城。

26 哥轄子孫其的家族所有的城共座,還有這些城的郊野。

27 以色列人又從瑪拿西個支派中,把誤殺人者的避難城,就是在巴珊的哥蘭,和哥蘭的郊野,給了利未人的家族中革順的子孫;又給了他們比.施提拉和比.施提拉的郊野,共兩座城。

28 又從以薩迦支派中,給了他們基善和基善的郊野,大比拉和大比拉的郊野,

29 耶末和耶末的郊野,隱.干寧和隱.干寧的郊野,共座城。

30 又從亞設支派中,給了他們米沙勒和米沙勒的郊野,押頓和押頓的郊野,

31 黑甲和黑甲的郊野,利合和利合的郊野,共座城。

32 以色列人又從拿弗他利支派中,把誤殺人者的避難城,就是在加利利的基低斯和基低斯的郊野,給了他們;又給他們哈末.多珥和哈末.多珥的郊野,加珥但和加珥但的郊野,共座城。

33 革順人按著家族所有的城共十三座,還有這些城的郊野。

34 的利未人,米拉利的子孫的家族,從西布倫支派中分得約念和約念的郊野,加珥他和加珥他的郊野,

35 丁拿和丁拿的郊野,拿哈拉和拿哈拉的郊野,共座城。

36 又從流本支派中,給了他們比悉和比悉的郊野,雅雜和雅雜的郊野,

37 基底莫和基底莫的郊野,米法押和米法押的郊野,共座城。

38 以色列人又從迦得支派中,把誤殺人者的避難城,就是在基列的拉末和拉末的郊野,給了他們;又給他們瑪哈念和瑪哈念的郊野,

39 希實本和希實本的郊野,雅謝和雅謝的郊野,共座城。

40 利未人其的家族,就是米拉利的子孫,按著家族抽籤所得的城,共有十座。

41 以色列人的地業中,利未人所得的城共四十座,還有這些城的郊野。

42 這些城周圍都有自己的郊野,每一座都是這樣。

43 神的應許實現這樣,耶和華就把他從前起誓要賜他們列祖的全地以色列人以色列人佔領了那地,就定居下來。

44 耶和華照著他向他們列祖起誓所的一切話,使他們四境平靜;他們所有的仇敵,沒有一能在他們面前站立得住;耶和華把他們所有的仇敵都交在他們裡。

45 耶和華以色列家應許賜福的,沒有一句落空,都應驗了。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 約書亞記 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 21: The cities of the Levite priests and the end of the settlement.

In this chapter, the last remaining part of the settlement was completed: the provision for the Levites, the priests of Israel. This tribe had been appointed priests because only they had answered the call, “Who is on the side of the Lord?” when the Israelites had been worshipping the golden calf in the wilderness (see Exodus 32:26).

Much of the chapter is spent listing the cities given to the three sons of Aaron, who was appointed high priest. Each extended family of Aaron’s sons was given about sixteen cities. It seems very significant that a lot of these cities were the same ones given to the other tribes, and were also the cities of refuge.

Levi’s name means ‘joined’, which is very suitable for the Levite priests, who received cities in every tribal territory. This meant that the presence of priests was everywhere (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 342).

Spiritually speaking, this distribution is a wonderful illustration that our spirit lives throughout our whole body. Every part of us is alive! Every single thing in our body, from one blood cell to our heart and lungs, is maintained by our spirit, which itself is maintained by the influx of the Lord’s life. The function of everything in our body is in a perfect correspondence with the kingdom of heaven.

So, spiritually, the Levites stand for the presence of the Lord everywhere, in everything. This underlines the point that everything in the natural world - even the cities and territories described in this chapter of Joshua - reflect something about God and heaven (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Revealed 194). But there is another important meaning for the distribution of the priestly Levites in cities all through the tribal territories: we must keep on acknowledging that everything is a blessing from the Lord, that everything we do is for God, and that the Lord alone does what is truly good (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 91).

After the distribution of cities to the Levites, Israel was fully established in the land of Canaan. The rest of this chapter is a consolidating statement which is worth including in full:

v43. “So the Lord gave to Israel all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it.
v44. The Lord gave them rest all around, according to all that he had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand.
v45. Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.”

These are words of fulfillment, culmination, assurance and blessing. Everything here traces back to the Lord. The Lord made a covenant with the children of Israel, granted them victory over their enemies, and gave them the Land of Canaan; the Lord had spoken in complete truth. “All came to pass.”

This final statement is a promise of our own capacity for regeneration and spiritual progress. We are able to overcome our natural desires and selfish states; we have been established in our life with the ability to understand and do what is good. In devoting ourselves to the Lord, we find strength to see that He will never fail us, and will change us for the better. ‘All came to pass’ is our affirmation that our life is always under God’s care and providence (Arcana Caelestia 977).

    Studovat vnitřní smysl

Přeložit: