約書亞記 19

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1 西緬支派的分地與城鎮為西緬,就是為西緬支派,按著家族抽出第二籤;他們的產業是在猶大人的產業中間

2 他們所得的產業有別是巴、示巴、摩拉大、

3 哈薩.書亞、巴拉、以森、

4 伊利多拉、比土力、何珥瑪、

5 洗革拉、伯.瑪加博、哈薩.蘇撒、

6 伯.利巴勿、沙魯險,共十三座城,還有屬於這些城的村莊

7 又有亞因、利門、以帖、亞珊,共座城,還有屬於這些城的村莊

8 以及這些城周圍所有的村莊,直到巴拉.比珥,就是地的拉瑪。這就是西緬支派按著家族所得的產業。

9 西緬人的產業是從猶大人的地業中得來的;因為猶大人的分過大,所以西緬人在猶大人的產業中得了他們的產業。

10 西布倫支派的分地與城鎮為西布倫人,按著家族抽出第三籤;他們產業的境界去到撒立;

11 他們的疆界再向西上到瑪拉拉,直達大巴設,再去到約念前面的

12 又從撒立向東日出的方向,去到吉斯綠.他泊的境界,又伸展到他比拉,上到雅非亞;

13 又從那裡往東面日出的方向,經過迦特.希弗,到以特.加汛、臨門,再伸展到尼亞;

14 又繞過尼亞的面,到哈拿頓,直通到伊弗他.伊勒谷;

15 還有加他、拿哈拉、伸崙、以大拉、伯利恆,共有十座城,還有屬於這些城的村莊

16 這些城和屬於這些城的村莊,就是西布倫人按著家族所得的產業。

17 以薩迦支派的分地與城鎮為以薩迦,就是為以薩迦人,按著家族抽出第四籤。

18 他們的境界包括耶斯列、基蘇律、書念、

19 哈弗連、示按、亞拿哈拉、

20 拉璧、基善、亞別、

21 利蔑、隱.干寧、隱.哈大、伯.帕薛,

22 達到他泊、沙哈洗瑪、伯.示麥,直通到約旦河,共十六座城,還有屬於這些城的村莊

23 這些城和屬於這些城的村莊,就是以薩迦支派按著家族所得的產業。

24 亞設支派的分地與城鎮為亞設支派,按著家族抽出第五籤。

25 他們的境界包括黑甲、哈利、比田、押煞、

26 亞拉米勒、亞末、米沙勒,向西直達迦密和希曷.立納;

27 日出的方向,到伯.大袞,延伸到細步綸,向北去到伊弗他.伊勒谷、伯.以墨和尼業,又伸展到迦布勒的左邊,

28 到義伯崙、利合、哈們、加拿,直到西頓大城;

29 拉瑪,直到設防的城推羅;再到何薩,直通到岸靠近亞革悉的地區;

30 又有烏瑪、亞弗、利合,共二十座城,還有屬於這些城的村莊

31 這些城和屬於這些城的村莊,就是亞設支派按著家族所得的產業。

32 拿弗他利支派的分地與城鎮為拿弗他利人抽出第六籤,就是拿弗他利人按著家族所得的產業。

33 他們的疆界,是從希利弗,從撒拿音的橡樹林,從亞大米.尼吉和雅比聶起,去到拉共,直通到約旦河

34 又向西到亞斯納.他泊,從那裡伸展到戶割,達到西布倫,西邊達到亞設,東邊達到約旦河那裡的猶大

35 設防的城有西丁、側耳、哈末、拉甲、基尼烈、

36 亞大瑪、拉瑪、夏瑣、

37 基低斯、以得來、隱.夏瑣、

38 以利穩、密大.伊勒、和璉、伯.亞納、伯.示麥,共十座城,還有屬於這些城的村莊

39 這些城和屬於這些城的村莊,就是拿弗他利支派按著家族所得的產業。

40 但支派的分地與城鎮為但支派,按著家族抽出第七籤。

41 他們產業的境界包括:瑣拉、以實陶、伊珥.示麥、

42 沙拉賓、亞雅崙、伊提拉、

43 以倫、亭拿他、以革倫、

44 伊利提基、基比頓、巴拉、

45 伊胡得、比尼.比拉、迦特.臨門、

46 美.耶昆、拉昆和約帕對面的地區。

47 但人未能控制他們的境界,因此他們就上去攻打利善,奪取那城,用刀擊殺了城中的人;他們佔領利善,就在城中,以他們祖先但的名字,把利善改名為但。

48 這些城和屬於這些城的村莊,就是但支派按著家族所得的產業。

49 約書亞的分地以色列人按著疆界把地分完了之後,就在他們中間把產業分嫩的兒子約書亞。

50 他們照著耶和華所吩咐的,把約書亞所要的城,就是以法蓮地的亭拿.西拉,了他;約書亞就修建那城,在城中。

51 以上就是以利亞撒祭司嫩的兒子約書亞,以及以色列人各支派的族長,在示羅會幕口,在耶和華面前,藉著抽籤所分的產業。這樣,他們就完成了分地的事。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 約書亞記 19      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 19: The last six tribes receive their territories, and Joshua his inheritance.

This chapter is the last of seven chapters detailing the division of the land of Canaan among the tribes. In this chapter, the remaining six tribes receive their portions.

Simeon received land very much in the south, below that of Judah, and Simeon’s territory was made a part of Judah. Simeon means ‘to hear’. To hear the Lord, and to hear the truth, means wanting to live in obedience with what the Lord teaches. Simeon was important in earlier biblical events, but is rarely mentioned later on; obeying the Lord can and should be a quiet affair (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 87).

The area given to Zebulun was modest and towards the north, between the Sea of Galilee and the coast. Zebulun’s name means ‘place of exaltation and honor’, and its spiritual meaning is just as glorious: it refers to honoring the Lord through the way we live our lives, both inwardly and outwardly (see Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 390).

Issachar’s territory was a small, fertile area in the north, next to the Jordan. The name “Issachar” means ‘a man of hire’ or ‘a hired man’. Spiritually, this is about wanting to serve the Lord, and dedicating our lives to this. Then we are ‘employed’ as servants of the Lord, and we are rewarded with spiritual strength, joy, and blessings (see Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 6388).

Asher means ‘happy’ - a delightful name - and its territory was along the northern coastline, extending inland. It included Mount Carmel and the Plain of Sharon, which were both beautiful places. Spiritual happiness is quite deep, and is really a feeling of joy, contentment, and well-being. When we are spiritually happy, we feel glad to be alive, to know the Lord, and to do what is good because of God (Arcana Caelestia 6408).

Naphtali had territory going up from the Sea of Galilee to the northern border. Naphtali means ‘crafty and cunning’, which does not sound very heavenly. However, the idea is that we use our intelligence to bring heavenly results from the countless decisions we make each and every day. Earlier in the Bible, Naphtali is blessed and called ‘a deer let loose’, which would then be free to bound away (see Genesis 49:21, Arcana Caelestia 3928).

Dan had two small territories: one in the centre on the coast, and one in the far north near the source of the River Jordan. Dan means ‘to judge well’, and it stands for our need to treat people fairly because of our relationship with the Lord. Perhaps there are two territories because one is our mind (north), and the other is in life (center) (Arcana Caelestia 3923).

Finally, Joshua himself is given his inheritance, a place in Ephraim called Timnath Serah. The name means ‘an extra portion’, and this suggests that beyond everything Joshua has done, he is to be given something further. Spiritually, this could be the unexpected delight we get when we devote ourselves to serving the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 995[3]).

The spiritual meaning of receiving a portion of land is that we are able to experience blessings and goodness from the Lord, but only after we have ‘conquered the land’. This means working through our temptations and overcoming weaknesses during our natural life.

Since the land of Canaan stands for heaven – and also for the growth of heaven in us – each of the twelve tribes represent a part of heavenly life that needs to be active in us. We must learn hear the word of the Lord, judge well in our daily actions, and honor His name by the way we live.

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