約書亞記 17

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1 瑪拿西半支派的分地瑪拿西是約瑟的長子,他的支派抽籤所得的地業記在下面;至於瑪拿西長子,基列的父親瑪吉,因為是個戰士,所以得到基列和巴珊。

2 瑪拿西的子孫按著家族抽籤分地,包括亞比以謝的子孫、希勒的子孫、亞斯列的子孫、示劍的子孫、希弗的子孫、示米大的子孫;這些都是約瑟的兒子瑪拿西子孫中男丁的各家族。

3 瑪拿西的玄孫、瑪吉的曾孫、基列的孫子、希弗的兒子西羅非哈沒有兒子,只有女兒;他女兒們名字是瑪拉、挪阿、曷拉、密迦、得撒。

4 她們來到以利亞撒祭司和嫩的兒子約書亞,以及眾首領的面前,說:“耶和華曾經吩咐摩西,在我們兄弟中把產業分我們。”於是約書亞照著耶和華所吩咐的,在她們的叔伯中間,把產業分她們。

5 這樣,除了約旦河東的基列和巴珊地之外,還有份地業歸屬瑪拿西

6 因為瑪拿西的孫女,在瑪拿西的孩子中,也得了產業;基列地是屬於瑪拿西的子孫的。

7 瑪拿西的疆界,是從亞設起,到示劍東面的密米他;又向南走,到隱.他普亞的居民那裡。

8 (他普亞地是屬於瑪拿西的,但是在瑪拿西疆界上的他普亞城,卻是屬於以法蓮的子孫的。)

9 瑪拿西的疆界又到加拿,在加拿邊,瑪拿西的眾城中,有這些城是屬於以法蓮的。瑪拿西的疆界,從面起,直通到

10 面是屬於以法蓮的,面是屬於瑪拿西的;瑪拿西在西邊的疆界就是面與亞設相接,東面和以薩迦相連;

11 在以薩迦和亞設的境內,伯.善和屬於伯.善的市鎮,以伯蓮和屬於以伯蓮的市鎮,多珥的居民和屬於多珥的市鎮,都屬於瑪拿西;還有處山區,就是:隱.多珥的居民和屬於隱.多珥的市鎮,他衲的居民和屬於他衲的市鎮,米吉多的居民和屬於米吉多的市鎮。

12 可是瑪拿西的子孫卻不能把這些城的居民趕走,迦南人決意在那地。

13 以色列人強盛以後,就迫使迦南人作苦工,卻沒有把他們完全趕出去。

14 約瑟的子孫獲地兩份約瑟的子孫約書亞:“耶和華這樣賜福我們,我們族大人多,你為甚麼只我們抽份籤,分份地作產業呢?”

15 約書亞對他們:“如果你們族大人多,又嫌以法蓮地過於窄小,就可以上森林區去,在比利洗人和利乏音人之地那裡自己砍伐樹木。”

16 約瑟的子孫回答:“那地容不下我們,並且地的所有迦南人,就是在伯.善和屬於伯.善的市鎮的人,以及在耶列斯的人,都有車。”

17 約書亞對約瑟家,就是對以法蓮人和瑪拿西:“你們族人多,勢力強,不可以只抽份地業;

18 地也要歸給你們,那裡雖然是森林,你們可以砍伐,開闢的土地都歸給你們;迦南人雖然擁有車,勢力強大,你們也能把他們趕出去。”


Exploring the Meaning of 約書亞記 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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Významy biblických slov

瑪拿西
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

長子
当《圣经》谈到世代或出生顺序时,其内在的意义与灵性状态的进展和它们的相对重要性有关。那么,长子将是第一个、领先的灵性状态,为所有后续的灵性状态奠定基础。 当然,归根结底,所有的精神状态都有其源头,那就是来自于主的完美的、无限的爱,所以在最深的层面上,这种爱--主本身的本质--就是指 "长子"。在某种程度上,主的爱也是自然层面上的终极 "长子";我们可以通过不计其数的世代和亿万年的演化,清晰地追溯到创世本身的那一刻,将孩子追溯到父母。既然创造来自于主爱的无限能量,那么从某种程度上来说,他也就成了自然界的长子。 不过,圣经中大多数对 "长子 "的使用并不是在这个终极层面上,它们是指一个人或一个教会的 "长子"。这大致可分为两类。如果这个人或那个教会是属天的,它的 "长子 "就会在某个层面上有向善的愿望,从较低层面的服侍别人的愿望到最高层面的爱主。这个人或那个教会的所有方面都会从这个初生的爱中逐步流露出来。如果这个人或那个教会在本质上是属灵的--在生命的过程中和现代世界中更为常见--那么第一胎将是对什么是好的理解,对主和主的愿望的认识。那个人或那个教会的所有方面都将从这种深刻的理解中流露出来,在瑞典堡中通常被称为 "信仰"。这是《圣经》中 "长子 "最常见的意思。

父親
父亲在话语中的意思是指最里面的东西,在那些遵从主的命令的事情上,是指好的东西。在最高的意义上,父亲是指主自己,是创造者。在自然儿女的生成中,是父亲提供灵魂或最内在的生命容器,以及一种内在的遗传,母亲则提供灵魂用来形成身体的所有物质,再加上一种外在的遗传。在这个过程中,灵魂通过父亲来自主,而不是来自父亲,因为所有的生命都来自主。 聪明的人称主为他的父亲,称教会为他的母亲,因为他内心的爱来自主,但通过教会所教导的真理得到了形式和实际。那些因此而生出的东西,就是一个人属灵的 "儿女"。 在新约中,当谈到耶稣和天父的时候,指的是外在的表现,里面有神圣的本身作为灵魂。因为耶稣是由一个天然的母亲所生,所以他有一个天然的身体和天然的犹太人的遗传。在他的一生中,当他受到地狱的诱惑时,他慢慢地把他从母亲那里得来的一切,换成了他自己里面的东西,即天父。这样做,他使自己与他内心的父合而为一,所以他可以真正地说:"我和我的父是一体的"。


In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

兒子
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

女兒
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

女兒們
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

名字
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

祭司
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

我們
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

兄弟
"兄弟 "在《圣经》中有两种用法,在现代语言中仍有体现。一种是指实际的血缘关系;另一种是以 "人的兄弟关系 "的方式,更广泛地指共同性。 第二种用法在圣经中是一致的,意思是指那些活在行善的爱中的人。这可以是不同层次的,从简单的顺服的喜乐,到服侍别人的慈善之爱,再到主自己的崇高之爱。但在这些爱中都是兄弟。 启示录解释》,第746页。 "这样的人之所以被称为弟兄,是因为他们都有一位父亲,即主;那些在爱主的好处上,在对邻舍的仁爱上,都是主的儿子。(S)既然是一位父亲的儿子,他们也是弟兄。而且,主父的大诫命,就是要他们彼此相爱,因此,是爱使他们成为弟兄......" 有血缘关系的兄弟,情况就比较复杂,其意义更多的是受兄弟的身份和故事背景的影响。一般来说,它们反映了行善的愿望和对如何行善的理解之间可能存在的统一。该隐和亚伯以及几对双胞胎都是如此。雅各布和以扫、犹大的儿子撒拉和法勒斯、约瑟的儿子以法莲和玛拿西;在每一个案例中,一个代表了行善的愿望,另一个代表了对真理的理解。 因为这种善与真的兄弟情谊,兄弟可以根据上下文的不同,代表任何一种。事实上,约瑟的兄弟们的意义在他的故事中不断变化,因为他们代表了犹太信仰的先驱的精神衰落和重生。...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

中間
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

約旦
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

約旦河
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...


Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

示劍
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

以法蓮
以法莲是约瑟在埃及所生的第二个儿子,和他的哥哥玛拿西一起,被雅各提升到和约瑟的兄弟们一样的地位。因此,当以色列各支派被命名时,以法莲和玛拿西与他们的叔父--流便、西缅、利未、犹大、但、拿弗他利、迦得、亚设、以萨迦、西布伦和便雅悯--一起被列为族长,但约瑟却没有。 根据瑞典堡的说法,以法莲代表教会的智力方面,即探索和理解真实的部分--特别是可以从圣经中得出的真实想法。同时,玛拿西代表了教会的情感方面,即感受、爱和关心的部分。 这就演变成以法莲一生中最著名的故事。雅各老了,快死的时候,约瑟带着他的两个儿子来受祝福。他把玛拿西作为长子送给雅各的右手,把以法莲送给雅各的左手。但雅各双手交叉,把主要的祝福给了以法莲。 按照瑞典堡的说法,玛拿西是长子,因为归根结底,我们所爱的东西使我们成为我们自己,我们的爱形成了我们的生命。所以,我们的爱是我们人类存在的最核心、最主要的方面,我们的智力是次要的角色。但是随着我们的发展,我们需要扭转这些。我们可以用我们的智力去理解什么是好的、正确的,并强迫自己去做,即使我们的欲望是为了自私的东西。如果我们出于跟随主、做好人的决心而坚持这样做,主最终会把我们心中的私心去除,让我们真正爱上善的东西。主让雅各在玛拿西之上祝福以法莲,就是在告诉我们,我们要追求属灵的旅程,必须把智慧放在第一位。


"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...


A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.


In the Word, 'the south' or 'midday' means a state of light, which is a state of intelligence produced by truths, thus also an interior...


In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...


'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...


The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...


在圣经时代,特别是旧约时代,许多人都是游牧民族,他们住在帐篷里,可以快速地打点、移动和重新搭建。当然,还有一些人住在房子里,一般是用石头和木头做的,相当永久。介于这两者之间的是更大、更精致的帐篷式结构,称为帐棚或住所;摩西为约柜所建的帐棚就是以这种模式为基础。 那么,"住 "在某个地方,意义重大--它比单纯的参观要多得多--但却不如住在那里永久。而事实上,在《圣经》中,住在某处,代表着进入那种属灵的状态,并与之交往,但不一定是永久的。 同时,"住处 "代表着激发居住在其中的人的各种爱,从最邪恶的--例如以赛亚书第9章中的 "那些住在死亡阴影里的人"--到会幕本身的崇高状态,会幕是作为主的住处而建造的,代表着天堂的所有细节。

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

約瑟
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...


He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...


Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...


'Hills' signify the good of charity.

森林
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

樹木
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...


Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...


Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...


'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...


The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

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