約書亞記 13

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1 還未攻取之地約書亞老了,年紀不小;耶和華對他:“你已經老了,年紀不小;還有很多的地有待征服。

2 還剩下來的地,就是非利士人的全境和基述人的全地,

3 埃及東面的西曷河,向北直到以革倫的境界(這都算是迦南人的地方),由非利士人的首領管轄的迦薩人、亞實突人、亞實基倫人、迦特人、以革倫人的地方;並且有亞衛人,

4 他們是在南方,以及迦南人全境和屬西頓人的米亞拉,直到亞弗和亞摩利人的境界;

5 還有迦巴勒人的地和東面的黎巴嫩全境,從黑門的巴力.迦得,直到哈馬口;

6 黎巴嫩直到米斯利弗.瑪音,所有地的居民,就是所有的西頓人,我必在以色列人面前把他們趕出去。你只要照著我吩咐你的,把這地抽籤分給以色列人作產業。

7 現在你要把這地分給個支派和瑪拿西個支派作產業。”

8 兩個半支派在河東的分地瑪拿西另半個支派,跟流本人和迦得人,已經得了摩西約旦河東賜他們的產業,是照著耶和華的僕人摩西他們的,

9 就是從亞嫩谷邊的亞羅珥和谷中間的城,以及米底巴的整片平原,直到底本;

10 還有在希實本作的亞摩利人的西宏所有的城,直到亞捫人的境界;

11 又有基列地、基述人和瑪迦人的境界,以及整個黑門、巴珊全地,直到撒迦;

12 另有巴珊王噩的全國,他在亞斯他錄和以得來作王;他是利乏音人留下的餘民。這些地方的人,摩西都把他們擊殺了,趕走了。

13 以色列人卻沒有趕走基述人和瑪迦人;因此,基述人和瑪迦人以色列人中間,直到今日。

14 只有利未支派,摩西沒有把產業他們;他們的產業就是獻耶和華以色列的的火祭,正如耶和華對他們所的。

15 流本支派的分地摩西按著流本支派的家族,把產業了他們。

16 他們的境界是從亞嫩谷邊的亞羅珥起,包括谷中間的城、靠近米底巴的整片平原、

17 希實本和平原上屬希實本所有的城、底本、巴末.巴力、伯.巴力.勉、

18 雅雜、基底莫、米法押、

19 基列亭、西比瑪、地上的細列哈.沙轄、

20 伯.毗珥、毗斯迦山坡、伯.耶西末、

21 平原上所有的城和亞摩利人的西宏的全國。這西宏曾經在希實本作摩西把他和米甸的首領以未、利金、蘇珥、戶珥和利巴都擊殺了。這些都是西宏的侯,在那地。

22 以色列人的人中,比珥的兒子占卜者巴蘭也被他們用刀所

23 流本人領土的疆界是約旦河,這就是流本人按著家族得著的產業所包括的眾城,和屬於這些城的村莊

24 迦得支派的分地摩西按著迦得支派的家族把產業分迦得支派。

25 他們的境界包括雅謝和基列所有的城,以及亞捫人的一土地,直到拉巴前面的亞羅珥;

26 從希實本直到拉抹.米斯巴和比多寧,又從瑪哈念直到底璧的境界;

27 還有在中的伯.亞蘭、伯.寧拉、疏割、撒分,就是希實本西宏國中的餘地,以約旦河作疆界,直到基尼烈的底端,都在約旦河東。

28 這就是迦得人按著家族得著的產業所包括的城,和屬於這些城的村莊

29 瑪拿西支派的分地摩西把產業分瑪拿西個支派,是按著瑪拿西個支派的家族分他們的。

30 他們的境界是從瑪哈念起,包括巴珊全地、巴珊噩的全國,並且在巴珊的睚珥的所有村落,共六十座城,

31 還有基列的一和亞斯他錄、以得來,就是在巴珊,噩的王國的兩座城,都是按著家族分給瑪拿西兒子瑪吉的孫子,就是分給瑪吉的一孫子。

32 以上這些地方是摩西約旦河東,耶利哥對面的摩押平原所分配的產業。

33 可是利未支派,摩西卻沒有把產業分他們,因為耶和華以色列的就是他們的產業,正如耶和華對他們所的。

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 3858, 3862

Apocalypse Explained 434


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 4117

Apocalypse Revealed 114, 352


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 140, 405, 435, 440, 447, 654

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Významy biblických slov

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

非利士人
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

埃及
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

向北
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...


'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...


Five also signifies all things of one part.

黎巴嫩
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.


'Hills' signify the good of charity.


Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


'Nine' signifies conjunction.

瑪拿西
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.


Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

約旦河
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

約旦
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

耶和華的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

僕人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

中間
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...


Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。


Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

米甸
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.


'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

兒子
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

巴蘭
The Children of Israel entered the country of Moab during their long journey from Egypt toward the land of Canaan. Moab's king, Balak, was afraid...

村莊
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

土地
圣经中的“地球”可以表示一个人或一群志同道合的人,就像在教堂里一样。但是它专门指的是人的思想外部或群体的一般思想。如果天堂和大地同时被提及,那么心灵的内在和外在都是有意思的-阅读创作故事时要注意的事情。 “地球”是一个通用词,可以看作是其他特定词(如地面,田野或花园)的容器。当他们从圣经中学习真理,思考问题并试图将其应用于生活中时,这些都意味着一个升序的人。该系列作品代表了成为美好和明智的方式。 “地球”和“地面”是可以双向使用的术语,例如在撒种的寓言中(马太福音13:4-8)既有好的地面又有坏的地面,但是“田野”和“花园”是指头脑正在向美好的方向再生。 在《启示录》中,“地球”一词既被用作地面,因为我们以其自然意义使用它,也被用作群体的意义。本书中的动作发生在精神世界的中部地区,人们首先去过那里,他们被整理了出来。那里既有邪恶的人,也有善良的人,有时在教堂的尽头,邪恶会在做出伟大的判断之前产生巨大的影响。这种精神境界的水平被称为“地球”,巨龙被降落在该“地球”上(启12:9),而星辰掉落在其上(启12:4)。吞没巨龙洪水的“地球”是指教会中那些仍然诚恳的人,他们轻视巨龙的虚假洪水(启12:15)。

拉巴
Rabbath


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

六十
'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth.

耶利哥
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

摩押
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

平原
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

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