創世記 4

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1 該隱和亞伯亞當和他的妻子夏娃同房,夏娃就懷孕,生了該隱,就:“藉著耶和華的幫助,我得了一個兒。”

2 她又生了該隱的弟弟亞伯亞伯是牧的,該隱是種地的。

3 一天該隱把地裡的出產拿,當作禮物獻給耶和華

4 亞伯也把自己羊群中一些頭生的,和的脂油拿獻上。耶和華看中了亞伯和他的禮物

5 只是沒有看中該隱和他的禮物該隱就非常忿怒,垂頭喪氣。

6 耶和華該隱:“你為甚麼忿怒呢?你為甚麼垂頭喪氣呢?

7 你若行得好,豈不可以抬起頭來嗎?你若行得不好,就伏在口了;它要纏住你,你卻要制伏它。”

8 該隱對他的弟弟亞伯:“我們到田間去吧。”他們正在田間的時候,該隱起來襲擊他的弟弟亞伯,把他了。

9 耶和華該隱:“你的弟弟亞伯在哪裡?”他回答:“我不知道;難道我是看守我弟弟的嗎?”

10 耶和華:“你作了甚麼事呢?你弟弟的血有聲音從地裡向我呼叫。

11 開了,從你裡接受了你弟弟的血,現在你要從這地受咒詛。

12 你種地,地也不再你效力;你必在地上流離失所。”

13 該隱耶和華:“我的刑罰太重,過於我所能擔當。

14 看哪,今日你趕逐我離開這地,以致我要躲避你的面;我必在地上流離失所,遇見我的,都要我。”

15 耶和華該隱:“絕不會這樣,該隱的,必遭報七倍。”耶和華就給該隱立了一個記號,免得遇見他的人擊他。

16 於是該隱耶和華面前出去,在伊甸東邊的挪得地。

17 該隱的後代該隱妻子同房,她就懷孕,生了以諾該隱建造了一座城,就按著他兒子的名,給那城以諾

18 以諾生以拿,以拿生米戶雅利,米戶雅利生瑪土撒利,瑪土撒利生拉麥。

19 拉麥娶了兩個妻子個名叫亞大,另個名叫洗拉。

20 亞大生雅八,雅八就是居住帳棚、牧養牲畜的人的鼻祖。

21 雅八的兄弟名叫猶八;猶八是所有彈琴吹簫的人的鼻祖。

22 洗拉也生了土八.該隱,就是打造各種銅器具的匠人;土八.該隱的妹妹是拿瑪。

23 拉麥對他的兩個妻子:“亞大和洗拉,要我的聲音;拉麥的妻子,聆我的話:壯年傷我,我必他;青年損我,我必害他;

24 人若殺該隱,要遭報七倍;人若殺拉麥,必遭報十個七倍!”

25 塞特和以挪士亞當又和妻子同房,她就生了一個兒子,給他起名塞特,因為她:“給我立了另一個後裔代替亞伯,因為該隱了他。”

26 塞特也生了一個兒子,就給他起名以挪士。那時人才開始呼求耶和華的名。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 創世記 4      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 324. Doctrines separated from the church, or heresies, are here treated of; and a new church that was afterwards raised up, called "Enosh."

AC 325. The Most Ancient Church had faith in the Lord through love; but there arose some who separated faith from love. The doctrine of faith separated from love was called "Cain;" and charity, which is love toward the neighbor, was called "Abel" (verses 1, 2).

AC 326. The worship of each is described, that of faith separated from love, by the "offering of Cain;" and that of charity, by the "offering of Abel" (verses 3, 4). That worship from charity was acceptable, but not worship from separated faith (verses 4, 5).

AC 327. That the state of those who were of separated faith became evil, is described by Cain‘s "anger being kindled, and his countenance falling" (verses 5, 6).

AC 328. And that the quality of the faith is known from the charity; and that charity wishes to be with faith, if faith is not made the principal, and is not exalted above charity (verse 7).

AC 329. That charity was extinguished in those who separated faith, and set it before charity, is described by Cain slaying his brother Abel" (verses 8, 9).

AC 330. Charity extinguished is called the "voice of bloods" (verse 10); perverted doctrine, the "curse from the ground" (verse 11); the falsity and evil originating thence, the "fugitive and wanderer in the earth" (verse 12). And as they had averted themselves from the Lord, they were in danger of eternal death (verses 13, 14). But as it was through faith that charity would afterwards be implanted, faith was made inviolable, and this is signified by the "mark set upon Cain" (verse 15). And its removal from its former position is denoted by "Cain dwelling toward the east of Eden" (verse 16).

AC 331. The amplification of this heresy is called "Enoch" (verse 17).

AC 332. The heresies that sprang from this one are also called by their names, in the last of which, called "Lamech," there was nothing of faith remaining (verse 18).

AC 333. A new church then arose, which is meant by "Adah and Zillah," and is described by their sons "Jabal," Jubal," and "Tubal-Cain;" the celestial things of the church by "Jabal," the spiritual by "Jubal," and the natural by "Tubal-Cain" (verses 19-22).

AC 334. That this church arose when everything of faith and charity was extinguished, and had violence done to it, which was in the highest degree sacrilegious, is described (verses 23, 24).

AC 335. A summary of the subject is given: that after faith, signified by "Cain," had extinguished charity, a new faith was given by the Lord, whereby charity was implanted. This faith is called "Seth" (verse 25).

AC 336. The charity implanted by faith is called "Enosh," or another "man" (homo), which is the name of that church (verse 26).

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