創世記 18

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1 亞伯拉罕接待使耶和華在幔利橡樹那裡,向亞伯拉罕顯現。那時,是一天中最熱的時候,亞伯拉罕正在帳棚口;

2 他舉目觀,忽然個人在他對面站著;亞伯拉罕見了,就從帳棚口跑去迎接他們,俯伏在地,

3 :“我啊,我若在你眼前蒙恩,求你不要離開你的僕人

4 讓我叫人拿點來,你們可以,然後在歇一歇。

5 讓我拿點餅來給你們吃,使你們可以恢復精力,然再走,因為你們既然到了僕人這裡來,就應該這樣。”他們:“就照著你所的去作。”

6 亞伯拉罕進帳棚,到撒拉那裡,:“你斗細麵調和,作些餅。”

7 亞伯拉罕又跑到牛群裡,牽了一頭又嫩又的牛犢,交僕人;僕人就趕去預備。

8 亞伯拉罕又拿了乳酪、奶和預備好的牛犢肉來,擺在他們面前。他們的時候,亞伯拉罕在侍候他們。

9 應許撒拉生子他們問亞伯拉罕:“你的妻子撒拉在哪裡?”他回答:“在帳棚裡。”

10 其中一位:“到明年這個時候,我必回到你這裡來。那時,你的妻子撒拉必生一個兒子。”撒拉在那人面的帳棚口,也見了這話。

11 當時,亞伯拉罕和撒拉都老了,撒拉的月經也停止了。

12 撒拉心裡暗笑,:“現在我已經衰老了,我的丈夫也老了,我還有房事的樂趣嗎?”

13 耶和華亞伯拉罕:“撒拉為甚麼暗笑:‘我已經老了,真的還能生育嗎?’

14 耶和華豈有難成的事嗎?到明年這個時候,我要回到你這裡來,那時,撒拉必生一個兒子。”

15 撒拉害怕起來,就否認,:“我沒有笑。”但那位:“不,你實在笑了。”

16 三人就從那裡起身,向著所多瑪觀望。亞伯拉罕與他們同行,要送他們一程。

17 耶和華:“我要作的事,豈可瞞著亞伯拉罕呢?

18 亞伯拉罕必要成為強興盛的國,地上的萬國,都必因他得福。

19 我揀選了他,是要他吩咐子孫,和他的家屬,遵守我耶和華的道,秉公行,好叫我耶和華應許亞伯拉罕的話都可實現。”

20 神要毀滅所多瑪和蛾摩拉耶和華:“控告所多瑪和蛾摩拉的聲音甚大,他們的惡極重。

21 我現在要去,他們所行的,是不是全像那聲聞於我的控告;如果不是,我也會知道的。”

22 亞伯拉罕所多瑪祈求其中二人從那裡動身,向所多瑪走去,亞伯拉罕卻仍然站在耶和華面前。

23 亞伯拉罕上前:“你真的要把人和惡人一同除滅嗎?

24 假如城中有五十人,你還真的要除滅那地方,不為城裡的五十人而赦免那地方嗎?

25 你絕不會作這樣的事:把人與惡人一同殺,把人和惡人一樣看待,你絕不會這樣!審判全地的主,豈可不行公嗎?”

26 耶和華:“我若在所多瑪城中五十人,我就因他們的緣故,赦免那地方所有的人。”

27 亞伯拉罕回答:“我雖然是灰塵,還大膽地對我主說話

28 假如這五十人中缺少了個,你會因為缺少了個就毀滅全城嗎?”他:“我若在那裡到四十五個,我也不會毀滅那城。”

29 亞伯拉罕再問他:“假如在那裡四十個呢?”他回答:“我因這四十個的緣故,也不這樣作。”

30 亞伯拉罕:“請我主不要動怒,容我再問:‘假如在那裡三十個呢?’”他回答:“我若在那裡三十個,也不這樣作。”

31 亞伯拉罕:“我再大膽地對我主,假如在那裡二十個呢?”他回答:“我因這二十個的緣故,也不毀滅那城。”

32 亞伯拉罕:“請我主不要動怒,容我問這最後的一次,假如在那裡個呢?”他回答:“我因這個的緣故,也不毀滅那城。”

33 耶和華亞伯拉罕說完了話,就走了;亞伯拉罕也回到自己的地方去了。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 創世記 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.