但以理書 2

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1 巴比倫王忘記自己的夢尼布甲尼撒在位第二年,他作了夢,因此心裡煩亂,不能入睡。

2 於是吩咐人把術士、用法術的、行邪術的和迦勒底人都召,要他們把的夢告訴。他們來了,站在面前。

3 對他們:“我作了一個夢,心裡煩亂,我要知道這是甚麼夢。”

4 迦勒底人用亞蘭話對:“願萬歲!請把那夢告訴僕人,我們好解釋夢的意思。”

5 王回答迦勒底人:“我已經定旨:如果你們不把那夢和夢的意思向我明,就必被碎屍萬段,你們的家必成為廢墟。

6 如果你們能把那夢和夢的意思向我解釋,就必從我這裡得禮物、獎賞和大尊榮,所以你們要把夢和夢的意思向我解釋。”

7 他們第二次回答王:“請王把夢告訴僕人,我們好解釋夢的意思。”

8 王回答:“我清楚知道你們企圖拖延時間,因為你們看出我已經定旨。

9 如果你們不把那夢向我明,只有一個辦法對付你們。你們串通在我面前胡言亂語,希望時勢有所改變。你們現在要把夢告訴我,好使我知道你們真能把夢的意思向我解釋。”

10 迦勒底人無法出王的夢迦勒底人在王面前回答:“世上沒有人能把王所問的事出來,因為從來沒有一個偉大和有權勢的君王向術士、用法術的和迦勒底人詢問過這樣的事。

11 王所問的事很難答,除了那不和世人同住的神明以外,沒有人能在王面前把這事說出來。”

12 因此,王大發烈怒,下令殺絕巴比倫所有的智慧人。

13 於是王的御旨發出,要把智慧人都殺死;人就尋找但以理和他的同伴,要殺死他們。

14 但以理求王寬限那時,王的護衛長亞略出來,要殺死巴比倫的智慧人,但以理就婉轉機敏地向他詢問;

15 但以理對王的護衛長亞略:“王的命令為甚麼這樣嚴厲呢?”亞略就把這事告訴但以理。

16 但以理就進去,求王寬限,使他可以把那夢的意思為王解釋

17 神把夢的意義指示但以理但以理回到自己的家裡,把這事告訴他的同伴哈拿尼雅、米沙利和亞撒利雅,

18 要他們為這隱祕的事祈求上的神憐憫,免得但以理和他的同伴與巴比倫其餘的智慧人一同滅亡。

19 於是這隱祕的事在夜間的異象中給但以理顯明了。但以理就稱頌天上的神。

20 但以理:“願神的名得稱頌,從永遠直到永遠,因為智慧和能力都是屬他的。

21 他改變時間、季節;他廢王、立王;他賜智慧給智慧人,賜知識給聰明人。

22 他顯明深奧和隱密的事,他洞悉暗中的一切,因為光明與他同住。

23 我列祖的神啊!我感謝你,讚美你!你把智慧和能力賜了給我;我們向你所求的,現在你已向我顯明,把王的事告訴了我們。”

24 但以理入宮見王於是但以理進去見亞略,就是王委派去殺絕巴比倫的智慧人的,對他這樣:“不要殺絕巴比倫的智慧人;請把我帶到王面前,我要把夢的意思向王解釋。”

25 亞略就急忙把但以理帶到王面前,對王這樣:“我在被擄的猶大人中找到一個能把夢的意思向王明的人。”

26 王問稱為伯提沙撒的但以理:“你能向我明我所見的夢和夢的意思嗎?”

27 但以理在王面前回答:“王所問的那隱祕的事,沒有智慧人、用法術的、術士和占星家能向王解釋;

28 只有一位在天上的神能把一切隱祕的事顯明;他已經把日後將要發生的事告訴你尼布甲尼撒王了。你的夢和你躺在床上時腦海中出現的異象就是這樣:

29 王啊!你躺在床上時,想到日後將要發生的事,那顯明隱祕事的神就把將要發生的事向你說明了。

30 現在這隱祕的事向我顯明,並不是因為我的智慧勝過所有的人,而是要使王知道夢的意思和你心想明白的事。

31 復述夢境“王啊!你正在觀看,看見有一座大像,那像甚,非常光耀,豎立在你面前,樣貌十分可怕。

32 這像的頭是純金的,胸膛和手臂是銀的,腹和腰是銅的,

33 腿是鐵的,腳是鐵和泥混雜的。

34 你正觀看的時候,有一塊非人手鑿成的石頭,擊在那座大像鐵和泥混雜的腳上,把腳砸碎了。

35 於是鐵、泥、銅、銀、金都一同砸得粉碎,好像夏天禾場上的糠秕,被風吹散,無處可尋;那打碎這像的石頭卻變成一座大山,充滿全地。

36 詳解夢義“這就是那夢,現在我們要在王面前講解那夢的意思。

37 王啊!你是萬王之王,天上的神已經把國度、權柄、能力和尊榮都賜給你;

38 也把散居在各處的世人、田野的走獸和空中的飛鳥,都交在你手裡,使你管理這一切。你就是那金頭。

39 在你以後,另一國將興起,不及於你。後有第國,就是那銅的,要統治全地。

40 還有第四國,堅強如鐵,因為鐵能砸碎擊破萬物;鐵怎樣壓碎一切,那國也要照樣砸碎一切。

41 正如你看見那像的腳和腳趾是窯匠的泥和鐵混雜的,那國也必分裂;正如你看見鐵和陶泥混合在一起,那國也必有鐵的堅硬。

42 那些腳趾是鐵和泥混雜的,那國也必是部分堅強,部分脆弱。

43 你怎樣看見鐵和陶泥混合在一起,那國的人也必和列國的人通婚混雜,卻不能彼此聯合,正如鐵和泥不能混雜一樣。

44 那些王在位的時候,天上的神必興起另一個永不滅亡的國,國權必不歸給別族的人。這國必砸碎毀滅其他各國;並且這國必存到永遠

45 正如你看見那塊從山而出,非人手鑿成的石頭,把鐵、銅、泥、銀和金都砸碎了,偉大的神已把日後必有的結局都告訴王了。這夢是確實的,夢的意思也是準確的。”

46 王高抬並重賞但以理尼布甲尼撒王俯伏在地,向但以理下拜,又下令向但以理獻上供物和香品。

47 王對但以理:“你們的神真是萬神之神,萬王之王,又是顯明隱祕事的,因為你能把這隱祕的事顯明出來。”

48 於是王提升但以理,賜他許多貴重的禮物,使他管理巴比倫全省,又立他為總長,管理巴比倫所有的智慧人。

49 但以理求王,王就委派沙得拉、米煞、亞伯尼歌管理巴比倫省的政務;但以理卻在朝中侍立。

  
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Daniel Interprets Nebuchadnezzar's Dream      

Napsal(a) Rev. Dr. Andrew M. T. Dibb

In the second chapter of the Book of Daniel, Nebuchadnezzar, the King of Babylon has a dream that troubles him. Daniel, inspired by God, is the only person who is able to interpret it. It's a powerful story in the literal sense, and its spiritual sense goes deep; it describes a step that we each need to take if we want to make spiritual progress.

The literal text sets the story in the "second year", which refers to a state of conflict that comes before regeneration. Generally, "two" means a union, and specifically the marriage of good and truth. But in this story, the marriage is between evil and falsity. Nebuchadnezzar is still on the throne of Babylon: the falsities from selfish love seek to establish dominion over every sphere of life.

So, in the second year, "Nebuchadnezzar had dreams; and his spirit was so troubled that his sleep left him." Dreams are one of the ways the Lord revealed the Word to the ancients. It is not surprising to find Nebuchadnezzar greatly disturbed by a dream, to the point that "his sleep left him." Sleep, when dreams occur, depicts a state of obscurity. In Nebuchadnezzar's case, the obscurity arose because he represents false thoughts resulting from a selfish lust for power. Selfishness obscures the truth because it makes it impossible to focus outside of the self.

Nebuchadnezzar represents falsity from selfishness and the desire to dominate and control others. When this is in charge, people become manipulative, insisting that everything serve their own ends. They are willing to twist any truth, even destroy it, to justify their actions. The danger in this state is its attraction; it can invade the mind and establish an empire.

This is our state before regeneration. However, Divine Providence mandates that in order to remove this, we must become conscious of our Nebuchadnezzar states. This may be difficult because reflection requires perspective, which starts out obscured — asleep. Nebuchadnezzar, unable to remember or interpret his dream, commanded his magicians, astrologers, sorcerers and Chaldeans to ease his mind.

When the wise men were unable, the king began killing them. In the internal sense, "to kill," means to turn truths into falsities. Daniel and his companions were to be included in the slaughter, but they were different from the other wise men, who represented falsity based on abuse or misuse of truth grounded in selfishness. Daniel and his friends served the Lord.

Daniel's name had been changed to 'Belteshazzar,' symbolizing the perversion of truth by love of self. Yet in this verse, they sought 'Daniel' and his companions to kill them. This shows a human quality hidden from daily life. If Nebuchadnezzar represents blind selfishness, to save us, the Lord must keep truth hidden from the flow of selfish thought. When his hidden name is used, Daniel represents this hidden thought, protected and ready for use against selfishness.

In chapter one, Daniel rejects Nebuchadnezzar by refusing to eat his food. Once again, he stands against the king who reveals his evil in his willingness to kill when displeased. Nebuchadnezzar is the epitome of self-worship, Daniel is the true worshiper of the Lord.

Daniel and his friends sought "mercies from the God of heaven concerning this secret." Despite their position as 'wise men,' they humbled themselves to the Lord. This is a picture of the submission necessary for conscience to direct the unruly external self.

Daniel was given insight into the fallen human, the decline caused by selfishness. People faced with these insights often run and hide. Yet without self-knowledge, people cannot make any spiritual progress. By blessing the Lord, Daniel recognizes that only His divine power can help people put evils into order. Without this, spiritual life is over.

This gratitude embodies a New Church principle: all goodness and truth are from the Lord alone. Any insight people have into the nature of evils must come from the Him. Evil is blind to itself, but truth shows it for what it is. By thanking the Lord for insight, people can face their evils.

Before he can be killed, Daniel requests an audience with the king. Outward behaviors can be aligned with good or evil, and so Arioch, captain of the guard, acts on Daniel's request in spite of Nebuchadnezzar's orders. His words to the king show how useful things can ally themselves to the truth. So Arioch advocates for Daniel.

In his entreaty, Arioch emphasizes Daniel's heritage: "a man of the captives of Judah." This may have cast the king's mind back to his campaign in Judah, or even to the young man prepared for his service, filled with wisdom and glowing with physical health. In the internal sense, 'Judah' represents the church with a person, initially through truths. So Arioch identifies Daniel as truth from the Word. Nebuchadnezzar knew Daniel by his Babylonian name of Belteshazzar: when people in falsity are presented with truth, they view it as mere information for their own use. This is why an adulterer sees no difference between adultery and marriage, or a liar no distinction between truth and falsity.

Daniel is the conscience, which can be thought of as guilt or sorrow for actions. But at it's core, conscience is guidance by the truths of the Word. For truths to guide us, we must recognize their Divine authority and origin: none of the wise men, astrologers, magicians, or soothsayers could tell and interpret the king's dream.

In the sense of the letter, Daniel could begin because he established that the dream was from God, and thus interpreted by God. Daniel was simply a mouthpiece. For us, the self-awareness needed to move us from selfishness to charity comes from the Lord. Only He can direct our lives, but leaves us in freedom to accept that direction or not.

Daniel described Nebuchadnezzar's dream: the great image, with a head of gold, chest and arms of silver, belly and thighs of bronze, legs of iron, and feet partly of iron and partly of clay. Even in the literal sense of the story one sees the steady decline from precious to base to valueless.

Many scholars describe this dream in political terms. They claim it describes successive nations or rulers in the earth, from the Babylonians, to the Greeks, the Romans, and so on. However, the Word deals with spiritual, not worldly things. In one sense, this dream speaks of the different spiritual eras that have existed in this world. This is called the "internal historical" sense. On this level, Nebuchadnezzar's dream describes the rise and fall of the ancient churches to the present. This exposition focuses on a deeper level: the regenerative series, or how the Word tells of each individual's spiritual life.

Nebuchadnezzar's dream symbolizes allowing selfishness to dictate our thoughts and beliefs. Babylon is a state of great selfishness, the opposite of loving the Lord. This is the origin of all evils, going hand in hand with falsity, which twists and perverts the truth, making it a slave to our desires. The dream describes how this state gains mastery of the human mind. It begins before selfishness gains a toehold in our thoughts, and ends in the destruction of our very humanity.

The vision begins with the head because it is the highest part of a human being. But the key to this head is that it is gold, symbolizing love to the Lord. The chest and arms are physically lower than the head, and silver is less valuable than gold. The chest and arms represent the rational parts of the mind. Silver represents truths derived from the goodness within. This change from loving the Lord to thinking from truth marks a change in focus: good embraces all, opening us up to each other in a life of mutual love and charity. Truth, on the other hand, is more open to abuse: ideas of truth have been the cause of many wars and conflicts. Truth is used to hurt as often as to nurture goodness. It is a double edged sword.

At the next level, the decline becomes more obvious: from the head to the chest to the belly and thighs – half way down the body. From gold to silver to bronze, precious metal turns to base. The belly and thighs normally depict the good of loving the Lord and the neighbor, called charity. Here, however, it is twisted into the opposite sense: disregard for others, and one's own interpretation of truth. To the person in this state, these things appear good. So the belly and thighs were made of bronze, an alloy that can be polished until it gleams like gold, but it is not, nor ever can be transmuted.

So we are brought to the lower parts of the body: the legs of iron. In place of truth, falsity takes charge. This is depicted by the iron, which merely looks like silver. The legs are followed by the outer extreme of spiritual life: the feet. The feet are the lowest part of our body. Feet correspond to the outmost of our lives, which should be the expression of the Lord's goodness and truth through us. Instead, the feet of the statue are a weak spot: a mixture of iron and clay. In this image, we see the entire devolution of selfishness – carried into our very action – a life devoid of real goodness or truth, only a false image.

At the climax of the dream, a stone strikes the image and breaks it to pieces. This shows us our true character and the power of truth to bring us back from the brink of disaster. The stone was cut without hands: it is not of human origin. Here the Divine truth contrasts with the king’s practice of consulting his wise men and magicians, who represent selfish human thought. Divine truth leads to all goodness when used the way the Lord intends. Detached from human rationalizing, the truth liberates.

This freedom is the new vision of truth: the stone grows into a mountain. "A mountain" symbolizes love – a new love from truth, that replaces the selfishness and the desire for control. The mountain filling the earth symbolizes the way this new truth and love become the center and focus of our lives. We are created anew by the Lord's truth.

Having described the dream in great detail, Daniel then explains its meaning. He begins with what seems like an affirmation of Nebuchadnezzar; the Lord gave us our love of self! He ordained that we should feel life as our own and have no sense of His life flowing into us. This allows us to act according to our reason, and respond to the Lord in freedom. Selfishness is the abuse of this gift from the Lord, and the kingdom changes its meaning from truth to falsity.

Nebuchadnezzar clearly confuses Daniel with the Lord, and ascribes the power to interpret dreams to him. But the reality of selfishness becomes clear when contrasted with the ideals of conscience. If selfishness cannot reflect upon itself, it needs to be confronted with truth – and truth shows the true nature of evil and convicts it.

Nebuchadnezzar promoted Daniel and his three friends to positions of power. He recognized their God as the God of gods, the Lord of kings. But he continues to recognize the previous gods who served Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar may have elevated the Lord above Marduk, the Babylonian god, but he was neither willing nor prepared to jettison his customary deity.

Spiritual life must begin somewhere, and this interaction between Nebuchadnezzar and Daniel symbolizes the beginning. There is still a great distance to travel before we are truly born again. The old selfish side will reassert itself, new arguments and battles will rage. Yet the promise of Nebuchadnezzar's dream is still with us.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 173


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 426, 1298, 1326, 1361, 1422, 1551, 1837, ...

揭秘启示录 211, 538, 567, 664, 717, 775, 781, ...

Conjugial Love 73, 78, 79, 81

Divine Providence 328

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 42, 48

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 117

最后的审判 54

真实的基督教 156, 275, 609, 625, 754, 761, 788


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 70, 176, 237, 411, 577, 650, 662, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 2, 37

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 37

Skočit na podobné biblické verše

創世記 40:8, 12, 18, 41:8, 14, 26, 28, 41, 43

出埃及記 7:11

民數記 12:6

如申命记 10:17, 29:28

約書亞記 22:22

撒母耳記上 6:2

撒母耳記下 7:13, 16

列王纪上 1:31

列王纪下 5:15

历代志上 29:10

以斯拉记 1:2, 6:11

尼希米记 9:5

以斯帖记 1:13, 3:2

約伯記 12:13, 18, 22

詩篇 2:6, 9, 96:4, 113:2, 136:26, 139:12, 147:5

箴言 2:6, 16:14

传道书 8:1

以賽亞書 28:16, 36:11, 47:12, 13

耶利米書 25:1, 27:5, 6, 33:3

以西結書 26:7

但以理書 1:6, 17, 2:6, 31, 36, 37, 48, 3:1, 9, 12, 29, 30, 4:2, 3, 4, 6, 14, 18, 19, 22, 5:7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 16, 18, 28, 6:7, 27, 7:4, 5, 6, 7, 13, 14, 15, 23, ...

哈該書 2:22

馬太福音 3:2, 21:44

路加福音 1:33, 20:18

使徒行傳 3:12, 10:25, 14:13

羅馬書 11:33

提摩太前書 6:15, 16

希伯來書 12:27

雅各書 1:5

啟示錄 1, 11:15, 12:8, 17:14, 19:15

Významy biblických slov

第二
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

迦勒底人
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

迦勒底
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

告訴
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

來了
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

解釋
'Interpretations,' as in Genesis 40:22, signify prediction.


天堂是天上的和精神的东西。因此,它们是至高无上的东西,无论是天国还是地下世界的主国。这也指的是教会以及作为上帝王国或“教会”的每个人。因此,天堂表示与爱与慈善有关的所有事物,以及根植于其中的信仰,以及与内部崇拜有关的所有事物。它们以类似的方式表示与道的内在意义有关的所有事物。所有这些东西都是天堂,被称为“耶和华的宝座”。 如启示录21:1所述,“逝去的前天”象征着精神世界中那些仅在外在或表面上有好处的人们的社会。

永遠
It is hard for us to conceive this, but time does not exist in spiritual reality. Time is an aspect of physical reality that no...

我們
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

占星家
'Soothsayers' were people who studied natural magic.

尼布甲尼撒
Nebuchadnezzar was a powerful king of the Babylonian empire. His fiery furnace and his dreams of the great tree and of the great statue are...


'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.


The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

混合
'To mix' signifies falsifying truth and profaning it.

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

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Overview of a series of scripted lessons for the first six chapters of the book of Daniel. Suitable for Sunday schools, families and classrooms. Levels A, B and C provide materials for ages 3-14.
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