弥迦书 6

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1 责以色列人忘恩犯罪

2 啊!你们要耶和华的争辩。大地永久的根基啊!你们要,因为耶和华与他的子民争辩,和以色列争论。

3 我的子民啊,我向你作了什么呢?我在什么事上叫你厌烦呢?你可以回答我。

4 我曾经把你从埃及地领上来,把你从为奴之家赎出来;我也差派了摩西亚伦和米利暗在你前面行。

5 我的民哪!你们要追念,摩押巴勒图谋过什么,比珥的儿子巴兰又答应了他什么,以及你们从什亭到吉甲所发生的事,好使你们知道耶和华的作为。”

6 要求的不是外表的献祭我朝见耶和华,在至面前叩拜,当献上什么呢?我朝见他的时候,当献上燔祭,当献上一岁的犊吗?

7 耶和华喜悦的公,或是万万的吗?为我的过犯,我可以献上我的长子吗?为我的恶,献上我亲生的孩子吗?

8 世人哪!耶和华已经指示你什么是善,他向你所要的又是什么;无非是要你行公义,怜悯,谦虚谨慎与你的同行。

9 诡诈的行为必受惩罚啊!耶和华向这城呼叫,敬畏你的名就是智慧;支派和城里的会众啊!你们要

10 我怎能忘记恶人家中的不义之财,和那些可咒诅的小升斗呢?

11 用不义的天平,和袋中诈骗的法码的人,我怎能算他为清洁呢?

12 城里的财主充满了强暴,其中的居民假话;他们中的舌头是诡诈的。

13 因此我击打你,使你生病,因你的恶,使你荒凉。

14 你要,却不饱;因你的腹中常有疾病。你要怀孕,却不能生下来;你生下来的,我都要交

15 你要撒种,却不得收割,你要榨橄榄,却不得抹身;你要榨葡萄汁,却不得酒

16 你跟随了暗利的规例和亚哈一切所行的,顺从了他们的计谋;因此,我必使你荒凉,使你(“你”原文作“她”)的居民被嗤笑;你们也必担当我民的羞辱。



Exploring the Meaning of 弥迦书 6      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In Micah 6:1-4, the Lord speaks of all that He has done for Israel, getting them out of Egypt where they were slaves. In Micah 6:5, he relates how He protected them from Balak, king of Moab (in Numbers 22-24).

Then, in Micah 6:6-8, the Lord asks, rhetorically, how the people should worship Him: “With calves of a year old?” and then goes on with a reference to the idol Moloch, “shall I give my firstborn for my transgression?” Obviously these external acts do no good at all without internal repentance and a stopping of any transgressions.

Then He answers the question. Micah says, “He has told thee oh man, what is good,” and continues the stirring, familiar words; "do justly, love mercy, and walk humbly with thy God". 1

Micah 6:9 is about humility. It's a really important idea that started to be a problem for humankind all the way back in the story of the Garden of Eden. To eat of the tree of “the knowledge of good and evil” is to take to oneself the right/ability to decide which is which, and not listen to what God says about it. To walk “humbly” is to listen to God. That’s the meaning of “hear ye the rod and who has appointed it.”

Micah 6:10-11 points out that there is still some falsification with these people. The lean ephah is a cheating on the amount of liquid in a pitcher, and liquids refer to truth. Stones are used as weights to balance a scale that weighs out a purchase of food, and deceitful stones will cheat the buyer. Food means a form of good.

In Micah 6:12, 13, the rich mean people who, because they know a lot about natural things, believe they are also wise about spiritual things. 2 Here they are wicked and love the life of evil and falsity, nor can they be changed.

Then, in Micah 6:14-16, the chapter ends with a list of the problems such people will face. To eat, in the good sense, is to take in good. However, the gifts given by people who are immersed in evils and falsities turn out to be false gifts. People try to get things that will make them happy, but it doesn’t happen. Olives and their oil mean good, and grapes and their juice mean truth. 3

What are the laws of Omri? Omri was one of the wickeder kings of Israel, and Ahab was the wickedest king of all. To follow them means desolation and reproach.

In some ways, this chapter is a lot like many others in the books of the prophets. And yet, for centuries it has stood out, because it contains one of the Word's most powerful, concise, statements of how we should live: "Do justly, love mercy, and walk humbly with thy God."

-----
Footnotes:

1. See Arcana Coelestia 2895
2. See Heaven and Hell 365.
3. Regarding olives and olive oil, seeArcana Coelestia 986. For the signification of grapes their juice, Apocalypse Explained 918.

-----

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Exploring the Meaning of Micah 6      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In Micah 6:1-4, the Lord speaks of all that He has done for Israel, getting them out of Egypt where they were slaves. In Micah 6:5, he relates how He protected them from Balak, king of Moab (in Numbers 22-24).

Then, in Micah 6:6-8, the Lord asks, rhetorically, how the people should worship Him: “With calves of a year old?” and then goes on with a reference to the idol Moloch, “shall I give my firstborn for my transgression?” Obviously these external acts do no good at all without internal repentance and a stopping of any transgressions.

Then He answers the question. Micah says, “He has told thee oh man, what is good,” and continues the stirring, familiar words; "do justly, love mercy, and walk humbly with thy God". 1

Micah 6:9 is about humility. It's a really important idea that started to be a problem for humankind all the way back in the story of the Garden of Eden. To eat of the tree of “the knowledge of good and evil” is to take to oneself the right/ability to decide which is which, and not listen to what God says about it. To walk “humbly” is to listen to God. That’s the meaning of “hear ye the rod and who has appointed it.”

Micah 6:10-11 points out that there is still some falsification with these people. The lean ephah is a cheating on the amount of liquid in a pitcher, and liquids refer to truth. Stones are used as weights to balance a scale that weighs out a purchase of food, and deceitful stones will cheat the buyer. Food means a form of good.

In Micah 6:12, 13, the rich mean people who, because they know a lot about natural things, believe they are also wise about spiritual things. 2 Here they are wicked and love the life of evil and falsity, nor can they be changed.

Then, in Micah 6:14-16, the chapter ends with a list of the problems such people will face. To eat, in the good sense, is to take in good. However, the gifts given by people who are immersed in evils and falsities turn out to be false gifts. People try to get things that will make them happy, but it doesn’t happen. Olives and their oil mean good, and grapes and their juice mean truth. 3

What are the laws of Omri? Omri was one of the wickeder kings of Israel, and Ahab was the wickedest king of all. To follow them means desolation and reproach.

In some ways, this chapter is a lot like many others in the books of the prophets. And yet, for centuries it has stood out, because it contains one of the Word's most powerful, concise, statements of how we should live: "Do justly, love mercy, and walk humbly with thy God."

-----
Footnotes:

1. See Arcana Coelestia 2895
2. See Heaven and Hell 365.
3. Regarding olives and olive oil, seeArcana Coelestia 986. For the signification of grapes their juice, Apocalypse Explained 918.

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 220


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 519, 886, 922, 2180, 2906, 6435, 9024, ...

揭秘启示录 206, 287, 316, 336, 503, 589, 624, ...

真实的基督教 322


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 328, 336, 373, 375, 376, 405, 638, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

Scriptural Confirmations 19, 99

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