弥迦书 1

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1 以色列和犹大犯罪受罚

2 万民哪!你们都要;地和地上所遍满的,你们要聆耶和华要指证你们的不是,必从他的殿指证你们的不是。

3 看哪!耶和华离开自己的地方,他降来,踏在地的处。

4 在他脚融化,众裂开,如蜡在前一般,像斜坡一般,

5 这都是因为雅各的过犯,以色列家的恶。雅各的过犯是什么呢?不就是撒玛利亚吗?犹大家的恶是什么呢?不就是耶路撒冷吗?

6 撒玛利亚的刑罚所以我必使撒玛利亚变成田间的废堆,作栽种葡萄之处;我必把撒玛利亚石头倒在谷中,连它的根基都露出来。

7 它一切雕刻的偶像必被打碎;它全部的钱财,都要用烧尽;它所有的偶像,我都要毁灭;因为从妓女钱财榨取的,最后也必归为妓女的钱财。

8 犹大的刑罚为此我要痛哭哀号,赤膊光脚而行;又要哀号如豺狼,悲鸣像鸵鸟。

9 因为撒玛利亚的创伤无法医治,并且殃及犹大,直逼我子民的城,就是耶路撒冷

10 不要在迦特报信,不要在巴歌哭泣;却要在伯.亚弗拉打滚于尘土中。

11 沙斐的居民哪!你们赤身羞愧走过去吧。撒南的居民不敢出来(“不敢出来”或译:“也逃不掉”);伯.以薛人的哀号,要把你们立足之地夺去。

12 玛律的居民,急待得着幸福,因有灾祸从耶和华那里降,临到耶路撒冷的城

13 拉吉的居民哪!要用快马套车,这就是锡安子民(“子民”原文作“女子”)恶的开端;因为以色列的过犯,都在你那里到了。

14 因此要把妆奁,送摩利设.迦特;亚革悉的各家,必用诡诈对待以色列的

15 玛利沙的居民哪!我要再使那征服你的到你那里;以色列的荣耀,必去到亚杜兰。

16 犹大啊!为你所喜爱的儿女,你要剃头,使你的头光,完全光如同;因为他们都从你那里被掳去了。


Exploring the Meaning of 弥迦书 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

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Exploring the Meaning of Micah 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 215


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1311, 2327, 2606, 2851, 2921, 3901, 4816, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 47, 459, 537, 543, 612

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 35

Doctrine of Life 79


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 141, 405, 587, 695, 714, 724, 850, ...

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 25

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 57

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犹大
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.


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The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

耶和华
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融化
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雅各
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以色列
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石头
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妓女
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