利未记 7

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1 赎愆祭

2 人在什么地方宰杀燔祭牲,就要在那里宰杀赎愆祭牲,它的血要泼在祭坛的四周。

3 祭司要把祭牲的一切脂肪都献上,就是肥尾巴和遮盖内脏的脂肪

4 以及两个肾、肾上近腰旁的脂肪和肾旁的叶,一起取下。

5 然后把这些焚烧在祭坛上,作献给耶和华的火祭,这是赎愆祭。

6 祭司家中的男丁,都可以祭牲的肉,要在圣洁的地方;这是至的。

7 祭怎样,赎愆祭也怎样;两个祭的律例相同;

8 祭物要归主持赎罪的祭司祭司献燔祭,祭牲的要归献燔祭的祭司

9 一切在炉里烤的,或在浅锅里或在煎盘上做的素祭,都要归给那献祭的祭司

10 一切用调和,或是干的素祭,都要归给亚伦所有的子孙,大家均分。

11 平安祭“献给耶和华的平安祭的律例是这样:

12 人若是为感恩献祭,就要用调无酵饼和抹了无酵薄饼,以及用调和了细面做的饼,与感恩祭一同献上。

13 他要把他的供物,连同有的饼,跟那为感恩而献的平安祭,一起献上。

14 他要从各物中,取出个饼作为举祭,献给耶和华,归给那泼平安祭牲之血的祭司

15 “为感恩而献的平安祭的,只能在献祭那日,一点也不可留到早晨

16 他献的供物若是还愿祭,或是甘心祭,献祭那日可以下的,第二也可以

17 下的祭,到了第三,就要用烧掉。

18 如果在第三平安祭的,必不蒙悦纳,他献上的也不再算为祭,因为祭已经成为不洁;的人,必担当自己的罪责。

19 “祭若是接触了任何不洁,就不可以,要用烧掉。洁净的人才可以

20 身上不洁净的人吃了献与耶和华的平安祭的祭,那人必从自己的族人中被剪除。

21 人若是摸了任何不洁,或是人的污秽,或是牲畜的污秽,或是任何不洁净的可憎之物,然后献给耶和华的平安祭的,那人必从自己的族人中被剪除。”

22 耶和华摩西

23 “你要告诉以色列人:所有公牛、绵羊或是山羊脂肪,你们都不可

24 自死的或被野兽撕裂的动物的脂肪,可以作别的用途,只是你们决不可

25 因为无论何人吃了献给耶和华为火祭的牲畜的脂肪,那的人就必从自己的族人中被剪除。

26 在你们的一切处,任何血,无论是飞或是牲畜的,你们都不可

27 无论谁吃了什么血,那人必从自己的族人中被剪除。”

28 祭司的分与权利耶和华摩西

29 “你要告诉以色列人:向耶和华献平安祭的,必须从他的平安祭中取出奉给耶和华的供物。

30 把献给耶和华的火祭带来,就是把脂肪连胸带来,在耶和华面前摇一摇,作为摇祭。

31 祭司要把脂肪焚烧在祭坛上,胸归给亚伦和他的子孙。

32 你们要从平安祭牲中,拿右后腿来作举祭,奉祭司

33 亚伦的子孙中,谁献平安祭牲的血和脂肪,右后腿就归给他,是他的分。

34 因为我从以色列人的平安祭中,取出了这摇祭的胸和举祭的后腿,亚伦祭司和他的子孙,成为以色列人永远的律例。

35 “这是亚伦和他子孙,从奉献他们作耶和华的祭司那日开始,受膏立应得的分。

36 就是耶和华立他们的时候,命令以色列人他们的。这是世世代永远的律例。”

37 结语以上关于燔祭、素祭、赎祭、赎愆祭、承受圣职祭和平安祭的律例,

38 都是耶和华在西奈吩咐摩西的,就是他在西奈的旷野吩咐以色列人,把他们的供物献给耶和华的时候所说的。

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Explanation of Leviticus 7      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

The general summary of this interesting chapter, expressed also in its closing verses, is as follows:—Verses 1-7. Laws of Divine Order concerning the worship of the Lord from the truth of faith

Verses 8-10. The general law that man can only appropriate good as if it were his own

Verses 11-36. Laws concerning the worship of the Lord from freedom

Verses 22-27. The general law that man cannot appropriate good and truth as his own absolutely

Verses 28-36. The appropriation of spiritual and celestial good, when vivified by the Lord and acknowledged to be from Him, by man's exercise of his own powers from the Lord

Verses 37-38. A general summary of the laws of Divine Order concerning worship.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 353, 2187, 2788, 3400, 3813, 3818, 3880, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 392, 417, 468, 778, 782

天意 231

Doctrine of the Lord 9

真实的基督教 288, 506, 707


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 79, 329, 365, 375, 504, 532, 617, ...

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地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

祭坛
圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。

脂肪
Fat signifies the celestial principle. Fat things, full of marrow, signify goodnesses. Fat and blood signify interior goods and truths, and hence the Israelites, prior...


'The liver,' as in Exodus 29:13, signifies interior purification, and 'the caul above the liver,' the inferior good of the external or natural self.

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

耶和华的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

祭司
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

圣洁
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...


'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

圣洁的
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...


In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...


'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...


从广义上说,我们从食物中获得的东西有两样。一个是能量,以碳水化合物和脂肪的形式。另一种是建筑材料--我们的身体用来制造新纤维的蛋白质,以及帮助我们的身体正常运作的维生素。在精神层面上,能量代表着对美好的渴望;蛋白质和维生素代表着将这种渴望转化为有用的工作所需的思想和理念。 而火,也代表着欲望,是一种渴望的情感状态。这在现代语言中很容易看出。我们可能会因为激情而 "燃烧",或者感受到欲望的 "火焰"。这显然可以是好的或坏的,这取决于我们的欲望,就像火可以是一种强大的善的力量,也可以是我们所知道的最具破坏力的力量之一。 烘烤是利用那庞大而又不集中的火候能量,为身体准备食物的一种方式。如果我们有强大的内在动力,我们可以利用它将自己的想法和美好的愿望变成有效的、有计划的行动。 另外,值得注意的是,烘焙的食物往往是淀粉含量较高的食物--面包、蛋糕等高能量食物。所以,烘焙更注重对美好的向往,而其他形式的烹饪则有其他的含义。

烤的
从广义上说,我们从食物中获得的东西有两样。一个是能量,以碳水化合物和脂肪的形式。另一种是建筑材料--我们的身体用来制造新纤维的蛋白质,以及帮助我们的身体正常运作的维生素。在精神层面上,能量代表着对美好的渴望;蛋白质和维生素代表着将这种渴望转化为有用的工作所需的思想和理念。 而火,也代表着欲望,是一种渴望的情感状态。这在现代语言中很容易看出。我们可能会因为激情而 "燃烧",或者感受到欲望的 "火焰"。这显然可以是好的或坏的,这取决于我们的欲望,就像火可以是一种强大的善的力量,也可以是我们所知道的最具破坏力的力量之一。 烘烤是利用那庞大而又不集中的火候能量,为身体准备食物的一种方式。如果我们有强大的内在动力,我们可以利用它将自己的想法和美好的愿望变成有效的、有计划的行动。 另外,值得注意的是,烘焙的食物往往是淀粉含量较高的食物--面包、蛋糕等高能量食物。所以,烘焙更注重对美好的向往,而其他形式的烹饪则有其他的含义。


Oil – typically olive oil – was an extremely important product in Biblical times, for food preparation, medicinal ointment and for burning in lamps. As...

亚伦
亚伦是摩西的兄弟。他象征着两件事,一是在出埃及记的前半部分,他是摩西的代言人,二是在大帐幕建成后,他被任命为大祭司之后。 在故事的第一部分中,摩西代表了道的真实面目,就像在天上所理解的那样,而亚伦则代表了道的外在意义,就像人在世上所理解的那样。这就是为什么他为摩西说话,耶和华对他说:"他要为你们作口,你们也要对他作神。"(出埃及记 4:16). 后来,当亚伦穿上他的礼服时(见利未记各章 8, 9他被任命为以色列的大祭司。在这个角色中,亚伦代表耶和华,代表神的善,而摩西代表耶和华,代表神的真理。

无酵
For something to be “unleavened” means that it's been made without yeast. Since yeast is what makes bread rise and take on its airy texture,...


Leaven' signifies evil and falsity, which should not be mixed with good and true things. In Leviticus 2:11, it says, 'no meat offering which ye...


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...


Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

早晨
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...


Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...


In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...


The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

第三
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.


The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...


Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

接触
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

不洁
Uncleanness and scum, as in Ezekiel 24:11, signifies evil and falsity.

吃了
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

污秽
Uncleanness and scum, as in Ezekiel 24:11, signifies evil and falsity.

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...


Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

山羊
From correspondences, a goat signifies the natural man. The goat which was sacrificed, as in Leviticus 16:5-10, signifies the natural man regarding a part purified,...

撕裂
'Torn,' as in Genesis 31:38, signifies death caused by another, so evil without blame. 'Torn' relates to good, which falsity is injected into, which means...


Habitation, as mentioned in Genesis 27:39, signifies life. The habitation of holiness signifies the celestial kingdom. The habitation of honorableness signifies the spiritual kingdom, as...


Fowl signify spiritual truth; a bird, natural truth; and a winged thing, sensual truth. Fowl signify intellectual things. Fowl signify thoughts, and all that creeps...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

带来
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

亚伦的
亚伦是摩西的兄弟。他象征着两件事,一是在出埃及记的前半部分,他是摩西的代言人,二是在大帐幕建成后,他被任命为大祭司之后。 在故事的第一部分中,摩西代表了道的真实面目,就像在天上所理解的那样,而亚伦则代表了道的外在意义,就像人在世上所理解的那样。这就是为什么他为摩西说话,耶和华对他说:"他要为你们作口,你们也要对他作神。"(出埃及记 4:16). 后来,当亚伦穿上他的礼服时(见利未记各章 8, 9他被任命为以色列的大祭司。在这个角色中,亚伦代表耶和华,代表神的善,而摩西代表耶和华,代表神的真理。

永远
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.


油在圣经中代表着主的爱,所以用油膏涂抹某人(或某物)是使这个人(或物)成为主的代表。当然,在最终的层面上,主自己,即耶稣,被称为 "受膏者",与 "弥赛亚 "或 "基督 "有类似的含义。作为受膏者,意味着他就是爱本身,通过神圣的真实思想呈现给我们。国王和祭司受膏的事实意味着他们也可以代表来自美好的爱,在更低的层次上代表真正的思想。

命令
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

世代
To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...


To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...


The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

摩西的
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...


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