士师记 7

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1 基甸带三百人攻打米甸人

2 耶和华对基甸:“与你在一起的人太多,我不能把米甸人交在你们中,免得以色列人向我自夸:‘是我们自己的了我们。’

3 现在你要向众民宣告:‘害怕战栗的,可以回去,离开基列。’”于是众民中有人回去,只剩下一万人。

4 耶和华对基甸:“人还是太多,你要领他们旁去,我要在那里为你试验他们。我指着谁对你:‘这人可以与你同去’,他就可以与你同去;我指着谁对你:‘这人不可以与你同去’,他就不可以与你同去。”

5 于是基甸带他们边去;耶和华对基甸:“用舌头,像的,你要把他们安置在一处;屈膝跪的,也要把他们安置在一处。”

6 捧到嘴边舔的,总数共有;其余的都屈膝跪下

7 耶和华对基甸:“我要用这舔水的你们,把米甸人交在你们的里,所有其他的都可以各回自己的地方去。”

8 于是众民里拿着食物和号角;所有其他的以色列人,基甸都打发他们各回自己的帐棚去,只留。当时米甸就在他们下面的平原里。

9 当夜,耶和华对基甸:“起来去攻,因为我已经把他们交在你里了。

10 如果你害怕一人去,可以带着你的童仆普拉一同营地那里去;

11 你要他们什么,然你的就必坚强起来,有胆量去攻了。”于是基甸带着他的童仆普拉一同去,到中驻军的边缘。

12 那时米甸人、亚玛力人和所有的东方人,都散布在平原上,好像蝗虫那么多;他们的骆驼无数,好像边的沙那么多。

13 基甸到了,就听见一个正在把他的梦告诉他的同伴:“我作了一个梦,梦见一个大麦饼滚入米甸中,到了帐幕,把帐幕撞倒,帐幕就翻朝上了。”

14 他的同伴回答:“这不是别的,这是以色列人约阿施的儿子基甸的刀;已经把米甸和全交在他中了。”

15 基甸见了这梦的叙述和梦的讲解,就敬拜神;然后返回以色列中,:“起来,因为耶和华已经把米甸的军队交在你们里了。”

16 于是他把分作队,把角空瓶交在各里,又把火把放在瓶里。

17 然后对他们:“你们要着我,也要照样行事。注意!我到了的边缘,我怎样行事,你们也要怎样行事。

18 我和所有与我在一起的人吹角的时候,你们也要在全的四周吹角,喊叫:‘为耶和华!为基甸!’”

19 基甸用计策惊溃敌基甸所有与他在一起的一,在半夜三更的起初,换更的时候,到了的边缘,就吹起角,打破中的瓦瓶。

20 队的人就都吹角,打破瓦瓶,左紧握着火把,右紧握着角不住地吹,并且喊说:“耶和华基甸的刀!”

21 他们在的四周各站在自己的位置;全都乱跑,他们一面叫,一面逃跑

22 吹那枝角的时候,耶和华使全用刀互相击杀,然后他们向着西利拉逃到伯.哈示他,直到靠近他巴的亚伯.米何拉河边。

23 米甸人大败以色列人就从拿弗他利、亚设和玛拿西全地被召来,追赶米甸人

24 基甸派遣了使者走遍以法莲地,说:“你们要来迎战米甸人,在他们前面把守约旦河的渡口,直到伯.巴拉。”于是以法莲都被召来,把守约旦河的渡口,直到伯.巴拉。

25 他们捉住了米甸人的两个首领:俄立西伊伯;把俄立在俄立磐石上,把西伊伯在西伊伯榨酒池那里;然后追赶米甸人,又把俄立西伊伯的人约旦河对岸,基甸那里。

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 7: Gideon’s valiant three hundred men.

Gideon and all his men camped by the well of Harod, which can mean “eager”, and also “trembling.” The Lord told Gideon that his army was too large, which could lead Israel to boast that they won by their own efforts (rather than the Lord’s power). Gideon was instructed to send away anyone who was afraid; 22,000 went home, leaving 10,000.

Even still, the Lord said the army was too large, so Gideon tested the men by taking them down to the water to drink. The Lord directed Gideon to call out those who lapped water from out of their hands rather than kneeling down to drink with their mouths. Three hundred men were chosen by this method of selection.

The Lord then commanded Gideon to go down to the Midianite camp, and if he was afraid, to take his servant, Phurah. There, Gideon overheard one of the soldiers telling his companion that he’d had a dream, in which a loaf of bread came tumbling into the camp and struck one of the tents so that it collapsed. The other soldier said that this meant the Lord would give victory to Gideon.

Gideon gave each of his men a trumpet, and a pitcher containing a lit torch. They surrounded the Midianite camp, and at the command of Gideon, they blew their trumpets, broke their pitchers to show the torches, and shouted, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” This caused panic in the camp, and every Midianite drew his sword against another, and many fled. Then Gideon ordered the capture and killing of the two Midianite princes, whose heads were brought to him.

*****

We must give glory to the Lord for successes that we seem to earn, as He alone does what is good. The Lord told Gideon to reduce the size of his army, to avoid the dangers of growing too proud. Since we live our lives as if we do everything ourselves, this is a constant threat. The fact that about two-thirds of Gideon’s army were afraid and went home shows the reality of our nature (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 442).

Lapping water from the hand reflects our need to see and examine what we take into our minds. Water stands for truth, but it can also stand for false ideas. If we drink directly from the water, we accept indiscriminately and examine nothing. Cupping and holding the water in our hands means that we can see how to apply this truth through our attitudes and actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6047[2]).

Gideon’s army of only three hundred men was all it took to defeat the Midianites. The number ‘three’ stands for something which is complete or full in itself. Some spiritual examples include mind, body and soul, as well as celestial, spiritual and natural (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 435[3] and 532[2]).

The dream Gideon overheard stands for the power of good (the bread) to break down the apparent power of what is evil and false (the tent) (Arcana Caelestia 4247[3]). The name of Gideon’s servant, Phurah, means “fruitfulness”, or “a winepress”, which is where Gideon was first called by the angel of the Lord.

The trumpet and the torch both stand for the power of truth to overcome evil and false ideas, the trumpet by its penetrating sound, and the torch by its illuminating light. There is no mention of swords for the army of Israel.

Finally, the oppression by the Midianites represents knowing what is true, but living a life governed by our own desires. This leads us increasingly further away from obeying the Lord. Of course, this must be addressed. The Midianites destroyed each other in their panic, meaning what is disorderly and against the Lord holds no validity, and eventually destroys itself (Arcana Caelestia 9320).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 3242, 5955, 7602, 7643, 9397

揭秘启示录 397


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 455, 502, 543

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Významy biblických slov

米甸人
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

米甸
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

耶和华
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As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...


'Hills' signify the good of charity.


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...


As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...


"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

舌头
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...


'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...


A dog, as in Exodus 11 (Exod. 11:7: seven, ignifies the lowest or meanest of all in the church, also those who are without the...


To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...


The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...


It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...


Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

下面
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

起来
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

营地
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...


Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...


按照瑞典博格的说法,时间和空间不存在于精神现实中,它们是纯粹的自然事物,只存在于物质层面。这就意味着,一个精神性的东西不可能在时间上的另一个精神性的东西 "之后 "发生,因为没有时间。而一个精神性的东西也不可能在空间上 "追随 "另一个精神性的东西,因为没有空间。 相反,灵性的现实是建立在灵性状态的基础上,或天使的爱和思想。这些爱和思想以因果链的方式连接在一起,天使们的体验就像我们体验时间一样;一个思想在精神层面上流向另一个思想,而天使们感觉到这种进步,就像我们感觉到一个时刻流向另一个时刻的进步一样。当天使有类似的思想和感觉时,他们体验到的亲近感和我们对肉体亲近感的体验是非常相同的;他们对 "空间 "的概念是整个精神世界中的灵魂所拥有的思想和情感的变化。 当《圣经》将某件事情描述为 "后边 "的东西时,那么,属灵的意义就与属灵状态的递进有关;它是在前边的东西基础上产生的新的属灵状态。由于较高的状态会流入较低的状态,所以 "之后 "的东西往往是较低的、较外在的状态。例如,内心深处对他人的善的渴望,会自动地流向具体的想法,即我们可以做的具体的善事。那么,这些具体的想法,就会 "在 "善的欲望之后。

蝗虫
'Locusts' signify falsities in the extremes, which consume the truths and goods of the church in a person. 'The locusts' which John the Baptist ate...

骆驼
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

告诉
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同伴
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Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

回答
一般来说,"回答 "是指一种属灵的接受状态。归根结底,这意味着接受主,主不断地试图将真正的想法和美好的愿望灌输到我们的心灵和思想中。它也可以是在我们的外在部分接受自己的内在部分的引导--承诺使我们的行动跟随我们更深的信仰。 在圣经中,"回答 "经常与 "说 "搭配在一起。在这些情况下,一般来说,它表示的是一种感知的程度加上接受的程度。这意味着你不仅能接受从主那里临到你的东西,而且还能看到它,认识到其中的真理,并认识到这里面的真理,这将使你的生活更加美好。

儿子
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

返回
在《圣经》中,有很多描述人回头看、回头看或回去的例子。在大多数情况下,这是一种消极的,有时是毁灭性的(就像罗得的妻子,当她回望所多玛的毁灭时,变成了一根盐柱子)。一般情况下,这代表着我们的状态,当我们进入到一个新的精神境界,发现自己希望得到旧的安逸和轻松时,回去代表着回到更早的低级阶段。 当 "回 "与物联系在一起的时候,"回 "的意义更多的是字面意义。当有人拿东西回来或给东西时,其精神意义大多是以物与行为人为中心。


To 'take the sum of the sons of Israel,' as in Exodus 30:12, signifies the whole church.


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

打破
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...


To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...


'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.


'To shout from the top of the mountain,' as in Isaiah 42:11, signifies worship from the good of love.

逃跑
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玛拿西
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

以法莲
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约旦
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约旦河
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...


'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...


The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

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Draw pictures of the weapons Gideon was to use to fight the Midianites--a trumpet, pitcher and torch.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Review Gideon's victory over the Midianites by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Activity | Ages over 18

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Color and cut out pictures of a torch, pitcher and trumpet. Reenact the story of Gideon's victory over the Midianites.
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Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Torch and Trumpet
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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