士师记 6

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1 以色列人违背神的恶果

2 米甸人的势力胜过以色列人以色列人米甸人的缘故,就为自己在上挖穴、挖洞,建营寨。

3 每逢以色列人撒种以后,米甸人、亚玛力人和东方人都上来,欺压他们;

4 对着他们安营,毁坏那地的出产,直到迦萨一,他们没有留下牛、羊和,没有给以色列人留下一点养生之物。

5 因为他们着牲畜和帐棚上,像蝗虫那么多;他们的人和骆驼无数,进入境内,毁坏全地。

6 以色列人米甸人面前,落到极卑微的地步,他们就哀求耶和华

7 以色列人米甸人的缘故,向耶和华呼求的时候,

8 耶和华就差派一位先知以色列人那里,对他们:“耶和华以色列的这样:‘我曾经把你们从埃及领上来,领你们出了为奴之家;

9 我曾经把你们从埃及人拯救出来,拯救你们脱离所有欺压你们的人的,把他们从你们面前赶走,把他们的地赐你们。

10 我又对你们:我是耶和华你们的;你们在亚摩利人的地,不可敬畏他们的。但你们没有从我的话。’”

11 基甸蒙召耶和华的使者到,在俄弗拉,一棵属于亚比以谢族人约阿施的橡树;约阿施的儿子基甸正在压酒池里打麦子,为要躲避米甸人的抢夺。

12 耶和华的使者向基甸显现,对他:“大能的勇士啊,耶和华与你同在。”

13 基甸回答他,:“唉,我的,如果耶和华我们同在,我们怎会遭遇这一切事呢?我们的列祖向我们讲述的,耶和华的一切奇事在哪里呢?他们曾:‘耶和华不是把我们埃及领上来吗?’现在他却拋弃了我们,把我们交在米甸人手中!”

14 耶和华转向基甸,对他:“你靠着你这能力,去拯以色列人脱离米甸人的手吧;我不是差派了你吗?”

15 基甸对他:“唉,我主啊,我凭着什么拯以色列人呢?看哪,我的家族在玛拿西支派中是最卑微的,我在我的父家是最年轻的。”

16 耶和华对他:“因为我必与你同在,你就必击打米甸人,像击打样。”

17 基甸又对他:“如果我在你眼前蒙恩,求你给我一个凭据,证实是你与我话。

18 求你不要离开这里,等我回来,把我的礼物带来,摆在你面前。”他回答:“我必等你回来。”

19 基甸去预备了一只山羊羔,和十公斤面粉做的无酵饼,把放在篮子里,把汤盛在锅中,橡树,献上给他。

20 的使者对基甸:“把无酵饼拿出来,摆在这块磐石上,把汤倒出来。”他就这样行了。

21 耶和华的使者伸出中的杖,杖头一触着无酵饼,就有从磐石中上来,把无酵饼都烧尽了;耶和华的使者就从基甸的眼前消失了。

22 基甸出他是耶和华的使者,就:“哀哉,我耶和华啊,因为我面对见了耶和华的使者。”

23 耶和华对他:“你放心好了,不要怕,你必不会。”

24 基甸就在那里给耶和华筑了一座祭坛,称为耶和华沙龙;直到今日,这还在亚比以谢族的俄弗拉。

25 基甸毁巴力祭坛当夜,耶和华对基甸:“取你父亲的牛和另一头岁大的牛来,拆毁你父亲的巴力祭坛,砍下旁的亚舍拉。

26 在这坚固的地方上面,你要整整齐齐为耶和华你的筑一座祭坛,拿第二牛作燔祭,用你砍下来的亚舍拉作柴。”

27 基甸就从他的仆人中选出了个人,照着耶和华告诉他的行了;但因为害怕他的父家和城里的人,就不敢在日间行事,只好在晚上作了。

28 城里的人清起来,见巴力的祭坛已被拆毁,旁的亚舍拉也被砍下来,并且看见那第二头牛献在新筑的祭坛上的时候,

29 就彼此:“谁作了这事呢?”他们追查寻访之后,就:“是约阿施的儿子基甸作的。”

30 城里的人对约阿施:“把你的儿子领出来,把他处,因为他拆毁了巴力的祭坛,砍下了旁的亚舍拉。”

31 约阿施对所有站着攻击他的人:“你们要为巴力辩护吗?或是你们要他呢?谁为他辩护,到早晨就必亡。巴力若是,有人拆毁了他的祭坛,就让他为自己辩护吧。”

32 因此,当日基甸被称为耶路.巴力,意思:他拆毁了巴力的祭坛,让巴力与他争辩吧。

33 那时,米甸人、亚玛力人和东方人,都聚集起来,过了河,在耶斯列平原安营。

34 耶和华的灵降在基甸身上,他就吹角;亚比以谢族都应召来跟从他。

35 他派使者到玛拿西全地去,玛拿西人也都应召来跟从他;他又派使者到亚设、西布伦、拿弗他利去,他们也都上来与他们会合。

36 基甸向求证基甸对:“如果你按着你所的,要借着我的以色列人

37 看哪,我要把一团新剪的羊毛放在禾场上;水若是单单落在羊毛上,而全地都是干的,我就知道你要照着你所的,借着我的以色列了。”

38 第二天,基甸清起来,情形果然是这样;他把羊毛一挤,就从羊毛中挤出一满盆的来。

39 基甸又:“求你不要向我发怒,我要再这一次;求你让我把羊毛再试一试,但愿单单羊毛是干的,而全地都有水。”

40 那一夜,也这样行了;单单羊毛是干的,全地都有水。

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 6      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 6: The Midianites oppress Israel; the call of Gideon.

Chapters 6-8 of Judges tell the story of Gideon, who led the people of Israel against the Midianites. The Lord allowed the Midianites to oppress the children of Israel for seven years, because they had disobeyed His commandments once again. Israel fled to the mountain caves, and Midian starved the Israelites by destroying their crops and taking their livestock. When Israel cried out to the Lord for help, a prophet delivered the Lord’s message that He had always been with them, but they had kept disobeying.

Then the angel of the Lord appeared to Gideon, who was threshing wheat in the winepress to hide this from the Midianites. The angel brought news that he would lead the fight against the Midianites. Gideon was stunned, and replied that his family was the least important in the tribe of Manasseh, and that he was the least in his family. Even so, the Lord assured him would be victorious, because the Lord was with him.

Gideon asked for a sign to be given him, and then went to prepare an offering of food. When he came back, the angel told him to place the meat and unleavened bread upon a rock. When the angel touched it with his staff, fire came up from the rock and burned up the food. The angel then departed.

The Lord told Gideon to break down his father’s altars to Baal, and to build an altar to the Lord on top of it, which he did by night. In the morning, the men of the city discovered what Gideon had done, and demanded that he be killed. But Gideon’s father, Joash, replied that Baal himself would take action, if he were really a god.

The Midianites and their allies gathered for battle, and Gideon called on his tribe of Manasseh, as well as Asher, Zebulun, and Naphtali, to prepare to fight. Before the battle took place though, Gideon asked for another sign from God. He put a woolen fleece on the threshing floor, and if God would use him to save Israel, the fleece would have dew on it, while the ground around it would be dry. And so it was the next morning. Once again, Gideon asked for a sign, this time with dew on the ground, but not on the fleece. And again, this came to pass.

*****

The spiritual meaning of the Midianites is understanding spiritual truths, but leading a life of sensory pleasure anyway, rather than one built on genuine goodness (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 7602). This is portrayed by the Midianites destroying all the crops which could be made into food, or spiritually, into what is good.

Threshing wheat and pressing wine are very similar processes; threshing wheat frees grain from the beaten husk, and pressing wine squeezes juice from a crushed grape. Both of these activities represent our spiritual determination to do what is good – the wheat for bread – because of the truth we have come to understand – the wine. Gideon’s name, meaning “to break apart”, and this passage are meant to show us that his strongest quality was determination to do good (Divine Providence 227[2]).

Gideon’s claim to be the least important of all demonstrates the place of genuine humility in our spiritual life. Acknowledging that the Lord brings about all good things is a sign of strength, not weakness (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 408).

The spiritual meaning of asking God for a sign – which Gideon did several times – is to confirm the validity of what we intend or understand. Paying attention to our internal state will show us the quality of our inner thoughts if we dare to listen, but ultimately, confirmation comes from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 508[5]). The fire from the rock, which burned the meat, represents the power of love and truth to consume and sustain us.

The fascinating double sign involving the fleece has several layers of spiritual meaning: the threshing floor stands for the ground of our daily life and activity; the fleece, with its warmth and softness, stands for the principle of goodness; and the dew (water) stands for divine influx of truth into us from the Lord. These build the framework of the spiritual meaning. The dewy fleece on the dry ground means that we need to have the Lord’s truth in our mind, so we know how to lead a good life. Then, this needs to be reversed so that we feel the desire to do good, and then apply this in daily life (Arcana Caelestia 3579).

This sign is closely related to the spiritual meaning of the Midianites, the enemy to be overthrown. Simply knowing the Lord’s truths does not guarantee a good life; we must put these truths into practice.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1925, 2332, 2463, 2724, 3088, 3242, 3519, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 242, 485, 598


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 279, 410, 412, 504, 543, 706, 727, ...

Spiritual Experiences 4250

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'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

米甸人
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

米甸
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.


The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...


Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

蝗虫
'Locusts' signify falsities in the extremes, which consume the truths and goods of the church in a person. 'The locusts' which John the Baptist ate...

骆驼
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进入
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

耶和华
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先知
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The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

埃及
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

埃及人
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耶和华的
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If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

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The Lord from the essential divine, through the divine human, is the savior. The Lord became the savior by His spiritual temptations, or combats.

玛拿西
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击打
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回来
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山羊
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无酵
For something to be “unleavened” means that it's been made without yeast. Since yeast is what makes bread rise and take on its airy texture,...


Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

伸出
The hand in the Bible represents power, which is easy to understand, so to reach out or stretch out the hand means to exercise power,...


Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


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面对
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Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

祭坛
圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。

父亲
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...


The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...


To 'take the sum of the sons of Israel,' as in Exodus 30:12, signifies the whole church.


The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

仆人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...


Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

害怕
对未知的恐惧和对变化的恐惧都是一种常见的观念,共同涵盖了我们在自然生活中容易产生的恐惧的广泛范围。从某种意义上说,当《圣经》中的人被描述为 "害怕 "时,它们的背后也蕴含着灵性的意义。 根据《文集》的描述,当一种更高尚、更内在的属灵状态与一种更低级、更外在的属灵状态沟通时,人们就会感到恐惧,并表明这种状态需要被改造和提升。圣诞故事中的牧羊人就是如此,当天使来告诉他们一个全新的属灵时代时,他们的第一反应是恐惧。摩西在燃烧的灌木丛中,雅各在看到梯子的异象后,甚至门徒看到耶稣在加利利海上行走,都是如此--在这些情况下,一个更高的状态正在向他们伸出手来,要求他们接受属灵生命的新阶段。 这在更消极的意义上也是如此,当邪恶和错误的思想状态接触到精神上的东西,感觉到自己的悲惨的启示的威胁时,也是如此。 圣经》也经常讲到人敬畏神,这是一个相关但不同的想法,其他地方也有涉及。


The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

晚上
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...


Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

起来
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

早晨
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

聚集
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

禾场
The floor, as in Matthew 3:12, signifies the world of spirits which is between heaven and hell, and where the separation of evils and falsities...


Dew, in Deut. 32:2 signifies the multiplication of truth from good, and the fructification of good by truth.

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...


He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

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 Choose a Quotation to Match a Question about Gideon
Cut apart quotation strips and match them with the questions they answer.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Draw Gideon's Three Signs
Draw pictures of the three signs the Lord gave Gideon promising that He would be with Him to fight Israel's enemies.
Activity | All Ages

 Gideon
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Gideon and the Fleece
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon’s Sacrifice
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 I Am the Lord Your God
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Angel Who Appeared to Gideon
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Calls Gideon
The Lord calls Gideon to lead the Israelites against their enemies in this story. Multi-age lesson plan with readings, discussions, and projects.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 14

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Worship of Idols
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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