士师记 21

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1 为便雅悯娶妻

2 众人伯特利,在那里面前直到晚上,放声哭,

3 :“耶和华以色列的啊,今日以色列中缺少了个支派,为什么在以色列中发生这事呢?”

4 次日,众人清起来,在那里筑了一座祭坛,献上燔祭和平安祭。

5 以色列人彼此:“以色列各支派中,谁没有与会众上到耶和华面前来呢?”因为他们曾经起过很严厉的誓,:“不上米斯巴到耶和华面前的,必把他处。”

6 以色列人为他们的兄弟便雅悯难过,:“今天以色列中有个支派被剪除了。

7 我们曾经指着耶和华起过誓,必不把我们的女儿便雅悯人作妻子,那么现在我们当怎样办理,使他们下的人有妻子呢?”

8 他们又彼此问:“以色列各支派中,有谁没有上米斯巴到耶和华面前的呢?”他们就发现基列.雅比中没有人去到会众那里。

9 被数点的时候,就发现基列.雅比的居民中没有一在那里。

10 因此会众从勇士中差派一万到那里去,吩咐他们说:“你们去用刀击杀基列.雅比的居民,连妇女与孩子要杀。

11 你们要这样行,你们要把所有的男子,和所有与男子同过房的女子,完全毁灭。”

12 他们在基列.雅比的居民中,到了个未曾与同房,也未曾与子同寝的年轻少女,就把她们迦南地的示罗那里。

13 全体会众又派人到临门的磐石那里,对便雅悯人说话,向他们宣告和平。

14 那时便雅悯人回来了,以色列人就把他们保留的基列.雅比的女子他们作妻子,但还是不够。

15 众人为便雅悯人难过,因为耶和华使以色列众支派中有了缺口。

16 会众中的长老:“便雅悯的女子既然都被除灭了,我们应怎样行,使那些下的人有妻子呢?”

17 :“便雅悯逃脱的人应有地业,免得有个支派从以色列中被消灭。

18 但是我们不能把我们自己的女儿他们作妻子。”因为以色列人曾经起誓:“把女儿便雅悯人作妻子的,是可咒诅的。”

19 他们又:“看哪,每年在示罗都举行耶和华的节期;示罗就是在伯特利面,从伯特利示剑的的东面,在利波拿的面。”

20 于是他们吩咐便雅悯人:“你们去在葡萄园中设下埋伏;

21 在那里观,示罗的女子出来跳舞的时候,你们就从葡萄园出来,从示罗的女子中,各抢一个作妻子,然后回便雅悯地去。

22 如果她们的父亲或是兄弟我们争论,我们就对他们:‘求你们恩待他们吧,因为我们在战场上没有他们留下女子作妻子,而且这又不是你们把女儿他们;若是你们的,你们就有罪了。’”

23 于是便雅悯人照样行了:按着他们的数目,从跳舞的女子中强抢她们作妻子,然后离开那里,回到自己的地业去,重建城市在其中。

24 那时,以色列人离开那里,各回到自己的支派和自己的家族去;他们离开那里,各回到自己的地业去。

25 在那些日子,以色列中没有,各都行自己看为对的事。

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Wives Provided for the Men of Benjamin

This final chapter of the book of Judges deals with the wish of Israel to provide the remaining men of Benjamin with wives so that the tribe would not die out, since it was one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Yet the men of Israel had made a vow at Mizpah not to give their daughters to any men of Benjamin.

Providing wives means to add either truth or good to a situation. “In the Word, when ‘husband’ is mentioned, then ‘wife’ stands for truth. But when the husband is called ‘the man’, then ‘wife’ stands for good. This is the way it gets continually used in the Word.” (Arcana Caelestia 1468) In this chapter the men are called ‘the men of Benjamin’ or the Benjamites, so wives stand for good being joined to truth.

The men of Israel wondered who had not come to the gathering at Mizpah and recalled that no one from Jabesh Gilead had come. This meant that they were not under the obligation of the vow. The men of Israel told men to go and kill every man in that city and also any woman who was not a virgin. They found four hundred young virgins and brought them up to the camp at Shiloh.

The name Jabesh-Gilead means ‘arid’ and its spiritual meaning is in this city’s non-participation in dealing with the problem of the tribe of Benjamin. It stands for our refusal and disinclination to act to progress the spiritual life of the Word and our obedience to it.
But in it are four hundred young virgins who are not part of this non-participation and they can be taken to be wives for the men of Benjamin, to provide a future and an offspring.

“Virgins stand for the Lord’s kingdom, for everyone who is a kingdom of the Lord or a ‘church’, those who love the Lord, those who are in the affection for good, in charity to their neighbour, and those who love what is true. All of this is from the conjugial love which is there in chaste virgins.” (Arcana Caelestia 3081)

But even so, this is not enough to provide sufficient wives for the men of Benjamin. They recall that there is a yearly feast at Shiloh at which the young daughters of Shiloh dance. They tell the men of Benjamin to go there at the time of the feast and when the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance, to each seize a girl and take her away to Benjamin. And if anyone complains about breaking the vow made at Mizpah, it will be told them that this does not apply to the men of Benjamin and to be kind to this taking of wives.

The spiritual meaning of this is that it is essential that the tribe of Benjamin who stand for the link or connection between internal and external states, should have a full complement of wives so that truth and good can be together in producing and preserving this connection for our spiritual wholeness and its life. (Arcana Caelestia 5411)

The final verse of the book of Judges, “In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in their own eyes”, very much describes the sequence of the stories in Judges to the point where good and truth, love for the Lord and obedience to the Word, are marginalised, and replaced by one wrong action after another, through to the very end.

The spiritual meaning in these wrong doings can be seen to show their purpose in terms of our spiritual life and regeneration. This is the purpose of them being included in the Word, and while the text is at times harrowing, it contains the basis for giving us the truths which lead to eternal life and the Lord.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 9422


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608, 687

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主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

晚上
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The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
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A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...


Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

起来
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

祭坛
圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


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以色列人
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会众
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Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

兄弟
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

今天
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...


The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

女儿
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Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

妻子
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...


In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...


Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...


As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

妇女
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...


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The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...


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The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

少女
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As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

迦南
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说话
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

回来
在《圣经》中,有很多描述人回头看、回头看或回去的例子。在大多数情况下,这是一种消极的,有时是毁灭性的(就像罗得的妻子,当她回望所多玛的毁灭时,变成了一根盐柱子)。一般情况下,这代表着我们的状态,当我们进入到一个新的精神境界,发现自己希望得到旧的安逸和轻松时,回去代表着回到更早的低级阶段。 当 "回 "与物联系在一起的时候,"回 "的意义更多的是字面意义。当有人拿东西回来或给东西时,其精神意义大多是以物与行为人为中心。

长老
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...


In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

妻子的
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

耶和华的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

示剑的
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

示剑
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....


'South' denotes truth in light.

葡萄园
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

跳舞
Dances (Exod. 15:20) relate to the affection of spiritual good, or the good of truth, and signify its pleasantness and joy.

父亲
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

我们
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...


Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

城市
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...


Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

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 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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