士师记 13

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1 以色列人违背神的恶果

2 预告参孙出生那时有个琐拉,是属于但支派的,名叫玛挪亚;他的妻子不能生育,没有孩子。

3 耶和华的使者向那妇人显现,对她:“你向来不能生育,没有孩子,现在你必要怀孕,生一个儿子

4 现在你要谨慎,清酒或烈酒都不可,各样不洁的东西也不可

5 看哪!你必怀孕,生一个儿子;不可用剃刀剃他的,这孩子从在母腹开始就归作拿细耳人;他必拯以色列人脱离非利士人。”

6 妇人就回去,告诉她的丈夫:“有一位到我这里,他的容貌像使者的容貌,非常可畏,我没有问他从哪里,他也没有告诉我他的名字

7 他对我:‘你必要怀孕,生一个儿子;现在清酒或烈酒你都不可,各样不洁的东西你也不可,因为这孩子从在母腹开始,一直到,都必归耶和华作拿细耳人。’”

8 玛挪亚就恳求耶和华:“啊,啊,求你叫你派再到我们这里吧!好指教我们要怎样对待将要生下的孩子。”

9 了玛挪亚的声音。妇人在田间的时候,的使者又到她那里,她的丈夫玛挪亚却没有与她在一起。

10 妇人急忙跑去告诉丈夫,对他:“那到我这里的那,又向我显现了。”

11 玛挪亚起来,跟着他的妻子出去,到那跟前,问他:“你就是向这个妇人说过话的吗?”他回答:“我就是。”

12 玛挪亚:“你的应验的时候,这孩子的生活方式怎样?他要作什么呢?”

13 耶和华的使者对玛挪亚:“我对妇人的一切话,她都要谨守。

14 从葡萄树所产的,她都不可;清酒或烈酒,她都不可;各样不洁的东西,她也不可;我吩咐她的,她都要谨守。”

15 玛挪亚对耶和华的使者:“请留下,好让我为你预备一只山羊羔。”

16 耶和华的使者对玛挪亚:“你虽然要我留下,我却不你的食物;如果你预备燔祭,就当献给耶和华。”原来玛挪亚还不知道他是耶和华的使者。

17 玛挪亚问耶和华的使者:“你叫什么名字?到你的应验的时候,我们好把尊荣归你。”

18 耶和华的使者对他:“你为什么问我的名字呢?我的名是奇妙的。”

19 玛挪亚取了一只山羊羔和素祭,在磐石上献与那行奇事的耶和华;玛挪亚和他的妻子一直在观

20 火焰从祭坛上往升起的时候,耶和华的使者在祭坛上的火焰中也升上去了;玛挪亚和他的妻子见了,就俯伏在地。

21 耶和华的使者没有再向玛挪亚和他的妻子显现,那时玛挪亚才知道他是耶和华的使者。

22 玛挪亚对他的妻子:“我们必定要,因为我们见了。”

23 他的妻子却对他:“如果耶和华有意要杀我们,就必不从我们里接纳燔祭和素祭,也必不会把这一切事指示我们,更不会在这个时候向我们宣布这些事啊。”

24 后来那妇人生了一个儿子,她就给他起名参孙;孩子渐渐长大了,耶和华赐福给他。

25 在玛哈尼.但(“玛哈尼.但”意即“但的军”),就是在琐拉和以实陶中间,耶和华的灵开始感动参孙。

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 13      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 13: The birth of Samson.

Chapters 13-16 of Judges tell the story of Samson, one of the greatest judges of Israel. At the time of Samson’s birth, Israel had been under Philistine oppression for forty years, because they had once again sinned against the Lord. As we have seen in previous chapters, the Lord appears to have punished them, but this is not the case; it is really our own waywardness that brings about these negative consequences.

This story begins with Samson’s parents, Manoah and his wife. Manoah’s wife was barren, but the angel of the Lord appeared to her, with news that she would have a son. The angel said that she was forbidden to drink alcohol or eat anything unclean, and that her son was never to have his hair cut, for he would be a Nazirite. And finally, the angel prophesied that her son would deliver Israel from the Philistines.

When Manoah’s wife told him what had happened, he prayed to the Lord for the man to return. The angel reappeared to Manoah’s wife, so she brought her husband to speak with the angel directly. Manoah asked what they should do for their child, but the angel only told Manoah that his wife must follow the instructions she had received.

Manoah offered a meal to the angel of the Lord, but the angel declined, saying that the burnt offering must be made to the Lord. Manoah brought out the meat of a young goat, placed it upon a rock, and gave it as a burnt offering to the Lord. The angel of the Lord ascended in the flames toward heaven, and the couple knew that they had seen God.

In time, Samson was born, and the Lord blessed him.

*****

Samson’s name literally means “sun-like”. He was a mighty warrior, a womaniser, and a powerful character prone to sudden outbursts and rage, but his intention was to defend Israel and defeat the Philistines. He was strong in his acknowledgement of his people and his God.

Samson represents the Lord in His divine human, and also the power of the Word in its literal sense. This is why Samson had strength in the abundance of his hair (see Swedenbrog’s works, Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 49[2], and Arcana Caelestia 9836[2]).

Spiritually, barrenness stands for a lack of personal doctrine or a spiritual path, representing how life can feel before regeneration begins. The angel of the Lord appeared to just the woman at first, because the purpose of regeneration is primarily to make us love what is good (represented by a woman). We do this by knowing and obeying truth (represented by a man).

The Nazarites, who vowed not to drink or cut their hair, represented the Lord as the Word in its ultimate and fullest sense (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 47). These customs are the marks of a natural and genuine life, as wine can lead us astray, and focusing on appearances can lead to vanity. Above all, Samson’s uncut hair represented this greatness of divine truths from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 214).

The angel was reluctant to tell Manoah and his wife details about their son’s future, except that he would be a Nazarite, and would deliver Israel. He intentionally kept them from knowing what would take place, because if they knew the future, they would no longer be able to act in freedom. Divine Providence - the Lord’s plan for our world - cannot be disclosed to us, or we would no longer live in freedom to make our own decisions (Arcana Caelestia 2493).

Manoah asked the angel what his name was, so he could be honored. However, the angel declined to tell them, as his name was wonderful. A name describes a person’s spiritual qualities, and we are unable to fathom the extent of heavenly qualities because they are of God.

The spiritual meaning of Manoah’s sacrifice comes from the correspondence of a young goat (innocence within the human soul) and the rock (truth). The young goat, placed on the rock as a sacrifice, represents worshipping from our hearts in faith to the Lord. This is the Lord’s requirement of us (Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 18[3] and Arcana Caelestia 9393).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 2165, 2332, 3301, 3519, 4299, 5113, 6437, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 54, 939

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 218


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 78, 412, 817

Spiritual Experiences 6017

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Významy biblických slov

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

出生
孕育或被孕育与出生的意义非常相似。它代表一种精神状态,通往下一个精神状态。然而,"Beget "一般与父亲的身份和男人在生育中的角色有关,而生孩子和生育则完全是女人的事情。这就导致了一些深层次的意义。因为男人典型地代表着真正的思想,女人代表着美好的情感,所以 "生养 "往往说明思想可以引导我们去做善事,而 "生养 "往往说明美好的情感可以引导我们去做真正的思想。但这是一条模糊的线,受语境影响,有时还受翻译问题的影响。 事实上,最著名的 "孕育"--耶稣作为上帝的 "独生子 "的地位--与这一模式背道而驰。上帝的本质是完美的、神圣的爱,以完美的、神圣的真理的形式表达出来。在 "孕育 "耶稣的时候,他把自己神圣的真理--他神圣的表现形式--以人的形式,以人的肉体,给了他自己神圣的真理。所以,这就是爱孕育了真理。


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妻子
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耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

耶和华的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

妇人
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

儿子
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The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。


To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

非利士人
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告诉
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名字
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不洁
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Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

恳求
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我们
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起来
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说过
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知道
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'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...


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祭坛
圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


天堂是天上的和精神的东西。因此,它们是至高无上的东西,无论是天国还是地下世界的主国。这也指的是教会以及作为上帝王国或“教会”的每个人。因此,天堂表示与爱与慈善有关的所有事物,以及根植于其中的信仰,以及与内部崇拜有关的所有事物。它们以类似的方式表示与道的内在意义有关的所有事物。所有这些东西都是天堂,被称为“耶和华的宝座”。 如启示录21:1所述,“逝去的前天”象征着精神世界中那些仅在外在或表面上有好处的人们的社会。


To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

参孙
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...


Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Play: The Birth of Samson
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Kills a Lion
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Samson Review Questions
Match ten questions with ten answers about the story of Samson.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 The Angel of the Lord Appears to Samson’s Parents
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Bodies of Spirits
The Old and New testaments give examples of people seeing angels in human form. These stories confirm that after resurrection a person will have a spiritual body like the natural body--but more perfect.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 The Book of Judges
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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