士师记 1

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1 犹大和西缅俘掳比色王

2 耶和华回答:“犹大要先上去,看哪,我已经把那地交在他中。”

3 犹大对自己的兄弟西缅:“请你与我一同上我抽签所得的地业去,我们好与迦南人交战;以后我也与你一同到你抽签所得的地业去。”于是西缅与他一同去了。

4 犹大上去了;耶和华就把迦南和比利洗交在他们中;他们在比色击杀了一万

5 他们在那里遇见了比色王,就与他交战,击杀了迦南人和比利洗人。

6 比色王逃跑;他们追赶他,把他捉住,砍去了他的大拇指。

7 比色:“从前有七十个的大拇指都被我砍去,在我的桌子拾取食物;现在照着我所行的,报应我了。”于是他们把他耶路撒冷,后他就在那里。

8 犹大支派的胜利犹大人攻打耶路撒冷,把城占领,用刀击杀了城中的居民,又放烧城。

9 来,犹大去,与地、地和高原的迦人交战。

10 犹大人又去攻击在希伯仑的迦南人,杀了示筛、亚希幔和挞买;希伯仑从前名叫基列.亚巴。

11 俄陀聂攻取底璧(书15:13-19)他们从那里又去攻击底璧的居民;底璧从前名叫基列.西弗。

12 迦勒:“谁能攻打基列.西弗,把城攻取,我就把我的女儿押撒他作妻子。”

13 迦勒的弟弟基纳斯的儿子俄陀聂攻取了那城,迦勒就把自己的女儿押撒他作妻子

14 押撒出嫁的时候,她劝俄陀聂向她父亲求一块田;押撒一下,迦勒就对她:“你要什么?”

15 她回答:“请你我一份礼物;你既然把我安置在地,求你也把泉赐我。”迦勒就把上泉和下泉都了她。

16 犹大和便雅悯支派的战况摩西岳父的子孙基尼人,和犹大人一同离开棕树城,上到亚拉得以犹大旷野去,在那里的人民中。

17 犹大与他的兄弟西缅同去,击杀了在洗法的迦南人,把那城完全毁灭。那城的名字何珥玛。

18 犹大又攻取了迦萨和迦萨的四境,亚实基伦和亚实基伦的四境,以革伦和以革伦的四境。

19 耶和华犹大同在,犹大就占领了地;但不能赶走平原的居民,因为他们有车。

20 犹大照着摩西的吩咐,把希伯仑了迦勒;迦勒就从那里赶走亚衲子孙的族。

21 便雅悯人没有赶走耶路撒冷的耶布斯人,所以耶布斯人与便雅悯人一同耶路撒冷,直到今日。

22 约瑟家的胜利约瑟家也上去攻打伯特利耶和华与他们同在。

23 约瑟家派人去窥探伯特利。那城从前的名字叫路斯。

24 窥探的见一个从城里出来,就对他:“请你把进城的指示我们我们必恩待你。”

25 把进城的指示了他们,他们就用刀击杀了那城的居民,却把那和他的全家都放走。

26 到赫之地去了,筑了一座城,给它起名路斯;直到今日那城还这名。

27 以色列人没有赶出的居民玛拿西没有赶走伯.善和属于伯.善的乡村的居民,他纳和属于他纳的乡村的居民,多珥和属于多珥的乡村的居民,以伯莲和属于以伯莲的乡村的居民,米吉多和属于米吉多的乡村的居民;迦南人决意在那地。

28 以色列强盛了,就迫使迦南人作苦工,但没有把他们完全赶走。

29 以法莲也没有把在基色的迦南人赶走,于是迦南人还在基色,在以法莲中间。

30 西布伦没有把基伦的居民和拿哈拉的居民赶走;于是迦南人还在西布伦中间,成了作苦工的人。

31 亚设没有把亚柯的居民和西顿的居民赶走,也没有把亚黑拉、亚革悉、黑巴、亚弗革和利合的居民赶走。

32 于是亚设人在当地的居民迦南人中间,因为他们没有把他们赶走。

33 拿弗他利没有把伯.示麦的居民和伯.亚纳的居民赶走;于是他们就在当地的居民迦南人中间;伯.示麦和伯.亚纳的居民成了给他们作苦工的人。

34 亚摩利人强迫但人退回地上,不容他们到平原来。

35 亚摩利人决意在希烈、亚雅伦和沙宾;但约瑟的势力强大以后,他们就成了作苦工的人。

36 亚摩利人的境界,是从亚克拉滨山坡,从西拉直上。

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 1: The continuing conquest of Canaan.

The book of Judges follows on almost seamlessly from Joshua. It is called ‘Judges’ because a number of regional leaders arose and made judgments for the people, often actively defending Israel from outside oppression. A pattern emerges in Judges: Israel disobeys the Lord – an enemy oppresses Israel – the Lord raises a leader – the leader is victorious against the enemy – there is peace for a time – Israel disobeys the Lord again.

There were twelve judges in all, about whom we either hear very much or next to nothing. The number twelve (as with the twelve tribes of Israel, the twelve disciples, and other examples in the Word), stands for all the various aspects of spirituality that we need to understand, develop, and put to use. A clue is often found in the meaning of their names, because biblical names are nearly always linked to spiritual qualities, such as ‘courage’, or ‘one who walks with God’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10216).

The theme of this first chapter is the further conquest of the land. The Israelites asked the Lord, “Who shall go up and fight for us?” And the Lord said that the tribe of Judah would go, because the Lord had delivered the land into their hand. Judah then called on the tribe of Simeon to join them, and they won many battles against the Canaanites still in the land.

One Canaanite king, Adoni-bezek, fled and was captured by the Israelites, who then cut off his thumbs and big toes. Adoni-bezek said that God had dealt justice by punishing him, as he had previously cut off seventy kings’ thumbs and big toes, and they had to gather scraps of food under his table.

Then Caleb, a leader of Israel during the journey through the wilderness, said that the man who took Kirjath-sepher (Caleb’s inheritance city) from the Canaanites would marry his daughter, Achsah. Caleb’s nephew, Othniel, took the city and Achsah was given to him. Achsah asked her father for the blessing of springs of water, and Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

Next, spies were sent to Bethel. They met a man there, and said that if he directed them the entrance to the city, they would show him mercy. He helped them, and they took the city but showed mercy on the man and all his family. After all of this, the man built a new city called Luz in the land of the Hittites.

The chapter ends by listing the twelve tribes, as well as the Canaanite peoples who remained unsubdued in each of their territories.

*****

The overarching spiritual theme of Judges is the process of our regeneration. As the opening of Judges reminds us, there were still parts of the land and various tribes that Israel needed to conquer. In fact, the Israelites never finished driving enemies out of their land. In the same way, we need to control our inherited human nature, but it is never completely wiped out (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 238).

During regeneration, we will discover deeper and subtler self-centered states in ourselves, which need to be mitigated. Each judge raised by the Lord stands for our determination to deal with these states, using the Word as a guide. This brings us a period of peace, followed by the start of another personal discovery.

When the Israelites chose which tribes would fight for them, it was no coincidence that they selected Judah and Simeon. Judah (who was a prominent tribe of Israel) and Simeon (who usually acts with another tribe) stand for the highest things in our spiritual life: our love for the Lord, and our obedience to the Lord’s Word. Choosing Judah and Simeon as our strength will always bring victory in our regeneration (see Arcana Caelestia 3654 and Apocalypse Explained 443).

The spiritual meaning in the story of Adoni-bezek is about taking away the power of our self-love, as cutting off thumbs and big toes makes hands and feet virtually useless. When we work on our lower nature, we are to minimize its control over us. It is the same with any influences from hell; their power must end. Adoni-bezek’s comment about doing the same to seventy kings vividly describes how self-love can only lead to our downfall (Arcana Caelestia 10062[4]).

The delightful story of Caleb, Achsah and Othniel illustrates that after battle, there is rest and reward. In the same way, we strengthen the ‘marriage’ of good and truth in us after overcoming spiritual struggles (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 409). The springs of water given to Achsah stand for the truths which flow into our mind, both about the ‘upper’ things of the Lord and heaven, and those ‘lower’ ones about spiritual life and responsibility.

The episode about the man from Bethel means that when we open up our life to the Lord to allow Him to guide us, we become blessed (Arcana Caelestia 3928). Then our life can be re-built in very practical and good ways, represented by the Hittites.

The final mention of the Canaanites still in the land points to the continuing presence of our unregenerate qualities. Although we may progress through the work of regeneration, we are still human, and we will always have flaws left to improve on.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1408, 1574, 1616, 2799, 2838, 2909, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 367

真实的基督教 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 734

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 41

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创世记 9:26, 49:8, 24

出埃及记 18:1, 15

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约书亚记 2:1, 12, 14, 24, 6:22, 23, 25, 11:21, 12:8, 14:9, 13, 15, 15:11, 13, 16, 63, 16:1, 2, 10, 17:11, 16, 18:21, 28, 19:15, 24, 28, 29, 30, 38, 42, 43, 47

士师记 1:8, 21, 27, 2:8, 9, 3:5, 9, 13, 4:3, 11, 9:24, 57, 14:19, 16:1, 18:1, 19:11, 20:18, 23, 27, 28

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Významy biblických slov

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

犹大
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

兄弟
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

西缅
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

我们
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

逃跑
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...


The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

桌子
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...


Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

耶路撒冷
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.


Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


按照瑞典博格的说法,时间和空间不存在于精神现实中,它们是纯粹的自然事物,只存在于物质层面。这就意味着,一个精神性的东西不可能在时间上的另一个精神性的东西 "之后 "发生,因为没有时间。而一个精神性的东西也不可能在空间上 "追随 "另一个精神性的东西,因为没有空间。 相反,灵性的现实是建立在灵性状态的基础上,或天使的爱和思想。这些爱和思想以因果链的方式连接在一起,天使们的体验就像我们体验时间一样;一个思想在精神层面上流向另一个思想,而天使们感觉到这种进步,就像我们感觉到一个时刻流向另一个时刻的进步一样。当天使有类似的思想和感觉时,他们体验到的亲近感和我们对肉体亲近感的体验是非常相同的;他们对 "空间 "的概念是整个精神世界中的灵魂所拥有的思想和情感的变化。 当《圣经》将某件事情描述为 "后边 "的东西时,那么,属灵的意义就与属灵状态的递进有关;它是在前边的东西基础上产生的新的属灵状态。由于较高的状态会流入较低的状态,所以 "之后 "的东西往往是较低的、较外在的状态。例如,内心深处对他人的善的渴望,会自动地流向具体的想法,即我们可以做的具体的善事。那么,这些具体的想法,就会 "在 "善的欲望之后。


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...


The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...


'South' denotes truth in light.

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

女儿
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

妻子
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

儿子
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

父亲
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...


Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)


Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

名字
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...


'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.


'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

摩西的
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...


The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

伯特利
当雅各做了一个著名的梦,梦见一个通向天堂的楼梯,他给这个地方起了个名字叫 "贝瑟尔",希伯来语的意思是 "上帝的家" 这个字面的意义反映在属灵的意义上。书中告诉我们,"贝瑟尔 "代表了我们对主神圣的爱的认识和理解,那是他对我们所有人的完美的爱,那是他的本质。当我们知道了主的爱,对主的爱有了一定的了解,那就使它在我们里面有了一个 "房子",让它在我们里面生长,影响我们自己的爱。 在旧约中,"贝瑟尔 "在后来的《旧约》中有相反的含义,在耶罗波安在那里设立金牛犊,使之成为偶像崇拜的中心之后。然后,它代表了从邪爱中产生的崇拜。


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

玛拿西
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以法莲
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

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 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Caleb Gave Othniel His Daughter, Achsah, to Be His Wife
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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