约书亚记 9

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1 迦南诸联盟对抗以色列人

2 聚集起来,同心协力地要与约书亚和以色列人交战。

3 基遍人计骗约书亚基遍居民见了约书亚向耶利哥和艾城所行的事,

4 就施诡计,假冒使者而来,把旧的布和破裂又修补过的旧皮酒驮在上,

5 上穿着补过的旧鞋,身穿旧衣服,所带的食物又又碎。

6 他们去到吉甲中约书亚那里,对约书亚和以色列人:“我们是从远地的,现在求你们和我们立约。”

7 以色列人对这些希未:“你们也许是这地的居民,若是这样,我们怎样和你们立约呢?”

8 他们对约书亚:“我们是你的仆人。”约书亚问他们:“你们是什么人?是从哪里的?”

9 他们回答约书亚:“你的仆人为了耶和华的名从很远的地方而,因为我们见了他的名声和他在埃及所行的一切事,

10 以及他对约旦河东亚摩利人的两个,就是希实本西宏和在亚斯他录的巴珊噩,所行的一切事。

11 所以我们长老我们本国所有的居民我们:‘你们里要带着旅途用的干粮,去迎见以色列人,对他们我们是你们的仆人,现在求你们和我们立约。’

12 我们出门到你们这里来的时候,从家里带出来作粮的这饼还是热的;看哪,现在都又又碎了。

13 这些皮酒袋,我们盛酒的时候,还是新的;你看,现在都破裂了。我们这些衣服和鞋因途遥远,都穿旧了。”

14 以色列人取了他们一些食物,却没有求问耶和华的旨意。

15 于是约书亚与他们议和,和他们立约,容他们存活;会众的首领也向他们起了誓。

16 以色列人奴役基遍人以色列人和他们立约之,过了,才见他们是自己的近邻,是在这地的居民

17 于是,以色列人起程,第三日就到了他们的城市;他们的城市就是基遍、基非拉、比录、基列.耶琳。

18 以色列人没有击杀他们,因为会众的首领曾经指着耶和华以色列的向他们起了誓,全体会众就都向首领发怨言。

19 众首领对全体会众:“我们曾经指着耶和华以色列的向他们起了誓,现在我们不能伤害他们。

20 我们要这样待他们,就是容他们存活,免得神的忿怒因我们向他们所起的誓,临到我们身上。”

21 众首领又对会众:“要让他们存活。”于是他们就给全体会众作了劈柴打的人,这是按照众首领对他们的吩咐。

22 约书亚把他们召了来,质问他们:“你们为什么欺骗我们:‘我们离你们很远’,其实你们却是在这地的?

23 现在你们要受到咒诅,你们中间必不断有人作奴仆,为我的圣所作劈柴打的人。”

24 他们回答约书亚,:“因为你的仆人确实地听见,耶和华你的曾经吩咐他的仆人摩西,要把这整片土地你们,并且要在你们面前把这地上所有的居民都消灭,因此,我们因你们的缘故,很怕丧命,才行了这事。

25 现在,你看,我们都在你的里,你看怎样处置我们算为、算为对,就怎样行吧。”

26 约书亚就这样处置他们,救了他们脱离以色列人以色列人就没有他们。

27 在那一天,约书亚指派他们在耶和华选择的地方,为会众和耶和华的祭坛作劈柴打的人,直到今日。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 约书亚记 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1110, 2842, 3058, 4431, 6860


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608

Spiritual Experiences 151, 271, 273, 330, 363, 377

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约旦
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长老
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耶和华的
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The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...


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在圣经时代,特别是旧约时代,许多人都是游牧民族,他们住在帐篷里,可以快速地打点、移动和重新搭建。当然,还有一些人住在房子里,一般是用石头和木头做的,相当永久。介于这两者之间的是更大、更精致的帐篷式结构,称为帐棚或住所;摩西为约柜所建的帐棚就是以这种模式为基础。 那么,"住 "在某个地方,意义重大--它比单纯的参观要多得多--但却不如住在那里永久。而事实上,在《圣经》中,住在某处,代表着进入那种属灵的状态,并与之交往,但不一定是永久的。 同时,"住处 "代表着激发居住在其中的人的各种爱,从最邪恶的--例如以赛亚书第9章中的 "那些住在死亡阴影里的人"--到会幕本身的崇高状态,会幕是作为主的住处而建造的,代表着天堂的所有细节。

第三
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

城市
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...


In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

回答
一般来说,"回答 "是指一种属灵的接受状态。归根结底,这意味着接受主,主不断地试图将真正的想法和美好的愿望灌输到我们的心灵和思想中。它也可以是在我们的外在部分接受自己的内在部分的引导--承诺使我们的行动跟随我们更深的信仰。 在圣经中,"回答 "经常与 "说 "搭配在一起。在这些情况下,一般来说,它表示的是一种感知的程度加上接受的程度。这意味着你不仅能接受从主那里临到你的东西,而且还能看到它,认识到其中的真理,并认识到这里面的真理,这将使你的生活更加美好。

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

土地
圣经中的“地球”可以表示一个人或一群志同道合的人,就像在教堂里一样。但是它专门指的是人的思想外部或群体的一般思想。如果天堂和大地同时被提及,那么心灵的内在和外在都是有意思的-阅读创作故事时要注意的事情。 “地球”是一个通用词,可以看作是其他特定词(如地面,田野或花园)的容器。当他们从圣经中学习真理,思考问题并试图将其应用于生活中时,这些都意味着一个升序的人。该系列作品代表了成为美好和明智的方式。 “地球”和“地面”是可以双向使用的术语,例如在撒种的寓言中(马太福音13:4-8)既有好的地面又有坏的地面,但是“田野”和“花园”是指头脑正在向美好的方向再生。 在《启示录》中,“地球”一词既被用作地面,因为我们以其自然意义使用它,也被用作群体的意义。本书中的动作发生在精神世界的中部地区,人们首先去过那里,他们被整理了出来。那里既有邪恶的人,也有善良的人,有时在教堂的尽头,邪恶会在做出伟大的判断之前产生巨大的影响。这种精神境界的水平被称为“地球”,巨龙被降落在该“地球”上(启12:9),而星辰掉落在其上(启12:4)。吞没巨龙洪水的“地球”是指教会中那些仍然诚恳的人,他们轻视巨龙的虚假洪水(启12:15)。


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...


It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...


'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

一天
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

祭坛
圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。

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Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Israel's Treaty with Gibeon Review Questions
Read Joshua 9 to complete sentences about Israel's treaty with the Gibeonites.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Fate of the Gibeonites
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Five Kings Captured
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Gibeonites
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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