约书亚记 5

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1 迦南人闻丧胆

2 以色列在吉甲行割礼那时,耶和华对约书亚:“你要制造火石刀,第二以色列人割礼。”

3 约书亚就制造了火石刀,在包皮山那里给以色列人行了割礼

4 约书亚给以色列人行割礼的原因是这样:所有从埃及出来的人民,就是所有能作战的男丁,出埃及以后,都在旷野的上。

5 因为所有从埃及出来的人民都受过割礼;唯有从埃及出来以后,所有在旷野的上出生的人民,都没有受过割礼

6 以色列人在旷野走了四十年,直到全国的人,就是从埃及出来能作战的男丁,都灭尽了,因为他们不耶和华的话;耶和华曾经向他们起誓,必不容许他们耶和华向他们列祖起誓要赐我们的地,就是流奶与蜜的地。

7 他们的子孙,就是耶和华兴起来代替他们的,约书亚给他们行了割礼;这些人是未受割礼的人,因为他们在上没有受过割礼

8 全国的人受了割礼之后,都中自己的地方,直到痊愈。

9 耶和华对约书亚:“我今日把埃及耻辱从你们身上辊去了。”因此,那地方吉甲(“吉甲”意即“辊”),直到今日。

10 以色列人逾越节以色列人吉甲安营;正十四晚上,他们在耶利哥平原逾越节

11 逾越节后次日,他们吃了那地的出产;就在那一天吃了无酵饼和烘的谷物。

12 吗哪停止降下他们吃了那地的出产之后,第二天吗哪就停止降下;以色列人不再有吗哪了;那一年他们却迦南地的出产。

13 约书亚与耶和华军队的元帅约书亚走近耶利哥的时候,抬头观见一个站在他对面,里拿着拔出来的刀。约书亚走到他那里,对他:“你是我们,还是我们的仇敌呢?”

14 那人回答:“不是的;我现在是作耶和华军队的元帅。”约书亚就脸伏在地,向他下拜,对他:“我有什么事要吩咐仆人呢?”

15 耶和华军队的元帅对约书亚:“把你上的鞋脱下来,因为你站的地方地。”约书亚就照着行了。

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 1748, 1784, 2039, 2799, 6846, 8294, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 619

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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Teaching Support | Ages over 3

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