约书亚记 4

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1 立石为凭据

2 “你要从民中选十,每支派

3 吩咐他们:‘你们要从这里,就是约旦河中间祭司所站的地方,取十石头,把它们带过来,放在你们今夜要住宿的地方。’”

4 于是,约书亚把他从以色列人中挑选的十,每支派召了来。

5 约书亚对他们:“你们走到约旦河中间,在耶和华你们的的约柜前面,按着以色列十二支派的数目,每拿起石头,扛在自己的肩上;

6 这可以在你们中间作记号;如果日后你们的子孙问你们,:‘这些石头对你们有什么意思?’

7 你们就可以告诉他们:‘这是因为约旦河耶和华的约柜前被截断了;约柜过约旦河的时候,约旦河被截断了。所以这些石头要给以色列人作记念,直到永远。’”

8 以色列人就照着约书亚吩咐的行了;他们照着耶和华吩咐约书亚的,按着以色列支派的数目,从约旦河中间取了十石头,把它们带过去,到他们住宿的地方,就放在那里。

9 渡过约旦河约书亚又在约旦河中间,在抬约柜的祭司所站的地方,竖立十石头;那些石头到今日还在那里。

10 抬约柜的祭司站在约旦河中间,直到耶和华吩咐约书亚告诉人民的一切事,就是照着摩西吩咐约书亚的一切事,都办完了,人民就急忙过去了。

11 全体人民都过了河以后,耶和华的约柜和祭司才在人民的面前过去。

12 流本人、迦得人和玛拿西个支派的人,都照着摩西吩咐他们的,拿起武器,在以色列人前面过河去了。

13 他们约有四万人,都装备好,预备打仗,在耶和华面前走过去,来到耶利哥平原,等候作战。

14 一天耶和华使约书亚在以色列众人眼中成为尊大;在他一生的日子,人民敬畏他,好像敬畏摩西一样。

15 耶和华吩咐约书亚

16 “吩咐抬约柜的祭司约旦河上来。”

17 于是约书亚吩咐祭司说:“你们从约旦河上来。”

18 耶和华约柜的祭司约旦河中间上来的时候,祭司掌一提起来踏在干地上,约旦河就流回原处,像以前一样涨过两岸。

19 吉甲扎营初十,人民从约旦河上来以后,就在吉甲,在耶利哥的东边安营。

20 约书亚把他们从约旦河取来的那十石头,竖立在吉甲

21 约书亚对以色列人:“如果日后你们的子孙问他们的父亲:‘这些石头是什么意思?’

22 那时,你们就要告诉你们的子孙,:‘以色列人曾经在干地上走过了这约旦河。’

23 因为耶和华你们的在你们面前使约旦河了,直到你们都过了河,好像耶和华你们的从前对红所行的,在我们面前使红了,直到我们都过了河一样;

24 好使地上万民都认识耶和华的,是有能力的,也要使你们永远敬畏耶和华你们的。”

  

Exploring the Meaning of 约书亚记 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

真实的基督教 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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