约书亚记 15

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1 犹大支派的分地

2 他们方的疆界是从的极部分起,就是从边的湾起;

3 伸到亚克拉滨山坡的边,经过寻,上到加低斯.巴尼亚的边,又经过希斯仑,再上到亚达珥,绕过甲加,

4 经过押们,伸展到埃及,疆界直通到;这就是他们方的疆界。

5 东方的疆界是从直到约旦河口。北方的疆界是从约旦河口的湾起,

6 上到伯.曷拉,经过伯.亚拉巴的边,再上到流本的儿子波罕的磐那里;

7 又从亚割上到底璧,再转到边亚都冥山坡对面的吉甲去;又经过隐.示麦泉,直通到隐.罗结;

8 再上到欣嫩子,到达耶布斯面的坡,耶布斯就是耶路撒冷;又上到欣嫩子西边的顶,就是在利乏音的端;

9 又从顶转到尼弗多亚的泉,伸展到以弗仑的众城;又转到巴拉,巴拉就是基列.耶琳;

10 又从巴拉向西绕到西珥,经过耶琳坡的边,耶琳就是基撒仑;又到伯.示麦,经过亭纳;

11 伸展到以革伦面的坡,转到施基仑,经过巴拉,伸展到雅比聂,直通到为止。

12 西方的疆界就是岸。这是犹大人按着家族所得四围的境界。

13 迦勒攻得之地(士1:11-15)约书亚照着耶和华所吩咐的,把犹大人的一份地业,就是基列.亚巴,分了耶孚尼的儿子迦勒;亚巴是亚衲人的祖先。基列.亚巴就是希伯仑。

14 迦勒把亚衲人的个子孙,就是示筛、亚希幔、挞买,从那里赶出去;他们是亚衲人的后代。

15 他又从那里上去攻击底璧的居民;底璧从前名叫基列.西弗。

16 迦勒:“谁能攻打基列.西弗,把基列.西弗夺取,我就把我的女儿押撒他作妻子。”

17 迦勒的兄弟基纳斯的儿子俄陀聂夺取了那城,迦勒就把女儿押撒他作妻子

18 押撒出嫁的时候,怂恿丈夫向她父亲求一块田地;押撒一下,迦勒问她:“你要什么?”

19 她回答:“求你我祝福;你既然把了我,求你也把我。”她父亲就把上泉和下泉都了她。

20 以下是犹大支派按着家族所得的产业。

21 犹大所得的城犹大支派极边的众城,接近以东边界的,有:甲薛、以得、雅姑珥、

22 基拿、底摩拿、亚大达、

23 基低斯、夏琐、以提楠、

24 西弗、提炼、比亚绿、

25 夏琐.哈大他、加略.希斯仑(加略.希斯仑就是夏琐)、

26 亚曼、示玛、摩拉大、

27 哈萨.迦大、黑实门、伯.帕列、

28 哈萨.书亚、别是巴、比斯约他、

29 巴拉、以因、以森、

30 伊勒多腊、基失、何珥玛、

31 洗革拉、麦连拿、三撒拿、

32 利巴勿、实忻、亚因、临门,共二十座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

33 在高原有以实陶、琐拉、亚实拿、

34 撒挪亚、隐.干宁、他普亚、以楠、

35 耶末、亚杜兰、梭哥、亚西加、

36 沙拉音、亚底他音、基底拉、基底罗他音,共十四座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

37 又有洗楠、哈大沙、麦大.迦得、

38 底连、米斯巴、约帖、

39 拉吉、波斯加、伊矶伦、

40 迦本、拉幔、基提利、

41 基低罗、伯.大衮、拿玛、玛基大,共十六座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

42 又有立拿、以帖、亚珊、

43 益弗他、亚实拿、尼悉、

44 基伊拉、亚革悉、玛利沙,共座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

45 又有以革伦,和属于以革伦的市镇村庄

46 从以革伦直到,所有靠近亚实突的城和属于这些城的村庄

47 亚实突和属于亚实突的市镇村庄;迦萨和属于迦萨的市镇村庄;直到埃及沿岸的地方。

48 地有沙密、雅提珥、梭哥、

49 大拿、基列.萨拿(基列.萨拿就是底璧)、

50 亚拿伯、以实提莫、亚念、

51 歌珊、何伦、基罗,共十座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

52 又有亚拉、度玛、以珊、

53 雅农、伯.他普亚、亚非加、

54 宏他、基列.亚巴(基列.亚巴就是希伯仑)、洗珥,共座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

55 又有玛云、迦密、西弗、淤他、

56 耶斯列、约甸、撒挪亚、

57 该隐、基比亚、亭纳,共座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

58 又有哈忽、伯.夙、基突、

59 玛腊、伯.亚诺、伊勒提君,共座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

60 又有基列.巴力(基列.巴力就是基列.耶琳)、拉巴,共两座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

61 在旷野有伯.亚拉巴、密丁、西迦迦、

62 匿珊、城、隐.基底,共座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

63 至于耶路撒冷的耶布斯人,犹大人不能把他们赶走;所以耶布斯人在耶路撒冷犹大人同,直到今日。

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 15: Judah’s territory and more about Caleb.

This chapter describes the territory given to the tribe of Judah, and lists many of its cities and borders. Judah received a major portion of the land of Canaan; its eastern border was the Salt Sea (the Dead Sea), and the western border was the Great Sea (the Mediterranean).

Although Judah was the fourth son of Jacob, he played a more significant role in many of the Old Testament stories than his older brothers did. So, it is not surprising that the tribe of Judah received extensive territory in the south of Canaan, which in later time became the nation of Judah, along with the tribe of Benjamin’s small territory. The name ‘Judah’ also eventually led to the name ‘Jewish’, coming from the Roman province of Judaea. The name ‘Judah’ also means “praise”, specifically praise of God (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 456).

Praise itself is a commendation of a person’s good qualities. To give praise is part of our love for our neighbour; to receive praise underscores our sense of our own value. To praise the Lord is to give thanks to Him, and to affirm the difference that the Lord makes in our life. Ultimately, praise is part of our faith in the Lord to lead us through this life and for eternity.

This uplifting, positive spiritual meaning of Judah does not mean that Judah (the man in the Old Testament) was without faults. He had his flaws, as everyone does, but at times Judah changed the course of events for a better outcome. It was Judah who persuaded his brothers to sell Joseph rather than kill him, and he also offered himself as a hostage for the sake of his brothers (Arcana Caelestia 4815[2]).

Chapter 15 lists very many locations in Judah’s territory. Here are just a few of the places listed, along with their meaning and spiritual significance:

Judah = “praise”
Spiritually = our worship of God

Which includes these, and many more aspects…

Zin = “flat, level ground”
Spiritually = life under God’s guidance

Kadesh Barnea = “holy wanderings”
Spiritually = becoming purified

Beth Hoglah = “house of the partridge”
Spiritually = bringing to birth

En Rogel = “water spring of the foot”
Spiritually = life in everyday activities

Jerusalem = “dwelling place of peace; wholeness”
Spiritually = our highest spiritual state

Nephtoah = “to be open”
Spiritually = to be part of all life

Timnah = “allotted portion”
Spiritually = what the Lord has created me for

Mount Hebron, which was in the territory of Judah, was given to Caleb as an inheritance because of his faithfulness to God. We read in this chapter that he conquers the giants living there, and drives them away from Mount Hebron. Caleb makes a promise that whoever takes the nearby city of Kirjath-sepher will have his daughter, Achsah, for a wife. Caleb’s brother’s son, Othniel, captures the city and marries Achsah. Caleb blesses Achsah and gives her springs of water upon her request, and he also gives Othniel a field.

The spiritual meaning of this touching story is that our spiritual life is intended to come together to be like a family (Arcana Caelestia 3020), just as Caleb, Achsah and Othniel are all close members of a family. Spiritual life is about bringing together our beliefs, our loves and affections, our intentions, and our actions. These different aspects of spiritual life become like one family where everyone – or everything – is interwoven together.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858

Apocalypse Explained 431

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 1585, 1616, 2723, 2909, 3862, 4599, 4816, ...

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417

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Významy biblických slov

犹大
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.


'South' denotes truth in light.


'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

埃及
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.


A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

约旦河
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

约旦
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

北方
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...


'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

儿子
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....


Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...


Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

吉甲
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.


Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...


'Hills' signify the good of charity.

耶路撒冷
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

以弗仑
Ephron (Gen. 23:8, 17) signifies those with whom the good and truth of faith, which are the constituents of the church, might be received.


"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...


The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...


The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

女儿
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

妻子
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

兄弟
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

父亲
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...


Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)


In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

以东
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

边界
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

二十
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...


'Nine' signifies conjunction.

村庄
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

十四
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...


The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

歌珊
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

该隐
'Cain' signifies the doctrine of faith separated from love. See Arcana Coelestia 338 and the sections that follow it.


Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...


Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

拉巴
Rabbath


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

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