约书亚记 14

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1 九个半支派在河西的分地

2 是照着耶和华借着摩西所吩咐的,以抽签的方法把产业分给支派。

3 因为摩西约旦河东已经把产业分了那两个支派;却没有把产业分他们中间的利未人。

4 因为约瑟的子孙成了两个支派,就是玛拿西以法莲,因此以色列人没有把地业分在那地的利未人,只他们一些城市居住,还有城市的郊野,可以牧放他们的牲畜,安置他们的财产

5 耶和华怎样吩咐摩西以色列人就照样行,把地分配了。

6 迦勒的分地犹大来到吉甲约书亚那里,基尼洗耶孚尼的儿子迦勒对约书亚:“耶和华在加低斯.巴尼亚对摩西关于你和我的,你是知道的。

7 耶和华的仆人摩西从加低斯.巴尼亚派我去窥探这地的时候,我正四十岁;我照着我心里所想的向他报告。

8 可是,与我一同上去的众兄弟却使人民的惊惧,我却完全顺从耶和华我的

9 摩西起誓说:‘你的踏过的地都必归你和你的子孙作产业,直到永远,因为你完全顺从耶和华我的。’

10 现在你看,自从耶和华摩西了这以后,耶和华照着所应许的,使我活了这四十五年,就是以色列人在旷野行走的时期;现在你看,我今日已经是八十岁了。

11 今日我还是强壮,像摩西派我去的那一样;无论是作战,或是出入,那时我的力量怎样,现在我的力量还是怎样。

12 现在求你把耶和华那日所应许的这地赐我;因为那你也曾见那里有亚衲人,又有宽坚固的城;但耶和华与我同在,我就可以把他们赶出去,正如耶和华所应许的。”

13 于是约书亚迦勒祝福,把希伯仑赐了耶孚尼的儿子迦勒作产业。

14 因此,希伯仑成了基尼洗人耶孚尼的儿子迦勒的产业,直到今日;因为他完全顺从耶和华以色列的

15 希伯仑从前名叫基列.亚巴;亚巴是亚衲人中最伟大的人。全地也就止息了战争

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 9338


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2909, 3862

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Významy biblických slov

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...


'Nine' signifies conjunction.


Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

约旦河
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

约旦
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

中间
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

玛拿西
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

以法莲
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

城市
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.


In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

居住
'Inhabit' refers to good.


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

财产
Acquisition (Genesis 12:5) means all things which are sensual truths or things of science which are the ground of thought in man. Acquisition and purchase...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

犹大
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

吉甲
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

儿子
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...


Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。


'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

耶和华的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

仆人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

四十
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

兄弟
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.


The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...


"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...


Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

永远
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

十五
Fifteen, as in Genesis 7:20, signifies so few as to be scarce anything.


Five also signifies all things of one part.

八十
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...


The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...


Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...


The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

祝福
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

最伟大的
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

战争
道上的战争代表着试探性的战斗,当善的东西被恶的或假的东西攻击时。攻击的邪恶来自于地狱的众多社会中的一个,它的运作方式是唤起我们心中的自私的爱,而这种爱是与我们所知道的正确的东西相反的。然后,我们自私的爱攻击滋养着希望成为一个好人的爱,于是我们的心中就有了战争。这以以色列人的子民在迦南地及其周围的战争为代表,在旧约圣经中有很长的历史。自私的爱从我们的遗传中在我们的心中泛滥成灾,而善良的爱随着我们的良知的发展而长久地伴随着我们的良心而来。如果我们没有良知,我们就不可能受诱惑,我们会立刻顺着私心的意愿而屈服。但最终的结果是,我们会被地狱所奴役,为所欲为。

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