约书亚记 13

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1 还未攻取之地

2 还剩下来的地,就是非利士人的全境和基述人的全地,

3 埃及东面的西曷河,向北直到以革伦的境界(这都算是迦南人的地方),由非利士人的首领管辖的迦萨人、亚实突人、亚实基伦人、迦特人、以革伦人的地方;并且有亚卫人,

4 他们是在南方,以及迦南人全境和属西顿人的米亚拉,直到亚弗和亚摩利人的境界;

5 还有迦巴勒人的地和东面的黎巴嫩全境,从黑门的巴力.迦得,直到哈马口;

6 黎巴嫩直到米斯利弗.玛音,所有地的居民,就是所有的西顿人,我必在以色列人面前把他们赶出去。你只要照着我吩咐你的,把这地抽签分给以色列人作产业。

7 现在你要把这地分给个支派和玛拿西个支派作产业。”

8 两个半支派在河东的分地玛拿西另半个支派,跟流本人和迦得人,已经得了摩西约旦河东赐他们的产业,是照着耶和华的仆人摩西他们的,

9 就是从亚嫩谷边的亚罗珥和谷中间的城,以及米底巴的整片平原,直到底本;

10 还有在希实本作的亚摩利人的西宏所有的城,直到亚扪人的境界;

11 又有基列地、基述人和玛迦人的境界,以及整个黑门、巴珊全地,直到撒迦;

12 另有巴珊王噩的全国,他在亚斯他录和以得来作王;他是利乏音人留下的余民。这些地方的人,摩西都把他们击杀了,赶走了。

13 以色列人却没有赶走基述人和玛迦人;因此,基述人和玛迦人以色列人中间,直到今日。

14 只有利未支派,摩西没有把产业他们;他们的产业就是献耶和华以色列的的火祭,正如耶和华对他们所的。

15 流本支派的分地摩西按着流本支派的家族,把产业了他们。

16 他们的境界是从亚嫩谷边的亚罗珥起,包括谷中间的城、靠近米底巴的整片平原、

17 希实本和平原上属希实本所有的城、底本、巴末.巴力、伯.巴力.勉、

18 雅杂、基底莫、米法押、

19 基列亭、西比玛、地上的细列哈.沙辖、

20 伯.毗珥、毗斯迦山坡、伯.耶西末、

21 平原上所有的城和亚摩利人的西宏的全国。这西宏曾经在希实本作摩西把他和米甸的首领以未、利金、苏珥、户珥和利巴都击杀了。这些都是西宏的侯,在那地。

22 以色列人的人中,比珥的儿子占卜者巴兰也被他们用刀所

23 流本人领土的疆界是约旦河,这就是流本人按着家族得着的产业所包括的众城,和属于这些城的村庄

24 迦得支派的分地摩西按着迦得支派的家族把产业分迦得支派。

25 他们的境界包括雅谢和基列所有的城,以及亚扪人的一土地,直到拉巴前面的亚罗珥;

26 从希实本直到拉抹.米斯巴和比多宁,又从玛哈念直到底璧的境界;

27 还有在中的伯.亚兰、伯.宁拉、疏割、撒分,就是希实本西宏国中的余地,以约旦河作疆界,直到基尼烈的底端,都在约旦河东。

28 这就是迦得人按着家族得着的产业所包括的城,和属于这些城的村庄

29 玛拿西支派的分地摩西把产业分玛拿西个支派,是按着玛拿西个支派的家族分他们的。

30 他们的境界是从玛哈念起,包括巴珊全地、巴珊噩的全国,并且在巴珊的睚珥的所有村落,共六十座城,

31 还有基列的一和亚斯他录、以得来,就是在巴珊,噩的王国的两座城,都是按着家族分给玛拿西儿子玛吉的孙子,就是分给玛吉的一孙子。

32 以上这些地方是摩西约旦河东,耶利哥对面的摩押平原所分配的产业。

33 可是利未支派,摩西却没有把产业分他们,因为耶和华以色列的就是他们的产业,正如耶和华对他们所的。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 约书亚记 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 3858, 3862

Apocalypse Explained 434


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 4117

Apocalypse Revealed 114, 352


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 140, 405, 435, 440, 447, 654

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Významy biblických slov

非利士人
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

埃及
在圣经中,埃及的意思是知识和爱知识。从好的意义上说,这意味着通过《圣经》从主那里获得真理的知识,但从自然的意义上说,它只是意味着要储存和占有的世俗知识。而且即使是来自圣经的知识也不一定是好的:如果我们学习它们的目的是使它们有用,那么它们就充满了天使的思想。但如果只是为了认识事物或为了学问的名声而学习它们,那它们就是。 所以,埃及是一个你去学习东西的地方,但要想成为天国,你就必须摆脱无菌的 "知",前往迦南地,在那里,知识充满了内心对善的渴望。 有趣的是,当约瑟统治埃及时,埃及是他父亲和兄弟的天堂。这说明,当一个人的内在心灵在学问之地统治的时候,可以学到很多有用的东西。但最终出现了一个不认识约瑟的法老,以色列子民就被奴役了。法老代表着外在的心灵;当它掌管的时候,知道的兴奋和自满会使内在的心灵沦为一种奴役。心灵--就像以色列子民一样--最终会从外在的表象中制造出砖头,或人为的假象。

向北
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...


'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...


Five also signifies all things of one part.

黎巴嫩
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.


The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...


In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...


在圣经时代,特别是旧约时代,许多人都是游牧民族,他们住在帐篷里,可以快速地打点、移动和重新搭建。当然,还有一些人住在房子里,一般是用石头和木头做的,相当永久。介于这两者之间的是更大、更精致的帐篷式结构,称为帐棚或住所;摩西为约柜所建的帐棚就是以这种模式为基础。 那么,"住 "在某个地方,意义重大--它比单纯的参观要多得多--但却不如住在那里永久。而事实上,在《圣经》中,住在某处,代表着进入那种属灵的状态,并与之交往,但不一定是永久的。 同时,"住处 "代表着激发居住在其中的人的各种爱,从最邪恶的--例如以赛亚书第9章中的 "那些住在死亡阴影里的人"--到会幕本身的崇高状态,会幕是作为主的住处而建造的,代表着天堂的所有细节。

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


'Nine' signifies conjunction.

玛拿西
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.


Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

约旦
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

约旦河
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

耶和华的
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仆人
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中间
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The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...


Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。


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Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

米甸
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.


'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

儿子
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巴兰
The Children of Israel entered the country of Moab during their long journey from Egypt toward the land of Canaan. Moab's king, Balak, was afraid...

村庄
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

土地
圣经中的“地球”可以表示一个人或一群志同道合的人,就像在教堂里一样。但是它专门指的是人的思想外部或群体的一般思想。如果天堂和大地同时被提及,那么心灵的内在和外在都是有意思的-阅读创作故事时要注意的事情。 “地球”是一个通用词,可以看作是其他特定词(如地面,田野或花园)的容器。当他们从圣经中学习真理,思考问题并试图将其应用于生活中时,这些都意味着一个升序的人。该系列作品代表了成为美好和明智的方式。 “地球”和“地面”是可以双向使用的术语,例如在撒种的寓言中(马太福音13:4-8)既有好的地面又有坏的地面,但是“田野”和“花园”是指头脑正在向美好的方向再生。 在《启示录》中,“地球”一词既被用作地面,因为我们以其自然意义使用它,也被用作群体的意义。本书中的动作发生在精神世界的中部地区,人们首先去过那里,他们被整理了出来。那里既有邪恶的人,也有善良的人,有时在教堂的尽头,邪恶会在做出伟大的判断之前产生巨大的影响。这种精神境界的水平被称为“地球”,巨龙被降落在该“地球”上(启12:9),而星辰掉落在其上(启12:4)。吞没巨龙洪水的“地球”是指教会中那些仍然诚恳的人,他们轻视巨龙的虚假洪水(启12:15)。

拉巴
Rabbath


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

六十
'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth in our minds.

耶利哥
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

摩押
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

平原
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
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