约书亚记 11

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1 约书亚战胜北方联盟

2 以及住在北方地、基尼烈边的亚拉巴原和西边多珥地的众

3 又去见在东方和西方的迦南人,住在地的亚摩利人、赫人、比利洗人和耶布斯人,以及米斯巴地黑门的希未人。

4 这些王与他们所有的军队都一同出来,人数众多,好像边的沙,还有很多马匹和车辆。

5 这些都联合起到米伦边,在那里一起安营,要与以色列人作战。

6 耶和华对约书亚:“你不要因他们惧怕,因为明天这个时候,我必使他们全数在以色列人面前被杀;你要砍断他们的蹄筋,焚烧他们的车辆。”

7 于是约书亚和所有与他在一起能作战的人,在米伦边突然迫近,攻打他们。

8 耶和华把他们交在以色列人里,以色列人就击杀他们,追赶他们直到西顿大城、米斯利弗.玛音,以及在东边的米斯巴谷;以色列人击杀他们,没有留下一个。

9 约书亚照着耶和华吩咐他的对待他们;他砍断了他们的蹄筋,用烧了他们的车辆。

10 那时,约书亚回来,占领了夏琐,用刀击杀了夏琐,因为夏琐在这些国中素来是为首的。

11 以色列人用刀击杀了城中所有的人,把他们完全毁灭;有气息的一个也没有留下;约书亚又放烧了夏琐。

12 约书亚夺取了那些的一切城,又擒获那些城所有的;他用刀击杀了他们,把一切完全毁灭,正如耶和华仆人摩西所吩咐的。

13 至于那些立在土丘上的城,除了夏琐以外,以色列人都没有焚烧;约书亚只烧了夏琐。

14 那些城所有的战利品和牲畜,以色列人都据为己有;只是把所有的人都用刀击杀了,直到把他们杀尽;有气息的,他们没有留下一个。

15 耶和华怎样吩咐他的仆人摩西摩西就怎样吩咐约书亚,约书亚也照样行了;耶和华吩咐摩西的一切,约书亚没有一样不办妥的。

16 约书亚攻取各地这样,约书亚夺取了那整个地区,就是地、整个地、歌珊全地、高原、亚拉巴、以色列地和地的高原;

17 从延伸至西珥的哈拉,直到黑门黎巴嫩谷的巴力.迦得;约书亚擒获了那些地方所有的,把他们都杀死了

18 约书亚和这些作战了很多的日子。

19 除了基遍的希未人以外,没有一座城与以色列人议和的;所有其他的城都是以色列人作战夺取的。

20 因为这是出于耶和华的旨意,他使他们里刚硬,要与以色列人交战,好把他们完全毁灭,使他们不蒙怜悯,却要被消灭,正如耶和华吩咐摩西的

21 那时约书亚来了,把在地、希伯仑、底璧、亚拿伯、整个犹大地、整个以色列地所有的亚衲族人都剪除了。约书亚把他们与他们的城都完全毁灭了。

22 以色列人的境内,没有留下一个亚衲族人,只在迦萨、迦特和亚实突还有下的。

23 这样,约书亚照着耶和华吩咐摩西的一切话,夺取了那全地;于是,约书亚按着以色列的支派把地分他们作产业。全地也就止息了战争

  

Exploring the Meaning of 约书亚记 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 2909, 2913, 3527, 4240, 4431, 6860

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出埃及记 14:4, 8, 17

民数记 13:22, 26:53, 33:50, 52, 34:2, 11

申命记 1:7, 2:23, 30, 7:2, 24, 9:2, 3, 12:10, 31:3, 5

约书亚记 1:7, 3:10, 6:21, 24, 8:2, 9:2, 15, 10:8, 9, 20, 41, 12:3, 7, 8, 19, 20, 23, 13:5, 6, 27, 14:12, 14, 15, 15:13, 14, 47, 19:36, 21:44, 24:13

士师记 1:20, 4:2, 7:12, 14:4

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撒母耳记下 8:4, 10:15, 17:11, 14, 21:16, 24:6

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列王記下 6:16, 15:29

历代志下 20:25, 22:7

诗篇 20:8, 46:10, 48:5

以赛亚书 14:24, 34:2

启示录 20:8

Významy biblických slov


'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

北方
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...


'Hills' signify the good of charity.


In the Word, 'the south' or 'midday' means a state of light, which is a state of intelligence produced by truths, thus also an interior...


'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.


人的心灵由两部分组成,一是意志,一是理解,一是爱与情的座席,一是智慧与知识的座席。在《圣经》中,君王在理解中代表事物:真事物由那些好的或友好的国度代表;假事物(被认为是真的)由坏的或不友好的国度代表。 迦南地代表内心的思想,在那里发生了关于善恶、生命、上帝和天堂的思想。在最高的意义上,它代表了天堂本身,而在那片土地上统一的以色列王国的三位国王--扫罗、大卫和所罗门--分别代表了《圣经》中的神圣真理,因为它分别在字面、内在的精神和最内在的天体意义上被理解。   对于一个在生活中几乎随心所欲的人来说,真理之王统治自己生活的想法可能会显得很压抑,就像撒母耳描述的那样。但对于已经接受了灵性重生需要的人来说,虽然这种真理的统治有时会感到困难,但却被接受为必要。他们承认主,正如他在圣经中所揭示的那样,是他们的王。起初,这个王可能看起来喜怒无常或没有效力,就像扫罗一样,但当这个人努力理解真理,并将真理落实在生活中时,这个王就会变得更有力量,更讨人喜欢--以大卫为代表。而最后,这个王被看成是有智慧的,就像所罗门一样。   从埃及到巴比伦,或从尼罗河到幼发拉底河,迦南周围的国家和部落,代表着外在心灵的领域,有时与内在的心灵结盟,有时又与内在的心灵交战。这些国家的国王都代表着真理,或者至少是他们认为是真实的想法,对他们来说是作为真理来运作的,即使是假的。


In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

马匹
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...


'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...


Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

明天
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

被杀
'The slain' when referring to the Lord, as in Revelation 5, means the separation of everything from the divine. In denial of His divinity, He...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


火,在精神意义上,根据上下文,既可以意味着爱,也可以意味着恨,就像自然之火既可以让你感到舒适,让你感到温暖,也可以让你感到害怕,让你的房子烧毁。我们的语言也反映了这一点--我们使用的概念,比如燃烧的仇恨或燃烧的爱。所以,火就是爱,要么是对邻居和对主的爱,要么,在不好的意义上,是对自己的爱,如果不受良心的约束,会导致对任何反对它的人的仇恨。


Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

回来
在《圣经》中,有很多描述人回头看、回头看或回去的例子。在大多数情况下,这是一种消极的,有时是毁灭性的(就像罗得的妻子,当她回望所多玛的毁灭时,变成了一根盐柱子)。一般情况下,这代表着我们的状态,当我们进入到一个新的精神境界,发现自己希望得到旧的安逸和轻松时,回去代表着回到更早的低级阶段。 当 "回 "与物联系在一起的时候,"回 "的意义更多的是字面意义。当有人拿东西回来或给东西时,其精神意义大多是以物与行为人为中心。


Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

仆人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

摩西的
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

歌珊
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

黎巴嫩
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

死了
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.


在圣经时代,特别是旧约时代,许多人都是游牧民族,他们住在帐篷里,可以快速地打点、移动和重新搭建。当然,还有一些人住在房子里,一般是用石头和木头做的,相当永久。介于这两者之间的是更大、更精致的帐篷式结构,称为帐棚或住所;摩西为约柜所建的帐棚就是以这种模式为基础。 那么,"住 "在某个地方,意义重大--它比单纯的参观要多得多--但却不如住在那里永久。而事实上,在《圣经》中,住在某处,代表着进入那种属灵的状态,并与之交往,但不一定是永久的。 同时,"住处 "代表着激发居住在其中的人的各种爱,从最邪恶的--例如以赛亚书第9章中的 "那些住在死亡阴影里的人"--到会幕本身的崇高状态,会幕是作为主的住处而建造的,代表着天堂的所有细节。

基遍
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

耶和华的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


心是爱的意思。一颗善良的心意味着爱主和邻舍,而一颗坚硬或石质的心则意味着爱自己或世界、财富和事物。当诗人请求主搜罗他的心时,他要主看看他所爱的是什么。而我们就是我们所爱的。我们吃的东西可能会形成我们属世的身体,但这只是暂时的,我们所爱的东西会形成我们属灵的身体,美丽或丑陋都由我们选择。 有趣的是,我们胚胎的第一个多细胞运动是在血管的扭曲中开始的脉动,它将成为我们的心脏,而我们自然身体的最后一个运动是我们的心跳。我们的自然生命都有它的存在。当然我们的灵体也有一颗跳动的心,当我们来穿上灵体的时候。 如果不考虑到肺,就很难想到心脏在身体中的用途。心脏循环血液,给全身带来生命,但除非血液首先被送到肺部充氧,清除有害气体,否则它将毫无用处。这两个器官一起工作,它们是嵌套在一起的,心脏躺在两个肺之间,各自感受着对方的运动。这两个代表着我们的爱和智慧,正如我们的爱需要通过我们对真理的理解来净化有害的东西,并充满了如何实际做它所渴望的活动的知识一样,爱和智慧,或者说意志和理解,就像我们的心和肺一样工作。事实上,它比这更深入。我们的意志和理解是按照神的天意和神的理解的 "形象和模样 "创造的,我们的心和肺的运作方式是为了在最低的创造层次上反映这一点。 总有更多的话要讲,更多的联系要做。见 "教会 "和 "大人物"。

来了
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

犹大
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.


In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

战争
道上的战争代表着试探性的战斗,当善的东西被恶的或假的东西攻击时。攻击的邪恶来自于地狱的众多社会中的一个,它的运作方式是唤起我们心中的自私的爱,而这种爱是与我们所知道的正确的东西相反的。然后,我们自私的爱攻击滋养着希望成为一个好人的爱,于是我们的心中就有了战争。这以以色列人的子民在迦南地及其周围的战争为代表,在旧约圣经中有很长的历史。自私的爱从我们的遗传中在我们的心中泛滥成灾,而善良的爱随着我们的良知的发展而长久地伴随着我们的良心而来。如果我们没有良知,我们就不可能受诱惑,我们会立刻顺着私心的意愿而屈服。但最终的结果是,我们会被地狱所奴役,为所欲为。

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Canaanite Chariots
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Chariots in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Complete a crossword on chariots in the Word by looking up references to stories in the Old ad New Testaments.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Joshua Destroys the Chariots
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Map of the Northern Conquest of Canaan
Map of the route of the northern conquest of Canaan with questions to answer.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Northern Conquest of Canaan Review Questions
Read Joshua 11 to complete the sentences. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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