耶利米书 50

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1 关于巴比伦的预言

2 “你们要在列国中传扬和宣告,要竖起旗帜宣扬,不可隐瞒,:‘巴比伦被攻取了!彼勒蒙羞,米罗达惊慌;巴比伦的像都蒙羞,它的偶像都惊慌。’

3 因为有一个国家北方来攻击它,使它的地荒凉;没有人在那里居住,人畜都逃跑无踪。

4 到那些日子、那时候(这是耶和华的宣告),以色列人必和犹大人一同,边走边哭,要寻找耶和华他们的

5 他们要询问往锡安的,又面向锡安,说:‘吧!我们要以那永不可忘记的约与耶和华连合。’

6 我的子民成了迷失的,他们的牧人使他们走错了,使他们在上徘徊;他们从大走到小忘记了他们安歇之处。

7 所有遇见他们的都吞他们;他们的敌人:‘我们没有罪,因为他们得罪了耶和华,那真正的居所;耶和华是他们列祖的盼望。’

8 我的子民哪!你们要从巴比伦中间逃跑,从迦勒底人的地出来;要像公山走在羊群前面。

9 因为,看哪!我必激动强国从北方之地联群而来,攻击巴比伦;他们要列阵攻打巴比伦;巴比伦就必被攻取。他们的必像善战的勇士,不会空手而回。

10 迦勒底必成为掠物,掳掠它的都必心满意足。”这是耶和华的宣告。

11 “抢夺我产业的啊!你们虽然欢喜快乐,像踹谷的小牛跳跃,像雄壮的马嘶叫;

12 但你们的母亲必极度羞愧,生你们的必受耻辱。看哪!她要在列国中沦为最弱小的,成为旷野、旱地、沙漠。”

13 耶和华的烈怒,巴比伦必没有人居住,完全荒废;每一个过巴比伦的,都必因这地遭受的一切创伤而惊骇,并且嗤笑它。

14 所有拉的啊!你们要在巴比伦四围列阵;射攻击它,不要吝啬枝,因为它得罪了耶和华

15 你们要在它的四周吶攻击它;它投降了,它城墙的支柱倒塌了,它的城墙拆毁了。因为这是耶和华的报复;你们要向巴比伦报复,它怎样待人,你们也要怎样待它。

16 你们要把播种的,和在收割的时候手持镰刀的,都从巴比伦剪除;因为欺压者的刀,他们各必归回自己的本族,各自逃回自己的故乡。

17 以色列的回归以色列是被赶散的羊,它被狮子赶逐。先是亚述把它吞灭,现在巴比伦尼布甲尼撒要咬碎它的骨头。

18 因此,万军之耶和华这样:“看哪!我必惩罚巴比伦和他的国土,像我以前惩罚亚述一样,

19 我必领以色列回到它的牧场,它必在迦密和巴珊吃草,又在以法莲地和基列地吃得饱足

20 到那些日子,那时候,人要寻查以色列的孽,却无所发现;要查究犹大罪恶,却一无所见;因为我必赦免我留下的那些人。”这是耶和华的宣告。

21 神审判巴比伦“你们要攻击米拉大翁的地,上去攻击她,又攻击比割的居民,屠杀他们,把他们彻底消灭,照着我吩咐你们的一切执行。”这是耶和华的宣告。

22 境内有战争的声音,和极的毁灭。

23 击打全地的大锤,怎么被砍断毁掉!巴比伦在列国中,怎么成了令人惊骇的对象呢!

24 “巴比伦哪!我设下网罗捉拿你,你被捉住,仍不自觉;你被发现,也被抓住,因为你和耶和华争斗。”

25 耶和华开了自己的军械,拿出他忿怒的武器;因为万军之耶和华迦勒底人的地有事要作。

26 你们要从四面八方攻击巴比伦,打开它的谷仓,把它堆起好像堆谷物一样;把它彻底消灭,什么都不留下。

27 要击杀它所有的公牛,使他们去被屠杀!他们有祸了!因为他们的日子,就是他们受惩罚的时候,到了。

28 听哪!从巴比伦的地逃出得以脱险的人,在锡安述说耶和华我们的报复,就是为他的殿而施行的报复。

29 “要召集弓箭手去攻击巴比伦,要召集所有拉的;要在巴比伦的四围安营攻击它,不容一人逃脱。要照着它的所作所为报应它,它怎样待人,你们也要怎样待它;因它狂傲地敌对耶和华,与以色列的圣者为敌。

30 所以,它的年轻人必仆倒在它的街道上,到那一天,它所有的战士都必被消灭。”这是耶和华的宣告。

31 “傲慢的人哪!我必敌对你(这是万军之耶和华的宣告),因为你的日子,就是我惩罚你的时候,到了。

32 那傲慢的必绊跌仆倒,没有人扶他起来;我必在他的城中放,吞灭他四围的一切。”

33 万军之耶和华这样:“以色列人被压迫,犹大人也一样受到欺压;所有俘掳他们的都紧紧抓住他们,不肯释放他们。

34 但他们的大有能力,万军之耶和华是他的名;他必认真地为他们的案件申辩,好使那地得到安宁,却使巴比伦的居民惶乱不安。

35 必攻击迦勒底人,攻击巴比伦的居民,攻击它的领袖和智慧人。”这是耶和华的宣告。

36 “刀必攻击胡说八道的假先知,他们必变成愚昧;刀必攻击它的勇士,他们必惊惶失措;

37 必攻击它的马匹和战车,攻击它境内所有外族的人,他们必像妇女一样柔弱;刀必攻击它的一切宝,它们必被抢掠;

38 刀剑(“刀剑”按照《马索拉抄本》应作“旱”;现参照《七十士译本》翻译)必攻击它的河流,它们必涸;因为这是偶像的地,人必因可怕的偶像迷失本性。

39 旷野的走兽和豺狼必在那里,鸵鸟也必在其中;那地永远再没有人居住,世世代不再有人在那里,

40 就像倾覆的所多玛、蛾摩拉,和它们邻近的城镇一样;必没有在那里,也必没有在那里寄居。”这是耶和华的宣告。

41 “看哪!有一个民族从北方,有一国和许多被激动,从地极到。

42 他们紧握和枪,性情残忍,毫无怜悯;他们的声音像洋怒吼;巴比伦的居民哪!他们战马,在战场上如同一,列阵攻击你们。

43 巴比伦了有关他们的消息,就发软;痛苦紧紧抓住他,他疼痛好像正在生产的妇人。

44 看哪!狮子怎样从约旦河边的丛林走上来,攻击常绿的牧场,照样,我必在眨眼之间把巴比伦赶走,使它离开这地;谁蒙拣选,我就派谁治理这地。谁能和我相比呢?谁可以把我传来审讯呢?哪一个牧人能在我面前站立得住呢?”

45 因此,你们要耶和华筹谋对付巴比伦的计划,和他为了攻击迦勒底人的地所定下的策略。他们羊群中最小的也必被拉去,他们的牧场也必因临到它们的灾祸而荒废。

46 因巴比伦陷落的响声,地就震动;列国都见它的哀叫声。

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

天堂的奥秘 1368

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 116


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

天堂的奥秘 289, 468, 583, 1186, 1326, 1813, 2025, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 52, 173, 241, 281, 298, 299, 336, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 120

The Lord 4, 34, 38, 39, 40, 53

Sacred Scripture 51, 79

天国与地狱 365

最后的审判 54

真實的基督徒信仰 45, 83, 93, 158, 188, 294, 637, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 131, 275, 278, 304, 328, 355, 357, ...

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Marriage 45, 83, 93

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 19, 51, 98

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Word/Phrase Explanations

预言
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

宣告
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

旗帜
'A sign' is mentioned in the Word in reference to the future, which constitutes revelation. This also refers to truth, when it constitutes testification. It...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

偶像
Idols of stone signify worship from falsities of doctrine. Idols of wood signify worship from evils of doctrine. Idols of silver signify worship from what...

国家
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

北方
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

耶和华的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

犹大
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

寻找
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

我们
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

忘记
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.


A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...


'Hills' signify the good of charity.


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

敌人
Foes, or adversaries, denote the falsities of evil. Foes, or adversaries, when predicate of the Lord, signifies to avert falsities derived from evil.

中间
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

迦勒底
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...


'Shafts' or 'arrows' signify truths and spiritual truth.

满意
'What satisfies' is what nourishes the soul.

母亲
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

羞愧
To be ashamed (Gen 2:25) signifies to be in evil

成为
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

沙漠
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

有人居住
'Inhabit' refers to good.


'To shout from the top of the mountain,' as in Isaiah 42:11, signifies worship from the good of love.


A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

狮子
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

惩罚
Punishment' is the consummation of evil, because after punishment, reformation succeeds. This is why it says in Deuteronomy 25:3, 'that no more than forty stripes...

以法莲
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

饱足
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.


In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

发现
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

战争
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...


The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

抓住
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

打开
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.


'Treasuries' denote knowledges of good and truth, and, in the opposite sense, evil and falsity.


"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

弓箭
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

一天
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...


The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...


Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.


Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


The Lord from the essential divine, through the divine human, is the savior. The Lord became the savior by His spiritual temptations, or combats.


'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

妇女
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...


'Withering and drying up,' as in Ezekiel 17:10, referring to the east wind, signifies when there is no good or truth.


To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...

所多玛
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

许多
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...


'To ride' signifies being elevated regarding the intellectual part of the mind. To ride upon a cherub,' as in Psalm 18:9, 10, denotes the Lord’s...


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

约旦
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

约旦河
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

站立
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...


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