创世记 49

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1 雅各祝福众子

2 雅各儿子们哪,你们要一起来;要你们父亲以色列的话。

3 流本哪,你是我的长子,是我的力量,是我的初生子;你大有尊荣,权力超众;

4 但是你放纵情欲,好像沸腾一样,你必不能居首位;因为你上了你父亲;上了我的榻,然后把它玷污了。

5 西缅和利未是兄弟;他们的刀剑是强暴的武器。

6 我的灵啊,不可加入他们的阴谋;我的心啊,不可参与他们的集会,因为他们在怒中杀人,任意砍断牛的腿筋。

7 他们的怒气可咒,因为非常暴烈;他们的烈怒可诅,因为十分凶猛;我要把他们分散雅各家;把他们散居在以色列

8 犹大啊,你的兄弟们要称赞你;你的必压住仇敌的颈项;你父亲的众子必向你下拜。

9 犹大是只小狮子;我儿啊,你猎取了食物就上到洞穴去。他屈身伏卧,好像公狮,又像母狮,谁敢惊动他呢?

10 权杖必不离开犹大,王圭必不离他两之间,直到细罗(“细罗”有古?本作“属他的那位”)到,万族都要臣服他。

11 犹大把自己的驹拴在葡萄树旁,把自己的小系在上等的葡萄树旁;他在葡萄酒中洗净自己的衣服,在血红的葡萄汁中洗衣袍。

12 他因饮酒而双眼发红,他因喝奶而牙齿雪白。

13 西布伦必在沿地带居住,他必成为只停泊的港口,他的边界必伸到西顿。

14 以萨迦是一头粗壮的,伏卧在羊圈(“羊圈”原文意思不详,或译:“重驮”)之间;

15 安居为美,他肥地为佳,他屈肩负重,成了服苦的奴仆。

16 但要审判自己的人民,作以色列的个支派。

17 但要作上的,道中的毒蛇,他要咬伤蹄,使的人向后坠落。

18 耶和华啊,我向来等候你的拯救。

19 迦得必被侵略者追逼,他却要追逼他们的脚跟

20 至于亚设,他的食物必定肥美,他有美食可以供奉君

21 拿弗他利是只得释放的母鹿,发出优美的言语。

22 约瑟是一根结果子的树枝,是一根泉旁结果子的树枝,他的枝条蔓延出外。

23 弓箭手把他苦害,向他射箭敌对他。

24 但他的依然坚硬,他的仍旧敏捷,这是出于雅各的大能者之;出于以色列的牧者,以色列的

25 是你父亲的神帮助你,是那全能者赐给你;他把从上来的福,地深渊蕴藏着的福,哺乳和生育的福,都赐给你。

26 父亲的祝福,胜过我祖先的祝福(“胜过我祖先的祝福”有古?本作“胜过亘古的山冈”),胜过永远山岭上的美物。愿这些福都降在约瑟的上,降在兄弟中作王子的那一位上。

27 便雅悯是只撕掠的豺早晨他的猎物,晚上瓜分他的掳物。”

28 这些就是以色列的支派;以上是他们父亲对他们所的话,是按着各人的福分给他们所祝的福。

29 雅各的遗嘱及其逝世雅各又嘱咐他们,对他们:“我快要归到我的亲族那里去,你们要把我埋葬在赫人以弗仑田间的洞里,与我的祖先在一起。

30 这个洞在迦南地,在幔利前面的麦比拉的田间。那地方原是亚伯拉罕向赫人以弗仑买下来作坟地的。

31 他们在那里埋葬了亚伯拉罕和他的妻子撒拉;又在那里埋葬了以撒和他的妻子利百加;我也在那里埋葬了利亚。

32 那块田和田间的洞,是向赫人买来的。”

33 雅各对他的众子嘱咐完了,就把双收回床上,气绝而死,归到他的亲族那里去了。

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 6328, 6329, 6330, 6331, 6332, 6334, 6335, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 349

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 258


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 259, 1063, 1069, 1071, 1298, 1756, 1984, ...

揭秘启示录 17, 20, 134, 137, 166, 241, 298, ...

真实的基督教 706, 708

The White Horse 2

新耶路撒冷及其天堂教义 248


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 39, 119, 163, 195, 237, 278, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 60

Spiritual Experiences 21, 5089

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Významy biblických slov

雅各
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

儿子
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...


Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

父亲
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

长子
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...


A bed of ivory (Amos 6:4) are doctrines apparently from rational truths.

西缅
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

兄弟
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.


'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

杀人
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

分散
The meaning of "scatter" in the Bible is relatively literal, but it is used in regard to spiritual things, not natural ones. So to "scatter"...

犹大
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

狮子
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.


Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.


Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

葡萄酒
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...


'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

牙齿
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

齿
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...


Ships were used in the ancient world – as they generally are now – to carry freight from nation to nation for trade. The various...


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....


Serpents in the Bible represent reasoning that is based on what we know through our senses. This is the lowest and most outward mode of...

毒蛇
Serpents in the Bible represent reasoning that is based on what we know through our senses. This is the lowest and most outward mode of...


'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...


'To ride' signifies being elevated regarding the intellectual part of the mind. To ride upon a cherub,' as in Psalm 18:9, 10, denotes the Lord’s...

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

脚跟
'The heel' signifies natural things of the lowest order. 'The heel which the serpent should bruise,' as mentioned in Genesis 3:15, signifies the lowest natural...


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...


'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...


A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)


Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.


Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...


天堂是天上的和精神的东西。因此,它们是至高无上的东西,无论是天国还是地下世界的主国。这也指的是教会以及作为上帝王国或“教会”的每个人。因此,天堂表示与爱与慈善有关的所有事物,以及根植于其中的信仰,以及与内部崇拜有关的所有事物。它们以类似的方式表示与道的内在意义有关的所有事物。所有这些东西都是天堂,被称为“耶和华的宝座”。 如启示录21:1所述,“逝去的前天”象征着精神世界中那些仅在外在或表面上有好处的人们的社会。


Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

永远
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.


The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....


'A wolf' signifies eagerness to seize, but also eagerness to rescue and deliver the good.

早晨
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...


Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

晚上
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

以弗仑
Ephron (Gen. 23:8, 17) signifies those with whom the good and truth of faith, which are the constituents of the church, might be received.

迦南
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

亚伯拉罕
亚伯拉罕(或称亚伯兰,在故事的开头就有他的名字)是圣经故事中的主要人物之一。他是所有以色列子孙的祖先,通过他的儿子以撒,是所有以色列人的祖先,通过他的儿子以实玛利,是阿拉伯人的祖先。他的一生可分为三个时期。第一个时期包括从他在乌尔出生的不为人知的早年,以及后来随父亲他的父亲他拉搬到哈兰。第二部分从亚伯兰被耶和华呼召去迦南开始。它包括他在那里的冒险经历,一直到创世记第17章的事件,据说他已经99岁了,有钱有势--但他的妻子撒莱没有儿子。耶和华再一次向他显现,应许他的子孙要成为大国,举行割礼,并将他的名字改成亚伯拉罕,加上耶和华的 "啊 "声。在他生命中的第三个时期,也是最后一个时期,以撒的出生,撒拉的死(他的名字也被改了),以及从亚伯拉罕在美索不达米亚的亲戚中为以撒找到了妻子。 据说亚伯拉罕死的时候已经175岁了,正如创世记第25章所记载的那样。 但是,我们在这里感兴趣的是亚伯拉罕的深层代表,因为他预言或预示了耶稣在亚伯拉罕在地上生活了几个世纪之后,他为马利亚所生后的生命的最深处。亚伯拉罕代表了神的善或爱。道的内在意义告诉我们,神亲自将生命提供给马利亚体内的卵子,使她能提供一个自然的身体和犹太教的自然遗传,而耶稣的灵魂则作为神性生命的直接拥有者被保留下来。在耶稣的早期生活中,大概到青少年时期,耶稣在他的思想和精神的内心深处,活出了亚伯拉罕的那些有代表性的行为。亚伯拉罕在放牧羊群和管理他的大户人家时,根本不知道这是真的,在耶稣的生命早期,他也没有意识到这一点。随着耶稣的成长,一定有一些感悟,见证他12岁时去圣殿,但直到他完全长大后才完全明白。 再进一步说,不只是亚伯拉罕。 当亚伯拉罕死后,代表的是以撒,他代表着理性的心灵层面,然后是雅各和以扫,他们分别代表着自然的心灵,在心灵中的真和善。 然后,十二支派的试炼,诸王的试炼,以及所有先知的话语,都成为同样的代表。因此,耶稣可以对他在去以马忤斯路上遇到的两个门徒说:"愚昧的人啊,心思迟钝的人啊..........从摩西和所有的先知开始,他在所有的经文中向他们阐述了所有关于他自己的事。" 此外,我们每一个人的精神和属灵生活的进步,都是亚伯拉罕生命中所代表的微弱而有限的形象,如果我们努力遵守主的律法和戒律,彼此相爱的话。我们的内心深处也有前往迦南地的旅程,有在埃及勤劳的安居乐业,有在旷野的挣扎,也有扫罗、大卫和亚哈。 我们有自家的亚玛力人,也有非利士人。整个旧约圣经中,都是我们属灵生活的写照。 (以下是按时间顺序,随着亚伯兰/亚伯拉罕年龄的增长,按圣经的顺序排列)。...

妻子
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

以撒
'Isaac' represents spiritual love. 'Isaac,' in Genesis 17:19, signifies the rational divine. 'Isaac' signifies the Lord's divine rational in reference to divine good. Isaac' signifies...

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