创世记 47

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1 约瑟的兄弟进见法老

2 约瑟从他所有的兄弟当中,挑选了个人,把他们带到法老面前。

3 法老问约瑟的兄弟:“你们是作什么的?”他们回答法老:“仆人们是牧羊人我们我们的祖先都是一样。”

4 他们又对法老:“我们是要在这地寄居,因为迦南地的饥荒严重,你仆人们的羊群没有吃,所以,现在求你容许你仆人歌珊地。”

5 法老对约瑟:“你的父亲兄弟们到你这里来了

6 埃及地都在你面前,你只管叫你的父亲兄弟在这地最好的地方,他们可以歌珊地。你如果知道他们中间有能干的人,可以派他们看管我的牲畜。”

7 雅各进见法老约瑟把他父亲雅各法老面前,雅各就给法老祝福

8 法老雅各:“你有多大年纪了?”

9 雅各回答法老:“我寄居在世的年日是一三十岁。我一生的年日又少又苦,不及我祖先寄居在世的年日。”

10 雅各又给法老祝福,然后离开法老出去了。

11 约瑟照着法老的吩咐安置他的父亲兄弟们,把兰塞地,就是埃及地最好的地方,他们作产业。

12 约瑟照着孩子的数目,用粮食供养他的父亲兄弟们,以及父亲的家人。

13 饥荒那时,遍地都没有粮食,因为饥荒非常严重。埃及地和迦南地的人,因为饥荒的缘故都饿昏了。

14 约瑟收集了埃及地和迦南地所有的子,就是众人买粮的子;约瑟就把那些子交到法老的王宫去。

15 埃及地和迦南地的子都用尽了,埃及众人就到约瑟那里,:“子已用完了。求你给我们粮食吧,我们为什么要饿在你面前呢?”

16 约瑟回答:“如果子用完了,可以把你们的牲畜我,我就把粮食你们,交换你们的牲畜。”

17 于是,他们把牲畜到约瑟那里,约瑟就把粮食他们,交换他们的马匹羊群牛群。那一年,约瑟就用粮食交换他们所有的牲畜,养活他们。

18 那一年过后,第二年他们又到约瑟那里,对他:“我们不向我隐瞒,我们的子都用尽了,牲畜也归了我;在我面前,除了我们的身体和田地以外,什么也没有剩下了。

19 为什么我们我们的田地要在你面前消灭呢?求你用粮食买我们我们的田地,我们和田地就必为法老效劳了。又求你我们谷种,使我们可以活着,不至亡,田地也不至荒芜。”

20 于是,约瑟为法老买了埃及所有的田地,因为埃及人遭遇了严重的饥荒,各了自己的田地。这样,那地就都归法老所有。

21 至于人民,约瑟把他们迁到城市里去(“约瑟把他们迁到城市里去”有古卷及古译本作“使他们成了奴仆”),从埃及境内的一端,直到另一端。

22 只有祭司的田地,约瑟没有买,因为祭司有从法老所得的粮饷;他们可以法老的粮饷,所以没有自己的田地。

23 约瑟对人民:“看哪,我今日为法老买了你们和你们的田地。这里有谷种给你们,你们可以种地。

24 到了收割的时候,你们要把五分之一法老,其余分可以归你们自己,作田里的种子,又作你们以及你们家人和孩子的食物。”

25 他们:“你我们;愿我们在我面前得蒙喜悦,我们就作法老的奴仆。”

26 于是,约瑟为埃及的田地立了一个法例,直到今日还有效,就是五分之一归给法老;只有祭司的田地不归给法老

27 雅各向约瑟最后的要求以色列人埃及国的歌珊地,他们在那里置业繁殖,人数非常众多。

28 雅各埃及地住了十七年;他一生的寿数是一十七岁。

29 以色列的期快到了,就把他儿子约瑟了来,对他:“如果我在你面前蒙你喜悦,请你把放在我的大腿起誓,要以慈爱和诚实对待我,不要把我埋葬在埃及

30 我与我的祖先同睡的时候,你要把我从埃及带出去,埋葬在他们的墓地里。”约瑟:“我必照着你的去作。”

31 雅各:“你要向我起誓。”约瑟就向他起了誓,于是以色列靠着床(“靠着床”有古译本作“倚着杖”﹝参来11:21﹞)敬拜神。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 创世记 47      

Napsal(a) Helen Kennedy

This chapter continues the "Joseph story." Joseph’s family has come to Egypt to escape the famine in Canaan. Joseph is thrilled to have them with him, especially his father, Jacob, and he gives them land in Goshen, the best part of Egypt. Pharaoh welcomes them, too, asking Joseph’s brothers about their work, and talking with Jacob, too.

In verses 1-6, Pharaoh corresponds here to external, scientific knowledge, while Joseph includes also the inner enlightenment that flows from the deepest things (Secrets of Heaven 6062). Without this influx our natural level does not have any life, for it is totally devoid of life on its own. Life comes to us directly from the Lord, and this chapter gives a glimpse of how the Lord creates life in us (Secrets of Heaven 6063).

When Joseph brings five of his brothers to meet Pharaoh, this means that some truths, meant by “five,” flowing from heaven reached into the natural part of us where factual things (Pharaoh) reside.

Pharaoh asks about their occupation, and they tell him that they are shepherds, as were their fathers. Here the natural part of us becomes aware of new things flowing in from the spiritual depths. It wonders what good these new insights will lead to. Since shepherds tend sheep that are innocently led, it follows that Joseph’s brothers represent truths that lead to innocence. In all innocence there is good from the Lord.

Truth and knowledge sustain the human soul just as food does the body, but famine represents a severe lack of it. When we are regenerating or being made spiritual, we have a desire for knowledge and wisdom, and when we don’t find it, we are desolate, listless, and famished. Goshen is the best land in Egypt; living in it symbolizes that a person who is being regenerated has access to the types of natural knowledges that begin our heavenly instruction.

Pharaoh's generosity illustrates how the natural part of us starts perceiving some deeper things. Jacob’s father and brothers being permitted to dwell in “the best of the land” shows the delight that our external mind has in receiving insights from spiritual things. Any “competent men” or “energetic men” (the latter used in a different translation) signifies that the outermost part of us is perceiving the most powerful or important truths, letting them be first or foremost among known facts. An example could be the instruction in Deuteronomy 6:4 to “Love the Lord with all our heart, all our soul and all our strength.”

In verse 7, Joseph brings Jacob to meet Pharaoh, "and Jacob blessed Pharaoh." This shows the sequence in our spiritual growth: our inmost spirit (Joseph) flows into intermediate truths (Jacob) which become present in the outermost part of us (Pharaoh).

Pharaoh asks Jacob his age, which shows a continuing interest on the part of our outer selves to learn about spiritual things. (Secrets of Heaven 6093).

In Verse 9, we read this:

"And Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The days of the years of my pilgrimage are one hundred and thirty years; few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they have not attained to the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.”

A pilgrimage is a journey for a spiritual end. Jacob’s has been full of temptations, producing inner feelings of anxiety and distress, which is why Jacob says his days have been “few and evil.” The natural person is particularly subjected to temptations when it is starting to receive the things of spiritual life. Evils of life and falsities of doctrine reside only in the outer or external part of us (Secrets of Heaven 6097).

Jacob’s blessing of Pharaoh, in verse 10, shows a heartfelt desire on the part of spiritual things to join natural ones. This will result in fruitfulness of life if we actually live according to inner dictates. The actuality of it has yet to be effected; so far there has only been an introduction to it. That Jacob “went out from Pharaoh” shows there still is some separation.

The following verses 17-27 deal with the actual joining together of spiritual with natural things. Joseph settles his father and brothers in the best land—an image of all the good and true things we receive from the innermost or celestial (Joseph) as it flows into the natural part of us. Then a true “church” can exist, a “church” being the place inside us where the things of the Lord are known (Secrets of Heaven 10761). That the natural acquiesces to this conjunction is shown by Pharaoh having commanded for Joseph’s family to be settled in the best land.

Joseph's providing for his father and brothers again shows the flow of good from the inmost or deepest level into the middle or spiritual level, and then into the outermost or natural levels of a person.

“According to their families.” Families, especially children, signify innocence, or a willingness to be led—here to receive this spiritual influx.

“No bread in the land” symbolizes what happens to us when we don't receive this inflowing spiritual good from an inner connection with the Lord. Even knowledges of spiritual things (represented by “Egypt" and “Canaan”) get desperate.

Joseph gathers up all the money found in Egypt and Canaan. This represents that all the factual knowledge of the Church that had truth in it, represented here by the money, was now being subordinated to the innermost or deepest part of ourselves, the part closest to Lord and His leading. It was no longer going to be spurious or falsified because of being subject to our own evil loves and self-serving "truths," or things in our outer self only.

When the money failed in the land, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, “Give us bread, for why should we die in your presence?” This happens when our life is so devastated that we no longer know anything, or have any truth, that leads to good. Even what we thought were our knowledges of truth and good have failed. This is because they came from ourselves and therefore were not life-giving. All of our being needs to turn toward the deepest of inner things, represented by Joseph.

In verse 16, Joseph says, “Give your livestock, and I will give you bread for your livestock, if the money is gone.” This sounds sort of harsh but, again, we need to look at the inner meaning. Giving livestock for bread shows that truths need to be filled in with good. In other words, it is no longer good enough to know truths for their own sake; they must serve good or have good within them. That can only be done by living according to them. We can't just know things. And we can’t do good from ourselves.

The Egyptians bring their livestock to Joseph and exchange them for bread. We bring the lesser things in our lives under the direction or control of our inmost spiritual selves. “Horses” represent things of our understanding; “flocks,” inner truths that contain good; “herds,” more external truths; and “donkeys,” things of our outermost self that serve inner things. Joseph's feeding them corresponds to how our outer self is sustained and given life by an inflow from inner things.

In verses 18 and 19, things are getting much more serious. “When that year ended” means that a new state is beginning and the previous one has ended. “We will not hide from my lord” shows that our outermost self is now fully aware that it can only be helped by an inflow from deepest or inmost things. Nothing being left “but our bodies and our lands” shows the utter desolation our outer self, completely lacking any knowledge of good, or the true things that lead to good. This desolation comes from trying to live in the outer or bodily self without any influx from the inner or spiritual parts of ourselves (Secrets of Heaven 6108).

“Why should we die” shows how our outer self gets more and more desperate. We realize that we can’t be helped by anything external. Our desperation drives us finally to submit to Joseph, to inward love and wisdom that the Lord is trying to send to us.

The people are asking for seed. This is a sign that there can now be an inflow of charitable good and truth, because our outer self has become humbled and is willing to give up thinking it does things entirely on its own. It stops blocking the Lord's influx, fighting it, or twisting it into falsities. With help from "Joseph", we no longer have to fear the damnation which was close at hand. “That the land may not be desolate” shows that now our minds can be cultivated with true things of the church, the “church” being the place inside a person where things from the Lord are known (Secrets of Heaven 10761).

In verse 20, “Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharoah” directly corresponds to the way that our inmost self, conjoined with the Lord, now governs the whole natural mind. We're no longer struggling on our own because of our self-centeredness. An example can be seen in a person who is destroying his or her life with an addiction, but who gets a realization of how bad things are, and slowly stops drinking drink or doing the drug, eventually getting away from it entirely, and becoming healed.

Joseph moves the people into the cities, throughout Egypt. Cities correspond to doctrines which are organized sets of truths. Moving people into cities corresponds to the way that our inmost mind is now directing our thoughts into areas where there are knowledges that hold truths within them.

Joseph doesn't buy the priests' land. Here Pharaoh’s priests represent the capacity to receive good that exists only from the inner levels flowing outward, not from anything that exists externally of itself (Secrets of Heaven 6148). “The priests having rations from Pharaoh all along” shows how important these capacities are. “Therefore they did not sell their lands” shows that those parts of us never did things on their own without inner guidance.

Joseph giving the people seed, in verse 23, describes the way that our inmost spiritual self is excited at being joined with natural things. It quickly distributes truths throughout it from which spiritual things can grow. The excitement here is parallel to the excitement Joseph felt when he first saw that his brothers came to Egypt to buy grain (Genesis 43).

In verse 24, there's an interesting division of the yield of the seed: “And it shall come to pass in the harvest that you shall give one-fifth to Pharaoh. Four-fifths shall be your own, as seed for the field and for your food, for those of your households, and as food for your little ones.”

As things of good and truth start to grow, the natural or outer part of us needs to constantly acknowledge that its good comes from somewhere other than itself. Giving one-fifth to Pharoah accomplishes that. Tithing, or giving a percentage of one’s salary to the church, is reminiscent of this. The people were able to keep four-fifths of the produce as their own, showing that there will still be lots of things we think and feel where it seems like they originate from ourselves. In the reality of spiritual life, though, they actually are coming from the Lord. The difference is that we do them “as of ourself” or “as if” they originate from us. “Your little ones” shows that when it is done this way, the person will be innocent or without fault.

In verse 25, the people are grateful. “You have saved our lives; let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.” Our outer self starts with pride, self-centeredness, and some delusions that lead to a disconnectedness from the Lord's love and wisdom. But now, after hardship, temptation, and spiritual famine, we've made the decision to allow the Lord to flow into our minds, and to be governed by real love and wisdom. And now, finally, our outer self is grateful. To “find favor in the sight of my lord” shows a willingness to be led in this way.

We need to give consent in order for spiritual things to flow in; they will not be forced on us. When we give consent, we're on the road to having our whole life be nourished. The parallel to Joseph’s law is that we need to always respond to the prompting of inner leading. “To this day” means forever. “That Pharaoh should have one-fifth” shows that the Lord just wants us to acknowledge Him. He still wants us to have freedom, and the feeling that we do things on our own, signified by the four-fifths the people keep. And at the same time, for the sake of our spiritual life we need to remember the Lord and recognize that our life comes from Him.

The Children of Israel thrive in Goshen. Spiritual good is present with the person now. “Israel” means spiritual good, different now from “Jacob,” which means natural truth. “In the country of Goshen”—the spiritual good is in the middle or best part of the natural. That Joseph’s family “grew and multiplied exceedingly” shows that goods and truths were being formed and shared with the natural, and the outermost part of us is responding to them (Secrets of Heaven 6172).

In the last few verses, the focus is on Jacob, and his impending death. Swedenborg says that Jacob living one hundred and forty-seven years is not easy to explain. The “numbers contain the entire state of reality represented by ‘Jacob’ and its essential nature” (Secrets of Heaven 6175). As for one hundred and forty-seven, it probably has something to do with “forty” meaning “temptations” (as seen in the story of Noah), and “seven” meaning “completeness."

Israel calls Joseph to his side. As Israel dies, deeper things are present, because ‘Joseph’ represents inmost things. “Now if I have found favor in your sight” shows the desire on the part of our outer self for inner things to predominate. “Please put your hand under my thigh.” This was a way of expressing a sacred bond, the “hand” having to do with power in outer things and the “thigh” with things of heavenly married love. (Think of the sacred bond which is made at weddings.) That we are reaching a state of humility is shown in Israel’s request for Joseph to “deal kindly and truly with me.” Not wanting to be buried in Egypt indicates the desire to dwell in things of the spirit, i.e., heaven, and not be left only in knowledges of them, which are in our outermost self (Secrets of Heaven 6181).

30. “’But let me lie with my fathers. You shall carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.’ And Joseph said, ‘I will do as you have said.’ Then Jacob said, ‘Swear to me.’ And Joseph swore to him. So Israel bowed himself on the head of the bed.”

Jacob's lying with his fathers represents our desire, when opening to inner things, to live the type of spiritual life that the earliest people on earth had. They lived in spiritual innocence. Carrying Jacob “out of Egypt” corresponds to being carried out of knowledges only. (See Secrets of Heaven 6183).

Swearing a vow is a sacred thing, an unchangeable agreement to do something. The “head of the bed” is the part that is higher up when compared to the rest of the bed and “bowing oneself” indicates humility. This shows that natural truth meant by “Jacob” was raised to “spiritual good” meant by “Israel” (Secrets of Heaven 6188). The intention of the Lord in all this has been to join with us by flowing in and giving us the capacities to live according to heavenly truths. Knowledge is not enough; understanding is not enough; only living according to spiritual things will do.

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Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 47      

Napsal(a) Helen Kennedy

This chapter continues the "Joseph story." Joseph’s family has come to Egypt to escape the famine in Canaan. Joseph is thrilled to have them with him, especially his father, Jacob, and he gives them land in Goshen, the best part of Egypt. Pharaoh welcomes them, too, asking Joseph’s brothers about their work, and talking with Jacob, too.

In verses 1-6, Pharaoh corresponds here to external, scientific knowledge, while Joseph includes also the inner enlightenment that flows from the deepest things (Secrets of Heaven 6062). Without this influx our natural level does not have any life, for it is totally devoid of life on its own. Life comes to us directly from the Lord, and this chapter gives a glimpse of how the Lord creates life in us (Secrets of Heaven 6063).

When Joseph brings five of his brothers to meet Pharaoh, this means that some truths, meant by “five,” flowing from heaven reached into the natural part of us where factual things (Pharaoh) reside.

Pharaoh asks about their occupation, and they tell him that they are shepherds, as were their fathers. Here the natural part of us becomes aware of new things flowing in from the spiritual depths. It wonders what good these new insights will lead to. Since shepherds tend sheep that are innocently led, it follows that Joseph’s brothers represent truths that lead to innocence. In all innocence there is good from the Lord.

Truth and knowledge sustain the human soul just as food does the body, but famine represents a severe lack of it. When we are regenerating or being made spiritual, we have a desire for knowledge and wisdom, and when we don’t find it, we are desolate, listless, and famished. Goshen is the best land in Egypt; living in it symbolizes that a person who is being regenerated has access to the types of natural knowledges that begin our heavenly instruction.

Pharaoh's generosity illustrates how the natural part of us starts perceiving some deeper things. Jacob’s father and brothers being permitted to dwell in “the best of the land” shows the delight that our external mind has in receiving insights from spiritual things. Any “competent men” or “energetic men” (the latter used in a different translation) signifies that the outermost part of us is perceiving the most powerful or important truths, letting them be first or foremost among known facts. An example could be the instruction in Deuteronomy 6:4 to “Love the Lord with all our heart, all our soul and all our strength.”

In verse 7, Joseph brings Jacob to meet Pharaoh, "and Jacob blessed Pharaoh." This shows the sequence in our spiritual growth: our inmost spirit (Joseph) flows into intermediate truths (Jacob) which become present in the outermost part of us (Pharaoh).

Pharaoh asks Jacob his age, which shows a continuing interest on the part of our outer selves to learn about spiritual things. (Secrets of Heaven 6093).

In Verse 9, we read this:

"And Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The days of the years of my pilgrimage are one hundred and thirty years; few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they have not attained to the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.”

A pilgrimage is a journey for a spiritual end. Jacob’s has been full of temptations, producing inner feelings of anxiety and distress, which is why Jacob says his days have been “few and evil.” The natural person is particularly subjected to temptations when it is starting to receive the things of spiritual life. Evils of life and falsities of doctrine reside only in the outer or external part of us (Secrets of Heaven 6097).

Jacob’s blessing of Pharaoh, in verse 10, shows a heartfelt desire on the part of spiritual things to join natural ones. This will result in fruitfulness of life if we actually live according to inner dictates. The actuality of it has yet to be effected; so far there has only been an introduction to it. That Jacob “went out from Pharaoh” shows there still is some separation.

The following verses 17-27 deal with the actual joining together of spiritual with natural things. Joseph settles his father and brothers in the best land—an image of all the good and true things we receive from the innermost or celestial (Joseph) as it flows into the natural part of us. Then a true “church” can exist, a “church” being the place inside us where the things of the Lord are known (Secrets of Heaven 10761). That the natural acquiesces to this conjunction is shown by Pharaoh having commanded for Joseph’s family to be settled in the best land.

Joseph's providing for his father and brothers again shows the flow of good from the inmost or deepest level into the middle or spiritual level, and then into the outermost or natural levels of a person.

“According to their families.” Families, especially children, signify innocence, or a willingness to be led—here to receive this spiritual influx.

“No bread in the land” symbolizes what happens to us when we don't receive this inflowing spiritual good from an inner connection with the Lord. Even knowledges of spiritual things (represented by “Egypt" and “Canaan”) get desperate.

Joseph gathers up all the money found in Egypt and Canaan. This represents that all the factual knowledge of the Church that had truth in it, represented here by the money, was now being subordinated to the innermost or deepest part of ourselves, the part closest to Lord and His leading. It was no longer going to be spurious or falsified because of being subject to our own evil loves and self-serving "truths," or things in our outer self only.

When the money failed in the land, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, “Give us bread, for why should we die in your presence?” This happens when our life is so devastated that we no longer know anything, or have any truth, that leads to good. Even what we thought were our knowledges of truth and good have failed. This is because they came from ourselves and therefore were not life-giving. All of our being needs to turn toward the deepest of inner things, represented by Joseph.

In verse 16, Joseph says, “Give your livestock, and I will give you bread for your livestock, if the money is gone.” This sounds sort of harsh but, again, we need to look at the inner meaning. Giving livestock for bread shows that truths need to be filled in with good. In other words, it is no longer good enough to know truths for their own sake; they must serve good or have good within them. That can only be done by living according to them. We can't just know things. And we can’t do good from ourselves.

The Egyptians bring their livestock to Joseph and exchange them for bread. We bring the lesser things in our lives under the direction or control of our inmost spiritual selves. “Horses” represent things of our understanding; “flocks,” inner truths that contain good; “herds,” more external truths; and “donkeys,” things of our outermost self that serve inner things. Joseph's feeding them corresponds to how our outer self is sustained and given life by an inflow from inner things.

In verses 18 and 19, things are getting much more serious. “When that year ended” means that a new state is beginning and the previous one has ended. “We will not hide from my lord” shows that our outermost self is now fully aware that it can only be helped by an inflow from deepest or inmost things. Nothing being left “but our bodies and our lands” shows the utter desolation our outer self, completely lacking any knowledge of good, or the true things that lead to good. This desolation comes from trying to live in the outer or bodily self without any influx from the inner or spiritual parts of ourselves (Secrets of Heaven 6108).

“Why should we die” shows how our outer self gets more and more desperate. We realize that we can’t be helped by anything external. Our desperation drives us finally to submit to Joseph, to inward love and wisdom that the Lord is trying to send to us.

The people are asking for seed. This is a sign that there can now be an inflow of charitable good and truth, because our outer self has become humbled and is willing to give up thinking it does things entirely on its own. It stops blocking the Lord's influx, fighting it, or twisting it into falsities. With help from "Joseph", we no longer have to fear the damnation which was close at hand. “That the land may not be desolate” shows that now our minds can be cultivated with true things of the church, the “church” being the place inside a person where things from the Lord are known (Secrets of Heaven 10761).

In verse 20, “Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharoah” directly corresponds to the way that our inmost self, conjoined with the Lord, now governs the whole natural mind. We're no longer struggling on our own because of our self-centeredness. An example can be seen in a person who is destroying his or her life with an addiction, but who gets a realization of how bad things are, and slowly stops drinking drink or doing the drug, eventually getting away from it entirely, and becoming healed.

Joseph moves the people into the cities, throughout Egypt. Cities correspond to doctrines which are organized sets of truths. Moving people into cities corresponds to the way that our inmost mind is now directing our thoughts into areas where there are knowledges that hold truths within them.

Joseph doesn't buy the priests' land. Here Pharaoh’s priests represent the capacity to receive good that exists only from the inner levels flowing outward, not from anything that exists externally of itself (Secrets of Heaven 6148). “The priests having rations from Pharaoh all along” shows how important these capacities are. “Therefore they did not sell their lands” shows that those parts of us never did things on their own without inner guidance.

Joseph giving the people seed, in verse 23, describes the way that our inmost spiritual self is excited at being joined with natural things. It quickly distributes truths throughout it from which spiritual things can grow. The excitement here is parallel to the excitement Joseph felt when he first saw that his brothers came to Egypt to buy grain (Genesis 43).

In verse 24, there's an interesting division of the yield of the seed: “And it shall come to pass in the harvest that you shall give one-fifth to Pharaoh. Four-fifths shall be your own, as seed for the field and for your food, for those of your households, and as food for your little ones.”

As things of good and truth start to grow, the natural or outer part of us needs to constantly acknowledge that its good comes from somewhere other than itself. Giving one-fifth to Pharoah accomplishes that. Tithing, or giving a percentage of one’s salary to the church, is reminiscent of this. The people were able to keep four-fifths of the produce as their own, showing that there will still be lots of things we think and feel where it seems like they originate from ourselves. In the reality of spiritual life, though, they actually are coming from the Lord. The difference is that we do them “as of ourself” or “as if” they originate from us. “Your little ones” shows that when it is done this way, the person will be innocent or without fault.

In verse 25, the people are grateful. “You have saved our lives; let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.” Our outer self starts with pride, self-centeredness, and some delusions that lead to a disconnectedness from the Lord's love and wisdom. But now, after hardship, temptation, and spiritual famine, we've made the decision to allow the Lord to flow into our minds, and to be governed by real love and wisdom. And now, finally, our outer self is grateful. To “find favor in the sight of my lord” shows a willingness to be led in this way.

We need to give consent in order for spiritual things to flow in; they will not be forced on us. When we give consent, we're on the road to having our whole life be nourished. The parallel to Joseph’s law is that we need to always respond to the prompting of inner leading. “To this day” means forever. “That Pharaoh should have one-fifth” shows that the Lord just wants us to acknowledge Him. He still wants us to have freedom, and the feeling that we do things on our own, signified by the four-fifths the people keep. And at the same time, for the sake of our spiritual life we need to remember the Lord and recognize that our life comes from Him.

The Children of Israel thrive in Goshen. Spiritual good is present with the person now. “Israel” means spiritual good, different now from “Jacob,” which means natural truth. “In the country of Goshen”—the spiritual good is in the middle or best part of the natural. That Joseph’s family “grew and multiplied exceedingly” shows that goods and truths were being formed and shared with the natural, and the outermost part of us is responding to them (Secrets of Heaven 6172).

In the last few verses, the focus is on Jacob, and his impending death. Swedenborg says that Jacob living one hundred and forty-seven years is not easy to explain. The “numbers contain the entire state of reality represented by ‘Jacob’ and its essential nature” (Secrets of Heaven 6175). As for one hundred and forty-seven, it probably has something to do with “forty” meaning “temptations” (as seen in the story of Noah), and “seven” meaning “completeness."

Israel calls Joseph to his side. As Israel dies, deeper things are present, because ‘Joseph’ represents inmost things. “Now if I have found favor in your sight” shows the desire on the part of our outer self for inner things to predominate. “Please put your hand under my thigh.” This was a way of expressing a sacred bond, the “hand” having to do with power in outer things and the “thigh” with things of heavenly married love. (Think of the sacred bond which is made at weddings.) That we are reaching a state of humility is shown in Israel’s request for Joseph to “deal kindly and truly with me.” Not wanting to be buried in Egypt indicates the desire to dwell in things of the spirit, i.e., heaven, and not be left only in knowledges of them, which are in our outermost self (Secrets of Heaven 6181).

30. “’But let me lie with my fathers. You shall carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.’ And Joseph said, ‘I will do as you have said.’ Then Jacob said, ‘Swear to me.’ And Joseph swore to him. So Israel bowed himself on the head of the bed.”

Jacob's lying with his fathers represents our desire, when opening to inner things, to live the type of spiritual life that the earliest people on earth had. They lived in spiritual innocence. Carrying Jacob “out of Egypt” corresponds to being carried out of knowledges only. (See Secrets of Heaven 6183).

Swearing a vow is a sacred thing, an unchangeable agreement to do something. The “head of the bed” is the part that is higher up when compared to the rest of the bed and “bowing oneself” indicates humility. This shows that natural truth meant by “Jacob” was raised to “spiritual good” meant by “Israel” (Secrets of Heaven 6188). The intention of the Lord in all this has been to join with us by flowing in and giving us the capacities to live according to heavenly truths. Knowledge is not enough; understanding is not enough; only living according to spiritual things will do.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 6059, 6060, 6061, 6069, 6070, 6071, 6088, ...


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1463, 2838, 2916, 4286, 5973, 6062, 6063, ...

揭秘启示录 137


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 548

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

创世记 14:19, 20, 21, 24:2, 25:7, 9, 28:22, 32:6, 41:30, 34, 36, 56, 57, 45:7, 10, 11, 18, 20, 46:3, 31, 33, 47:9, 28, 48:21, 50:5, 21, 24, 25

出埃及记 1:11, 12:37

利未记 27:30

民数记 18:21, 33:3

申命记 14:22, 26:12, 31:14, 16

约书亚记 2:14, 14:13, 23:14

列王記上 1:47, 2:1

历代志上 29:15

以斯拉记 7:24

尼希米记 5:2

约伯记 2:4, 14:1

诗篇 39:13

箴言 11:26

以赛亚书 22:24

希伯来书 11:13, 21

雅各书 4:14

Významy biblických slov

兄弟
"兄弟 "在《圣经》中有两种用法,在现代语言中仍有体现。一种是指实际的血缘关系;另一种是以 "人的兄弟关系 "的方式,更广泛地指共同性。 第二种用法在圣经中是一致的,意思是指那些活在行善的爱中的人。这可以是不同层次的,从简单的顺服的喜乐,到服侍别人的慈善之爱,再到主自己的崇高之爱。但在这些爱中都是兄弟。 启示录解释》,第746页。 "这样的人之所以被称为弟兄,是因为他们都有一位父亲,即主;那些在爱主的好处上,在对邻舍的仁爱上,都是主的儿子。(S)既然是一位父亲的儿子,他们也是弟兄。而且,主父的大诫命,就是要他们彼此相爱,因此,是爱使他们成为弟兄......" 有血缘关系的兄弟,情况就比较复杂,其意义更多的是受兄弟的身份和故事背景的影响。一般来说,它们反映了行善的愿望和对如何行善的理解之间可能存在的统一。该隐和亚伯以及几对双胞胎都是如此。雅各布和以扫、犹大的儿子撒拉和法勒斯、约瑟的儿子以法莲和玛拿西;在每一个案例中,一个代表了行善的愿望,另一个代表了对真理的理解。 因为这种善与真的兄弟情谊,兄弟可以根据上下文的不同,代表任何一种。事实上,约瑟的兄弟们的意义在他的故事中不断变化,因为他们代表了犹太信仰的先驱的精神衰落和重生。...

法老
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...


Five also signifies all things of one part.


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

仆人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

牧羊人
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...


It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...

我们
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

迦南
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

羊群
It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...


A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...


Plants in the Bible generally represent facts, knowledge that can be gleaned from the world. Plants that can serve animals as food represent facts that...


在圣经时代,特别是旧约时代,许多人都是游牧民族,他们住在帐篷里,可以快速地打点、移动和重新搭建。当然,还有一些人住在房子里,一般是用石头和木头做的,相当永久。介于这两者之间的是更大、更精致的帐篷式结构,称为帐棚或住所;摩西为约柜所建的帐棚就是以这种模式为基础。 那么,"住 "在某个地方,意义重大--它比单纯的参观要多得多--但却不如住在那里永久。而事实上,在《圣经》中,住在某处,代表着进入那种属灵的状态,并与之交往,但不一定是永久的。 同时,"住处 "代表着激发居住在其中的人的各种爱,从最邪恶的--例如以赛亚书第9章中的 "那些住在死亡阴影里的人"--到会幕本身的崇高状态,会幕是作为主的住处而建造的,代表着天堂的所有细节。

歌珊
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

父亲
父亲在话语中的意思是指最里面的东西,在那些遵从主的命令的事情上,是指好的东西。在最高的意义上,父亲是指主自己,是创造者。在自然儿女的生成中,是父亲提供灵魂或最内在的生命容器,以及一种内在的遗传,母亲则提供灵魂用来形成身体的所有物质,再加上一种外在的遗传。在这个过程中,灵魂通过父亲来自主,而不是来自父亲,因为所有的生命都来自主。 聪明的人称主为他的父亲,称教会为他的母亲,因为他内心的爱来自主,但通过教会所教导的真理得到了形式和实际。那些因此而生出的东西,就是一个人属灵的 "儿女"。 在新约中,当谈到耶稣和天父的时候,指的是外在的表现,里面有神圣的本身作为灵魂。因为耶稣是由一个天然的母亲所生,所以他有一个天然的身体和天然的犹太人的遗传。在他的一生中,当他受到地狱的诱惑时,他慢慢地把他从母亲那里得来的一切,换成了他自己里面的东西,即天父。这样做,他使自己与他内心的父合而为一,所以他可以真正地说:"我和我的父是一体的"。

来了
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

埃及
在圣经中,埃及的意思是知识和爱知识。从好的意义上说,这意味着通过《圣经》从主那里获得真理的知识,但从自然的意义上说,它只是意味着要储存和占有的世俗知识。而且即使是来自圣经的知识也不一定是好的:如果我们学习它们的目的是使它们有用,那么它们就充满了天使的思想。但如果只是为了认识事物或为了学问的名声而学习它们,那它们就是。 所以,埃及是一个你去学习东西的地方,但要想成为天国,你就必须摆脱无菌的 "知",前往迦南地,在那里,知识充满了内心对善的渴望。 有趣的是,当约瑟统治埃及时,埃及是他父亲和兄弟的天堂。这说明,当一个人的内在心灵在学问之地统治的时候,可以学到很多有用的东西。但最终出现了一个不认识约瑟的法老,以色列子民就被奴役了。法老代表着外在的心灵;当它掌管的时候,知道的兴奋和自满会使内在的心灵沦为一种奴役。心灵--就像以色列子民一样--最终会从外在的表象中制造出砖头,或人为的假象。

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

雅各
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...


如同一般常见的动词一样,"带来 "的意思在很大程度上取决于语境,但在一般情况下,它表示对新的精神状态或新的思想的介绍。

祝福
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...


It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

三十
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

法老的
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...


'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.


'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

马匹
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

牛群
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...


Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...


Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)


In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

埃及人
在圣经中,埃及的意思是知识和爱知识。从好的意义上说,这意味着通过《圣经》从主那里获得真理的知识,但从自然的意义上说,它只是意味着要储存和占有的世俗知识。而且即使是来自圣经的知识也不一定是好的:如果我们学习它们的目的是使它们有用,那么它们就充满了天使的思想。但如果只是为了认识事物或为了学问的名声而学习它们,那它们就是。 所以,埃及是一个你去学习东西的地方,但要想成为天国,你就必须摆脱无菌的 "知",前往迦南地,在那里,知识充满了内心对善的渴望。 有趣的是,当约瑟统治埃及时,埃及是他父亲和兄弟的天堂。这说明,当一个人的内在心灵在学问之地统治的时候,可以学到很多有用的东西。但最终出现了一个不认识约瑟的法老,以色列子民就被奴役了。法老代表着外在的心灵;当它掌管的时候,知道的兴奋和自满会使内在的心灵沦为一种奴役。心灵--就像以色列子民一样--最终会从外在的表象中制造出砖头,或人为的假象。


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...


'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

城市
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.


Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

祭司
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.


当我们吃东西的时候,我们的身体会分解食物,并从中获得能量和建造和修复身体的材料。 这个过程在《圣经》的象征层面上是大同小异的。食物代表着对美好的渴望,以及从这种对美好的渴望中产生的洞察力--来自于主的善意和理解。但要把它们用起来,我们必须把它们收进来,变成我们自己的--这就是属灵的饮食。


圣经中的数字 "四 "代表着事物被联系在一起或连接在一起。这部分是因为四是二乘以二,而二代表了我们对美好的愿望和对真理的理解之间的最终联系。我们也可以从大多数建筑都是长方形的事实中看到,四条边连接在一起,成为一个整体。我们也把方向分为北、东、南、西四个方向,谈到某件事情的 "四角 "就是指全部。所以我们的特殊思维很自然地把四条边看成是连成一个整体。

种子
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...


To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

十七
'Seventeen' signifies both the beginning and the end of temptation, because it is made up of the numbers seven and ten. This number, when it...


The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

四十
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

儿子
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...


在《圣经》中召见某人或召唤某人,代表了一种对高低生活状态之间结合的渴望。例如,想象一个处于相对外在知识状态的人--一个在外在层面上对世界和事物如何运作了解很多的人--对更深层、更属灵的思想产生了兴趣,并寻求一个对属灵事物有了解的老师或导师。这种寻求在《圣经》中可能被描述为 "呼召"。 呼唤也可以是处于较高状态的人向处于较低状态的人发出的我--当然主呼唤人的时候也是如此。


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

大腿
In Revelation 19:16, 'the Lord’s thigh' signifies the Word regarding its divine good. 'The thigh and loins' signify conjugial love, and because this is the...


In Revelation 19:16, 'the Lord’s thigh' signifies the Word regarding its divine good. 'The thigh and loins' signify conjugial love, and because this is the...


In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...


'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...


The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

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 Joseph Welcomes His Family
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Submission to the Lord's Plan
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18


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