创世记 38

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1 犹大和他玛

2 犹大在那里见迦南书亚的女儿,就娶了她,与她亲近。

3 她就怀了孕,生了一个儿子,犹大给他起名珥。

4 她又怀孕,生了一个儿子,给他起名俄南。

5 她再怀孕,又生了一个儿子,就给他起名示拉。她生示拉的时候,犹大正在基悉。

6 犹大为自己的长子珥娶妻,名叫他玛。

7 犹大长子珥,在耶和华眼中是个恶人,所以耶和华取去他的性命。

8 于是犹大对俄南:“你去与你哥哥妻子亲近,向她尽你作弟弟的本分,替你的哥哥立后。”

9 俄南知道生下的孩子不会归自己,所以每次与哥哥妻子亲近的时候,都遗精在地上,免得替自己的哥哥立后。

10 俄南所作的,在耶和华眼中是件恶事,所以耶和华也取去他的性命。

11 于是,犹大对他的媳妇他玛:“你回到你父亲里去守寡,等我的儿子示拉长大。”因为他心里想:“恐怕示拉也像他两个哥哥一样去。”他玛就回去,在她父亲里。

12 过了很多日子,犹大妻子,书亚的女儿死了。守丧的时间过了以后,犹大就和他的朋友亚杜兰人希拉上亭拿去,到替他羊群剪毛的人那里。

13 有人告诉他玛说:“你的公公现在上亭拿去剪毛。”

14 他玛见示拉已经长大了,还没有娶她为妻,就脱去守寡的衣服,用帕子蒙脸,遮蔽自己,在亭拿上,伊拿印的城口。

15 犹大见她,以为她是个妓女,因为她蒙着脸。

16 犹大就过到她那边去,:“吧,让我与你亲近。”原他不知道她就是自己的媳妇。他玛:“你与我亲近要我什么呢?”

17 犹大:“我从羊群中拿一只小山羊你。”他玛:“在你没有送来以前,你可以留些东西作为保证吗?”

18 犹大问:“你要我你什么作保证呢?”他玛回答:“你的印戒,连同印的子,以及你里的杖。”犹大就了她,与她亲近,她就从犹大怀了孕。

19 他玛起来走了,脱去帕子,再穿上守寡的衣服

20 犹大托自己的朋友亚杜兰人,把一只小山羊送去,要从那女人中取回保证物,却不着她。

21 希拉问那地方的人:“伊拿印旁的妓女在哪里呢?”他们回答:“这里是没有妓女的。”

22 那人回去见犹大:“我不着她,并且那地的人都:‘这里是没有妓女的。’”

23 犹大:“那些东西任她拿去吧,免得我们被人嗤笑。我已经把这小山羊送了去,可是你不着她。”

24 他玛生双生子大约过了,有人告诉犹大:“你的媳妇他玛作了妓女,并且因此怀了孕。”犹大:“把她拉出来,烧死她。”

25 他玛被拉出来的时候,派去见她的公公:“这些东西是谁的,我就是从谁怀了孕。”她又:“请你认一认,这印戒、印的带子和手杖是谁的?”

26 犹大认出那些东西,就:“她比我更有理,因为我没有把她我的儿子示拉为妻。”从此犹大就不再与她亲近了。

27 到了他玛将要生产的时候,腹中竟是一对双胎。

28 她正在生产的时候,一个孩子伸出一只来。接生婆拿了一根朱红线,系在他的上,说:“这一个是先出生的。”

29 他把收回去的时候,他的哥哥就出来了。接生婆:“你为什么抢着出来呢?”因此,给他起名法勒斯。

30 接着,上系着一根朱红线的弟弟也出来了。因此,给他起名谢拉。

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 4811, 4812, 4813, 4814, 4815, 4816, 4817, ...

The Last Judgement (Continuation) 82


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 367, 592, 2643, 3325, 3519, 4110, 4316, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 433, 1042

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Významy biblických slov

犹大
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

女儿
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

儿子
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....


'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

长子
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

哥哥
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

妻子
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

父亲
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

死了
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

羊群
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...


It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...


It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...

衣服
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...


If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....


In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

妓女
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

山羊
From correspondences, a goat signifies the natural man. The goat which was sacrificed, as in Leviticus 16:5-10, signifies the natural man regarding a part purified,...

保证
Pledges and sureties in the Bible are similar ideas; both are ways of providing assurance that a promise will be kept. The difference is that...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

起来
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

女人
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...


To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

我们
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...


The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...


'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

出生
孕育或被孕育与出生的意义非常相似。它代表一种精神状态,通往下一个精神状态。然而,"Beget "一般与父亲的身份和男人在生育中的角色有关,而生孩子和生育则完全是女人的事情。这就导致了一些深层次的意义。因为男人典型地代表着真正的思想,女人代表着美好的情感,所以 "生养 "往往说明思想可以引导我们去做善事,而 "生养 "往往说明美好的情感可以引导我们去做真正的思想。但这是一条模糊的线,受语境影响,有时还受翻译问题的影响。 事实上,最著名的 "孕育"--耶稣作为上帝的 "独生子 "的地位--与这一模式背道而驰。上帝的本质是完美的、神圣的爱,以完美的、神圣的真理的形式表达出来。在 "孕育 "耶稣的时候,他把自己神圣的真理--他神圣的表现形式--以人的形式,以人的肉体,给了他自己神圣的真理。所以,这就是爱孕育了真理。


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