创世记 18

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1 亚伯拉罕接待使

2 他举目观,忽然个人在他对面站着;亚伯拉罕见了,就从帐棚口跑去迎接他们,俯伏在地,

3 :“我啊,我若在你眼前蒙恩,求你不要离开你的仆人

4 让我叫人拿点来,你们可以,然后在歇一歇。

5 让我拿点饼来给你们吃,使你们可以恢复精力,然再走,因为你们既然到了仆人这里来,就应该这样。”他们:“就照着你所的去作。”

6 亚伯拉罕进帐棚,到撒拉那里,:“你斗细面调和,作些饼。”

7 亚伯拉罕又跑到牛群里,牵了一头又嫩又的牛犊,交仆人;仆人就赶去预备。

8 亚伯拉罕又拿了乳酪、奶和预备好的牛犊肉来,摆在他们面前。他们的时候,亚伯拉罕在侍候他们。

9 应许撒拉生子他们问亚伯拉罕:“你的妻子撒拉在哪里?”他回答:“在帐棚里。”

10 其中一位:“到明年这个时候,我必回到你这里来。那时,你的妻子撒拉必生一个儿子。”撒拉在那人面的帐棚口,也见了这话。

11 当时,亚伯拉罕和撒拉都老了,撒拉的月经也停止了。

12 撒拉心里暗笑,:“现在我已经衰老了,我的丈夫也老了,我还有房事的乐趣吗?”

13 耶和华亚伯拉罕:“撒拉为什么暗笑:‘我已经老了,真的还能生育吗?’

14 耶和华岂有难成的事吗?到明年这个时候,我要回到你这里来,那时,撒拉必生一个儿子。”

15 撒拉害怕起来,就否认,:“我没有笑。”但那位:“不,你实在笑了。”

16 三人就从那里起身,向着所多玛观望。亚伯拉罕与他们同行,要送他们一程。

17 耶和华:“我要作的事,岂可瞒着亚伯拉罕呢?

18 亚伯拉罕必要成为强兴盛的国,地上的万国,都必因他得福。

19 我拣选了他,是要他吩咐子孙,和他的家属,遵守我耶和华的道,秉公行,好叫我耶和华应许亚伯拉罕的话都可实现。”

20 神要毁灭所多玛和蛾摩拉耶和华:“控告所多玛和蛾摩拉的声音甚大,他们的恶极重。

21 我现在要去,他们所行的,是不是全像那声闻于我的控告;如果不是,我也会知道的。”

22 亚伯拉罕所多玛祈求其中二人从那里动身,向所多玛走去,亚伯拉罕却仍然站在耶和华面前。

23 亚伯拉罕上前:“你真的要把人和恶人一同除灭吗?

24 假如城中有五十人,你还真的要除灭那地方,不为城里的五十人而赦免那地方吗?

25 你绝不会作这样的事:把人与恶人一同杀,把人和恶人一样看待,你绝不会这样!审判全地的主,岂可不行公吗?”

26 耶和华:“我若在所多玛城中五十人,我就因他们的缘故,赦免那地方所有的人。”

27 亚伯拉罕回答:“我虽然是灰尘,还大胆地对我主说话

28 假如这五十人中缺少了个,你会因为缺少了个就毁灭全城吗?”他:“我若在那里到四十五个,我也不会毁灭那城。”

29 亚伯拉罕再问他:“假如在那里四十个呢?”他回答:“我因这四十个的缘故,也不这样作。”

30 亚伯拉罕:“请我主不要动怒,容我再问:‘假如在那里三十个呢?’”他回答:“我若在那里三十个,也不这样作。”

31 亚伯拉罕:“我再大胆地对我主,假如在那里二十个呢?”他回答:“我因这二十个的缘故,也不毁灭那城。”

32 亚伯拉罕:“请我主不要动怒,容我问这最后的一次,假如在那里个呢?”他回答:“我因这个的缘故,也不毁灭那城。”

33 耶和华亚伯拉罕说完了话,就走了;亚伯拉罕也回到自己的地方去了。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 创世记 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.

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