以西结书 18

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1 作恶必死

2 “论到以色列地,你们为什么引用这俗语说:‘父亲了酸葡萄,儿子的酸倒了’呢?

3 我指着我的永生起誓:你们在以色列中必不再引用这俗语了。这是耶和华的话。

4 看哪!所有的人都是属我的,作父亲的怎样属我,作儿子的也怎样属我,唯独犯罪的,才会灭亡。

5 必生“人若是公,又行公道和正直的事:

6 他不在祭肉,眼目也不仰望以色列家的偶像,不玷污邻舍的妻子,不亲在经期中的妇人

7 不欺压任何人,把欠债人的抵押归还;他不抢夺人的物件,却把自己的食物饥饿的人,把衣服赤身的人穿着;

8 他借东西人不取利息,也不多要,他使自己的远离罪恶,在人与人之间施行诚实的判断

9 他遵行我的律例,谨守我的典章,行事诚实,这人是个人,他必定存活。这是耶和华的宣告。

10 父善子恶罚子“他若是生儿子,是个强暴的人,流人的血,又向兄弟行上述任何件恶事

11 (虽然他父亲并没有作这样的事):他在祭肉,又玷污邻舍的妻子

12 他欺压困苦和贫穷的人,抢夺人的物件,没有把抵押品归还,眼目仰望偶像,并行可憎的事;

13 他借东西人要收利息,也向人多要,这样的人能存活吗?他必不能存活;他行了这一切可憎的事,必要灭亡;他的罪(“罪”原文作“血”)要归到他身上。

14 子善父恶罚父“他若生一个儿子,这儿子见他父亲所犯的一切,他虽然见了,却不照样去作:

15 他不在祭肉,眼目不仰望以色列家的偶像,不玷污邻舍的妻子

16 不欺压任何人,不索取抵押品,不抢夺人的物件,却把自己的食物饥饿的人,把衣服赤身的人穿着;

17 他不伸欺压困苦人,借东西给人不取利息,也不多要;他遵守我的典章,遵行我的律例,这人就必不因他父亲的罪孽而灭亡;他必要存活。

18 至于他的父亲,因为他勒索,抢夺兄弟的物件,在自己的同胞中行不善的事,所以他必因自己的罪孽而灭亡。

19 “你们还问:‘儿子为什么不担当父亲的罪孽呢?’儿子若行正直和公的事,谨守遵行我的一切律例,就必存活。

20 唯独犯罪的,才会灭亡;儿子必不担当父亲的罪孽,父亲也必不担当儿子的罪孽;人的必归他自己,恶人的恶也必归他自己。

21 先恶后善主不念旧恶“恶人若回,离开他所犯的一切,谨守我的一切律例,行正直和公的事,就必存活,不致灭亡。

22 他所犯的一切罪过都不会被记念,作控诉他的理由;他必因自己所行的而存活。

23 难道我喜悦恶人亡吗?我不是喜悦他回转离开他所行的而存活吗?这是耶和华的宣告。

24 先善后恶主不念前善“人若离他的去行恶,照着恶人所行一切可憎的事而行,他能存活吗?他所行的一切都不会被记念;他必因他所行不忠的事和他所犯的而灭亡。

25 主行事公平“你们还:‘主所行的不公平。’以色列家啊,你们要!我所行的哪里不公平呢?岂不是你们所行的不公平吗?

26 人若离他的去行恶,他就必因此灭亡;他必因着他所行的不灭亡。

27 还有,恶人若回离开他所行的恶,行正直公的事,他就可以使自己的性命存活。

28 因为他思量了,就离他所犯的一切罪过,所以他必然存活,不致灭亡。

29 以色列家还:‘主所行的不公平。’以色列家啊,我所行的哪里不公平呢?岂不是你们所行的不公平吗?

30 “因此,以色列家啊,我必照着你们各人所行的审判你们。你们回吧!离开你们的一切罪过吧!免得罪孽成为你们的绊脚石。这是耶和华的宣告。

31 你们要把你们所犯的一切罪过弃掉,为自己造一个新的和新的灵。以色列家啊,你们为什么要灭亡呢?

32 劝离恶从善“我不喜悦任何人灭亡,所以你们要回,得以存活。这是耶和华的宣告。”

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 141


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

天堂的奥秘 113, 1093, 5433, 5764, 6353, 6563, 8972, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 209, 213, 668

婚姻之爱 487

Doctrine of the Lord 49

Sacred Scripture 85

真實的基督徒信仰 51, 143, 156, 601


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 183, 195, 238, 240, 268, 328, 329, ...

Marriage 51

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Word/Phrase Explanations

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

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When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

儿子的
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...


'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


'Justice' signifies both good and truth.


'Hills' signify the good of charity.

偶像
Idols of stone signify worship from falsities of doctrine. Idols of wood signify worship from evils of doctrine. Idols of silver signify worship from what...

妻子
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...


'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

妇人
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

饥饿
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire for good and the understanding of what is true, which nourish and delight us spiritually the...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

判断
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

兄弟
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...


In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...


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