出埃及记 34

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1 重做法版(申10:1-5)

2 早晨之前,你要预备好了;到早晨的时候,你要上到西奈来,在顶上站在我面前。

3 谁也不准同你一起上来,整个都不准有出现,也不准牛在这前吃草。”

4 摩西就凿了两块版,好像先前的一样。他一起来,照着耶和华吩咐他的,上到西奈去,里拿着两块版。

5 耶和华彩中降来,与摩西一同站在那里,并且宣告耶和华的名字

6 耶和华在摩西面前经过,并且宣告:“耶和华耶和华,是有怜悯有恩典的神,不轻易发怒,并且有丰盛的慈爱和诚实,

7 万万人留下慈爱,赦免孽、过犯和罪恶。一定要清除,追讨孽自父及子至孙,直到四代。”

8 摩西急忙俯首在地敬拜,

9 :“主啊,我若是在你眼前蒙恩,求我主与我们同行,因为这是硬着颈项的人民。又求你赦免我们孽和我们罪恶,把我们当作你的产业。”

10 重新立约(出23:14-19;申7:1-5,16:1-17)耶和华:“哪,我要立约,我要在你全体的人民面前作奇妙的事,是在全地万国中没有行过的。在你四周的万民都必耶和华的作为,因为我向你所行的是可畏惧的事。

11 今天吩咐你的,你务要遵守。看哪,我要把亚摩利人、迦南人、赫人、比利洗人、希未人、耶布斯人,从你面前赶逐出去。

12 你要小心,不可与你所去的那地的居民立约,恐怕这事在你中间成为陷阱。

13 他们的祭坛你们却要拆毁,他们的柱像你们要打碎,他们的亚舍拉你们要砍下。

14 你不可敬拜别的神,因为耶和华是忌邪的神,他名为忌邪者。

15 恐怕你与那地的居民立约,他们随从自己的行邪淫,给自己的献祭的时候,有人你,你就他的祭物;

16 又恐怕你给你的儿子娶他们的女儿为妻,他们的女儿随从自己的行邪淫的时候,使你的儿子也随从她们的行邪淫。

17 你不可为自己铸造像。

18 “你要守除酵节,要照着我吩咐你的,在亚笔内所定的时期无酵,因为你是在亚笔埃及出来的。

19 凡是头胎的都是我的;你的牲畜中,无论是或羊,凡是公的和头生的,都是我的。

20 头生的,你要用羊代赎,如果不代赎,就要打断它的颈项。你所有头胎的儿子,你都要代赎出来。没有人可以空手见我。

21 “你日要工作,但第七你要休息,在耕种和收割的时候,也要休息。

22 在收割初熟麦子的时候,你要守七七节;在年底,你要过收割节。

23 你所有的男子,都要一年三次去见耶和华以色列的

24 我要把列国从你面前赶出去,扩张你的境界;你一年三次上去面见耶和华你的的时候,必没有贪图你的地。

25 “你不可把我祭物的血和有的饼一同献上,逾越节的祭物也不可留到早晨

26 你要把你地里最早生产的初之物送到耶和华你的的殿里。不可用羊羔母的奶去羊羔。”

27 耶和华摩西:“你要把这些上,因为我是按着这些与你和以色列人立约的。”

28 摩西在那里与耶和华在一起共四十昼夜,不饭,也不。他把这约的在两块版上,这就是诫。

29 摩西摩西从西奈来的时候,里拿着两块法版;摩西来的时候,不知道自己的脸因为与耶和华谈过话而发光

30 亚伦和全体以色列人见了摩西,见他脸上发光,就害怕他。

31 摩西他们过来,于是,亚伦和会众中所有的首领才回到摩西那里去,摩西就与他们谈话。

32 ,全体以色列人前来,摩西就把耶和华在西奈上与他所的一切话都吩咐他们。

33 摩西和他们说完了话,就用帕子蒙上自己的脸。

34 每逢摩西进到耶和华面前与他谈话的时候,就把帕子揭去,直到他出。他出来了,就把耶和华吩咐他的对以色列人

35 以色列人摩西的脸,见他的脸发光摩西再用帕子蒙上自己的脸,直到他进去和耶和华说话为止。

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Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 666, 1001, 1288, 1298, 1444, 2341, 2342, ...

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祭坛
圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


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主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。


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When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

儿子
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

女儿
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...


'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

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埃及
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...


Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...


Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)


Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

收割
'To reap' signifies executing judgment. 'Reaping' denotes the reception of truth in good.

三次
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...


The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


Leaven' signifies evil and falsity, which should not be mixed with good and true things. In Leviticus 2:11, it says, 'no meat offering which ye...

逾越节
'The Passover,' in Exodus 12, 27, signifies the presence of the Lord and His liberation from damnation of the people of the spiritual church. 'The...


'To ripen,' as in Genesis 40:10, denotes the progress of the rebirth, or regeneration, particularly the conjunction of truth and good.


To boil, as in Genesis 25:29, signifies to heap up.


'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...


In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

四十
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...


Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...


To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...


'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...

发光
“Light” in the Bible represents divine truth, ideas which pour out to us from the Lord’s infinite love. It makes sense, then, that when something...

亚伦
亚伦是摩西的兄弟。他象征着两件事,一是在出埃及记的前半部分,他是摩西的代言人,二是在大帐幕建成后,他被任命为大祭司之后。 在故事的第一部分中,摩西代表了道的真实面目,就像在天上所理解的那样,而亚伦则代表了道的外在意义,就像人在世上所理解的那样。这就是为什么他为摩西说话,耶和华对他说:"他要为你们作口,你们也要对他作神。"(出埃及记 4:16). 后来,当亚伦穿上他的礼服时(见利未记各章 8, 9他被任命为以色列的大祭司。在这个角色中,亚伦代表耶和华,代表神的善,而摩西代表耶和华,代表神的真理。

害怕
对未知的恐惧和对变化的恐惧都是一种常见的观念,共同涵盖了我们在自然生活中容易产生的恐惧的广泛范围。从某种意义上说,当《圣经》中的人被描述为 "害怕 "时,它们的背后也蕴含着灵性的意义。 根据《文集》的描述,当一种更高尚、更内在的属灵状态与一种更低级、更外在的属灵状态沟通时,人们就会感到恐惧,并表明这种状态需要被改造和提升。圣诞故事中的牧羊人就是如此,当天使来告诉他们一个全新的属灵时代时,他们的第一反应是恐惧。摩西在燃烧的灌木丛中,雅各在看到梯子的异象后,甚至门徒看到耶稣在加利利海上行走,都是如此--在这些情况下,一个更高的状态正在向他们伸出手来,要求他们接受属灵生命的新阶段。 这在更消极的意义上也是如此,当邪恶和错误的思想状态接触到精神上的东西,感觉到自己的悲惨的启示的威胁时,也是如此。 圣经》也经常讲到人敬畏神,这是一个相关但不同的想法,其他地方也有涉及。


'Nigh' denotes truth in affinity with good.


按照瑞典博格的说法,时间和空间不存在于精神现实中,它们是纯粹的自然事物,只存在于物质层面。这就意味着,一个精神性的东西不可能在时间上的另一个精神性的东西 "之后 "发生,因为没有时间。而一个精神性的东西也不可能在空间上 "追随 "另一个精神性的东西,因为没有空间。 相反,灵性的现实是建立在灵性状态的基础上,或天使的爱和思想。这些爱和思想以因果链的方式连接在一起,天使们的体验就像我们体验时间一样;一个思想在精神层面上流向另一个思想,而天使们感觉到这种进步,就像我们感觉到一个时刻流向另一个时刻的进步一样。当天使有类似的思想和感觉时,他们体验到的亲近感和我们对肉体亲近感的体验是非常相同的;他们对 "空间 "的概念是整个精神世界中的灵魂所拥有的思想和情感的变化。 当《圣经》将某件事情描述为 "后边 "的东西时,那么,属灵的意义就与属灵状态的递进有关;它是在前边的东西基础上产生的新的属灵状态。由于较高的状态会流入较低的状态,所以 "之后 "的东西往往是较低的、较外在的状态。例如,内心深处对他人的善的渴望,会自动地流向具体的想法,即我们可以做的具体的善事。那么,这些具体的想法,就会 "在 "善的欲望之后。


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

来了
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摩西的
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说话
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

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Project | Ages 4 - 14

 The Ten Commandments Received, The Golden Calf
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10


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