阿摩司书 5

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1 哀歌

2 “童贞女以色列,跌倒了,不能再起来;她被拋弃在自己的地上,没有人扶她起来。”

3 因为耶和华以色列家这样:“这城派兵一,剩下的只有一;出兵一,只剩下个。”

4 寻求得以存活耶和华以色列家这样:“寻求我,就必存活;

5 不要去伯特利寻求我,不要去吉甲,也不要过去别是巴。因为吉甲必被掳掠,伯特利必化为乌有。”

6 寻求耶和华,就必存活,免得他像在约瑟家猛烈蔓延,吞灭他们;没有人能把伯特利扑灭。

7 他们使公正变为苦堇,把公弃于地上。

8 那创造昴星和参星,把幽暗变为黎明,把白日为黑夜;又吩咐,把倒在地上的;耶和华就是他的名。

9 是他使毁灭像闪电临到堡垒,使毁灭临到坚固的城。

10 你们讨厌那在城口主持公道的人,恨恶正直话的。

11 你们欺压穷人,强征他们的五谷;因此,你们用琢磨过的石头建造,却不能在其中;你们栽种美好的葡萄园,却不能园中的酒。

12 因为我知道你们的过犯众多,大恶极;你们迫害人,收受贿赂,在城口屈枉穷乏人;

13 为此,聪明人在这时代缄默无声,因这时代邪恶

14 你们要寻求良善,不要寻求邪恶,这样才可以存活。耶和华万军的就必与你们同在,正如你们所的。

15 你们要喜良善,恨恶邪恶,在城口伸张正义;这样,耶和华万军的或会恩待约瑟的余民。

16 因此,耶和华万军的这样:“各广场充满哀恸的声音,街上只听见‘苦啊!苦啊!’的喊声;人要召农夫来哀哭,召善于哭丧的人来哀喊。

17 所有葡萄园充满哀恸的声音,因为我必在你们中间经过。”这是耶和华的。

18 渴望耶和华日子来临的人,你们有祸了!耶和华的日子对你们有什么好处呢?那日是黑,没有明的日子。

19 那日就像一个人避过了狮子,却遇上了;回到家里,靠在墙上,却被咬。

20 耶和华的日子不是黑,没有明,只有幽,全无辉吗?

21 神不喜欢外表的敬虔我憎恨、厌恶你们的节期,也不喜爱你们的节日。

22 虽然你们给我献上燔祭和素祭,我却不接受。你们献上肥美的牲畜作平安祭,我也不悦纳。

23 你们唱歌的吵声要远离我,我不想见你们的琴声。

24 但愿公正好像潮,公好像河

25 以色列家啊!你们在旷野四十年,有献燔祭和素祭给我吗?

26 你们抬着你们的“撒固”,和你们的“迦温”的像,就是你们为自己所做的。

27 我必使你们被掳,流亡到大马士革以外。这是耶和华的,万军的就是他的名。

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

1-3 The Lord is sorrowful that the church, the Truth from the Divine flowing into the world, has successively been devastated, as is seen in the previous chapter, Amos 4. Verse 3 says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left.” So very little truth is left to nourish the people, and this bad state is by their own doing.

4-9 Amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” then names traps or states that will turn people from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba. The first is falsifying knowledges, the second sensuous or external pleasures; and the last “negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine (SH 3923:6). The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” v. 7 or turn good into evil (SH 1488:2). He wants them to return to him and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “Made the Pleiades and Orion,” v. 8 and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong” v.9.

10-13 In their self-intelligence they continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them,” stone meaning truths of the natural (AE 745:3). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from themselves, or their own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (SH 9852:2).

14-15 The path is shown for the way the Lord can be with them, “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph” v.15. The remnant is the small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us (SH 3921:3).

16-20 Here people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?” for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” v.20. A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him,” v. 19.

21-22 Their worship won’t be accepted, shown by, “I hate, I despise your feast days” v. 21. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in, since only a remnant of the truth is with them, as in v. 3.

23-25 Take away your noisy songs and melodies, the Lord says, take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because of the lack of goodness and truth. In its place he wants people to “Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream” v. 24.

26-27 If people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, shown in “Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus” v. 27. Damascus was the furtherest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also used in Ezekiel 47:16-18 (AE 1088).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 205


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

天堂的奥秘 195, 468, 576, 922, 925, 1071, 1715, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 316, 410, 413, 501, 573, 620, 650, ...

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 38

Sacred Scripture 85

真實的基督徒信仰 51, 82, 689, 761


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 365, 376, 448, 519, 526, 573, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 56

Marriage 51, 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 56, 75

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Word/Phrase Explanations

哀歌
The children of Israel represent 'lamentation' by various things which signified some evil of the church among them for which they were punished. When they...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...


It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...


Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

寻求
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

伯特利
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

吉甲
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.


Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


'Justice' signifies both good and truth.


Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

讨厌
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...


"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...


Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

建造
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.


A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

葡萄园
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...


To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...


In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

邪恶
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.


The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...


To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

正义
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...


"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" is a state where truth is lacking.


Nov. 4, 1879: Thomas Edison filed a patent for a long-burning light bulb. Nov. 5, 1879: The light bulb was universally accepted as the symbol...

狮子
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.


Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


Serpents in the Bible represent reasoning that is based on what we know through our senses. This is the lowest and most outward mode of...


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...


A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

四十
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...


'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...

大马士革
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.


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