阿摩司书 4

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1 欺贫重富必受惩罚

2 耶和华指着自己的洁起誓:“看哪!对付你们的日子快到,人必用钩子把你们钩走,最后一个也必被人用鱼钩钩去。

3 你们一个一个经过城墙的破口出去,被丢弃在哈门。”这是耶和华的宣告。

4 向偶像献祭的罪“你们去伯特利犯罪,在吉甲增加过犯吧!每早献上你们的祭物,每日献上你们的十分之一吧!

5 以色列人哪!把有的饼作感谢祭献上,高声宣扬你们自愿献的祭吧!这原是你们喜行的。”这是耶和华的宣告。

6 受重罚仍不悔改“虽然我使你们各城的人牙齿干净,各处都缺乏粮食;但你们仍不归向我。”这是耶和华的宣告。

7 “我曾在收割前,不降给你们;我降个城,在另个城却不降;我在块地降,另块地没有水就枯干了。

8 个城的居民挤到个城去找,却没有足够的;但你们仍不归向我。”这是耶和华的宣告。

9 “我曾多次用热风和霉烂击打你们的园子和葡萄园,叫蝗虫光你们的无花果树橄榄树;但你们仍不归向我。”这是耶和华的宣告。

10 “我在你们中间降下瘟疫,正如临到埃及瘟疫一样;我用刀杀掉你们的年轻人,你们被掳去的马匹也遭杀戮;我使你们里死尸的臭气扑鼻,但你们仍不归向我。”这是耶和华的宣告。

11 “我倾覆你们,就像倾覆所多玛和蛾摩拉一样;你们像一根木柴,从火里抽出来;但你们仍不归向我。”这是耶和华的宣告。

12 “因此,以色列啊!我必这样对付你。以色列啊!因我必这样对付你,你应当预备迎见你的。”

13 看哪!他造了,创造了,把他的心意告诉人;他造了晨光和黑暗,他的脚踏在地的处,耶和华万军的就是他的名。

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

天堂的奥秘 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

The Lord 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations


The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

城墙
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

伯特利
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

吉甲
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.


The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

十分之一
'Tithes,' as in tenths, signifies goods and truths stored up from the Lord in a person’s interior self. These goods are called remains. When these...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


Leaven' signifies evil and falsity, which should not be mixed with good and true things. In Leviticus 2:11, it says, 'no meat offering which ye...


To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

牙齿
'Teeth' signify the outer edges of the life of the natural self, or the sensory level. This has two kinds, the will, and the understanding....

齿
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.


'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...


'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...


To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

葡萄园
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

无花果
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

橄榄
'An olive,' as in Isaiah 17:6, signifies celestial remains. 'An olive' signifies love and charity, because 'the olive tree' signifies the celestial church, and so...

瘟疫
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

埃及
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.


'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...


Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

倾覆
'Overturned' signifies punishing.

所多玛
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...


The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...


'Hills' signify the good of charity.


Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...


'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.


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