Haggai 2

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1 In the seventh month, on the twenty-first day of the month, the word of the Lord came by Haggai the prophet, saying,

2 Say now to Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, ruler of Judah, and to Joshua, the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and to the rest of the people,

3 Who is there still among you who saw this house in its first glory? and how do you see it now? is it not in your eyes as nothing?

4 But now be strong, O Zerubbabel, says the Lord; and be strong, O Joshua, son of Jehozadak, the high priest; and be strong, all you people of the land, says the Lord, and get to work: for I am with you, says the Lord of armies:

5 The agreement which I made with you when you came out of Egypt, and my spirit, are with you still; have no fear.

6 For this is what the Lord of armies has said: In a short time I will make a shaking of the heavens and the earth and the sea and the dry land;

7 And I will make a shaking of all the nations, and the desired things of all nations will come: and I will make this house full of my glory, says the Lord of armies.

8 The silver is mine and the gold is mine, says the Lord of armies.

9 The second glory of this house will be greater than the first, says the Lord of armies: and in this place I will give peace, says the Lord of armies.

10 On the twenty-fourth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, the word of the Lord came by Haggai the prophet, saying,

11 These are the words of the Lord of armies: Put now a point of law to the priests, saying,

12 If anyone has some holy flesh folded in the skirt of his robe, will bread or soup or wine or oil or any other food be made holy if touched by his skirt? And the priests answering said, No.

13 Then Haggai said, Will any of these be made unclean by the touch of one who is unclean through touching a dead body? And the priests answering said, It will be made unclean.

14 Then Haggai said, So is this people and so is this nation before me, says the Lord; and so is every work of their hands; and the offering they give there is unclean.

15 And now, give thought, looking back from this day to the time before one stone was put on another in the Temple of the Lord:

16 How, when anyone came to a store of twenty measures, there were only ten: when anyone went to the wine-store to get fifty vessels full, there were only twenty.

17 And I sent burning and wasting and a rain of ice-drops on all the works of your hands; but still you were not turned to me, says the Lord.

18 And now, give thought; looking on from this day, from the twenty-fourth day of the ninth month, from the time when the base of the Lord's house was put in its place, give thought to it.

19 Is the seed still in the store-house? have the vine and the fig-tree, the pomegranate and the olive-tree, still not given their fruit? from this day I will send my blessing on you.

20 And the word of the Lord came a second time to Haggai, on the twenty-fourth day of the month, saying,

21 Say to Zerubbabel, ruler of Judah, I will make a shaking of the heavens and the earth,

22 Overturning the power of kingdoms; and I will send destruction on the strength of the kingdoms of the nations; by me war-carriages will be overturned with those who are in them; and the horses and the horsemen will come down, everyone by the sword of his brother.

23 In that day, says the Lord of armies, I will take you, O Zerubbabel, my servant, the son of Shealtiel, says the Lord, and will make you as a jewelled ring: for I have taken you to be mine, says the Lord of armies.

  


Exploring the Meaning of Haggai 2      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In Chapter 2, Haggai comes a second time to Zerubbabel and Joshua, saying,

"Who is left among you that saw this house in her first glory? and how do ye see it now? is it not in your eyes in comparison of it as nothing?"

In verses 4-5 he encourages the people to be strong and persevere and in verses 6-9, he promises a great change coming. The Lord will bring about this change because an external church, a church that is just performing rituals, is of no use.

Only a church that leads people to do well in their lives, and in in their thoughts, because that is what the Lord says, is of any use. Once this truth has been falsified, or made “unclean” there is not much left of the church (verses 10-14).

Although there are abundant truths in the Word, in a church that is only external they are not found, because there is no use for them. In spite of the peoples' hardships, no one has bothered to question what they might be doing wrong.

From verse 18 Haggai’s prophecy becomes triumphant. "The seed is yet in the barn and the fig tree and the vine will come." The promise in verse 6 is repeated, "I will shake the heavens and the earth, and the sea and the dry land", i.e. He will overthrow all those who follow their own doctrine and their own false ideas.

The Lord will bring another church that is not the reconstructed ancient church or its representation, but a church built from a new knowledge of the Lord, and a new set of people. This, though not soon, will be the coming of the Lord himself. Zerubbabel is used to represent this as a shining signet, because, though governor, he was not of the Jewish people.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Haggai 2      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In Chapter 2, Haggai comes a second time to Zerubbabel and Joshua, saying,

"Who is left among you that saw this house in her first glory? and how do ye see it now? is it not in your eyes in comparison of it as nothing?"

In verses 4-5 he encourages the people to be strong and persevere and in verses 6-9, he promises a great change coming. The Lord will bring about this change because an external church, a church that is just performing rituals, is of no use.

Only a church that leads people to do well in their lives, and in in their thoughts, because that is what the Lord says, is of any use. Once this truth has been falsified, or made “unclean” there is not much left of the church (verses 10-14).

Although there are abundant truths in the Word, in a church that is only external they are not found, because there is no use for them. In spite of the peoples' hardships, no one has bothered to question what they might be doing wrong.

From verse 18 Haggai’s prophecy becomes triumphant. "The seed is yet in the barn and the fig tree and the vine will come." The promise in verse 6 is repeated, "I will shake the heavens and the earth, and the sea and the dry land", i.e. He will overthrow all those who follow their own doctrine and their own false ideas.

The Lord will bring another church that is not the reconstructed ancient church or its representation, but a church built from a new knowledge of the Lord, and a new set of people. This, though not soon, will be the coming of the Lord himself. Zerubbabel is used to represent this as a shining signet, because, though governor, he was not of the Jewish people.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 232


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 28, 1551, 2252, 3780, 3813, 4759, 5321, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 191, 298, 306, 331, 437, 694, 913

Heaven and Hell 287

True Christian Religion 727


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 79, 220, 242, 253, 355, 365, 400, ...

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 58

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Významy biblických slov

month
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

twenty
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

prophet
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Zerubbabel
Zerubbabel, mentioned in Zech. 4, represents the Lord.

son
Marriages in the Bible represent the union we all can have between the desire for good and the understanding of truth (or an understanding of...

ruler
'Officers' signify principles of what is false and evil.

judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

joshua
Joshua, the son of Josedech the high-priest,' as in Zechariah 3:1, signifies the law, or the Word.

high
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

saw
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

first
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

says
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

armies
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

egypt
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

fear
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

heavens
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

earth
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

sea
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

nations
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

come
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Full
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

silver
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

gold
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

greater
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

the first
'Resurrection' signifies salvation and eternal life. 'The first,' mentioned in Revelation 20:5, 6, does not mean a first resurrection, but the essence and primary part...

place
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

fourth
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

second
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

holy
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

robe
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

bread
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

Wine
In Revelation 18:13, 'wine, oil, flour, and wheat' signify celestial principles of worship.

oil
In Ezekiel 27:17, 'wheat of minnith, and pannag honey,' 'oil,' and 'balsam' denote the good things that come from love and charity, and the happiness...

food
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

touched
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

answering
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

unclean
'Pollution' denotes the truth of faith defiled.

touch
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

touching
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

people
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

nation
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

work
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

the temple
'Solomon's temple' represents heaven and the church.

temple of the Lord
The interior heavens are the temple of Jehovah.

temple
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

measures
The Bible uses a somewhat dizzying array of unfamiliar measurement, leaving translators a choice between being accurate and confusing or inaccurate and clear. Since they...

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

fifty
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

works
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

day of
'Day of vengeance' signifies a state of damnation.

lord's
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

fig
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

tree
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

pomegranate
'Pomegranates,' as in Exodus 28:34, signify the scientific ideas of good and truth, which are doctrinal matters from the Word in the memory, which is...

olive
'An olive,' as in Isaiah 17:6, signifies celestial remains. 'An olive' signifies love and charity, because 'the olive tree' signifies the celestial church, and so...

blessing
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

overturned
'Overturned' signifies punishing.

horses
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

Come down
To come down (Gen. 11:5), is predicated of Jehovah, by reason of his being called the Highest. This is spoken according to appearance.

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

brother
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

servant
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

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 The Lord's House
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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