Genesis 32

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English: Basic English Bible         

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1 And on his way Jacob came face to face with the angels of God.

2 And when he saw them he said, This is the army of God: so he gave that place the name of Mahanaim.

3 Now Jacob sent servants before him to Esau, his brother, in the land of Seir, the country of Edom;

4 And he gave them orders to say these words to Esau: Your servant Jacob says, Till now I have been living with Laban:

5 And I have oxen and asses and flocks and men-servants and women-servants: and I have sent to give my lord news of these things so that I may have grace in his eyes.

6 When the servants came back they said, We have seen your brother Esau and he is coming out to you, and four hundred men with him.

7 Then Jacob was in great fear and trouble of mind: and he put all the people and the flocks and the herds and the camels into two groups;

8 And said, If Esau, meeting one group, makes an attack on them, the others will get away safely.

9 Then Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham, the God of my father Isaac, the Lord who said to me, Go back to your country and your family and I will be good to you:

10 I am less than nothing in comparison with all your mercies and your faith to me your servant; for with only my stick in my hand I went across Jordan, and now I have become two armies.

11 Be my saviour from the hand of Esau, my brother: for my fear is that he will make an attack on me, putting to death mother and child.

12 And you said, Truly, I will be good to you, and make your seed like the sand of the sea which may not be numbered.

13 Then he put up his tent there for the night; and from among his goods he took, as an offering for his brother Esau,

14 Two hundred she-goats and twenty he-goats, two hundred females and twenty males from the sheep,

15 Thirty camels with their young ones, forty cows, ten oxen, twenty asses, and ten young asses.

16 These he gave to his servants, every herd by itself, and he said to his servants, Go on before me, and let there be a space between one herd and another.

17 And he gave orders to the first, saying, When my brother Esau comes to you and says, Whose servant are you, and where are you going, and whose are these herds?

18 Then say to him, These are your servant Jacob's; they are an offering for my lord, for Esau; and he himself is coming after us.

19 And he gave the same orders to the second and the third and to all those who were with the herds, saying, This is what you are to say to Esau when you see him;

20 And you are to say further, Jacob, your servant, is coming after us. For he said to himself, I will take away his wrath by the offering which I have sent on, and then I will come before him: it may be that I will have grace in his eyes.

21 So the servants with the offerings went on in front, and he himself took his rest that night in the tents with his people.

22 And in the night he got up, and taking with him his two wives and the two servant-women and his eleven children, he went over the river Jabbok.

23 He took them and sent them over the stream with all he had.

24 Then Jacob was by himself; and a man was fighting with him till dawn.

25 But when the man saw that he was not able to overcome Jacob, he gave him a blow in the hollow part of his leg, so that his leg was damaged.

26 And he said to him, Let me go now, for the dawn is near. But Jacob said, I will not let you go till you have given me your blessing.

27 Then he said, What is your name? And he said, Jacob.

28 And he said, Your name will no longer be Jacob, but Israel: for in your fight with God and with men you have overcome.

29 Then Jacob said, What is your name? And he said, What is my name to you? Then he gave him a blessing.

30 And Jacob gave that place the name of Peniel, saying, I have seen God face to face, and still I am living.

31 And while he was going past Peniel, the sun came up. And he went with unequal steps because of his damaged leg.

32 For this reason the children of Israel, even today, never take that muscle in the hollow of the leg as food, because the hollow of Jacob's leg was touched.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4232, 4233, 4234, 4235, 4238, 4239, 4240, ...


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1025, 2838, 3021, 4013, 4236, 4237, 4242, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 862, 939


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 412, 710

Marriage 108

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Word/Phrase Explanations

way
In John 14:6, 'the way is doctrine,' 'the truth' is every thing pertaining to doctrine, and 'the life' is the essential good which is the...

Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

god
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

place
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Mahanaim
'Mahanaim,' as in Genesis 32:2, signifies the celestial and spiritual heavens, and in the supreme sense, the divine celestial and divine spiritual of the Lord.

sent
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

esau
Esau (Gen. 28:5, etc.) signifies the truth of good in the natural principle. Esau (Gen. 32:3) signifies celestial good in the natural principle.

brother
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

Land of Seir
'The land of Seir' signifies celestial and natural good.

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Seir
'Mount Seir' denotes the human essence of the Lord.

Country
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

orders
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Laban
'Laban' signifies the affection of good in the natural self, or the affection of external good, and properly collateral good of a common stock. The...

asses
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

servants
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

my lord
Characters in the Bible will often address others using the term “my lord,” and it seems to be no more than an expression of respect....

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

back
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

Coming
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Four hundred
Four hundred signifies vastation, temptations, and the duration thereof.

four
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

hundred
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

fear
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

flocks
'A herd,' as mentioned in Genesis 32:7, denotes exterior or natural good, and also not good things.

camels
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Abraham
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) is one of the major characters in the story of the sacred...

isaac
'Isaac' represents spiritual love. 'Isaac,' in Genesis 17:19, signifies the rational divine. 'Isaac' signifies the Lord's divine rational in reference to divine good. Isaac' signifies...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mercies
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

saviour
The Lord from the essential divine, through the divine human, is the savior. The Lord became the savior by His spiritual temptations, or combats.

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

mother
Father, son, mother, and daughter, as in Luke 12:51, 53: By father against son, and by son against the father, is understood evil against truth,...

child
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

sand
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

sea
'The sea and the waves roaring' means heresy and controversies in the church and individual.

night
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

offering
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

goats
From correspondences, a goat signifies the natural man. The goat which was sacrificed, as in Leviticus 16:5-10, signifies the natural man regarding a part purified,...

twenty
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything or fullness, because it is ten twice. 'Twenty,' as in Genesis 18:31, like all numbers occurring in...

sheep
'A ram' signifies the Lord’s divine spiritual nature pertaining to a person. 'A ram' signifies the good of innocence and charity in the internal self....

thirty
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

forty
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

cows
'The heifer whereby labor has not been done,' as mentioned in Deuteronomy 21:3, signifies the innocence of the external self, which is in ignorance. 'The...

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Oxen
'Oxen' or 'calves' signify the affections of the natural mind.

a
A help-meet for him,' or 'a help as before him,' as mentioned in Genesis 2:18, signifies proprium, or what is one's own. However, whereas the...

the first
'Resurrection' signifies salvation and eternal life. 'The first,' mentioned in Revelation 20:5, 6, does not mean a first resurrection, but the essence and primary part...

first
'The first and the last' signifies that the Lord is the only God.

going
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

third
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Offerings
'Offerings' signify worship.

wives
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

women
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

stream
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

leg
In Revelation 19:16, 'the Lord’s thigh' signifies the Word regarding its divine good. 'The thigh and loins' signify conjugial love, and because this is the...

blessing
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Peniel
'Peniel' signifies a state of temptation. 'Jacob called the name of the place Peniel,' in Genesis 32, in the internal historical sense, signifies a state...

seen
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Face to face
"I have seen God face to face" (Gen. 32:30), signifies to sustain the most grievous temptations.

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

sun
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

today
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

muscle
'A sinew' signifies truth, because truths are in good like sinews in flesh. This is what is being described in Ezekiel 37:6, 8.

touched
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Jacob's New Name - Level A
Complete lesson with activity choices: act out the different animals Jacob gave to Esau with a teacher led call and response, make a heart pocket to represent Jacob's change of heart, scripted story discussion, coloring picture, and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jacob's New Name - Level B
Complete lesson with activity choices: make a name banner to represent a quality you would like to have, using thumbprints make a mural of the many animals that Jacob gave Esau, scripted story discussion, coloring picture, and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jacob's New Name - Level C
Complete lesson with activity choices: explore what's in a name--what some names mean and why they might be chosen, make decorative sun ornaments with quotations from the Word about light, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 14

 Jacob's New Name - Level D
Complete lesson with activity choices: explore the idea of wrestling with our faith and the tug of war in our minds between angels and evil spirits, look at the topic of praying in fear, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 15 - 17

 Jacob’s Return
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jacob Wrestles with an Angel
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Jacob Wrestles with Man
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Overview of Jacob and Esau Levels A B C D for ages 3-18
An overview of the Youth Journey Program "Jacob and Esau", Levels A, B, D, and D, for ages 3-18.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 18


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