Exodus 20

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English: Basic English Bible         

← Exodus 19   Exodus 21 →

1 And God said all these words:

2 I am the Lord your God who took you out of the land of Egypt, out of the prison-house.

3 You are to have no other gods but me.

4 You are not to make an image or picture of anything in heaven or on the earth or in the waters under the earth:

5 You may not go down on your faces before them or give them worship: for I, the Lord your God, am a God who will not give his honour to another; and I will send punishment on the children for the wrongdoing of their fathers, to the third and fourth generation of my haters;

6 And I will have mercy through a thousand generations on those who have love for me and keep my laws.

7 You are not to make use of the name of the Lord your God for an evil purpose; whoever takes the Lord's name on his lips for an evil purpose will be judged a sinner by the Lord

8 Keep in memory the Sabbath and let it be a holy day.

9 On six days do all your work:

10 But the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God; on that day you are to do no work, you or your son or your daughter, your man-servant or your woman-servant, your cattle or the man from a strange country who is living among you:

11 For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and the sea, and everything in them, and he took his rest on the seventh day: for this reason the Lord has given his blessing to the seventh day and made it holy.

12 Give honour to your father and to your mother, so that your life may be long in the land which the Lord your God is giving you.

13 Do not put anyone to death without cause.

14 Do not be false to the married relation.

15 Do not take the property of another.

16 Do not give false witness against your neighbour.

17 Let not your desire be turned to your neighbour's house, or his wife or his man-servant or his woman-servant or his ox or his ass or anything which is his.

18 And all the people were watching the thunderings and the flames and the sound of the horn and the mountain smoking; and when they saw it, they kept far off, shaking with fear.

19 And they said to Moses, To your words we will give ear, but let not the voice of God come to our ears, for fear death may come on us.

20 And Moses said to the people, Have no fear: for God has come to put you to the test, so that fearing him you may be kept from sin.

21 And the people kept their places far off, but Moses went near to the dark cloud where God was.

22 And the Lord said to Moses, Say to the children of Israel, You yourselves have seen that my voice has come to you from heaven

23 Gods of silver and gods of gold you are not to make for yourselves.

24 Make for me an altar of earth, offering on it your burned offerings and your peace-offerings, your sheep and your oxen: in every place where I have put the memory of my name, I will come to you and give you my blessing.

25 And if you make me an altar of stone do not make it of cut stones: for the touch of an instrument will make it unclean.

26 And do not go up by steps to my altar, for fear that your bodies may be seen uncovered.

← Exodus 19   Exodus 21 →
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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8753, 8859, 8860, 8861, 8862, 8863, 8864, ...

Apocalypse Explained 405


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1298, 1551, 1754, 2009, 2332, 2575, 2826, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 213, 392, 457, 474, 601, 847

Divine Providence 230

The Lord 59

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christianity 9, 284, 291, 301, 305, 309, 313, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 78, 240, 304, 391, 504, 532, 539, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 35, 43, 49

Marriage 9

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Word/Phrase Explanations

God
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

egypt
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

Prison
'The house of the prison' denotes the vastation of falsity, and also falsity itself.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

image
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

heaven
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

waters
'Waters,' 'rivers,' and 'depths,' as in Psalm 78:15-16, signify truths from the Lord.

under
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

worship
To bow, as in Genesis 18:2 signifies to humble.

punishment
Punishment' is the consummation of evil, because after punishment, reformation succeeds. This is why it says in Deuteronomy 25:3, 'that no more than forty stripes...

children
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

fathers
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

third
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

mercy
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

thousand
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

love
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

keep
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

Laws
All laws, even civil and judicial laws, which are in the Word, correspond to the laws of good and truth, which are in heaven.

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

name of the lord
Names in the Bible are not simply names; they represent the qualities of the people who bear them. So the various names of the Lord...

memory
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

sabbath
In Exodus 31:13, 'verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep,' signifies continuous holy thought about the union of the Lord’s divine with His human.

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Six days
The six days' or periods of time, are the various consecutive states in a person's regeneration. They are, in general, as follows: The first state...

six
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

work
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

servant
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

woman-servant
'Maids' denote external affections serving the internal.

strange
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

Heaven and earth
'Heaven and earth' signify, in general, the internal and external church. In particular, they signify the internal and external, or the spiritual and the natural...

sea
'The sea and the waves roaring' means heresy and controversies in the church and individual.

blessing
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

honour
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

Father
Father, son, mother, and daughter, as in Luke 12:51, 53: By father against son, and by son against the father, is understood evil against truth,...

long
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

witness
Galeed, a heap and a witness, mentioned in Genesis 31:47, signifies quality on the part of good of the divine natural principle.

neighbour
'The neighbor' is not only an individual person, but also people collectively, as a less or greater society, our country, the church, the Lord’s kingdom,...

wife
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

woman
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

ass
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

thunderings
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

horn
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

mountain
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

saw
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

fear
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

near
'Nigh' denotes truth in affinity with good.

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

silver
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

gold
'Money' relates to truth.

make
'Make mention' denotes communication.

altar
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

Offerings
'Offerings' signify worship.

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

sheep
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

place
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

altar of stone
Because 'stones' signify truths formed from good, or good itself in form, it was forbidden to fit them with a hammer, an axe, or any...

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

Go up
To go up and to go down: in the Word, mention is made of going up and going down when speaking of going from one...

steps
'Steps,' as in Exodus 20:26, signify ascent to higher or interior degrees.

uncovered
'Unclothed' signifies being deprived of the truths of faith.

Videos from the Swedenborg Foundation

The videos shown here are provided courtesy of our friends at the Swedenborg Foundation. You can find out more about them here: swedenborg.com.


How to Find Lasting Inner Peace

If the goal is peace, what's the pathway? The commandment on remembering the Sabbath can help . . . in more ways than you'd expect.

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 A Day of Rest
In the New Church we are told that when we are trying to be loving and kind to other people, then the Lord is at rest. And this is the real Sabbath.
Worship Talk | Ages 4 - 6

 Does the Lord Forgive?
Lesson and activities looking at the Lord's love and mercy in forgiving us.
Religion Lesson | Ages over 15

 Forgiveness and Mercy
The Lord forgives sins, because He is mercy itself. To receive forgiveness a person must admit wrongdoing, stop doing evil, and begin a new life.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 For Reflection: A Perfect Sabbath
Think about ways to look to the Lord and also get some rest and recreation as you celebrate the Sabbath day.
Activity | Ages over 4

 His Life Within You
The first commandment calls us to commit our life to the Lord, to delight in knowing Him and in feeling His life within us.
Article | Ages over 15

 Honor Your Father and Your Mother
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 I Am the Lord Your God
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Identify and Name False Gods
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Memory Verse: Holy Is His Name
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Memory Verse: Keeping the Sabbath
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Memory Verse: Love Me Keep My Commandments
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Memory Verse: The Lord Our God
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Memory Verse: Worship of the Heart
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Moses Receiving the Ten Commandments
Color and cut out the pieces to assemble a project showing Moses receiving the Ten Commandments.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 No Other Gods
The first commandment tells us that we should worship the one true God and have no other Gods before Him. This sounds simple enough. Who would bow before a carved image or worship an idol? The fact is, we all do. The First Commandment is as important for us today as it ever was.
Worship Talk | Ages 15 - 17

 Our Covenant with God
A covenant is a promise made between two or more people. New Church teachings explain how keeping covenant joins a person with the Lord.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 Our Covenant with the Lord
Lesson and activities exploring our covenant with the Lord and how we can respond to His love.
Religion Lesson | Ages over 15

 Overview of Lead and Guide Us Levels A B C for Ages 3-14
Overview of the Youth Journey Program "Lead and Guide Us", Levels A, B and C, for ages 3-14. Suitable for Sunday schools, camps, classrooms and families.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 14

 Picture the Giving of the Ten Commandments
Make a picture of Moses bringing the two tablets of stone down Mount Sinai to help you focus on the miraculous way the Lord gave us the Ten Commandments.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Qualities of the Lord
Look at colored pictures of stories from the Word. Using a word bank, identify the quality of the Lord shown in each picture.
Project | Ages 9 - 14

 Quotes: Holy Is His Name
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Quotes: Keeping the Sabbath
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Quotes: Love Me and Keep My Commandments
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Quotes: The Lord Our God
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Remember the Sabbath
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Resting in the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Sensual Pleasure and Delights
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Taking the Lord's Name in Vain
Might you be coming close to taking the Lord's name in vain without even realizing it? 
Activity | Ages 11 - 17

 The Eighth Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Fifth Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The First Commandment
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Fourth Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Function of Wings
Compare the function of a bird's wings with how the Ten Commandments - and other parts of the Lord's Word - help us.
Activity | Ages 7 - 17

 The History and Meaning of the Sabbath
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Lord's Commandments Mobile
This complex project combines the two great commandments and the Ten Commandments in one mobile.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Will Not Hold Him Innocent
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Ninth and Tenth Commandments
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Second Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Seventh Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Sixth Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Ten Commandments
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Ten Commandments
Family lessons provide a worship talk and a variety of activities for children and teens..
Religion Lesson | Ages 4 - 17

 The Ten Commandments
The Ten Commandments list actions a person must do in order to connect with God. Explore the spiritual meaning to commandments using New Church online resources.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 The Ten Commandments
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Ten Commandments
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Ten Commandments
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 The Ten Commandments (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Ten Commandments Calligraphy
Color the border around this calligraphy of the Ten Commandments.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Ten Commandments in Hebrew
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Ten Commandments Received, The Golden Calf
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 The Third Commandment
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Two Tablets
Use a modeling compound to make small tablets. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Turning Away from False Gods Collage
Make a collage showing things people might “worship” or seem to make a higher priority in their lives than the Lord. 
Project | Ages 7 - 17

 What Worship Is
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Why We Need Rules
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Worshiping the Lord Alone
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Worshiping the One True God
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 You Shall Not Take the Name of the Lord Your God in Vain
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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