1 Samuel 2

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Basic English Bible         

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1 And Hannah, in prayer before the Lord, said, My heart is glad in the Lord, my horn is lifted up in the Lord: my mouth is open wide over my haters; because my joy is in your salvation.

2 No other is holy as the Lord, for there is no other God but you: there is no Rock like our God.

3 Say no more words of pride; let not uncontrolled sayings come out of your mouths: for the Lord is a God of knowledge, by him acts are judged.

4 The bows of the men of war are broken, and the feeble are clothed with strength.

5 Those who were full are offering themselves as servants for bread; those who were in need are at rest; truly, she who had no children has become the mother of seven; and she who had a family is wasted with sorrow.

6 The Lord is the giver of death and life: sending men down to the underworld and lifting them up.

7 The Lord gives wealth and takes a man's goods from him: crushing men down and again lifting them up;

8 Lifting the poor out of the dust, and him who is in need out of the lowest place, to give them their place among rulers, and for their heritage the seat of glory: for the pillars of the earth are the Lord's and he has made them the base of the world.

9 He will keep the feet of his holy ones, but the evil-doers will come to their end in the dark night, for by strength no man will overcome.

10 Those who make war against the Lord will be broken; against them he will send his thunder from heaven: the Lord will be judge of the ends of the earth, he will give strength to his king, lifting up the horn of him on whom the holy oil has been put.

11 Then Elkanah went to Ramah to his house. And the child became the servant of the Lord under the direction of Eli the priest.

12 Now the sons of Eli were evil and good-for-nothing men, having no knowledge of the Lord.

13 And the priests' way with the people was this: when any man made an offering, the priest's servant came while the flesh was being cooked, having in his hand a meat-hook with three teeth;

14 This he put into the pot, and everything which came up on the hook the priest took for himself. This they did in Shiloh to all the Israelites who came there.

15 And more than this, before the fat was burned, the priest's servant would come and say to the man who was making the offering, Give me some of the flesh to be cooked for the priest; he has no taste for meat cooked in water, but would have you Give it uncooked.

16 And if the man said to him, First let the fat be burned, then take as much as you will; then the servant would say, No, you are to give it to me now, or I will take it by force.

17 And the sin of these young men was very great before the Lord; for they gave no honour to the Lord's offerings.

18 But Samuel did the work of the Lord's house, while he was a child, dressed in a linen ephod.

19 And his mother made him a little robe and took it to him every year when she came with her husband for the year's offering.

20 And every year Eli gave Elkanah and his wife a blessing, saying, May the Lord give you offspring by this woman in exchange for the child you have given to the Lord. And they went back to their house.

21 And the Lord had mercy on Hannah and she gave birth to three sons and two daughters. And the young Samuel became older before the Lord.

22 Now Eli was very old; and he had news from time to time of what his sons were doing to all Israel.

23 And he said to them, Why are you doing such things? for from all this people I get accounts of your evil ways.

24 No, my sons, the account which is given me, which the Lord's people are sending about, is not good.

25 If one man does wrong to another, God will be his judge: but if a man's sin is against the Lord, who will take up his cause? But they gave no attention to the voice of their father, for it was the Lord's purpose to send destruction on them.

26 And the young Samuel, becoming older, had the approval of the Lord and of men.

27 And a man of God came to Eli and said to him, The Lord says, Did I let myself be seen by your father's people when they were in Egypt, servants in Pharaoh's house?

28 Did I take him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest and to go up to my altar to make the smoke of the offerings go up and to take up the ephod? Did I give to your father's family all the offerings made by fire by the children of Israel?

29 Why then are you looking with envy on my offerings of meat and of meal which were ordered by my word, honouring your sons before me, and making yourselves fat with all the best of the offerings of Israel, my people?

30 For this reason the Lord God of Israel has said, Truly I did say that your family and your father's people would have their place before me for ever: but now the Lord says, Let it not be so; I will give honour to those by whom I am honoured, and those who have no respect for me will be of small value in my eyes.

31 See, the days are coming when your arm and the arm of your father's people will be cut off;

32 And never again will there be an old man in your family.

33 But one man of your family will not be cut off by my hand, and his eyes will be made dark, and grief will be in his heart: and all the offspring of your family will come to their end by the sword of men.

34 And this will be the sign to you, which will come on Hophni and Phinehas, your sons; death will overtake them on the same day.

35 And I will make a true priest for myself, one who will do what is in my heart and in my mind: and I will make for him a family which will not come to an end; and his place will be before my holy one for ever.

36 Then it will be that the rest of your family, anyone who has not been cut off, will go down on his knees to him for a bit of silver or a bit of bread, and say, Be pleased to put me into one of the priest's places so that I may have a little food.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1 Samuel 2      

Chapter 2 of the Book of Samuel begins with Hannah’s prayerful song of praise to God. It's a big contrast to the sadness and desperation of her prayer in the previous chapter when she begged for a child. In many ways this is a model for the song that Mary sang, in Luke 1:46-55 after hearing from the angel Gabriel that she was to be the mother of the Lord.

In this chapter, the High Priest, Eli, had grown so old that he had turned his priestly duties over to his sons Hophni and Phinehas. However, these sons were corrupt and had separated themselves from God. They took the best part of the meat offerings for themselves, even before the meat had been properly sacrificed, and took advantage of the woman who worked at the gate of the sanctuary.

That corrupt state is contrasted with the wholesome ministry of the young boy Samuel, who wore a simple tunic (called an ephod) given to him each year by his mother as he grew.

Reports of his sons’ wrongdoings reached Eli, and he pleaded with them to stop, but they did not change their ways and he did nothing to punish them. Then, a messenger from God came with a message of doom for not only the two sons, but for the whole family.

As Anita Dole describes the situation, in her "Bible Study Notes":

"This is a picture of a state in which worship is degraded by being used for self-interest and self-exaltation, and when the high priest in us - that inner dictate which relates us to the Lord - does not take steps to correct the evil, although it sees it. It has become dim of sight and is no longer able to receive directly the voice of the Lord. In 1 Samuel 2:17, quoted above, there is the suggestion of the harm which such a state does to others as well as
to ourselves. Many people are turned against the church by the self-seeking and hypocrisy they see in some of its members. Our duty to keep our worship sincere and to live according to the teachings of the church is not for our own salvation alone. The Lord's service requires of us constant watchfulness and ever-renewed devotion." - Anita Dole, Bible Study Notes, "The Birth of Samuel", © 2001 by The Swedenborg Foundation.

This is a chapter focused on contrasts. On one side are Hannah and Samuel who are faithful to the Lord. We see Hannah praising Him for the wonderful gifts that He provides, especially the gift of her son. This story helps us realize that all children are a gift from God. We should never view them as being our possessions. Instead, they are always God’s children whom we have been blessed to be able to nurture for a time and help grow.

On the other side are the sons of Eli, who profaned what was holy as a mark of self-love and disdain for God.

At the heart of this is a message about true worship. This true worship is a product of heart-felt adoration of God, together with genuine humility (see Arcana Coelestia 1153).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1756, 2584, 2832, 2930, 3008, 7601, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 10, 20, 323, 535, 551, 598, 671


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 253, 257, 304, 316, 357, 386, 401, ...

An Invitation to the New Church 35

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 13:13, 21:1, 35:22, 38:7, 10, 39:4

Exodus 15:11, 28:1, 29:9, 30:7, 38:8

Leviticus 2:3, 10, 3:3, 5, 11:44, 45

Deuteronomy 1:17, 4:35, 39, 13:14, 32:4, 39, 33:1

Joshua 11:20, 22:22

Judges 9:38, 13:6, 24, 17:10

1 Samuel 1:3, 6, 7, 19, 28, 2:11, 18, 3:1, 12, 19, 4:11, 17, 21, 22, 7:10, 9:6, 12:17, 14:3, 22:18, 25:26

2 Samuel 6:14, 22:32

1 Kings 2:27, 35, 8:31, 32, 13:1, 17:22

2 Kings 5:7, 23:9

1 Chronicles 15:27, 29:12

2 Chronicles 10:15, 20:27, 26:18, 32:27, 29

Job 1:21, 9:33, 18:18, 36:7, 38:5, 6, 40:13

Psalms 1:6, 18:14, 26, 20:7, 21:2, 30:4, 33:16, 35:9, 37:17, 46:10, 71:20, 75:4, 8, 89:18, 25, 94:4, 104:5, 105:37, 107:41, 113:7, 8, 9, 121:3, 127:3, 132:17, 145:20

Proverbs 2:8, 3:4, 12:8, 13:1, 22:2

Ecclesiastes 4:14

Isaiah 40:29, 44:8, 47:5, 54:1

Jeremiah 2:8, 15:9, 51:56

Ezekiel 17:24, 44:15, 16, 46:20

Nahum 1:8

Malachi 2:3, 6, 8

Matthew 26:13

Luke 1:46, 69, 2:52

John 5:21

1 Corinthians 1:28, 11:27

Titus 1:16

James 2:5

Významy biblických slov

hannah
The prophecy of Hannah, as mentioned in 1 Samuel 2, concerns the deprivation of truth among those of the church who are in no affection...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

glad
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

horn
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

open
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

joy
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

salvation
'Salvation, to the Lord our God,' as in Revelation 19:1, signifies an acknowledgment and confession that salvation is from the Lord.

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

rock
'A rock' signifies the Lord regarding the divine truth of the Word.

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

mouths
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

bows
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

Full
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

bread
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

children
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

seven
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

underworld
'Hell,' as mentioned in Jonah 2:3, signifies the earth below.

wealth
'Wealth' signifies scientific knowledge, as seen in several passages in the Word.

poor
In most cases, those described as "needy" in the Bible are those who lack true knowledge of the Lord and his teachings, but have a...

dust
Dust, in Ezekiel 26:12, signifies the lowest things which are of the sensual principle of man. In Isaiah 40:12, the dust signifies exterior or natural...

seat
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

earth
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

lord's
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

world
The term "world" has both general and more specific meanings in the Bible, including the relatively literal sense of the natural, physical world. In more...

keep
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

feet
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

dark
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" represents a state where truth is lacking. Here's a cogent passage...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

thunder
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

heaven
"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

Ends of the earth
(Isaiah 41:5) The isles and the ends of the earth, in the Word, signify those who are more remote from the truths and goods of...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

strength
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

ramah
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

priest
People in the Word who operate the details of charity are called 'ministers.'

Knowledge of the lord
Knowledge of the Lord' is the universal nature of all things of doctrine, and therefore of all things of the church. All worship derives its...

knowledge
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

way
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

priest's
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

cooked
To boil, as in Genesis 25:29, signifies to heap up.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

meat
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

teeth
'Teeth' signify the outer edges of the life of the natural self, or the sensory level. This has two kinds, the will, and the understanding....

Shiloh
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

israelites
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

fat
Fat signifies the celestial principle. Fat things, full of marrow, signify goodnesses. Fat and blood signify interior goods and truths, and hence the Israelites, prior...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

sin
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

young men
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

young
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Offerings
'Offerings' signify worship.

samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

mother
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

robe
'A pallium' or 'robe' represents the middle degree of the spiritual kingdom.

husband
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

wife
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

blessing
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

Woman
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

birth
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

To
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

daughters
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

became
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

older
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

old
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

evil
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

ways
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

good
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

voice
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

says
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

seen
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

egypt
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

pharaoh's
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

pharaoh
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

tribes
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

go up
To go up and to go down: in the Word, mention is made of going up and going down when speaking of going from one...

altar
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

ordered
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

honouring
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

ever
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

honour
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

honoured
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

coming
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

arm
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

Cut off
To be cut off, as in Genesis 41:36, signifies to perish.

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

grief
Grief is anxiety of heart or will.

men
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

sign
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

Overtake
'To overtake' denotes communication and influx.

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

the rest
In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

silver
'Money' relates to truth.

food
'The spoil in mine house,' as in Malachi 3:10, signifies remains in the internal self, because they are stealthily implanted among many evils and falsities.

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Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

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Quotation to color.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Choose words from a word blank to complete sentences about Samuel.
Activity | Ages 3 - 13

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A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

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Project | Ages 4 - 6

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Project | Ages 7 - 10

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Project | Ages 11 - 14

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A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
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