1 Samuel 1

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1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaim, a Zuphite of the hill-country of Ephraim, named Elkanah; he was the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite:

2 And he had two wives, one named Hannah and the other Peninnah: and Peninnah was the mother of children, but Hannah had no children.

3 Now this man went up from his town every year to give worship and to make offerings to the Lord of armies in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the Lord, were there.

4 And when the day came for Elkanah to make his offering, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and daughters, their part of the feast:

5 But to Hannah he gave one part, though Hannah was very dear to him, but the Lord had not let her have children.

6 And the other wife did everything possible to make her unhappy, because the Lord had not let her have children;

7 And year by year, whenever she went up to the house of the Lord, she kept on attacking her, so that Hannah gave herself up to weeping and would take no food.

8 Then her husband Elkanah said to her, Hannah, why are you weeping? and why are you taking no food? why is your heart troubled? am I not more to you than ten sons?

9 So after they had taken food and wine in the guest room, Hannah got up. Now Eli the priest was seated by the pillars of the doorway of the Temple of the Lord.

10 And with grief in her soul, weeping bitterly, she made her prayer to the Lord.

11 And she made an oath, and said, O Lord of armies, if you will truly take note of the sorrow of your servant, not turning away from me but keeping me in mind, and will give me a man-child, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and his hair will never be cut.

12 Now while she was a long time in prayer before the Lord, Eli was watching her mouth.

13 For Hannah's prayer came from her heart, and though her lips were moving she made no sound: so it seemed to Eli that she was overcome with wine.

14 And Eli said to her, How long are you going to be the worse for drink? Put away the effects of your wine from you.

15 And Hannah, answering him, said, No, my lord, I am a woman whose spirit is broken with sorrow: I have not taken wine or strong drink, but I have been opening my heart before the Lord.

16 Do not take your servant to be a good-for-nothing woman: for my words have come from my stored-up sorrow and pain.

17 Then Eli said to her, Go in peace: and may the God of Israel give you an answer to the prayer you have made to him.

18 And she said, May your servant have grace in your eyes. So the woman went away, and took part in the feast, and her face was no longer sad.

19 And early in the morning they got up, and after worshipping before the Lord they went back to Ramah, to their house: and Elkanah had connection with his wife; and the Lord kept her in mind.

20 Now the time came when Hannah, being with child, gave birth to a son; and she gave him the name Samuel, Because, she said, I made a prayer to the Lord for him.

21 And the man Elkanah with all his family went up to make the year's offering to the Lord, and to give effect to his oath.

22 But Hannah did not go, for she said to her husband, I will not go till the child has been taken from the breast, and then I will take him with me and put him before the Lord, where he may be for ever.

23 And her husband Elkanah said to her, Do whatever seems right to you, but not till you have taken him from the breast; only may the Lord do as he has said. So the woman, waiting there, gave her son milk till he was old enough to be taken from the breast.

24 Then when she had done so, she took him with her, with a three-year old ox and an ephah of meal and a skin full of wine, and took him to the house of the Lord at Shiloh: now the child was still very young.

25 And when they had made an offering of the ox, they took the child to Eli.

26 And she said, O my lord, as your soul is living, my lord, I am that woman who was making a prayer to the Lord here by your side:

27 My prayer was for this child; and the Lord has given him to me in answer to my request:

28 So I have given him to the Lord; for all his life he is the Lord's. Then he gave the Lord worship there.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1st Book of Samuel, Chapter 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Garry Walsh

The 1st Book of Samuel opens with a story about a man named Elkanah and his two wives. One wife, Peninnah, had borne children. The other, Hannah, whom he loved especially well, was childless. Whenever it was the family’s time to bring an offering to the Lord at the tabernacle in Shiloh, Elkanah gave Hannah a double portion for her to offer, to show his love for her and his desire that she might be blessed.

On one of these visits to Shiloh, Hannah, in a state of deep religious conviction and emotional distress, pleaded in a prayer to the Lord that she might have a child. Eli, the high priest, seeing her mouth move but no words coming out, thought that she must have been drunk. She declared that she had not had any strong drink, but that she was expressing the grief in her heart. Eli understood, then, and sent her on her way with his blessing.

Soon, a child was conceived. Hannah gave birth to a son who she named Samuel. The name “Samuel” literally means “God heard.” It was her decision to keep him home with her until he was weaned. Once weaned, she took the child back to Eli so that he might spend his life there in service to the Lord.

This story speaks to a state of life where a person is deeply upset because they feel as if they are lacking something that is essential for eternal happiness. The name “Hannah” literally means favor or grace. She paints a picture of someone who is pleading for God’s grace to deliver them the true happiness they desire.

Hannah’s grief-filled prayer took place at the tabernacle in Shiloh. Shiloh literal means tranquility or peace. In particular, Shiloh represents the type of peace that only the Lord Himself can give. (see Arcana Coelestia 6373).

The thing that is often missing in someone’s life, and that is being referred to here, is the truth. The more truth we have and the more we understand the Lord, ourselves, and the path that our life should take, the more of that true happiness we can find (see Apocalypse Explained 375).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1408, 7836, 9391, 9849

Apocalypse Revealed 242


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 279, 750

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 11:30, 21:8, 24:45, 28:20, 29:32, 30:1, 22, 32:6, 43:34

Leviticus 27:2

Numbers 6:8, 30:7, 8, 12

Deuteronomy 12:6, 13:14

Joshua 18:1, 25

Judges 4:5, 7:15, 12:5, 13:5

Ruth 2:2, 13, 4:15

1 Samuel 1:1, 19, 2:1, 11, 19, 20, 7:17, 8:4, 9:4, 14:36, 40, 15:34, 16:13, 17:12, 55, 19:18, 20:3, 42, 25:1, 26, 35, 29:7

2 Samuel 7:25, 11:11, 15:9

2 Kings 2:2, 4, 6

1 Chronicles 4:10, 6:12

Job 7:11

Psalms 20:5, 34:6, 62:9, 102:5, 120:1

Proverbs 14:10, 31:2

Matthew 7:7

Mark 5:34

Luke 1:7

Romans 12:12

Philippians 4:6

Hebrews 11:32

James 5:13

Významy biblických slov

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

hill
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

wives
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

hannah
The prophecy of Hannah, as mentioned in 1 Samuel 2, concerns the deprivation of truth among those of the church who are in no affection...

town
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

worship
To bow, as in Genesis 18:2 signifies to humble.

Offerings
'Offerings' signify worship.

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

armies
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

Shiloh
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

wife
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

daughters
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

house of the
'The house of the prison' denotes the vastation of falsity, and also falsity itself.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

food
'The spoil in mine house,' as in Malachi 3:10, signifies remains in the internal self, because they are stealthily implanted among many evils and falsities.

husband
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

seated
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

the temple
'Solomon's temple' represents heaven and the church.

temple of the Lord
The interior heavens are the temple of Jehovah.

temple
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

grief
Grief is anxiety of heart or will.

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

oath
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

life
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

hair
'Hairs of the head, the beard, and the feet,' as mentioned in Isaiah 7:20, signify the following things: 'Hairs of the head' signify the outermost...

long
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

lips
'A lip' signifies doctrine. A lip,' as in Isaiah 6:3, 7, signifies the interior parts of a person, consequently, internal worship, where adoration is grounded....

To
‘To grieve at heart’ is in reference to love, and ‘to repent,’ to wisdom, as in Genesis 6:6.

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

Wine
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

answering
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

my lord
Characters in the Bible will often address others using the term “my lord,” and it seems to be no more than an expression of respect....

Woman
'Virgin' and 'woman,' in the Word, signify the affection of good.

Strong drink
Strong drink' signifies the truth of the natural self.

drink
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

opening
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

sorrow
Grief is anxiety of heart or will.

Pain
'Pain' signifies repugnant things arising from interior falsities, because what is repugnant is painful.

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

answer
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

early
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

back
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

ramah
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

with child
To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

child
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

birth
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

ever
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

old
'Old waste places' signify the celestial aspects of faith.

Enough
'Sufficiency' relates to the reception of good, because good is the spiritual nourishment of the soul, as natural food is the nourishment of the body.

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

ephah
The Bible uses a somewhat dizzying array of unfamiliar measurement, leaving translators a choice between being accurate and confusing or inaccurate and clear. Since they...

Meal
'Meal and farina' signifies the truth of faith, or truth from good.

Full
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

young
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

living
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

lord's
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

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 Family Worship: The Birth of Samuel
Ideas for reading and discussing the story of Samuel’s birth.
Religion Lesson | Ages 3 - 12

 For This Child I Prayed
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Hannah Prays for a Son
Make an accordion book showing key parts of the story of Samuel’s birth. Be sure to show Hannah with baby Samuel in one of the pictures!
Project | Ages 6 - 10

 Procreation Spiritual and Natural
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Quotes: The Love of Children
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samuel
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Samuel Is Born Review Questions
Choose words from a word blank to complete sentences about Samuel.
Activity | Ages 3 - 13

 The Birth of Samuel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Birth of Samuel
Family lessons provide a worship talk and a variety of activities for children and teens..
Religion Lesson | Ages 4 - 17

 The Birth of Samuel
A family talk about the meaning of the name "Samuel" and the importance of prayer.
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 17

 The Birth of Samuel
Illustrate the story of baby Samuel by sliding him from the Lord to his mother, Hannah, and then back to the Lord.
Project | Ages 3 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Birth of Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 The Story of the Birth of Samuel Retold
A retelling of the birth of Samuel for children.
Story | Ages 3 - 12


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