القضاة 18

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Arabic: Smith & Van Dyke         

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1 وفي تلك الايام لم يكن ملك في اسرائيل. وفي تلك الايام كان سبط الدانيين يطلب له ملكا للسكنى. لانه الى ذلك اليوم لم يقع له نصيب في وسط اسباط اسرائيل.

2 فارسل بنو دان من عشيرتهم خمسة رجال منهم رجالا بني بأس من صرعة ومن اشتأول لتجسس الارض وفحصها. وقالوا لهم اذهبوا افحصوا الارض. فجاءوا الى جبل افرايم الى بيت ميخا وباتوا هناك.

3 وبينما هم عند بيت ميخا عرفوا صوت الغلام اللاوي فمالوا الى هناك وقالوا له. من جاء بك الى هنا وماذا انت عامل في هذا المكان ومالك هنا.

4 فقال لهم كذا وكذا عمل لي ميخا وقد استأجرني فصرت له كاهنا.

5 فقالوا له اسأل اذن من الله لنعلم هل ينجح طريقنا الذي نحن سائرون فيه.

6 فقال لهم الكاهن اذهبوا بسلام. امام الرب طريقكم الذي تسيرون فيه

7 فذهب الخمسة الرجال وجاءوا الى لايش ورأوا الشعب الذين فيها ساكنين بطمانينة كعادة الصيدونيين مستريحين مطمئنين وليس في الارض مؤذ بأمر وارث رياسة وهم بعيدون عن الصيدونيين وليس لهم امر مع انسان.

8 وجاءوا الى اخوتهم الى صرعة واشتأول فقال لهم اخوتهم ما انتم.

9 فقالوا قوموا نصعد اليهم لاننا رأينا الارض وهوذا هي جيدة جدا وانتم ساكتون. لا تتكاسلوا عن الذهاب لتدخلوا وتملكوا الارض.

10 عند مجيئكم تاتون الى شعب مطمئن والارض واسعة الطرفين. ان الله قد دفعها ليدكم. مكان ليس فيه عوز لشيء مما في الارض

11 فارتحل من هناك من عشيرة الدانيين من صرعة ومن اشتأول ست مئة رجل متسلحين بعدة الحرب.

12 وصعدوا وحلّوا في قرية يعاريم في يهوذا. لذلك دعوا ذلك المكان محلّة دان الى هذا اليوم. هوذا هي وراء قرية يعاريم.

13 وعبروا من هناك الى جبل افرايم وجاءوا الى بيت ميخا.

14 فاجاب الخمسة الرجال الذين ذهبوا لتجسّس ارض لايش وقالوا لاخوتهم أتعلمون ان في هذه البيوت افودا وترافيم وتمثالا منحوتا وتمثالا مسبوكا. فالآن اعلموا ما تفعلون.

15 فمالوا الى هناك وجاءوا الى بيت الغلام اللاوي بيت ميخا وسلموا عليه.

16 والست مئة الرجل المتسلحون بعدتهم للحرب واقفون عند مدخل الباب. هؤلاء من بني دان.

17 فصعد الخمسة الرجال الذين ذهبوا لتجسّس الارض ودخلوا الى هناك واخذوا التمثال المنحوت والافود والترافيم والتمثال المسبوك. والكاهن واقف عند مدخل الباب مع الست مئة الرجل المتسلحين بعدة الحرب.

18 وهؤلاء دخلوا بيت ميخا وأخذوا التمثال المنحوت والافود والترافيم والتمثال المسبوك. فقال لهم الكاهن ماذا تفعلون.

19 فقالوا له اخرس. ضع يدك على فمك واذهب معنا وكن لنا ابا وكاهنا. أهو خير لك ان تكون كاهنا لبيت رجل واحد ام ان تكون كاهنا لسبط ولعشيرة في اسرائيل.

20 فطاب قلب الكاهن واخذ الافود والترافيم والتمثال المنحوت ودخل في وسط الشعب.

21 ثم انصرفوا وذهبوا ووضعوا الاطفال والماشية والثقل قدامهم.

22 ولما ابتعدوا عن بيت ميخا اجتمع الرجال الذين في البيوت التي عند بيت ميخا وادركوا بني دان

23 وصاحوا الى بني دان فالتفتوا وقالوا لميخا ما لك صرخت.

24 فقال. آلهتي التي عملت قد اخذتموها مع الكاهن وذهبتم فماذا لي بعد. وما هذا تقولون لي مالك.

25 فقال له بنو دان لا تسمّع صوتك بيننا لئلا يقع بكم رجال انفسهم مرّة فتنزع نفسك وانفس بيتك.

26 وسار بنو دان في طريقهم. ولما رأى ميخا انهم اشدّ منه انصرف ورجع الى بيته

27 واما هم فأخذوا ما صنع ميخا والكاهن الذي كان له وجاءوا الى لايش الى شعب مستريح مطمئن وضربوهم بحد السيف واحرقوا المدينة بالنار.

28 ولم يكن من ينقذ لانها بعيدة عن صيدون ولم يكن لهم امر مع انسان وهي في الوادي الذي لبيت رحوب. فبنوا المدينة وسكنوا بها.

29 ودعوا اسم المدينة دان باسم دان ابيهم الذي ولد لاسرائيل. ولكن اسم المدينة اولا لايش.

30 واقام بنو دان لانفسهم التمثال المنحوت وكان يهوناثان ابن جرشوم بن منسّى هو وبنوه كهنة لسبط الدانيين الى يوم سبي الارض.

31 ووضعوا لانفسهم تمثال ميخا المنحوت الذي عمله كل الايام التي كان فيها بيت الله في شيلوه

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Tribe of Dan Adopts Micah’s Idolatry

This chapter shows the way in which one person’s distortion of truth, turning it into a falsity, can have severe consequences on a larger scale.

The tribe of Dan – one of the twelve tribes of Israel – was given land to the west, by the coast, but they found it hard to hold on to. The name of the tribe of Dan means ‘to judge’, but if judgment isn't based on the Word there will be chaos. (Arcana Caelestia 842)

Faced with competition for their homeland, the tribal leaders of Dan went looking for a place for themselves elsewhere. They sent five men of valour to spy out the land. These men came to Micah’s house, and they recognised the voice of the young Levite there. They questioned him about his situation, and he told them that Micah had hired him to be a priest to his household. The men of Dan asked the Levite to ask the Lord if their search would be prosperous, and he told them that it would be.

The spiritual meaning of this part of the chapter is to do with an intensifying wrongness. At the textual level, there is reference to the Lord, and an apparent normality in what takes place. But underlying it, there's a wrongness, which will become apparent later in the chapter. The pointers to it here are the five men from Dan, them coming straight to Micah’s house, and the hiring of a priest.

The number ‘five’ has a good meaning in many parts of the Word, but it can also have a bad meaning, as it does here. In this context, it stands for only a little, for disunion and the destruction of the Word (Apocalypse Revealed 738).

Coming directly to Micah’s house and recognising the Levite brings together two evil intentions: Micah’s idol and the men of Dan’s search to take a home for themselves. An example for us could be where two people plot to seek the harm of a third person. (Arcana Caelestia 4724)

The hiring of a priest is something disallowed, for priests are there to serve the Lord and they are provided for by the people, not to be hired. Hiring, spiritually, stands for seeking reward for what you do, whereas the true reward is heaven for those who serve without expecting a reward. (Arcana Caelestia 8002)

The five men leave Micah's house, and go on to Laish in the far north, where there are people who dwell securely in peace and without rulers, far from others and with no ties. Laish means ‘fearless and kneaded together’. It is a picture of perfection, of heaven. (Divine Love and Wisdom 200)

The five men then return to their tribe of Dan and report about Laish. They say that it is ideal for the taking because it has plenty of land and its people are secure. They say that “God has given it into your hands”.

Six hundred men of the tribe of Dan set out and they too, come to the house of Micah. The five spies tell them about the idols and they meet and greet the young Levite. Then the five spies go in and take all the idols in the house. The Levite joins up with the men from Dan and they go on together.

One spiritual meaning in the story is that evil (Dan, gone bad) loves to destroy peace and innocence (Laish).

The complete loss to Micah of all his idols and his hired priest, shows, too, that in fully turning to evil, there is the final loss of everything that might bring a person back. (Arcana Caelestia 9039)

People living near Micah go and accost the men of Dan about what they have taken -- but Micah is told to stop complaining or his household will be killed.

The Danites leave, and go and capture Laish, killing and burning, and re-naming the city Dan. There they set up the images and appoint priests. These images remain in Dan all the time that the house of God is in Shiloh.

The spiritual meaning of one evil or falsity becoming greater or more numerous is in the way that we might hold a negative emotion or a distorted view in our mind where it then spreads to other emotions and views we have and brings them into greater evil and falsity. This is the intention of evil and also of hell’s influence, to extend it to be as widespread as possible.

This is the outcome of everything that has developed through this and the previous chapter. It describes the spread of evil to become a terrible force for destruction and spiritually, for an individual person, for self-destruction. In the context of the decline of Israel to where ‘everyone did what was right in their own eyes’ this progression presents the pathway and process of that spiritual loss. (Divine Providence 19)

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2598, 6396


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 3704, 3923, 4111, 8301

Heaven and Hell 324


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2411

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