القضاة 11

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1 وكان يفتاح الجلعادي جبار بأس وهو ابن امرأة زانية. وجلعاد ولد يفتاح.

2 ثم ولدت امرأة جلعاد له بنين. فلما كبر بنو المرأة طردوا يفتاح وقالوا له لا ترث في بيت ابينا لانك انت ابن امرأة اخرى.

3 فهرب يفتاح من وجه اخوته واقام في ارض طوب. فاجتمع الى يفتاح رجال بطالون وكانوا يخرجون معه

4 وكان بعد ايام ان بني عمون حاربوا اسرائيل.

5 ولما حارب بنو عمون اسرائيل ذهب شيوخ جلعاد ليأتوا بيفتاح من ارض طوب.

6 وقالوا ليفتاح تعال وكن لنا قائدا فنحارب بني عمون.

7 فقال يفتاح لشيوخ جلعاد أما أبغضتموني انتم وطردتموني من بيت ابي. فلماذا اتيتم اليّ الآن اذ تضايقتم.

8 فقال شيوخ جلعاد ليفتاح لذلك قد رجعنا الآن اليك لتذهب معنا وتحارب بني عمون وتكون لنا راسا لكل سكان جلعاد.

9 فقال يفتاح لشيوخ جلعاد اذا ارجعتموني لمحاربة بني عمون ودفعهم الرب امامي فانا اكون لكم راسا.

10 فقال شيوخ جلعاد ليفتاح الرب يكون سامعا بيننا ان كنا لا نفعل هكذا حسب كلامك.

11 فذهب يفتاح مع شيوخ جلعاد. وجعله الشعب عليهم راسا وقائدا. فتكلم يفتاح بجميع كلامه امام الرب في المصفاة

12 فارسل يفتاح رسلا الى ملك بني عمون يقول ما لي ولك انك اتيت اليّ للمحاربة في ارضي.

13 فقال ملك بني عمون لرسل يفتاح. لان اسرائيل قد اخذ ارضي عند صعوده من مصر من ارنون الى اليبّوق والى الاردن. فالآن ردها بسلام.

14 وعاد ايضا يفتاح وارسل رسلا الى ملك بني عمون.

15 وقال له هكذا يقول يفتاح. لم ياخذ اسرائيل ارض موآب ولا ارض بني عمون.

16 لانه عند صعود اسرائيل من مصر سار في القفر الى بحر سوف واتى الى قادش

17 وارسل اسرائيل رسلا الى ملك ادوم قائلا دعني اعبر في ارضك. فلم يسمع ملك ادوم. فارسل ايضا الى ملك موآب فلم يرض. فاقام اسرائيل في قادش.

18 وسار في القفر ودار بارض ادوم وارض موآب وأتى من مشرق الشمس الى ارض موآب ونزل في عبر ارنون ولم يأتوا الى تخم موآب لان ارنون تخم موآب.

19 ثم ارسل اسرائيل رسلا الى سيحون ملك الاموريين ملك حشبون وقال له اسرائيل دعني اعبر في ارضك الى مكاني.

20 ولم يأمن سيحون لاسرائيل ان يعبر في تخمه بل جمع سيحون كل شعبه ونزلوا في ياهص وحاربوا اسرائيل.

21 فدفع الرب اله اسرائيل سيحون وكل شعبه ليد اسرائيل فضربوهم وامتلك اسرائيل كل ارض الاموريين سكان تلك الارض.

22 فامتلكوا كل تخم الاموريين من ارنون الى اليبوق ومن القفر الى الاردن.

23 والآن الرب اله اسرائيل قد طرد الاموريين من امام شعبه اسرائيل. أفانت تمتلكه.

24 أليس ما يملّكك اياه كموش الهك تمتلك. وجميع الذين طردهم الرب الهنا من امامنا فاياهم نمتلك.

25 والآن فهل انت خير من بالاق بن صفور ملك موآب فهل خاصم اسرائيل او حاربهم محاربة.

26 حين اقام اسرائيل في حشبون وقراها وعروعير وقراها وكل المدن التي على جانب ارنون ثلاث مئة سنة فلماذا لم تستردها في تلك المدة.

27 فانا لم اخطئ اليك واما انت فانك تفعل بي شرا بمحاربتي. ليقض الرب القاضي اليوم بين بني اسرائيل وبني عمون.

28 فلم يسمع ملك بني عمون لكلام يفتاح الذي ارسل اليه

29 فكان روح الرب على يفتاح فعبر جلعاد ومنسّى وعبر مصفاة جلعاد ومن مصفاة جلعاد عبر الى بني عمون.

30 ونذر يفتاح نذرا للرب قائلا. ان دفعت بني عمون ليدي

31 فالخارج الذي يخرج من ابواب بيتي للقائي عند رجوعي بالسلامة من عند بني عمون يكون للرب واصعده محرقة.

32 ثم عبر يفتاح الى بني عمون لمحاربتهم. فدفعهم الرب ليده.

33 فضربهم من عروعير الى مجيئك الى منّيت عشرين مدينة والى آبل الكروم ضربة عظيمة جدا. فذلّ بني عمون امام بني اسرائيل

34 ثم أتى يفتاح الى المصفاة الى بيته. واذا بابنته خارجة للقائه بدفوف ورقص. وهي وحيدة. لم يكن له ابن ولا ابنة غيرها.

35 وكان لما رأها انه مزّق ثيابه وقال آه يا بنتي قد احزنتني حزنا وصرت بين مكدّريّ لاني قد فتحت فمي الى الرب ولا يمكنني الرجوع.

36 فقالت له. يا ابي هل فتحت فاك الى الرب فافعل بي كما خرج من فيك بما ان الرب قد انتقم لك من اعدائك بني عمون.

37 ثم قالت لابيها فليفعل لي هذا الأمر. اتركني شهرين فاذهب وانزل على الجبال وابكي عذراويتي انا وصاحباتي.

38 فقال اذهبي وارسلها الى شهرين فذهبت هي وصاحباتها وبكت عذراويتها على الجبال.

39 وكان عند نهاية الشهرين انها رجعت الى ابيها ففعل بها نذره الذي نذر وهي لم تعرف رجلا. فصارت عادة في اسرائيل

40 ان بنات اسرائيل يذهبن من سنة الى سنة لينحن على بنت يفتاح الجلعادي اربعة ايام في السنة

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 11      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 11: Jephthah’s victory.

This chapter and most of the next are about the judge Jephthah. He was Gilead’s son by a prostitute, so Gilead’s other sons despised him, and drove him out from his homeland. He fled to the land of Tob, where he lived amongst reckless men. When the Ammonites made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to the land of Tob to ask if Jephthah would lead their army. At first, Jephthah challenged them, and asked why they would come to him for help after expelling him from their county. However, the elders swore by the Lord that they would accept him as their leader, so he agreed to go with them.

Then Jephthah sent messengers to the king of Ammon, to ask why his people were attacking Gilead. The king said that Israel had taken away their land, but Jephthah recounted to them the history of Israel’s time in the wilderness, specifically pointing out that they not made war with the nations of Canaan. The only exception was the Amorite king Sihon’s attack on Israel, in which the Israelites defended themselves and defeated the Amorites. So, Jephthah explained that Israel had not taken land from the Ammonites. But the people of Ammon did not listen, and prepared for war.

While preparing his army against the people of Ammon, Jephthah made a vow to the Lord: if He would grant Gilead victory, Jephthah would make a burnt offering of the first thing which came out from his house upon his return home. Battle ensued, and the army of Jephthah utterly defeated Ammon.

When Jephthah returned home, his daughter – his only child – came out of the house to greet him with music and dancing. He tore his clothes in despair, and told her about his vow to the Lord. His daughter told him to keep his word, and asked to be left alone for two months to lament her virginity. Then, when the time came, Jephthah carried out his vow to the Lord.

*****

Jephthah’s dealings with both the Ammonites and his own family show that serving the Lord leads us to seek peace, not conflict or war. His account of the Israelites’ struggles showed that his people had only defended themselves against other nations, but had not fanned the flames of war. We are to do the work of making peace in our lives, while upholding and defending what is true (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The people of Ammon stand for knowing what is true, but then corrupting that truth to live a life based in falsities. For example, if we know the Lord regenerates us, and then tell ourselves that we no longer hold any responsibility for our eternal state, we have falsified the truth. This view completely distorts the truth: the Lord regenerates us as we work to live righteously (see Swedenborg’s work, Sacred Scripture 18[3]).

The spiritual meaning of a ‘daughter’ is an affection for spiritual truths and the life they offer. Affection is the offspring of feeling delight in truths; as we develop these affections, we learn to recognize that they come from the Lord, for he is the source of all good things (Arcana Caelestia 3336[2]).

Jephthah’s daughter was his deepest love, his greatest affection. She was a virgin, representing the spiritual qualities of purity and innocence. Her request for two months of solitude can be understood as our need to reflect during any giving to the Lord, to be sure that our intentions are pure, without any selfish expectations (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 121).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2576, 4270


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 811

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المصفاة
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ملك
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موآب
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بحر
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قادش
'Kadesh' denotes truths, and contention about truths.

ادوم
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يسمع
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'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

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الجبال
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نذر
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 Jephthah
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jephthah's Daughter
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Story of Jephthah Review Activity
Fill in the blanks to complete the story of Jephthah, Judges 11. Cloze activity.
Activity | All Ages


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