يشوع 8

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1 فقال الرب ليشوع لا تخف ولا ترتعب. خذ معك جميع رجال الحرب وقم اصعد الى عاي. انظر. قد دفعت بيدك ملك عاي وشعبه ومدينته وارضه.

2 فتفعل بعاي وملكها كما فعلت باريحا وملكها. غير ان غنيمتها وبهائمها تنهبونها لنفوسكم. اجعل كمينا للمدينة من ورائها.

3 فقام يشوع وجميع رجال الحرب للصعود الى عاي. وانتخب يشوع ثلاثين الف رجل جبابرة البأس وارسلهم ليلا

4 واوصاهم قائلا. انظروا. انتم تكمنون للمدينة من وراء المدينة. لا تبتعدوا من المدينة كثيرا وكونوا كلكم مستعدين.

5 واما انا وجميع الشعب الذي معي فنقترب الى المدينة ويكون حينما يخرجون للقائنا كما في الاول اننا نهرب قدامهم

6 فيخرجون وراءنا حتى نجذبهم عن المدينة. لانهم يقولون انهم هاربون امامنا كما في الاول. فنهرب قدامهم

7 وانتم تقومون من المكمن وتمتلكون المدينة ويدفعها الرب الهكم بيدكم.

8 ويكون عند اخذكم المدينة انكم تضرمون المدينة بالنار. كقول الرب تفعلون. انظروا. قد اوصيتكم.

9 فارسلهم يشوع فساروا الى المكمن ولبثوا بين بيت ايل وعاي غربي عاي. وبات يشوع تلك الليلة في وسط الشعب

10 فبكر يشوع في الغد وعدّ الشعب وصعد هو وشيوخ اسرائيل قدام الشعب الى عاي.

11 وجميع رجال الحرب الذين معه صعدوا وتقدموا وأتوا الى مقابل المدينة. ونزلوا شمالي عاي والوادي بينهم وبين عاي.

12 فاخذ نحو خمسة آلاف رجل وجعلهم كمينا بين بيت ايل وعاي غربي المدينة.

13 واقاموا الشعب اي كل الجيش الذي شمالي المدينة وكمينه غربي المدينة وسار يشوع تلك الليلة الى وسط الوادي.

14 وكان لما رأى ملك عاي ذلك انهم اسرعوا وبكروا وخرج رجال المدينة للقاء اسرائيل للحرب هو وجميع شعبه في الميعاد الى قدام السهل وهو لا يعلم ان عليه كمينا وراء المدينة.

15 فاعطى يشوع وجميع اسرائيل انكسارا امامهم وهربوا في طريق البرية.

16 فألقي الصوت على جميع الشعب الذين في المدينة للسعي وراءهم فسعوا وراء يشوع وانجذبوا عن المدينة.

17 ولم يبق في عاي او في بيت ايل رجل لم يخرج وراء اسرائيل. فتركوا المدينة مفتوحة وسعوا وراء اسرائيل

18 فقال الرب ليشوع مدّ المزراق الذي بيدك نحو عاي لاني بيدك ادفعها. فمدّ يشوع المزراق الذي بيده نحو المدينة.

19 فقام الكمين بسرعة من مكانه وركضوا عندما مدّ يده ودخلوا المدينة واخذوها واسرعوا واحرقوا المدينة بالنار.

20 فالتفت رجال عاي الى وراءهم ونظروا واذا دخان المدينة قد صعد الى السماء. فلم يكن لهم مكان للهرب هنا او هناك. والشعب الهارب الى البرية انقلب على الطارد.

21 ولما رأى يشوع وجميع اسرائيل ان الكمين قد اخذ المدينة وان دخان المدينة قد صعد انثنوا وضربوا رجال عاي.

22 وهؤلاء خرجوا من المدينة للقائهم فكانوا في وسط اسرائيل هؤلاء من هنا واولئك من هناك. وضربوهم حتى لم يبق منهم شارد ولا منفلت.

23 واما ملك عاي فامسكوه حيّا وتقدموا به الى يشوع.

24 وكان لما انتهى اسرائيل من قتل جميع سكان عاي في الحقل في البرية حيث لحقوهم وسقطوا جميعا بحد السيف حتى فنوا ان جميع اسرائيل رجع الى عاي وضربوها بحد السيف.

25 فكان جميع الذين سقطوا في ذلك اليوم من رجال ونساء اثني عشر الفا جميع اهل عاي

26 ويشوع لم يرد يده التي مدها بالمزراق حتى حرّم جميع سكان عاي.

27 لكن البهائم وغنيمة تلك المدينة نهبها اسرائيل لانفسهم حسب قول الرب الذي امر به يشوع.

28 واحرق يشوع عاي وجعلها تلا ابديا خرابا الى هذا اليوم.

29 وملك عاي علقه على الخشبة الى وقت المساء. وعند غروب الشمس امر يشوع فانزلوا جثته عن الخشبة وطرحوها عند مدخل باب المدينة واقاموا عليها رجمة حجارة عظيمة الى هذا اليوم

30 حينئذ بنى يشوع مذبحا للرب اله اسرائيل في جبل عيبال

31 كما أمر موسى عبد الرب بني اسرائيل. كما هو مكتوب في سفر توراة موسى. مذبح حجارة صحيحة لم يرفع احد عليها حديدا واصعدوا عليه محرقات للرب وذبحوا ذبائح سلامة.

32 وكتب هناك على الحجارة نسخة توراة موسى التي كتبها امام بني اسرائيل.

33 وجميع اسرائيل وشيوخهم والعرفاء وقضاتهم وقفوا جانب التابوت من هنا ومن هناك مقابل الكهنة اللاويين حاملي تابوت عهد الرب. الغريب كما الوطني. نصفهم الى جهة جبل جرزيم ونصفهم الى جهة جبل عيبال كما أمر موسى عبد الرب اولا لبركة شعب اسرائيل.

34 وبعد ذلك قرأ جميع كلام التوراة البركة واللعنة حسب كل ما كتب في سفر التوراة.

35 لم تكن كلمة من كل ما امر به موسى لم يقراها يشوع قدام كل جماعة اسرائيل والنساء والاطفال والغريب السائر في وسطهم

  

Exploring the Meaning of يشوع 8      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 8      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 796, 878, 1298, 1453, 2799, 5156, 6752, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 457, 662


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 585, 655, 937

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 Compare Joshua with Jesus
Complete a chart comparing Joshua and Jesus. Who were theys fighting? Where did they go? How did they show courage?
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Capture of Ai
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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