جوشوا 4

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1 وكان لما انتهى جميع الشعب من عبور الاردن ان الرب كلم يشوع قائلا.

2 انتخبوا من الشعب اثني عشر رجلا. رجلا واحدا من كل سبط

3 وامروهم قائلين. احملوا من هنا من وسط الاردن من موقف ارجل الكهنة راسخة اثني عشر حجرا وعبّروها معكم وضعوها في المبيت الذي تبيتون فيه الليلة

4 فدعا يشوع الاثني عشر رجلا الذين عيّنهم من بني اسرائيل رجلا واحدا من كل سبط

5 وقال لهم يشوع اعبروا امام تابوت الرب الهكم الى وسط الاردن وارفعوا كل رجل حجرا واحدا على كتفه حسب عدد اسباط بني اسرائيل

6 لكي تكون هذه علامة في وسطكم اذا سأل غدا بنوكم قائلين ما لكم وهذه الحجارة.

7 تقولون لهم ان مياه الاردن قد انفلقت امام تابوت عهد الرب. عند عبوره الاردن انفلقت مياه الاردن. فتكون هذه الحجارة تذكارا لبني اسرائيل الى الدهر.

8 ففعل بنو اسرائيل هكذا كما امر يشوع وحملوا اثني عشر حجرا من وسط الاردن كما قال الرب ليشوع حسب عدد اسباط بني اسرائيل وعبّروها معهم الى المبيت ووضعوها هناك.

9 ونصب يشوع اثني عشر حجرا في وسط الاردن تحت موقف ارجل الكهنة حاملي تابوت العهد وهي هناك الى هذا اليوم.

10 والكهنة حاملو التابوت وقفوا في وسط الاردن حتى انتهى كل شيء امر الرب يشوع ان يكلم به الشعب حسب كل ما أمر به موسى يشوع. واسرع الشعب فعبروا.

11 وكان لما انتهى كل الشعب من العبور انه عبر تابوت الرب والكهنة في حضرة الشعب.

12 وعبر بنو رأوبين وبنو جاد ونصف سبط منسّى متجهزين امام بني اسرائيل كما كلمهم موسى

13 نحو اربعين الفا متجردين للجند عبروا امام الرب للحرب الى عربات اريحا

14 في ذلك اليوم عظّم الرب يشوع في اعين جميع اسرائيل فهابوه كما هابوا موسى كل ايام حياته

15 وكلم الرب يشوع قائلا

16 مر الكهنة حاملي تابوت الشهادة ان يصعدوا من الاردن.

17 فامر يشوع الكهنة قائلا اصعدوا من الاردن.

18 فكان لما صعد الكهنة حاملو تابوت عهد الرب من وسط الاردن واجتذبت بطون اقدام الكهنة الى اليابسة ان مياه الاردن رجعت الى مكانها وجرت كما من قبل الى كل شطوطه.

19 وصعد الشعب من الاردن في اليوم العاشر من الشهر الاول وحلّوا في الجلجال في تخم اريحا الشرقي.

20 والاثنا عشر حجرا التي اخذوها من الاردن نصبها يشوع في الجلجال.

21 وكلم بني اسرائيل قائلا اذا سأل بنوكم غدا آباءهم قائلين ما هذه الحجارة

22 تعلمون بنيكم قائلين. على اليابسة عبر اسرائيل هذا الاردن.

23 لان الرب الهكم قد يبّس مياه الاردن من امامكم حتى عبرتم كما فعل الرب الهكم ببحر سوف الذي يبّسه من امامنا حتى عبرنا.

24 لكي تعلم جميع شعوب الارض يد الرب انها قوية لكي تخافوا الرب الهكم كل الايام

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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 Crossing the Jordan
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Crossing the Jordan, Jericho
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Israel Crosses the Jordan into Canaan
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joshua and the Twelve Stones
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Picking Up Stones to Make A Memorial
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Number Twelve in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover times when the number twelve appears throughout the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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